|1 January 1925 (radio)|
4 September 1956 (television)
Sveriges Radio AB (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsværjɛs ˈrɑːdɪʊ], "Sweden's Radio") is Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcaster. Sveriges Radio is a public limited company, owned by an independent foundation, previously funded through a licensing fee, the level of which is decided by the Swedish Riksdag. As of January 1 2019, the funds stem from standard taxation. No advertising is permitted. Its legal status could be described as that of a quasi-autonomous non-governmental organization.
The company – which was founded as AB Radiotjänst ("Radio Service Ltd") by a consortium of newspaper companies, the TT news agency, and radio manufacturing interests on 21 March 1924 – made its first broadcast on 1 January 1925: a relay of High Mass from St James's Church in Stockholm. It was officially renamed Sveriges Radio in 1957.
Sveriges Radio was originally responsible for all broadcasting in Sweden, both radio and television, and hosted the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest. A reorganization in 1979 saw it become the parent company of four subsidiaries:
- Sveriges Riksradio (RR), Swedish National Radio;
- Sveriges Lokalradio (LRAB), Swedish Local Radio;
- Sveriges Utbildningsradio (UR), Swedish Educational Broadcasting; and
- Sveriges Television (SVT), Swedish Television.
This structure was dissolved in 1993, with the national and local radio companies merging under the name of the old parent company: Sveriges Radio AB.
- P1: news, culture, debate, readings, documentaries, etc. Almost no music is played, except in the daily summertime programme Sommar, in which guest presenters introduce their own choice of music.
- P2: classical music, folk, jazz and world music; the channel also carries some minority-language programming.
- P3: popular music and comedy targeted at a younger audience.
- P4: popular music, entertainment and sport, chiefly targeted at an older audience; the network is made up of 25 local stations, each of which carries a mix of local and national programming.
A large part of P4's programming is regional with 25 regions each broadcasting their own local programmes during most of the day.
- P4 Blekinge, for Blekinge County
- P4 Dalarna
- P4 Gotland
- P4 Gävleborg
- P4 Göteborg
- P4 Halland, for Halland County
- P4 Jämtland
- P4 Jönköping
- P4 Kalmar, for Kalmar County
- P4 Kristianstad, for the former Kristianstad County, now north and eastern Skåne County
- P4 Kronoberg
- P4 Malmöhus, for the former Malmöhus County, now south-western Skåne County
- P4 Norrbotten
- P4 Sjuhärad, for Sjuhärad, the south-eastern part of Västra Götaland County
- P4 Skaraborg, for the former Skaraborg County, now north-eastern Västra Götaland County
- P4 Stockholm
- P4 Sörmland
- P4 Uppland
- P4 Värmland
- P4 Väst, for western Västergötland, Dalsland and northern Bohuslän, north-western Västra Götaland County
- P4 Västerbotten
- P4 Västernorrland
- P4 Västmanland, for Västmanland
- P4 Örebro, for Örebro County
- P4 Östergötland, for Östergötland County
Additional radio stations available locally on FM include:
- Din gata 100,6 (in Malmö): playing mostly hiphop and R&B
- Metropol 93,8 (in Stockholm): multicultural youth station for Stockholm (formerly SR P5 Radio Stockholm)
- SR P2 Musik (in Stockholm): relays most of the output of P2, but replaces programming in minority and foreign languages (available in Stockholm from P6, see below) with additional music output – Schedule
- SR P6 89,6 (in Stockholm): broadcasts in minority and foreign languages as well as relaying programmes from the web-based P2 Världen channel and (overnight) the BBC World Service – Schedule
- SR International - Radio Sweden (web, satellite)
- SR P7 Sisuradio, in Finnish and Meänkieli (DAB, web and cable)
- Radioapans knattekanal, children's radio (web)
- SR c, experimental arts radio (web)
- SR P2 Världen, world music radio (DAB and web)
- SR Klassiskt, classical music (DAB and web)
- SR Minnen, programmes from the SR archive (DAB and web)
- SR P3 Star, hit music for teenagers (DAB and web)
- SR Sápmi, for the Sami languages (web)
- Alltid nyheter, news (web)
SR International is the international channel of Sveriges Radio and offers programming in the following languages:
- Arabic – website
- English – website
- German – website
- Kurdish – website
- Persian – website
- Romani – website
- Russian – website
- Somali – website
On 16 March 2010, Radio Sweden announced the end of broadcasts on shortwave and medium wave as from 31 October 2010. External service programmes would continue on the internet only. Language services for immigrants to Sweden in Albanian, Syriac, Serbian, Bosnian, and Croat would also be discontinued, while programmes in English (also on the domestic service), German, Russian, Persian, Dari, and Kurdish would remain.
- "Direktlänkar, kanaler i MP3 (192 kbps) Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.today", links to channels streaming in mp3 format. Sveriges Radio's webpage. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- Radio Sweden Ends Medium, Short Wave, Sveriges Radio International, 16 March 2010. Archived July 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Radio Sweden to become an Internet-only station, Media Network, 17 March 2010.
- Radio Sweden Ends Medium, Short Wave, Sveriges Radio International, 16. March 2010. Archived July 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine