Persebaya (abbreviation for Perserikatan Sepakbola Surabaya, literally translated to Football Association of Surabaya) is an Indonesian professional football team based in Surabaya, East Java. It plays in Liga 1.
|Full name||Persatuan Sepakbola Surabaya|
|Nickname(s)||Bajul Ijo (The Green Crocodiles)|
|Short name||PSBY, SBY|
|Founded||18 June 1927, as S.I.V.B|
|Ground||Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium|
|2019||Liga 1, 2nd|
The club was founded on June 18, 1927 under the name of the Soerabhaisasche Indonesische Voetbal Bond (SIVB). Paijo and M. Pamoedji, the founders of SIVB, intend to make this bond to house indigenous players.
Previously, in 1910, stood Sorabaiasche Voetbal Bond (SVB). But, this bond was established to be a representation of the Dutch community living in Surabaya. This club also had closeness with the Dutch East Indies government.
Both of them clearly have different policies. SIVB, which consists of indigenous people, was actively involved in the Indonesian independence movement.
Together with VIJ Jakarta (now Persija), BIVB Bandung (Persib), MIVB Magelang (PPSM), MVB Madiun (PSM), VVB Solo (Persis), and PSIM Yogyakarta, seven clubs initiated the formation of the Indonesian Football Association (PSSI, said new football was used starting in the 1950 congress in Solo) on April 19, 1930 in Yogyakarta.
PSSI then held a member club competition since 1931. But, then the vacuum began in 1943 after the Japanese occupation in Indonesia limited the movement of the organization. In 1943 SIVB also changed its name to Persibaya.
Whereas SVB competes in the competition held by the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Bond (NIVB). NIVB was later renamed the Netherlands Indische Voetball Unie) because the colonial government thought NIVB was no longer able to match the PSSI.
Persebaya is Not Only SIVB
After Indonesia's independence the map of football also changed. PSSI is not necessarily the only federation after Sukarno plotted Indonesian independence.
During the Republic of Indonesia (RIS), NIVU was still operating. They held the Indonesia State Football Association / Voetbal Union Verenigde Staten van Indonesie competition (ISNIS / VUVSI). The participants were clubs that existed during the Dutch East Indies administration, including the VBO Jakarta (VIJ Jakarta / Persija competitors as PSSI members), VBBO Bandung (Persib competitors), VSO Semarang (PSIS competitors) and SVB (Persibaya competitors).
At two times in 1949 and 1950, SVB always won. SVB is one of the strong teams at NIVU, they have won the championship eleven times. Just lost to the achievement of the VBO Jakarta which won 13 titles.
PSSI then revived post-RIS which ended on August 17, 1950. Through the PSSI congress on September 2–4, 1950 in Semarang, the federation stated that it would hold the PSSI National Championship.
After the congress PSSI became the sole soccer federation in Indonesia. This forced the NIVU member club to join PSSI. The pattern of the NIVU club is a member of a club affiliated with PSSI. For example, VBO joined as a member of the Persija internal club, then VBBO, UNI Bandung, and Sidolig joined Persib, and this happened at other clubs.
It's just that there are special cases for Surabaya. SVB did not become an internal member of Persibaya but merged into it and agreed that the birth date of Persibaya was June 18, 1927, which was the date of the establishment of SIVB. Later, in 1959 the name Persibaya came into being Persebaya.
Four Titles In The Perserikatan Kejurnas PSSI
Post-smelting, Persebaya appeared in the PSSI National Championship which later became known as the Perserikatan. The immediate achievement was achieved, Green Force, Persebaya's nickname, managed to become the champion in the first edition of 1951 after being able to overcome the resistance of PSM Makassar, Persija Jakarta, and PSIM Yogyakarta.
The following year they managed to defend the title. This time the Ijo Bajul was able to win competition with Persija Jakarta, Persis Solo, Persib Bandung, PSMS Medan, Persema Malang, and Persipro Probolinggo.
During the Union until its last edition in 1994, Persebaya won two more titles, namely in 1978 and 1988. So there were a total of four Championship titles won by the club based in Gelora 10 November Surabaya.
In the 1978 edition of the Union, the format of the competition turned into a tournament with the title being determined through the final match. Persebaya was able to bend Persija with a score of 4-3 through goals scored by Hadi Ismanto (two goals), Rudy W. Keltjes, and Joko Malis at the Senayan stadium, Jakarta.
