CSA Steaua București (football)

Clubul Sportiv al Armatei Steaua București (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈste̯awa bukuˈreʃtʲ]), commonly known as CSA Steaua București, Steaua București or simply Steaua, is a Romanian football club based in Bucharest and one of the sporting sections of CSA Steaua București.

Steaua București
Steaua București.svg
Full nameClubul Sportiv al Armatei
Steaua București
Nickname(s)
  • Steliștii
  • Roș-albaștrii (The Red and Blues)
  • Militarii (The Militaries)
  • Viteziștii (The Speedsters)
Short nameSteaua
Founded1947; 73 years ago (1947)
as ASA București
StadiumGhencea (Ground V)
Capacity1,500[1]
OwnerMinistry of National Defence
ChairmanBixi-Pompiliu Mocanu
ManagerDaniel Oprița
LeagueLiga IV
2018–19Liga IV, Bucharest, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The original football section of the Steaua organisation, founded in 1947 as ASA București, spent their entire history in the Liga I up until 2003, when the legal status of the football team's governing institution was changed to a share company. However, in 2014 this action's procedure was found in Court to be non-statutory, and the ownership of the Steaua football team brand returned to the parent club CSA Steaua.[2] The club which had acted as Steaua between 2003 and 2014 (always remaining in the top division) was ruled to retroactively be a distinct one and is now called SC Fotbal Club FCSB SA.[3]

In 2017, the parent club reactivated its football section and entered it into the 2017–18 season of Liga IV, the fourth tier of the Romanian Championship.

According to the club's records and the latest Romanian court order (July 2019),[4] it is the most successful football club in Romania, with national records for winning the domestic trophies, plus the European Cup in 1986 and European Super Cup in 1987.[5] However, ownership of the titles is disputed between two entities,[2][6][7] with agencies such as UEFA and LPF attributing all of the original club history to the other club, FCSB.[8][9]

They play their home matches at Ghencea V, one of the former training fields of the Complexul Sportiv Steaua, as the previous stadium, used by the historic Steaua entity during its heyday, was demolished in order for a new replacement to serve as a training pitch for Euro 2020. The team colours are red and blue.

The club has a long-standing rivalry with neighbouring Dinamo Bucureşti, with matches between the two being commonly referred to as "the Eternal Derby", "the Romanian Derby" or "the Great Derby"

HistoryEdit

Separation from the Romanian ArmyEdit

In 1998, the Steaua football section separated from CSA Steaua and changed its name to FC Steaua București (Fotbal Club Steaua),[10] ruled by a non-profit association led by Romanian businessman Viorel Păunescu. Păunescu performed poorly as a president and soon the club was plunged into debt.[11] George Becali, another businessman, was offered the position of vice-president in hope of richer investment in the club. Eventually in 2003, Becali managed to gain control over the club by turning it from non-profit to a public share company.[12]

Subsequently, even though the club managed to win five national championships and to qualify for the UEFA Champions League four times, it became increasingly associated with Becali's controversial character, infamous for his homophobia,[13] xenophobia, misogyny, racism,[14] tax evasion[15] and even imprisonments.[16] Apart from this, the club also moved from the historical Stadionul Ghencea to the newly built Arena Națională.

CSA Steaua vs FC FCSB lawsuitEdit

In December 2014, following legal action from former parent club CSA Steaua, the Becali-backed club lost its right to use the "Steaua" trademark, its use having never been approved by CSA Steaua Bucureşti.[3] The club which had acted as Steaua throughout this time was summoned to change their name and logo;[17] presently, they are officially called FC Steaua Bucharest[18] and continue to play in Liga I. A further ongoing trial was initiated by CSA Steaua, claiming FC FCSB must pay almost 37 million Euros as compensation for having unlawfully used the Steaua brand from 2003.[19] In July 2019, the judgement was made in favour of CSA Steaua, subject to appeal.[4]

Nevertheless, the courts ruled that FCSB is the true Steaua Bucharest.[7]

According to comments made by Constantin Danilescu (a former Steaua employee who worked for the club until 1999), during the 1998 separation CSA Steaua did not relinquish ownership of the team's name, honours or brand, as was believed until 2017. The club only allowed the non-profit it partnered with to use these elements, but the non-profit never had any right to sell them, placing doubt over the claims of FCSB to titles won before the takeover by Becali.[20]

New start in Liga IVEdit

Having legally reclaimed the football team, CSA Steaua București reactivated its football section and entered it to Liga IV's 2017–18 season, the fourth tier of the Romanian Championship. Funded from privately owned CSA Steaua finances,[21] the team's objective is to promote every year to the higher league, until it reaches Liga I, a timeline which is to coincide with the opening of the new Stadionul Ghencea.

