Chengdu Tiancheng F.C.
Chengdu Tiancheng F.C. (simplified Chinese: 成都天诚; traditional Chinese: 成都天誠; pinyin: Chéngdū Tiānchéng) was a Chinese professional football club based in Chengdu, China who last played in the 26,000 seater Shuangliu Sports Centre in the China League One division. The club was founded on 26 February 1996 and was formerly known as Chengdu Wuniu (Five Bulls) named after their first sponsor, the Wuniu (Five Bulls) Cigarette Company. However, the club was officially dissolved on 4 January 2015  and was subsequently de-registered by the Chinese Football Association on 31 January 2015 due to unpaid salaries to players and staff.
|Full name||Chengdu Tiancheng Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||Chinese Sheffield United,|
|Founded||1996as Chengdu Wuniu F.C.|
|Ground||Shuangliu Sports Centre, Chengdu|
|Chengdu Tiancheng F.C.|
The team was named after English professional football club Sheffield United. On 11 December 2005, Sheffield United took over the organization and changed the club's badge as well as the team's home kit to represent this. The club went on to achieve promotion and their highest ever league position of seventh in the top tier of Chinese football until they were embroiled in a match-fixing scandal in 2009. Punished with relegation the owners eventually sold their majority on 9 December 2010 to Hung Fu Enterprise Co., Ltd and Scarborough Development (China) Co., Ltd. On 23 May 2013 the Tiancheng Investment Group announced the acquisition of the club.
Formation and promotionEdit
The club was formed on 26 February 1996 under the name Chengdu Wuniu and entered into China's Yi League with Wang Fengzhu as their first manager. In their inaugural year the team topped both their second round group as well as their final round group and progressed to the semi-finals before losing to Shenzhen Jinpeng 2–1 on aggregate. Their second season in 1997 season saw them rise into China's Jia B League, this time coming second in the 2nd round group but again topping the final round group. They went on to win both their legs of the quarter finals 1–0 against Beijing Kuanli and after brushing aside Shaanxi Guoli 2–0 they progressed through to the final but lost 1–0 however they were still promoted along with the winners Jiangsu Jiajia as well as both semi-final losers.
After gaining promotion to the second tier Chengdu Wuniu started the 1998 campaign well losing only two of their first nine matches in the higher division however in round 10 they were well beaten 8–0 away to Liaoning Tianlun. Their best win came in their penultimate match of the season when they beat Jiangsu Jiajia 4–1 and the team ended the season mid-table in eighth out of 12. Chengdu's second year in Jia B once again started well with the team losing just 1 of their first 13th games before succumbing to Beijing Kuanli away 4–0. At the end of the season after 22 matches Chengdu Wuniu finished 6th with 9 wins and 8 draws. The start of the millennium season saw a name change for the team to Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng and proceeded with a poorer start than in previous years including defeat away to Guangzhou Apollo 5–0 however the team did manage to finish in 8th place.
The team started well for the 2001 season going unbeaten in their first eight games and went on to finish in third position however the season was tarnished when match fixing allegations came to light involving Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng and four other teams. The team's record win over Sichuan Mianyang Taiji 11–2 and their 4–2 away victory against Jiangsu Shuntian were put under the spotlight and as a consequence all coaches and players involved in both matches (along with another game featuring the other two teams) were banned for one year, and all five teams had three months to reform and re-apply for playing in the next season's CFA competitions. The only points were deducted from Sichuan Mianyang Taiji but they were relegated as punishment. To make the season even more disappointing Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng fell at the first round of the Mexin Doors FA Cup losing 2–1 away to Jia A League side Tianjin Teda CEC.
In 2002 Chengdu Wuniu Guoteng were reformed as a result of the previous season's match fixing and were renamed Chengdu Taihe. Early in the season the team final progressed passed the first round of the Fuji Films FA Cup beating Shenyang Ginde 3–2 in nearby Deyang with a last minute goal however they were soon on their way home again after losing 3–1 to Qingdao Yizhong Hainiu once again in Deyang. The league competition followed in much the same vein with the team finishing in 9th of 12 however a mid-season venue change to City Stadium in Luzhou can't have helped however Santos did manage to achieve joint top divisional scorer with 10 goals for the club.
The team crashed out yet again in the earliest stage of the Landi FA Cup in 2003 losing 2 of their 3 group matches. The team started using City Stadium in Deyang as its home ground this season and its name reverted to the name Chengdu Wuniu in round 6 of the league in July. They finished the year in a respectable 6th place out of 14 after the division had been enlarged and beat 4th placed Jiangsu Shuntian 5–1 in October.
Chengdu Wuniu's poor cup performance continued in 2004 losing 5–3 on penalties after extra time to Qingdao Beilaite in the first round of the Landi FA Cup. The poor performance also contributed to their final position of 13th out of 17 that year after another enlargement. This season was also played at two differing home venues, the Provincial Sports Centre in Chengdu as well as City Stadium in Deyang.
