Soviet Cup

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup (Russian: Кубок СССР[1]), was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition was awarded a qualification to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, unless it already qualified for the European Cup, in turn passed the qualification to the finalist. In case if a team would win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and not win its national league cup titles next year, it qualified to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup along with the new cup holder.

Soviet Cup
Organising bodyFootball Federation of the USSR
Founded1936
Abolished1992
Region Soviet Union (UEFA)
Number of teams32
Last championsSpartak Moscow (10th title)
Most successful club(s)Spartak Moscow (10 titles)

The first participation in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup took place in 1965-66 when Dynamo Kyiv qualified for the European competition for winning the 1964 Soviet Cup.

FormatEdit

Format of competitions was constantly changing. Until 1984 the Soviet Cup corresponded to the Soviet Top League calendar "spring"-"fall", however after that it changed to "fall"-"spring" calendar which is now the most popular in the Europe. In 1959-1960 the competition was conducted for two years. From 1965 to 1968 seasons were overlapping each other. The 1992 Soviet Cup Final took place after the fall of the Soviet Union in the independent Russia.

All tournaments final were played in a single game in Moscow, but until introduction of penalty kicks as a tie-breaker some finals that ended in tie were replayed. Until 1955 the tournament finals were played at Central Stadium "Dynamo", after being transferred to Central Stadium of Lenin (today Luzhniki Stadium).

FinalsEdit

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1936 Lokomotiv Moscow 2–0 Dinamo Tbilisi
1937 Dynamo Moscow 5–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1938 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Elektrik Leningrad
1939 Spartak Moscow 3–1 Stalinets Leningrad
no tournament in 1940–1943
1944 Zenit Leningrad 2–1 CDKA Moscow
1945 CDKA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1946 Spartak Moscow 3–2 Dinamo Tbilisi
1947 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1948 CDKA Moscow 3–0 Spartak Moscow
1949 Torpedo Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
1950 Spartak Moscow 3–0 Dynamo Moscow
1951 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Kalinin FC
1952 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1953 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Zenit Kuybyshev
1954 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Spartak Yerevan
1955 CDSA Moscow 2–1 Dynamo Moscow
no tournament in 1956
1957 Lokomotiv Moscow 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1958 Spartak Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
change of format and no final in 1959
1959–60 Torpedo Moscow 4–3 Dinamo Tbilisi
1961 Shakhtyor Stalino 3–1 Torpedo Moscow
1962 Shakhtyor Stalino 2–0 Znamya Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo
1963 Spartak Moscow 2–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1964 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Krylya Sovetov Kuybyshev
1965 Spartak Moscow 0–0
2–1 (replay)
Dynamo Minsk
1965–66 Dynamo Kyiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1966–67 Dynamo Moscow 3–0 CSKA Moscow
1967–68 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Pakhtakor Tashkent
1969 Karpaty Lviv 2–1 SKA Rostov-on-Don
1970 Dynamo Moscow 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1971 Spartak Moscow 2–2
1–0 (replay)
SKA Rostov-on-Don
1972 Torpedo Moscow 0–0
1–1 (5–1 pen) (replay)
Spartak Moscow
1973 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Dynamo Kyiv
1974 Dynamo Kyiv 3–0 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1975 Ararat Yerevan 2–1 Zorya Voroshilovgrad
1976 Dinamo Tbilisi 3–0 Ararat Yerevan
1977 Dynamo Moscow 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1978 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1979 Dinamo Tbilisi 0–0 (aet) (5–4 pen) Dynamo Moscow
1980 Shakhtar Donetsk 2–1 Dinamo Tbilisi
1981 SKA Rostov-on-Don 1–0 Spartak Moscow
1982 Dynamo Kyiv 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1983 Shakhtar Donetsk 1–0 Metalist Kharkiv
1984 Dynamo Moscow 2–0 Zenit Leningrad
1984–85 Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 Shakhtar Donetsk
1985–86 Torpedo Moscow 1–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1986–87 Dynamo Kyiv 3–3 (aet) (4–2 pen) Dynamo Minsk
1987–88 Metalist Kharkiv 2–0 Torpedo Moscow
1988–89 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1–0 Torpedo Moscow
1989–90 Dynamo Kyiv 6–1 Lokomotiv Moscow
1990–91 CSKA Moscow 3–2 Torpedo Moscow
1991–92 Spartak Moscow 2–0 CSKA Moscow
due to dissolution of the Soviet Union, the last season was renamed to Soviet–CIS Cup

