Football Club Dnipro (Ukrainian: Футбо́льний Клуб «Дніпро́», IPA: [d(j)n(j)iˈprɔ] ) was a Ukrainian football club based in Dnipro. The club played its last season in the 2018–19 Ukrainian Amateur League. The club was owned by Ihor Kolomoyskyi.

Full nameФутбо́льний Клуб «Дніпро́»
Football Club Dnipro
Nickname(s)кораблі (The ships)
Founded1918; 105 years ago (1918)
GroundDnipro-Arena, Dnipro
OwnerIhor Kolomoyskyi
PresidentIhor Kolomoyskyi
Latest managerOleksandr Poklonskyi[2]
LeagueUkrainian Amateur League
2018–198th, Group 3
WebsiteClub website

In 2018 FC Dnipro was forced into bankruptcy by FIFA due to multiple legal claims for failing to pay its promised monetary compensation to players and managers. SC Dnipro-1 currently exists as a unofficial successor.[3]

During the Soviet era, the club was a member of the Soviet Volunteer Sports Society "Metallurg" (therefore it carried names Metallurg/Metalurh and Stal) and until 1961 was under sponsorship of the Petrovsky Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Plant. After that, the club was sponsored by the Southern Machine-building Plant Yuzhmash and carried both names Russian Dnepr and Ukrainian Dnipro, while Dnepr was also used for international competitions. During the Soviet era, the club was the second most successful club, based in Ukraine, that participated in the Soviet Top League, winning in 1983 and 1988. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the club was privatized.

History edit

BRIT edit

The club was formed in 1918 by the Petrovsky factory and was called BRIT (Brianskyi Robitnychyi Industrialnyi Tekhnikum). The team participated in the regional competition, the Katerynoslav championship. BRIT played its games in the "Sokil" stadium, a small venue located at the corner of Pushkin and Yuriy Savchenko streets, which it shared with four other clubs.

Petrovets – Stal – Metalurh edit

With the outbreak of World War I, BRIT was disbanded until 9 May 1925, when a new team was formed in Dnipropetrovsk. The team participated during the first season under the name Petrovsky factory, which was changed in 1926 to "Petrovets." The team entered the first Soviet competition under the name of Stal (steel) in 1936, participating in three championships before World War II. In 1947, the team re-entered the Soviet competition after merging with another club from Dnipropetrovsk, Dynamo Dnipropetrovsk. From 1949 until 1961, the team was called Metalurh ("metal worker"). From 1950 to 1952, it was relegated to amateur status due to poor results. In 1954, Metalurh Dnipropetrovsk reached the semi-finals of the USSR Cup, where it lost to Spartak Yerevan.

Dnepr / Dnipro edit

In 1961, the team was handed over to its new sponsor, the Yugmash (the Southern machine-producing factory), which at that time was one of the most powerful factories in the entire Soviet Union and was funded by the Ministry of Defense. It was part of the Zenit volunteer sports society. The new sponsor changed the team's name to Dnepr/Dnipro after the Dnieper River. For the All-Union competitions such as Soviet Cup and the Soviet Top League as well as the international competitions there was used Russian version of the name as the Russian was the accepted language of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government, while at republican level (within the Ukrainian SSR) Ukrainian version of the name was used. The team's performance did not change much until after 1968, when Dnepr obtained Andriy Biba and the new coach – Valery Lobanovsky. After that, it took the team three years to get promoted to the Soviet Top League and eventually finished in sixth place in 1972.

Golden generation edit

In 1973 and 1976, Dnepr reached the semi-finals of the USSR Cup. In 1978, the team was relegated to the lower league for two years. Their next return to the top flight was not as inviting as their first one and the team languished at the bottom of the table for several years. In the following years, the governing body of the team hired new promising coaches – Volodymyr Yemets and Hennadiy Zhizdik. After those changes, Dnepr became a strong contender for the Soviet championship winning it twice: once with Yemets and Zhizdik in 1983, and another one with Yevhen Kucherevsky in 1988. Also, in 1989 Dnepr became the first professional football club in the Soviet Union. During those years, the team featured many notable players such as Oleg Protasov, Hennadiy Lytovchenko, Oleksiy Cherednyk and Oleh Taran.

