Football Association of Indonesia

The Football Association of Indonesia (Indonesian: Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia; lit. 'All-Indonesian Football Association'; abbreviated as PSSI) is the governing body of football in Indonesia. It was founded on 19 April 1930.[1] The PSSI joined FIFA in 1952 and the Asian Football Confederation in 1954.

Football Association of Indonesia
Full namePersatuan Sepak Bola Seluruh Indonesia
Short namePSSI
Founded19 April 1930; 94 years ago (1930-04-19)
HeadquartersGBK Arena, Jakarta
FIFA affiliation1952; 72 years ago (1952)
AFC affiliation1954; 70 years ago (1954)
AFF affiliation1984; 40 years ago (1984)
ChairmanErick Thohir
General SecretaryYunus Nusi


PSSI Monument/PSIM Football Building in Yogyakarta near Mandala Krida Stadium, the birthplace of PSSI.

Early history


PSSI was established by Soeratin Sosrosoegondo, who graduated from Harvard and returned to Indonesia in 1928. He became the first Indonesian to work at his company, a Dutch enterprise in Yogyakarta. He later resigned from the company and became more active in the revolutionary movement.[2]

To accomplish his mission, Soeratin held many meetings with Indonesian professional football players, mostly through personal contacts because they wanted to avoid the Dutch police. Later, at a meeting that was held in Jakarta with Soeratin, the head of Voetbalbond Indonesische Jakarta (VIJ), and other players, the group decided to establish a national football organisation. On 19 April 1930, almost all non-national organisations, such as VIJ Jakarta, BIVB Bandung, Perserikatan Sepakraga Mataram (PSM), IVBM Magelang, VVB Solo, MVB Madiun, and SIVB Surabaya gathered at the final meeting and established Persatoean Sepak Raga Seloeroeh Indonesia (Football Association of Indonesia or PSSI) with Soeratin as the first leader.[3]

In PSSI's earlier years, football was used to resist the Dutch control of the colonies by gathering all the footballers.[citation needed] In 1936, when PSSI became stronger, NIVB was changed to Nederlandsh Indische Voetbal Unie (NIVU, meaning "Football Union of Dutch East Indies") and cooperation with the Dutch began. In 1938, with "Dutch East Indies national football team" as their name, NIVU sent their team to the 1938 FIFA World Cup at France. At the time, most of the players came from NIVU instead of PSSI, and there were nine players of Chinese origin. As a result, Soeratin expressed his protest since he wanted a match between NIVU and PSSI before the FIFA World Cup. In addition, he was also disgraced because the flag that was used at the World Cup matches involving the Dutch East Indies was the Dutch flag. Soeratin then cancelled the agreement with NIVU at the PSSI congress in 1939 in Solo.[4]

Japanese occupation


When the Japanese armies came to Indonesia, the PSSI became inactive because Japan classified it as a Taiikukai (体育会) (Japanese sport association).



List of chairmen

Number Chair Took office Left office Info
1. Soeratin Sosrosoegondo 1930 1940 Before Indonesia's Independence
2. Artono Martosoewignyo 1941 1949 The period of the Indonesian national revolution
3. Maladi 1950 1959
4. Abdul Wahab Djojohadikusumo 1960 1964
5. Maulwi Saelan 1964 1967
6. Kosasih Poerwanegara 1967 1974
7. Bardosono 1975 1977
8. Moehono 1977 1978 ad interim
9. Ali Sadikin 1978 1981
10. Sjarnoebi Said 1982 1983
11. Kardono 1983 1991
12. Azwar Anas 1991 1999
13. Agum Gumelar 1999 2003
14. Nurdin Halid 2003 2011
15. Agum Gumelar 2011 2011 Normalization Committee chairman, ad interim,
16. Djohar Arifin Husin 2011 2015
17. La Nyalla Mattalitti 2015 2016
18. Hinca Panjaitan 2016 2016 ad interim
19. Edy Rahmayadi 2016 2019
20. Joko Driyono 2019 2019 ad interim
21. Iwan Budianto 2019 2019 ad interim
22. Mochamad Iriawan 2019 2023
23. Erick Thohir 2023 present