Overall statisticsEdit

Performance by clubEdit

Club Winners Runners-Up Semi-finalists Years Won
  Spartak Moscow 10 5 7 1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992
  Dinamo Kiev 9 1 4 1954, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990
  Torpedo Moscow 6 9 5 1949, 1952, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1986
  Dinamo Moscow 6 5 10 1937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984
  CSKA Moscow 5 3 11 1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991
  Shakhter Donetsk 4 4 6 1961, 1962, 1980, 1983
  Dinamo Tbilisi 2 6 7 1976, 1979
  Ararat Yerevan 2 2 2 1973, 1975
  Lokomotiv Moscow 2 1 7 1936, 1957
  Zenit Leningrad 1 2 7 1944
  SKA Rostov-na-Donu 1 2 0 1981
  Metallist Kharkov 1 1 1 1988
 Karpaty Lvov 1 0 2 1969
  Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 1 0 5 1989
  Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev 0 2 2
  Dinamo Minsk 0 2 2
  Zaria Voroshilovgrad 0 2 1
  Elektrik Leningrad 0 1 1
  Kalinin city team 0 1 0
  Znamia Truda Orekhovo-Zuyevo 0 1 0
  Pakhtakor Tashkent 0 1 1
  Neftianik Baku 0 0 4
  Dinamo Leningrad 0 0 3
  Rotor Volgograd 0 0 1
  VSS Moscow 0 0 1
  SKA Kiev 0 0 1
  SKA Odessa 0 0 1
  Admiralteyets Leningrad 0 0 1
  Qairat Almaty 0 0 1
  Chernomorets Odessa 0 0 1
  Sokol Saratov 0 0 1
  Sudostroitel Nikolayev 0 0 1
  Iskra Smolensk 0 0 1
  Tavriya Simferopol 0 0 1
  Žalgiris Vilnius 0 0 1
  Pamir Dushanbe 0 0 1
  Fakel Voronezh 0 0 1

Performance by republicEdit

Republic Winners Runners-Up Semi-finals Winning Clubs
  Russian SFSR 31 32 59 Spartak Moscow (10), Dinamo Moscow (6), Torpedo Moscow (6), CSKA Moscow (5), Lokomotiv Moscow (2), Zenit Leningrad (1), SKA Rostov-na-Donu (1)
  Ukrainian SSR 16 8 24 Dinamo Kiev (9), Shakhter Donetsk (4), Metallist Kharkov (1), Karpaty Lvov (1), Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk (1)
  Georgian SSR 2 6 7 Dinamo Tbilisi (2)
  Armenian SSR 2 2 2 Ararat Yerevan (2)
  Byelorussian SSR 2 2
  Uzbek SSR 1 1
  Azerbaijan SSR 4
  Kazakh SSR 1
  Lithuanian SSR 1
  Tajik SSR 1

Best coachesEdit

Boris Arkadiev (1899-1986).
Place Name Medals Champion clubs
gold silver
1 Viktor Maslov 6 3 Torpedo Moscow (3), Dynamo Kyiv (2), Ararat Yerevan (1)
2 Valeriy Lobanovsky 6 - Dynamo Kyiv
3 Boris Arkadiev 4 1 CDKA Moscow (3), Lokomotiv Moscow (1)
Nikita Simonyan 4 1 Spartak Moscow (3), Ararat Yerevan (1)
5 Oleg Oshenkov 3 1 Shakhtar Donetsk (2), Dynamo Kyiv (1)
6 Valentin Ivanov 2 5 Torpedo Moscow
7 Aleksandr Sevidov 2 2 Dynamo Moscow
8-11 Nodar Akhalkatsi 2 1 Dinamo Tbilisi
Konstantin Beskov 2 1 Dynamo Moscow
Konstantin Kvashnin 2 1 Spartak Moscow, Torpedo Moscow
Viktor Nosov 2 1 Shakhtar Donetsk

Another coach Albert Vollrat won two cups in 1946 and 1947.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Кубок СРСР; Belarusian: Кубак СССР; Uzbek: СССР Кубоги; Kazakh: КСРО Кубогы; Georgian: სსრკ თასი; Azerbaijani: ССРИ кубоку; Lithuanian: TSRS taurė; Moldovan: Купа УРСС; Latvian: PSRS kauss; Armenian: ԽՍՀՄ Գավաթ, Estonian: NSVL Karikas