In April 2018, Steaua București played a home league fixture against AS Academia Rapid București, the principal 'phoenix club' established by supporters of the defunct FC Rapid București. Due to the high profile of the participants, the match was moved to the Arena Națională and attracted a crowd of 36,277, setting a lower-league national record; Rapid București won 3–1 to consolidate their position at the top of the table, with Steaua five points behind in second place.[22]

The team reached the promotion play-offs in their first two seasons but lost each time.[23]

Crest and coloursEdit

ASA București was founded by the Royal Army on 7 June 1947. During its first season, 1947–48, Steaua wore yellow and red striped shirts with blue shorts, to symbolize Romania's tricolour flag.[24] Starting with the following season and with the Army's change of identity from the Royal Army to the People's Army, the yellow was gradually given up, so that the official colours remained, up to this day, the red and the blue.

Following the Romanian Revolution, the Army decided to break all links to the defunct communist regime, so, in 1991, CSA Steaua had a last change of crest with an eagle also present on the Ministry of Defence coat of arms and also on Romania's. As FC Steaua appeared in 1998, the club added two yellow stars on top of the CSA Steaua badge signifying its 20 titles of champions won, along with the Fotbal Club specification.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsorsEdit

Steaua's kit is currently manufactured by Joma.

StadiumEdit

Ghencea
 
Location35, Bulevardul Ghencea, Bucharest, Romania
OwnerMinistry of National Defence
Capacity1,500 (ground V)

Currently, the old Stadionul Ghencea is reconstructed, with the same approximate capacity of 30,000 seats, in order to serve as a training pitch for Euro 2020.[25]

SupportEdit

Present dayEdit

While ultra groups stopped attending matches around the time of the Court's demand that FCSB does't have the rights to be Steaua, regular spectators (citizens) continued their presence at Arena Națională matches and now form the majority of the FCSB support, mostly at important European fixtures but also with CS U Craiova, CFR Cluj and Dinamo Bucharest.[citation needed]

Ever since the Court's decision in 2014, Peluza Sud has fully adopted the reopened football team of Steaua București and represents a constant presence for the Liga IV matches.

More recently, as of 2017, the supporters have formed their own official association, called AS 47 (Asociația Steliștilor 1947 – Steaua Supporters' Association 1947), as a legal entity with its stated goals of 'reoffering Steaua and its supporters their true meaning, in harmony with the club's original values' .[26]

HonoursEdit

DomesticEdit

LeaguesEdit

CupsEdit

InternationalEdit

SeasonsEdit

Season Competition Pos Pl W D L GF GA GD Romanian Cup Notes
2017–18 Liga IVBucharest[31] 2nd 28 23 4 1 154 9 +145 Preliminary Promotion play-offs[32]
2018-19 Liga IVBucharest 1st 30 28 1 1 191 6 +185 Promotion play-offs
2019-20 Liga IVBucharest

PlayersEdit

First team squadEdit

As of 15 March 2020[33]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Teodor Meilă
4   DF Valentin Neaga
5   DF Sergiu Bactăr
6   MF Mădălin Mihăescu
7   MF Florin Răsdan
8   MF Andrei Neagoe
9   MF Valentin Niculae
10   MF Rareș Enceanu
11   FW Andrei Antohi
13   DF Adrian Ilie
15   MF Valentin Bărbulescu
No. Position Player
16   MF George Ban
17   MF Cosmin Mihai
20   MF Marian Neagu
22   GK Horia Iancu (Captain)
26   MF Dorin Capotă
30   MF Liviu Băjenaru
31   FW Róbert Elek
47   MF Alin Robu
89   DF Ovidiu Morariu
90   FW Alexandru Zaharia
99   MF Vlad Nițu