The 2005 season was finally played back at one home venue in Chengdu, the Chengdu Sports Centre. They again crashed out of the CFA Cup in the first round, this time to Chinese Super League side Shanghai International. Their poor performance in the league also continued, finishing 11th of 14 in the league.
Foreign Ownership and promotionEdit
Chengdu Wuniu underwent another name change in January 2006 when they were bought out by the then Chairman of English football team Sheffield United's Kevin McCabe who renamed the club Chengdu Blades to reflect the new owner's nickname The Blades as well as changing the kits and badge while the reserve team were sent to Hong Kong and named "Sheffield United (Hong Kong)" to advertise its association with the owning company. Sheffield United’s unique international football model would continue with the purchase of Hungarian club Ferencvárosi TC and significant stakes with Australian team Central Coast Mariners FC, which were overseen by Group Executive Director, Michael Farnan who was responsible for the commercial development of the Sheffield United International Group. While this was going on the team's performance improved and by the end of the year they had climbed to 4th position in the table, their 2nd best ever finish at that time.
At the start of the 2007 Chinese league campaign Chengdu's opening game of the season against Harbin Yiteng finished in a 6–0 victory in front of a home crowd of 4000 spectators, which resulted in the opposing Head Coach, Wang Hongli creating a Chinese League record for the fastest resignation after just one game. The club's strong start to the season continued and they wouldn't even concede their first goal until 26 May 2007 in their Round 9 league game against Tibet Huitong, which they still went on to win 2–1. Even during the league break Chengdu went on to face Chinese Super League side Shanghai Shenhua in a friendly that Chengdu came back to win 2–1. Round 14 commenced with a 3–1 win against Harbin Yiteng and the Blades moved onto the top spot. However, following consecutive 1–1 draws with Nanchang Bayi and Chongqing Lifan, the Blades fell back into 2nd position. This was cemented by their first defeat of the season, losing 2–1 against leaders Guangzhou Guangyao.
The Blades returned to winning ways with 4 straight wins against Beijing Hongdeng (2–0), Nanjing Yoyo (6–1), Qingdao Hailifeng (2–0) and Tibet Huitong (3–0) and after 20 games the Blades were still in the second automatic promotion place with just another 4 matches to play, 5 points behind Guangzhou Pharmaceutical.
The Blades snatched victory 2–1 in the last minute against Yanbian in their next away game to put themselves within touching distance of promotion requiring just one more win which followed a week later in round 23 with Chengdu securing their place in next season's beating Shanghai Stars 4–2 in front of their home crowd.
Chengdu drew their penultimate game of the season 1–1 against BIT Beijing and faced former promotion rivals, 3rd placed Jiangsu Shuntian in the final fixture of the China League at home on 27 October which finished 0–0 to ensure a promotion party just two seasons after the buyout by Sheffield United.
First Season In Top FlightEdit
Chengdu had the privilege of staging the opening ceremony of the 2008 season of the Chinese Super League before their first match at home to Liaoning F.C. which was broadcast live on Chinese TV. The newcomers fell behind after an hours play but managed to earn a point just a few minutes later after Liu Cheng equalised. After an away defeat to 2007 champions Changchun Yatai on 5 April, the Blades had two successive victories against Zhejiang Lücheng and Dalian Shide to move into 3rd place. And on 27 April 2008, Chengdu Blades beat Shanghai Shenhua with a score 2–1 and moved into the second place. This was followed by a 3–1 away loss to Tianjin Teda and then a 1–1 draws against Qingdao Jonoon.
On 12 May Chengdu was rocked by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, none of the Chengdu Blades personnel were injured and in the following days both staff and players donated blood for the cause. The players also visited schools affected by the earthquake and the club donated more than £11,000 along with tents, umbrellas, water, food and clothes including more than 5000 football shirts to people affected in the region. At the following game against Changsha Ginde on 17 May China League's first ever minute's silence was held before the match, which ended in a 1–1 draw, all gate money from this rounds games around China would also be given to the disaster zones.
In the remaining rounds Chengdu only won one more game beating Shenzhen 3–0 at home, drew another 9 matches (4 of which were 0–0 draws) and lost the other 10 games. This was enough to finish 13th in table and avoid relegation.
Match fixing and demotionEdit
On 23 February 2010, Chengdu was relegated to China League One in the fallout of a match fixing scandal despite having achieved a 7th-place finish in the Chinese Super League the previous season. It was discovered by the Chinese police that on 22 September 2007 during the team's promotion campaign that the club's President Xu Hongtao and his deputy You Kewei paid Qingdao Hailifeng F.C. up to 500,000 RMB to lose a league game 2–0. Despite this setback under Wang Baoshan as manager, Chengdu Blades won immediate promotion back to the Chinese Super League after finishing second in league one, one point behind winners Guangzhou. With the club's owners Sheffield United struggling within their own league funding for Chengdu Blades was cut and they experienced financial problems during the season, which resulted in the club finishing 15th and in the relegation zone at the end of the season.