Persebaya again managed to win the final match against Persija in 1988 at the Senayan stadium, Jakarta, with a score of 3-2. The match lasted until the extra time round.
Although twice lost in the final against Persebaya, until the Union was held last in 1994, the Persija title was still the most. Kemayoran Tigers are able to collect nine championship titles.
Persebaya in the Liga Indonesia era
Great achievements kept awake when PSSI merged Perserikatan and Galatama clubs in a professional competition titled the Liga Indonesia since 1994. Persebaya won the Liga Indonesia Premier Division title in 1996-97. Even Persebaya managed to make history as the first team to win the Liga Indonesia Premier Division twice when in 2004 Green Force won the title again. Although predicated as a classic team laden with titles, Green Force also briefly felt the bitterness of being relegated in 2002. Bitter pills are immediately redeemed with the titles of First Division and Premier Division titles in the next two seasons.
The four Perserikatan titles and two Liga Indonesia titles made Persebaya collect a total of six National titles at the top-tier division of the Indonesian football league system. That number only lost to Persija with a total of eleven championship titles, Persis and Persib with seven titles.
The 2009/2010 season was the beginning of Persebaya Surabaya's dualism. Persebaya Surabaya (PT Persebaya Indonesia) experienced degradation to the First Division due to being forced to rematch 3 times against Persik Kediri with different places namely in Kediri, Yogyakarta , and Palembang . In the third rematch Persebaya refused to do the rematch, the management did not accept and did not want to join the Premier Division and then follow the illegal league "Indonesia Premier League" from the previous name Persebaya Surabaya (PT Surabaya Indonesia) was changed to Persebaya 1927 (PT Persebaya Indonesia).
Utilizing the Persebaya slot in the Premier Division the following season, Wisnu Wardhana took over Persikubar (Kutai Barat) and registered it as Persebaya to enter the Premier Division Competition. Although bearing the official name of Persebaya, the team formed by Wisnu Wardhana did not have a place in the hearts of Bonek (Persebaya supporters), they were more loyal to support the "original" Persebaya who were forced to change their name to Persebaya 1927 due to dualism of competition, and IPL was not recognized as a competition PSSI official.
West Kutai Persikubar taken by Wisnu Wardhana and changed its name to Persebaya Surabaya (now Bhayangkara FC) to be able to join the Liga Indonesia, then successfully promoted to return to the Indonesian Super League in the 2014 season. Then in the 2015 season unfortunately the league was terminated after it was not recognized by the Government and then later Indonesia was banned by FIFA.
In the 2015 season, Persebaya 1927 (PT Persebaya Indonesia) won a patent claim for the Persebaya name and logo,  so that automatically the legality of Persebaya Surabaya was under PT. Persebaya Indonesia. This resulted in the Persebaya Surabaya version of Wisnu Wardhana having to change its name to Bonek FC. A year later, Bonek FC again changed its name to Surabaya United at the urging of Bonek who did not want his name to be used for a club that did not represent them (Bonek remained loyal to Persebaya 1927).
In the 2016 season Surabaya United merged with PS Polri and then again changed its name to Bhayangkara Surabaya United and continued until following the Indonesia Soccer Championship competition, in the second half of the competition right in May 2016 the National Police officially bought 100% Bhayangkara Surabaya United shares and deleted the name behind the club so that it is now named Bhayangkara FC, in the same month the results of the Exco meeting held in Solo, Persebaya 1927 was ratified as a member of PSSI and will be ratified at the KLB in Makassar and will again compete in the 2017 Major Division. However, at the PSSI congress which conducted in Jakarta on November 10, 2016 canceled the ratification agenda. The elected PSSI chairman, Edy Rahmayadi, promised to resolve the Persebaya problem at the next congress in Bandung.
In the 2017 season, Persebaya Surabaya again competed in Liga 2, and succeeded in becoming the champion by defeating PSMS Medan in the final, then promotion to Liga 1.
In the 2018 season, Persebaya managed to rank 5th in the final standings of Liga 1. This ranking is quite surprising to the public football homeland because as a promotion team, Persebaya is not expected to penetrate the top 5, at the same time the promotion teams are less able to compete even some you have to go back to Liga 2.