Ukrainian independence edit

Just before the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1989 the club was transformed into a professional football club instead of the Soviet "team of masters", a process through which all Soviet teams of masters went through. The club joined the football federation of the native country and remained one of the top contenders in the newly formed Ukrainian Premier League. The team received a silver medal in 1993, as well as the bronze in 1992, 1995, 1996, 2001 and 2004. The team also reached the Ukrainian Cup finals in 1995, 1997 and 2004, losing all three to Shakhtar Donetsk. In the beginning of the 1990s the control of the club took over a native of Rivne Ihor Bakai with his "Respublika" corporation who earlier in the 1980s was governor of the SKA Karpaty Lviv training center, part of the Carpathian Military District.[4] Bakai who invited Bernd Stange to Dnipro became first who hired foreign manager to head the former Soviet club.[4] At that time Bakai was a member of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) and a chairman of the Intergaz corporation which had exclusive rights of importing gas to Ukraine from Turkmenistan and in Ukraine was unofficially referred to as the "Gaz King".[4] The experience of the former manager of East Germany national football team Bernd Stange in Dnipro was described in the biographic book that was published in Germany in 2004 "Trainer zwischen den Welten. Bernd Stange" (Coach between the Worlds. Bernd Stange).[5]

During the summer of 1996 Dnipro initiated "repositioning" of its best players along with Bernd Stange to CSKA-Borysfen which in the previous season placed 4th just behind Dnipro.[4] Among those players were Oleksandr Yevtushok, Viktor Skrypnyk, Serhiy Kovalets, Serhiy Mizin, Andriy Polunin, Serhiy Nahornyak, Volodymyr Sharan, Oleksandr Palyanytsya.[4] However, just few day before the start of the 1996–97 season in Ukrainian Vyshcha Liha (Higher League), on the joint session of the Professional Football League (PFL) and the Football Federation of Ukraine (FFU), CSKA-Borysfen was taken away from its original owners and handed over to Mikhail Grinshpon ("Kiev-Donbass")[4] connected with Semion Mogilevich.[6] With the transfer of Dnipro players falling completely through, players ended up in danger of missing a season.[4]

Success and downfall edit

On 14 May 2015, Dnipro qualified for the 2015 UEFA Europa League Final by defeating Napoli 1–0 in Ukraine after having drawn 1–1 in Italy, the first time in the club's history that it reached the final in a European competition.[7] Despite going up 1–0 in the sixth minute against Spanish side Sevilla, Dnipro eventually lost 3–2.[8] Despite the defeat, the match crowned one of the club's greatest seasons, during which Dnipro had to play all of their home matches some 400 kilometres away in Kyiv due to the conflict in eastern Ukraine.[9] On 31 March 2016, the club was excluded by UEFA from participating in the next UEFA club competition for which it would otherwise qualify in the next three seasons (2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19) for violating the Financial Fair Play regulations.[10]

In late June 2016, there were rumours that club owner Ihor Kolomoyskyi had stopped funding the club.[11] Kolomoyskyi immediately denied this but did state, "The club will not exist in the same form as before;" and that it was "not normal to spend crazy amounts of money" to keep the current squad intact.[11]

The 2016–17 season was disastrous for Dnipro. Due to outstanding debts owed to coach Juande Ramos and his staff, the FFU prevented Dnipro from signing new players other than free agents. On 26 October 2016, Dnipro was assessed a penalty of 6 points for the same reason. In April 2017, 3 additional points were deducted. At the conclusion of the 2016–2017 season, Dnipro were relegated directly to the Ukrainian Second League (third level) for the first time in club history.

In the 2017–18 season the club with a new squad started well in the Group B of the Second League, for 13 matches in row going on high positions (second-fourth places). But the points have been deducted once more with their number reaching up to 18 until the end of the season, which resulted in club finishing on 8th place.

On 7 June 2018 FIFA decided to once more relegate the club and for the 2018–19 season the club was to play in the Amateur League.[12] In the 2019–20 Amateur League the club did not participate.[12][13] In 2019 some players, coaching and managing staff joined SC Dnipro-1, particularly the whole coaching staff of Dnipro in full composition was appointed to the Dnipro-1's under-21 team.[14]

On 22 February 2021, FIFA dismissed the claim of Jaba Kankava who appealed with a request to recognize SC Dnipro-1 a sports successor of FC Dnipro in order to recover his unpaid salary from FC Dnipro.[15]

Stadium edit

Old Meteor Stadium

Since 1966, Dnipro's home was Meteor Stadium in Dnipropetrovsk. Prior to that, the club played at the Metalurh Stadium (formerly Stal Stadium). Meteor Stadium was built by the Soviet rocket company Yuzhmash on the original site and has undergone several renovations since, the last one being in 2001. In 2002, however, after several spells in European competitions, it became clear that the club needed a new modern venue. Thus, in 2005, Pryvat Group started construction of Dnipro Arena in the centre of the city. The club played its last game at Meteor on 2 September 2008, against Metalist Kharkiv.

In April 2005, the club's new arena broke ground. It was constructed by Germany's largest construction company Hochtief. The construction itself took three years and four months, but a nine-month delay occurred due to a land dispute over a site where the stadium's car park was planned. The stadium's final capacity is 31,003 people and the initial estimated cost of the construction was set at €40 million.