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
No. Position Player

Club officialsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Pitch 5 transforming Steaua Bucuresti". Gazeta Sporturilor.
  2. ^ a b "S-a stins Steaua lui Gigi Becali. FCSB preia palmaresul din 2003" [Gigi Becali's Steaua is gone. FCSB keeps historical record only as of 2003.]. Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 30 March 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Steaua Bucharest change name to FC FCSB". Special Broadcasting Service. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Tribunalul BUCUREŞTI: Informaţii dosar (Bucharest tribunals: File information), Ministerul Justiției al României (Romanian Ministry of Justice), 4 July 2019
  5. ^ http://www.steaualibera.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/20292988_1389555091080148_3321750527425968456_n.jpg
  6. ^ "Ultima zi cu "Steaua" » Anunţ-şoc făcut de Becali: "De mâine e gata" » Anunț IMPORTANT despre palmaresul echipei" [Last day as "Steaua" » Shocking statement made by Becali » Important announcement about the club's honours]. Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 29 March 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  7. ^ a b "FCSB - FC Steaua Bucharest official website: Trophies". FCSB. 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Profile: Fotbal Club FCSB". UEFA.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Liga 1 Betano: Cifrele vicecampioanei FCSB" [Liga 1 Betano: The records of vice-champion FCSB]. LPF. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  10. ^ Besutiu, Andrei. "Politica mineaza sportul românesc". Ziua. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
  11. ^ Petrache, Bogdan; Predan, Cristian. "Conducatorii vor plati cu averea datoriile cluburilor". 9am.ro. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  12. ^ "Planurile lui Becali". Evenimentul. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
  13. ^ "From racism and homophobia to peace and religion: Is Gigi Becali really a changed man?". Goal.com. 10 April 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  14. ^ "The most offensive owner in world sports is sadly not Donald Sterling". Washington Post. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Gigi Becali si-a vandut toate actiunile de la Steaua nepotilor sai". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
  16. ^ "Racist, sexist and an MP, meet Gigi Becali, the owner of Steaua Bucharest". The Indepdendent. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Deciziile Comitetului Executiv din 30 martie 2017" [The Executive Committee's decisions on 30 March 2017]. Romanian Football Federation. 30 March 2017. Archived from the original on 31 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ http://www.steaualibera.com/2017/05/24/inceput-dosarul-care-steaua-ii-cere-despagubiri-de-37-milioane-euro-lui-becali/
  20. ^ "Trofeele Stelei rămân în ceață. Dănilescu: "Aveam aceeași emblemă și dreptul de a folosi palmaresul și marca"" [Steaua Trophies Stay in the Fog. Danilescu: "We had the same emblem and the right to use the record and mark"] (in Romanian). Digisport. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  21. ^ "The new Steaua will have a 300,000 Euro budget and in four years the team must reach Liga I". Romania TV. 9 September 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Steaua – Academia Rapid 1–3" (in Romanian). CSA Steaua București. 14 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  23. ^ https://www.sport1.de/internationaler-fussball/2019/06/csa-steaua-bukarest-heftige-ausschreitungen-nach-niederlage-im-playoff-spiel-zur-3-liga
  24. ^ "Zbuciumata infiintare a Stelei". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011.
  25. ^ "Expertise finalised. 3 Bucharest stadia set to enter renovation". Gazeta Sporturilor. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  26. ^ "What we want to do". as47.ro. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Lovitură pentru Gigi Becali. CSA Steaua a câștigat procesul pentru palmares. Decizia Tribunalului București". digisport.ro. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  28. ^ a b c d e "CSA STEAUA ARE PALMARESUL // Dinamo, cea mai titrată echipă din Liga 1! Cum arată topul trofeelor din prima ligă + clasamentul all-time". gsp.ro. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  29. ^ a b c d e "CSA Steaua a câştigat procesul pentru palmares cu Gigi Becali! Decizia de ultimă oră a Tribunalului: FCSB a rămas doar cu 5 titluri în Liga 1". prosport.ro. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  30. ^ Steaua gave up the trophy in 1990 "Steaua's series of 104 matches unbeaten in the Divizia A". rsssf.com. 10 September 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  31. ^ http://www.frf-ajf.ro/bucuresti/competitii-fotbal/liga-4-6139.html
  32. ^ http://www.prosport.ro/fotbal-intern/play-off-ul-ligii-4-va-fi-transmis-la-tv-unde-pot-fi-urmarite-partidele-decisive-dintre-academia-rapid-si-steaua-17230046
  33. ^ SPORTIVI SECȚIA FOTBAL – SENIORI. csasteaua.ro (in Romanian)
  34. ^ "Președinte – CSA Steaua Clubul Sportiv al Armatei STEAUA Bucureşti".
  35. ^ "Fotbal – CSA Steaua Clubul Sportiv al Armatei STEAUA Bucureşti".

External linksEdit