At the break of the competition, while waiting for the 2019 Liga 1 competition to be rolled out, Persebaya entered a pre-season tournament titled "2019 President's Cup", and managed to become runner-up.
Persebaya plays their home matches in Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium, it replaced the older Gelora 10 November Stadium. On 23 July 2012 there has been a friendly match between Persebaya with Queens Park Rangers in Gelora Bung Tomo. On that day the match was won by Queens Park Rangers with a score of 2–1.
Persebaya had experienced controversial events several times throughout its history. When winning the 1988 Competition, Persebaya played an infamous match dubbed "elephant football" for losing on purpose to Persipura Jayapura 0–12 to eliminate their rival PSIS Semarang which, in the previous year, had shattered Persebaya's dream in the final. These tactics brought results and Persebaya won the Perserikatan in 1988 by beating Persija Jakarta 3–2.
In the 2002 Liga Indonesia Premier Division, Persebaya took action against PKT Bontang, causing them a point deduction. The incident became one of the factors which caused Persebaya's relegation to the First Division. In 2005 Liga Indonesia Premier Division, Persebaya shocked the public when they walked out in the last eight before the third match. The incident caused Persebaya's suspension from football for 2 years. After an appeal, the sentence was reduced to 16 months. However, the PSSI later ruled to only relegate Persebaya to the First Division.
Supporters and rivalriesEdit
The song "Song for Pride", is an anthem song Persebaya Surabaya, this song was composed by Mahardika Nurdian Syahputra.
The complete sponsors are as follow.
Colours and CrestEdit
Amongst Persebaya most popular nicknames are Bajul Ijo (The Green Crocodile). From the foundation of the club, the common home official kit includes a green shirt, green shorts, with yellow combinations. green and yellow colours are also seen in the crest. The away kit of the club is associated with a white or black background.
- As of 11 June 2021
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loanEdit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Head Coach historyEdit
Head Coach by years (1987–present)
|League/Division||Titles||Runners-up||Seasons won||Seasons runners-up|
|Perserikatan||4||8||1951, 1952, 1975-78, 1987-88||1938, 1941, 1942, 1964-65, 1969-71, 1971-73, 1986-87, 1989-90|
|Liga Indonesia Premier Division||2||2||1996-97, 2004||1998-99,|
|Indonesia Premier League||0||1||2011-12|
|Liga Indonesia First Division||3||0||2003, 2006, 2017|
|Cup Competitions||Titles||Runners-up||Seasons won||Seasons runners-up|
|Indonesia President's Cup||0||1||2019|
|3||0||1975, 1976, 1977|
|Piala Tugu Muda
|Piala Gubernur Jatim||2||0||2006, 2020|
|Friendly Tournament||Titles||Runners-up||Seasons won||Seasons runners-up|
|Aga Khan Gold Cup||0||1||1970|
Asia clubs rankingEdit
- As of 6 February 2020.
|148||Naft Masjed Soleyman|
- "Persebaya Surabaya Berencana Pindah Kandang Untuk Babak Delapan Besar ISL" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Persebaya Surabaya kalah Tipis dari QPR" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Hadju, Rifi (2019-03-15). "Meletakkan "Maling Gorengan" Pada Tempatnya". Emosi Jiwaku. Retrieved 2020-02-23.
- "Review: Surabaya-style football fandom". Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 2020-02-23.
- "Song For Pride: Cinta Bonek yang Tertuang dalam Kata". Football Tribe Indonesia. 2017-09-16. Retrieved 2020-02-23.
- "Bonek dan Bobotoh Peringati 16 Tahun Jalin Silahturahmi". www.indosport.com. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
- "Awal Perseteruan Aremania Vs Bonek - HaloMalang.com". halomalang.com. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Aremania: Sweeping Dilakukan Orang Berkaos Bonek – Arema & Aremania News Online". ongisnade.co.id. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "PSIS vs Persebaya, Rivalitas Panjang dan Persaudaraan". Tribun Jateng (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
- "Official Sponsors PERSEBAYA 2017".
- "Daftar Pemain Persebaya Surabaya Liga 1". Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- "Persebaya Resmi Menunjuk Manajer Baru". bola.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Piala Utama 1990 & 1992" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- Persebaya juara Unity Cup
- "clubs ranking: Persebaya". Football Database. Retrieved 6 February 2020.