Executive board

Name Position Source
Erick Thohir Chairman [5]
Zainuddin Amali
Ratu Tisha
Vice-Chairman [5]
Ahmad Riyadh
Arya Sinulingga
Eko Setyawan
Endri Erawan
Hasnuryadi Sulaiman
Juni Rachman
Khairul Anwar
Muhammad Sungkar
Pieter Tanuri
Rudi Yulianto
Vivin Cahyani
Executive Committee members [5]

Competition Structure


PSSI has 4 boards in its structure, namely: PT Liga Indonesia Baru which is responsible for Liga 1 and Liga 2, the Board for Amateur Leagues (BLAI) for Liga 3, the Board for National Team (BTN) for national teams and the Board for Futsal National Team (BFN) for national futsal teams.[6]

PSSI competitions


PSSI is made up of three levels of national football leagues, which are

There are other football competitions on national level, namely the

Furthermore, each regional level (and lower) football associations in the country has its own annual amateur football competition structure involving local clubs.

National teams


Currently, Indonesia has the following football national teams:

Controversies and critics


Former chairman of PSSI Nurdin Halid was sentenced to prison as a result of his legal cases.[7] Although he was urged to resign his position, he was able to resist with the help of one of the political party leaders in the country.[citation needed] FIFA conducted an inspection into the claims but did not continue past this phase. The case was never investigated again.

Bribery allegation


In January 2011, someone named "Eli Cohen" had sent an e-mail to the President of Indonesia and several other Indonesian leaders indicating that the officers of PSSI had been involved in bribery for the 2010 AFF Cup final. [citation needed] He wrote that the officers gained billions of rupiah from the bet to prepare the campaign in the next PSSI congress. This case is under investigation.[citation needed]

Normalisation Committee and selection of new chairman


On 1 April 2011, FIFA Emergency Committee met and announced that, on 4 April, control of the PSSI would pass to a normalisation committee made up of personalities in Indonesian football to oversee presidential elections by 21 May. It also barred Halid, George Toisutta (the Indonesia Armed Forces general), Arifin Panigoro (founder of Liga Primer Indonesia) and Nirwan Bakrie (Halid's vice-president, and brother of Aburizal Bakrie) from contending for the presidency seat.[citation needed]

FIFA also rescinded the power of the current PSSI executive committee after FIFA's emergencies committee decreed it was "not in control of football in Indonesia" and had lost "all credibility."[8] In a statement released on 4 April 2011, FIFA said that the current PSSI leadership's lack of control over Indonesian football was evidenced by "the failure to gain control of the run-away league (LPI) set up without the involvement of PSSI or by the fact it could not organise a congress whose sole goals were to adopt an electoral code and elect an electoral commission." It said that its emergency committee had concluded that the PSSI leadership "had lost all credibility" and was no longer "in a position anymore to lead the process to solve the current crisis."[9]

The Normalisation Committee, made up of personalities in Indonesian football who are not seeking electoral office or a position on an electoral commission, led by famous public figure and former PSSI chairman, Agum Gumelar, is to take over running of Indonesian football until new leadership is elected by 21 May.[9]

On 9 July 2011, Djohar Arifin Husin was elected chairman of the PSSI from 2011 to 2015 through an Extraordinary Congress of the PSSI held in 2011. Djohar was elected after defeating the other candidate, Agusman Effendi. His vice-chairman was Farid Rahman. [citation needed]

Row with Indonesian Government and Suspension of PSSI


On 18 April 2015, PSSI was suspended by Ministry of Sports and Youth.[10] PSSI did not comply with the government policy after disobeying three warning letters that were sent by the ministry.[10] Based on that, the Youth and Sports Minister provided administrative sanctions by not recognising all sports activities carried out by the PSSI.[10] The decision applied since the letter was assigned.[10] The warning letters were sent because of PSSI's decision to halt Indonesia Super League amidst the dispute between PSSI and government's Indonesian Professional Sports Agency (BOPI) over the eligibility of Arema Cronus F.C. and Persebaya Surabaya to play in the league.[11] FIFA had threatened the country with a ban, but BOPI insisted that FIFA should understand that besides FIFA regulation, there are also laws that are applied and must be complied by all national football related parties as part of the Indonesian big family, so FIFA's warning to ban Indonesia is thought as an insult to the country's sovereignty.[11] President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo had supported the Sport Minister decision to not to revoke the suspension as the President believed that there should be no problem for Indonesia to be absent from international competitions if the purpose is to improve the national football.[12] According to the President, the improvement should be started by revamping the organisations.[12]

