The K League 2 (Hangul: K리그2) is a South Korean professional association football league. Being the second tier of the South Korean football league system, it is currently contested by ten clubs, and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the K League 1.

K League 2
K League Challenge.png
Founded2013; 7 years ago (2013)
CountrySouth Korea
Number of teams10
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toK League 1
Domestic cup(s)FA Cup
Current championsGwangju FC
Most championshipsSangju Sangmu (2 titles)
TV partnersSky Sports
Life Sports TV
WebsiteOfficial website
2020 K League 2


In 2011 the original K League announced a plan to begin a promotion and relegation system between the K League and a proposed second division.[1] The K League then took steps to create the new second division, mainly with the addition of a split-system during the 2012 K-League season in which the bottom clubs are placed in a competition for safety with the last placed club being relegated to the new second division (originally it was going to be two clubs relegated but the withdrawal of Sangju Sangmu FC meant only one would be relegated).[2][3] In the 2013 season, the 13th and 14th teams in the K League Classic were automatically relelgated, while the 12th team played a match against the winner of the newly-formed K League Challenge to decide promotion/relegation. From the 2014 season, only the 12th team of the top division is automatically relegated, with the 11th team playing a two-leg match against the winner of the K League 2 promotion playoffs to decide promotion/relegation. The promotion playoffs are as follows: the fourth-placed team plays against the third-placed team, then the winner of this match plays with the second-placed team. If the match is tied, the higher-placed team advances.

On 3 January 2013 the official name of the Second Division was announced as the K League while the original K League was changed to K League Classic along with the new logo.[4] This name change caused some degree of confusion and controversy,[5] and on 11 March 2013 the official name was changed to K League Challenge.[6]

On 22 January 2018 the official name was changed to K League 2.[7]


Club Location Stadium First season Current spell Seasons[a]
Ansan Greeners Ansan Ansan Wa~ Stadium 2017 2017– 3
Asan Mugunghwa Asan Yi Sun-sin Stadium 2017 2017– 3
Bucheon FC 1995 Bucheon Bucheon Stadium 2013 2013– 7
Busan IPark Busan Busan Gudeok Stadium 2016 2016– 4
Daejeon Hana Citizen Daejeon Daejeon World Cup Stadium 2014 2016– 5
FC Anyang Anyang Anyang Stadium 2013 2013– 7
Gwangju FC Gwangju Gwangju World Cup Stadium 2013 2018– 4
Jeonnam Dragons South Jeolla Gwangyang Football Stadium 2019 2019– 1
Seoul E-Land Seoul Seoul Olympic Stadium 2015 2015– 5
Suwon FC Suwon Suwon Stadium 2013 2017– 6
  1. ^ As of the end of the 2019 season.


Note: Per official K League 2 rules, the runners-up are the teams which won the play-off final.

Titles by seasonEdit

Season Champions Runners-up
2013 Sangju Sangmu Police FC
2014 Daejeon Citizen Gwangju FC
2015 Sangju Sangmu Suwon FC
2016 Ansan Mugunghwa Daegu FC
2017 Gyeongnam FC Busan IPark
2018 Asan Mugunghwa Seongnam FC
2019 Gwangju FC Busan IPark

Titles by clubEdit

Club Champions Winning seasons Runners-up Runners-up seasons
Sangju Sangmu
2013, 2015
Ansan Mugunghwa[a]
Gwangju FC
Daejeon Hana Citizen
Gyeongnam FC
Asan Mugunghwa[a]
Busan IPark
2017, 2019
Suwon FC
Daegu FC
Seongnam FC
  1. ^ a b Ansan Mugunghwa and Asan Mugunghwa are officially two distinct clubs per K League policies.[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Richards, Dave. "Korea, England: closer football ties". Korea Joongang Daily. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  2. ^ "K리그 31~44라운드, 상주 없이 그대로 진행".
  3. ^ "K League confirm promotion-relegation system". SportsSpying. Retrieved 5 January 2013.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "K League News". K-League. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  5. ^ "위원석의 하프타임 'K리그'에 새로운 이름을 붙여주자" (in Korean). The Daily Sports Seoul. 19 February 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-12-11.
  6. ^ "'K리그 챌린지' 프로축구 2부리그 새 이름으로 이번 주말 스타트!" (in Korean). K League official website. 11 March 2013. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  7. ^ "프로축구연맹, 클래식→K리그1, 챌린지→K리그2 대회명 변경" (in Korean). K League Official Website. 22 January 2018.
  8. ^ 프로연맹, 신생팀 안산-아산 가입 승인

External linksEdit