All-time league rankings
|Year||Div||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Pos.||FA Cup||Super Cup||AFC||Att./G||Stadium|
|1996||3||18||2 1||–||1 1||6 1||3||DNQ||DNQ||DNQ|
|1997||3||12||2 1||–||1 1||2 1||1 1||1 1||6 1||2||DNQ||DNQ||DNQ|
|1999||2||22||9||8||5||33||29||4||35||6||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2000||2||22||7||6||9||25||33||−8||27||8||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2001||2||22||12||6||4||48||25||23||42||3||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2002||2||22||7||6||9||31||36||−5||27||9||R2||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2003||2||26||12||6||8||35||28||7||42||6||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2004||2||32||6||13||13||46||57||−11||31||13||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2005||2||26||8||2||16||40||57||−17||26||11||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2006||2||24||11||5||8||27||18||9||38||4||R1||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2007||2||24||16||7||1||54||14||40||55||2||NH||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2008||1||30||7||11||12||30||37||−7||32||13||NH||DNQ||DNQ||12,378||Chengdu Sports Center|
|2009||1||30||11||6||13||32||39||−7||39||7 2||NH||DNQ||DNQ||11,873||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2010||2||24||17||5||2||56||15||41||56||2||NH||DNQ||DNQ||Chengdu Sports Centre / Dujiangyan Phoenix Sports Centre|
|2011||1||30||5||12||13||27||47||−20||27||15||R1||DNQ||DNQ||6,443||Chengdu Sports Centre|
|2012||2||30||11||8||11||33||40||−7||41||9||R3||DNQ||DNQ||2,026||Shuangliu Sports Centre|
|2013||2||30||7||8||15||27||37||−10||29||14||R2||DNQ||DNQ||3,591||Shuangliu Sports Centre|
|2014||2||30||6||8||16||29||45||−16||26||15||R2||DNQ||DNQ||1,924||Shuangliu Sports Centre / Dujiangyan Sports Center|
- 成都天诚球队不在基地挣扎 球员当务之急找工作 at sports.sina.com 2015-01-26 Retrieved 2015-02-09 (in Chinese)
- 足协帮球员讨回3千万薪水 设审查组长效监管 at sports.sina.com 2015-02-07 Retrieved 2015-02-07 (in Chinese)
- Davis, Peter. "Chengdu Blades- The Failed Experiment". Wild East Football. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- 成都谢菲联俱乐部2011赛季首次新闻通气会 Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine at sufc.com.cn 2011-03-03 Retrieved 2013-11-22 (in Chinese)
- 英投资方决定成都谢菲联不出售 尽快解决欠薪稳军心 at sports.sina.com.cn 2010-12-09 Retrieved 2013-11-22 (in Chinese)
- 成足更名天诚谢菲联 短期内回中超3年内进亚冠 at sports.sohu.com 2013-05-24 Retrieved 2013-11-22 (in Chinese)
- China League 1996 at rsssf.com 19 Jun 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-22
- China League 1997 at rsssf.com 21 Jun 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-22
- China League 1998 at rsssf.com 16 Jul 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-22
- China 1999 at rsssf.com 2 Jul 2001 Retrieved 2013-11-22
- China 2000 at rsssf.com 19 Jun 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- China 2001 at rsssf.com 19 Jun 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- China 2002 at rsssf.com 30 Mar 2003 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- China 2003 at rsssf.com 22 Feb 2013 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- China 2004 at rsssf.com 7 Apr 2005 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- China 2005 at rsssf.com 26 Oct 2006 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- Hongkong 2008/09 at rsssf.com 24 Sep 2009 Retrieved 2013-12-18
- Blades' Kevin McCabe buys into Ferencvaros at telegraph.co.uk 14 Feb 2008 Retrieved 2013-12-18
- China 2006 at rsssf.com 8 Mar 2007 Retrieved 2013-11-25
- Blades ready for kick-off Archived April 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Chengdu staff become aid volunteers Archived July 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Blades set to return to action Archived May 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Chengdu Blades demoted at fifa.com 23 February 2010 Retrieved 2013-11-26
- Blades chief arrested in match-fixing probe at fourfourtwo.com 11 December 2009 Retrieved 2013-11-26
- Chengdu Blades – The Failed Experiment at wildeastfootball.net September 4, 2012 Retrieved 2013-11-26
- 姚夏邹侑根昨宣布退役 四川足球告别了一个时代
- "China – List of Champions". rsssf.com. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- "成都天诚". sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 25 August 2014.