FIFA had decided to suspend the PSSI during the FIFA Executive Committee meeting on Saturday, 30 May 2015, in Zurich, Switzerland. The Executive decided to suspend the PSSI with immediate effect and until the PSSI would be able to comply with its obligations under arts. 13 and 17 of the FIFA Statutes.[12] The decision meant Indonesian sides would no longer be able to take part in world football, and came less than two weeks before the country was due to begin qualifying matches for the 2018 World Cup.[13] However, the national team would still be able to participate in the football tournament at the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, which was just getting under way.[13]

Finally, Indonesia State Minister for Youth and Sports Affairs lifted their suspension of the PSSI per 10 May 2016.[14] And FIFA lifted their suspension at FIFA Congress, 12–13 May 2016 in Mexico.[14]

National team training schedule miscommunication


On 26 May 2022, national team's head coach, Shin Tae-yong stated that they had canceled the official training because Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium as the venue of the training had not yet been booked.[15] "The reason is bit embarrassing. We wanted to exercises on the field after weight training, but earlier, there was information that the field was being used. It had not been "booked". So we decided to replace the training with jogging," said Shin Tae-yong.[16] The team replaced the training with jogging around Gelora Bung Karno Stadium.[16] Yunus Nusi as the PSSI exco announced to media that the venue is already booked but it is different with what Shin Tae-yong understood.[17] The training was held due to friendly match on FIFA matchday schedule against Bangladesh on 1 June 2022.[18]

See also



  1. ^ "History of PSSI". Archived from the original on 3 January 2010.
  2. ^ Ratriani, Virdita (9 June 2022). Ratriani, Virdita (ed.). "Sejarah Sepak Bola Indonesia, dari Masa Hindia Belanda hingga Lahir PSSI". (in Indonesian). p. 1.
  3. ^ Ratriani, Virdita (9 June 2022). Ratriani, Virdita (ed.). "Sejarah Sepak Bola Indonesia, dari Masa Hindia Belanda hingga Lahir PSSI". (in Indonesian). p. 2.
  4. ^ Atmaja, Aryo (19 April 2022). "Sejarah Panjang Lahirnya PSSI: Sumpah Pemuda, Soeratin, dan Perlawanan Lewat Sepak Bola". (in Indonesian).
  5. ^ a b c "Struktur Organisasi". PSSI – Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 February 2023.
  6. ^ "PSSI's organization chart".
  7. ^ "Nurdin Halid Divonis Dua Tahun Penjara". 14 September 2007. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Around the Rings - Articles Archive". Archived from the original on 8 April 2011.
  9. ^ a b "FIFA Swing Axe on Disgraced Indonesian Football Chief". Archived from the original on 8 April 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d Widiastuti, Rina (18 April 2015). "Sports Ministry Freezes PSSI". Tempo. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b Kapa, Dennys (13 April 2015). "Indonesia refuses to buckle under FIFA threats". Reuters. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Sukmawijaya, Angga (31 May 2015). "FIFA Suspends PSSI". Tempo. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Football: FIFA suspends Indonesia over long-running row". Channel News Asia. 30 May 2015. Archived from the original on 2 June 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  14. ^ a b "RESMI: Menpora Cabut Pembekuan PSSI" (in Indonesian). Goal Indonesia. 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Kata Shin Tae-yong Usai Timnas Indonesia Gagal Latihan karena Stadion Belum Dipesan: Saya Malu..." (in Indonesian). Kompas. 27 May 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Klarifikasi PSSI Soal Polemik Booking Tempat Latihan Timnas Indonesia". (in Indonesian). 27 May 2022.
  17. ^ "PSSI Selalu Akomodir Keinginan Pelatih Timnas Indonesia". PSSI (in Indonesian). 27 May 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  18. ^ Putra, Wisma (30 May 2022). "Intip Latihan Timnas Indonesia Jelang Bertanding Lawan Bangladesh". (in Indonesian).