The stadium was opened on 15 September 2008. The opening ceremony featured a speech by Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko, a concert performance by a number of famous Ukrainian musicians and two football matches: Veterans of Dynamo Kyiv vs. Spartak Moscow veterans, and Dnipro against Dynamo Kyiv. As a gift to the club from the city, the street that the stadium is situated on was renamed into Kucherevskyi Boulevard, in honour of Dnipro's late coach Yevhen Kucherevskyi. Dnipro played their first official game on 29 September 2008 against their local rivals Metalurh Zaporizhya, but Dnipro lost 1–2. They set a new attendance record for the Ukrainian Premier League 2008–09 season at 31,000 spectators.

Since the beginning of the Russo-Ukrainian War, Dnipro have played their European matches at the Olympic Stadium in Kyiv at the behest of UEFA, although there has been comparatively less conflict in Dnipropetrovsk than other areas.[16]

Supporters and rivalries edit

The first fan club in Dnipropetrovsk (today Dnipro) was officially registered by the city executive committee (ispolkom) on 25 July 1968.[17] Before registration, the initiative group brought its draft of the fan's club statute and program to the regional committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, department in control of development and propaganda of physical culture and sport in the region which imposed a resolution of approval with a signature, seal and date. Later the group met with the Dnipro head coach Leonid Rodos and his assistant.

The formation of the fan movement in Dnipropetrovsk began in the early 1980s, which saw the appearance of the first representatives of Dnipro ultras at the stadium. Later was established one of the largest fans unions – the Braty po Zbroyi (English: Brothers in Arms) – involving Dnipro, Dynamo Kyiv and Karpaty Lviv.

Most of the fans hold right-wing ideological views (Ukrainian nationalism). Dnipro is considered the third most popular club in Ukraine, and home and away matches are attended by large crowds. The largest Dnipro ultras groups are the Voice of the North Stand (Ukrainian: Рупор Північної Трибуни) and Ultras'83 (Ukrainian: Ультрас'83).

The most famous derby in eastern Ukraine is the Skhidne Derby (English: Eastern Derby) between Dnipro and Metalist Kharkiv. The game at the stadium is very hard and almost every game ends in a fight between football fans from Dnipropetrovsk and Kharkiv. There was also a city derby in Dnipropetrovsk between Dnipro and Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih. In May 2016, Metalist Kharkiv was removed from Ukraine's professional football leagues.[18] Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih is, after its 2013 bankruptcy, an amateur club.[19][20]

Sponsors edit

Football kits and sponsors edit

Years[21] Football kit Shirt sponsor
1998–2001 Adidas TM Biola
2001–2005 TM Biola
2005–2008 Umbro
2008–2019 Nike
  • No information is known for the 2000–01 season.

Home colours edit


Honours edit

Domestic edit

European edit

Friendly edit

Individual player awards edit

Several players have won individual awards during or for their time with Dnipro

Soviet Footballer of the Year

Ukrainian Footballer of the Year

Ukrainian Premier League[23] Footballer of the Year

Latest squad edit

As of 30 October 2018[24][25]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   UKR Myroslav Znovenko
3 DF   UKR Taras Horilyi
4 DF   UKR Oleksandr Kulinich
5 DF   UKR Serhiy Palyukh (captain)
6 DF   UKR Oleksandr Andrushko
7 MF   UKR Dmytro Verhun
8 MF   UKR Ivan Budnyak
10 MF   UKR Mykhaylo Mukhin
11 MF   UKR Oleksiy Bandurin
12 GK   UKR Maksym Luhovskyi
13 DF   UKR Bohdan Hlebin
14 DF   UKR Volodymyr Kirychuk
15 MF   UKR Stanislav Batsman
No. Pos. Nation Player
16 GK   UKR Hlib Makarovskyi
16 DF   UKR Mykyta Nechystenko
17 MF   UKR Denys Soroka
19 FW   UKR Vladyslav Shynkarenko
20 DF   UKR Artem Dzhumyga
22 DF   UKR Nazar Sydorenko
23 MF   UKR Anton Rykun
24 MF   UKR Oleksiy Karpovskyi
25 DF   UKR Serhiy Zayets
26 MF   UKR Daniil Shelayev
27 DF   UKR Oleksiy Khyzhnyak
28 MF   UKR Serhiy Nazarenko
32 MF   UKR Danylo Krylov

Notable players edit

National team players

Coaches and administration (2018) edit

Administration[26] Coaching[27]

