Russian Football National League
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The Russian Football National League (FNL) (Russian: Первенство Футбольной Национальной Лиги, Pervenstvo Futbol'noy Natsional'noy Ligi; sometimes named as Second Russian Premier League; complete official name FONBET-Russian Football Championship among the club teams of FNL, Russian: ФОНБЕТ-Первенство России по футболу среди команд клубов ФНЛ for sponsorship reasons), formerly called Russian First Division (Russian: Первый дивизион) is the second level of Russian professional football.
|Number of teams||20|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Premier League|
|Relegation to||Professional League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Russian Cup|
|Current champions||Orenburg (2nd title) |
Anzhi (2 titles)
|2018–19 Russian National Football League|
The league consists of 20 clubs. After each season the two top clubs are promoted to the Premier League, and the bottom five clubs are relegated to the Russian Professional Football League. Third and fourth team play in home-and-away promotion play-offs against the 13th and 14th Premier League teams. In case one or more clubs are not licensed to participate for the upcoming season, the teams previously relegated are kept in the league instead, in the order of last season's standings. The reserve squads of the Premier League teams (such as FC Spartak-2 Moscow) are not eligible for promotion, only for relegation.
Due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, all Russian clubs of the former Soviet Top League and Soviet First League unified into the Russian Top Division, which meant that the new second tier of Russian football would remain regionalized. For the first two seasons the second tier competition was conducted in three separate groups formed by geographical region, and in 1994 a single division was formed.