Seasons scope edit

Tier Years Last Promotions Relegations
Top League (tier 1) 19 1991 6 times to Europe   1 (1978)
First League (tier 2) 26 1980   2 (1980)   1 (1949)
Gruppa G (tier 4) 1 1937
Ukraine (republican) (tier 3) 1 1950
45 years of professional football in Soviet Union since 1936
Tier Years Last Promotions Relegations
Premier League (tier 1) 26 2016–17 14 times to Europe   1 (2016–17)
Second League (tier 3) 1 2017–18 none   1 (2017–18)
Amateur League (tier 4) 1 2018–19
27 years of professional national football in Ukraine since 1992

Soviet Union edit

World War II

Ukraine edit

European history edit

FC Dnipro participates in European competitions since 1984 after playing its first against Trabzonspor. Since 2001, however, the club participates almost on annual basis with variable successes. This was interrupted in 2016, when, despite finishing third place, Dnipro was forbidden to play in the European competitions by UEFA.

Season Stage Notes
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1984–85 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by   Bordeaux 1–1 in Bordeaux, 1–1 in Dnipropetrovsk
1989–90 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by   Benfica 0–1 in Lisbon, 0–3 in Dnipropetrovsk
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
2014–15 Finalist defeated by   Sevilla 2–3 in Warsaw

Presidents and owners edit

Managers edit

Notes edit

References edit

  1. ^ The Historic Rise of Polissya Zhytomyr. 4 June 2023
  2. ^ Oleksandr Poklonskyi is heading FC Dnipro (Александр Поклонский возглавил ФК "Днепр"). Ukrinform. 21 June 2017
  3. ^ Oles Khorunzhyi. SC Dnipro-1 confirmed that FIFA dismissed the claim of Jaba Kankava and did not recognize the club a successor of Dnipro (Днепр-1 подтвердил, что ФИФА отклонила иск Канкавы и не признала клуб правопреемником Днепра). Sport Arena. 23 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Вы попали в штангу". (archived version). 9 September 2012
  5. ^ Kultur: Trainer zwischen den Welten. 17 April 2004
  6. ^ Откупится ли Гриншпон от НАБУ?.
  7. ^ "Dnipro's Yevhen Seleznyov sinks Napoli to seal Europa League final place". Guardian. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Dnipro 2 Sevilla 3". BBC Sport. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk – Angels amidst War : "During the entire course of the campaign, FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk had to play all of their home matches some 400 kilometres away in Kyiv due to the war. "". 23 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  10. ^ "CFCB adjudicatory chamber orders". UEFA. 31 March 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Dnipro football team will not be liquidated, but revamped – Kolomoisky". Interfax-Ukraine. 30 June 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Kolomoisky announced the restoration of the Dnieper" (in Ukrainian). 21 October 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  13. ^ Yuriy Samotkan. "Dnipro" probably will be liquidated ("Днепр", вероятно, прекратит существование). Footboom. 6 June 2019
  14. ^ Under-21 team coaching. SC Dnipro-1.
  15. ^ Oles Khorunzhyi. SC Dnipro-1 confirmed that FIFA dismissed the claim of Jaba Kankava and did not recognize the club a successor of Dnipro (Днепр-1 подтвердил, что ФИФА отклонила иск Канкавы и не признала клуб правопреемником Днепра). Sport Arena. 23 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Dnipro qualifier moved to Kiev". ESPN. Press Association. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  17. ^ Первый клуб болельщиков. 23 March 2012
  18. ^ Апеляційний комітет ФФУ відхилив апеляції "Металіста" та "Говерли" [The FFU Appeal Committee decline appeals of Hoverla and Metalist] (in Ukrainian). Football Federation of Ukraine. 16 May 2016. Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  19. ^ "FC Kryvbas launches bankruptcy procedure". Interfax-Ukraine. 12 June 2013.
  20. ^ (in Ukrainian) Gen.Director of Kryvbas: The team has marvelous chances to start playing in the PFL already this summer. Kryvbas fan's side. 6 April 2016
  21. ^ Jerseys of Ukrainian clubs Archived 25 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Sait Nagjee: FC Dnipro 3–0 Atletico Paranaense: The Ukrainian club dismiss the Brazilian challenge". 22 February 2016. Archived from the original on 27 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  23. ^ before fall of the Soviet Union the award was given to players of Ukrainian clubs
  24. ^ "Main Team :: Team :: FC Dnipro :: Official Site ::". Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  25. ^ "Професіональна футбольна ліга України".
  26. ^ "Руководство :: Клуб :: ФК "Днепр" :: Официальный сайт ::". Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  27. ^ "Coaches :: Team :: FC Dnipro :: Official Site ::". Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  28. ^ Valerko, A. You hit a "goal post" (Вы попали в штангу). 9 September 2012
  29. ^ (in Ukrainian) Official: Ramos left the Dnipro, because they do not want to stay in Ukraine, Ukrayinska Pravda Champion (22 May 2014)

External links edit