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FC Chornomorets Odesa

FC Chornomorets Odesa (Ukrainian: Футбо́льний Клуб Чорномо́рець Оде́са [tʃornoˈmɔretsʲ oˈdɛsɐ]) is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Odessa.

Chornomorets Odesa
Chornomorets odesa logo uk.jpg
Full nameFootball Club Chornomorets Odesa[1]
Nickname(s)The Sailors
Founded26 March 1936; 83 years ago (1936-03-26)
GroundChornomorets Stadium
Capacity34,164
PresidentLeonid Klimov
Head coachOstap Markevych
LeagueUkrainian First League
2018–19Ukrainian Premier League, 11th (relegated via play-offs)
WebsiteClub website

The club's home ground is the 34,164 capacity Chornomorets Stadium opened in 1935 and rebuilt in 2011. According to the club's website, it was formed in 1936 as Dynamo,[2] but until 2002 it carried a logo with 1958 and 1959[3][4] years of foundation on its shield when the club received its current name. Moreover, the club's shield is very similar to the shield of Romanian FC Farul Constanta.[5]

For over 30 years the club was sponsored by the Black Sea Shipping Company (1959-1991).[6] The club was among top 20 Soviet clubs (Soviet Top League).

HistoryEdit

Black Sea (pre-history)Edit

At the beginning of the 20th century, in Odessa, within limits of Shevchenko Park, a construction started of what was supposed to become a lake. However, after the trench for the lake was dug out, the funding stopped and so did the construction. Soon the hole began to serve as a field for one of city's non-league teams. As the hole resembled a shape of the Black Sea, that was the nickname given to the field, and the team was named Chornomorets, which means "Black Sea man". And although that team is unrelated to the today's club, it was the first team in Odessa to play under that name.

History of nameEdit

Dynamo and previous namesEdit

The official date of foundation of Chornomorets Odesa is considered to be 26 March 1936 as Dynamo Odesa. Dynamo Odesa, however, participated before that in the city championship since 1923 (the year of establishment of the Ukrainian football competitions)[4] winning it in 1933. Dynamo Odesa itself was first called as Sparta Odesa until 1926.[4] In 1940 after relegating from the Top level the club was merged with Kharchovyk Odesa that participated in the republican competitions (Championship of Ukrainian SSR) and replaced Dynamo in next competitions.[4][7] In 1941 the club was reformed again when it was included into the War Championship (Top division) under the name of Spartak Odesa.[7]

Concurrently in league competitions of the Ukrainian SSR since 1936 in Odessa played another team Kharchovyk Odesa which initially represented the KinAp Factory.

Until Chornomorets Odesa was bought out by Leonid Klimov sometime in 2001, the club's foundation was considered to be 1958.[4]

Post WWII and Kharchovyk/PischevikEdit

After the World War II the club was reestablished as Kharchovyk Odesa in the lower Soviet division (Class B).[7] In 1950 the club lost its place in the play-offs to Spartak Uzhhorod (Zakarpattia Uzhhorod) and was dissolved. In 1953 upon the enlargement of the "Class B" competitions (Second division), the city of Odessa was represented by Metalurh (in Class B 1953, 1954) which soon was replaced again with already more familiar Kharchovyk Odesa.[7] In 1957-58 there was established Avanhard sports society which adopted number of other smaller societies in Ukraine under its umbrella.[7] In 1958 the Odessa city team adopted the name Chornomorets and represented the city's Rope Factory.[7]

Chornomorets (Black Sea Shipping Company)Edit

In 1959 Chornomorets was handed over to the Black Sea Shipping Company which was a member of Vodnik sports society. Since then its emblem corresponded with the main emblem of Vodnik society.

In the last season of the Soviet Top League, Chornomorets earned fourth place, the only time it ever placed above the big clubs in Ukraine, Dynamo Kyiv, Shakhtar Donetsk and Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk.

Recent HistoryEdit

The club was a founding member of the Ukrainian Premier League, winning the Ukrainian Cup and finishing 5th in the inaugural 1992 season. Chornomorets finished 3rd the next two seasons and 2nd during the following two seasons. They also won another domestic Cup in 1994. The club’s most successful spell was achieved under the guidance of Viktor Prokopenko, and later under Leonid Buryak. At the end of the 1997–98 season, following big financial troubles and the sale of a number of leading players, the club was relegated to the First League.

They won promotion the following 1998–99 season, but finished in the second last place next year and were relegated again. Sometimes in 2001, the Klimov's Primorie company which owned SC Odesa along with Imexbank acquired the city's main team.[8] In 2002 SC Odesa was merged with Chornomorets. Chornomorets came back up again for the 2002–03 season and enjoyed several decent seasons in the Premier League. They finished third in the 2005–06 season and took part in the 2006–07 UEFA Cup tournament.

Chornomorets were deducted 6 points by FIFA on 6 November 2008. It was confirmed by Ukrainian Premier League on 2 March 2009.[9] The club managed to finish the 2008–09 season in 10th place despite the deduction. The 2009–10 season started badly with a 5–0 loss to Dynamo Kyiv and a poor run of form that saw the team finish the first half of the season in 13th place, just two spots away from the relegation zone. The club was relegated to the First League at the end of the season. It took, however, just a year for Chornomorets to return to the Ukrainian top flight for the 2011–12 season.

Following a loss in relegation playoffs on 27 May 2018 Chornomorets fans attacked head coach of the club.[10][check quotation syntax]

 
FC Chernomorets emblem on the front of stadium «Chornomorets» in Odessa.
 
The jubilee 80 years logo of the FC «Chornomorets» Odessa.

Kits and Kit SponsorsEdit

European competitionsEdit

Chornomorets Odesa participates in European competitions since 1975 after playing its first game against S.S. Lazio in the UEFA Cup 1975/76.

HonoursEdit

Domestic achievementsEdit

International achievementsEdit

Naming historyEdit

  • 1936: Club founded as Kharchovyk Odessa or Zavod KinAp
  • 1941: Club renamed Spartak Odessa
  • 1942: World War II (club was dissolved)
  • 1944: Club revived Kharchovyk Odessa (relegated in 1950 and dissolved)
  • 1951: New club Metallurg / Metalurh Odessa (team of Kim Fomin)
  • 1955: Club revived Kharchovyk Odessa (in place of Metalurh, while Metalurh continued to play at republican level)
  • 1958: Club renamed Chornomorets Odessa
  • 1966: Best performance in Soviet Cup – reached semi-finals
  • 1974: Best performance in Soviet Top League – third place
  • 1975: First participation in the UEFA Cup (1975–76)
  • 1992: Took part in the Ukrainian Premier League after the break-up of the Soviet Union and officially registered as the non-amateur club Chornomorets Odesa

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 26 November 2019[12][13]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Danylo Varakuta
4   MF Kostyantyn Hramatik
7   MF Mykola Musolitin
9   MF Vitaliy Hoshkoderya
10   MF Volodymyr Arzhanov
12   GK Andriy Kozhukhar
15   DF Hlib Hrachov
19   FW Vyacheslav Velyev
21   MF Vladyslav Khamelyuk
No. Position Player
22   FW Andriy Shtohrin
23   MF Denys Norenkov
29   MF Petro Dolhov
33   DF Serhiy Voronin
34   MF Volodymyr Tanchyk
45   MF Maksym Braharu
52   FW Bohdan Kovalenko
98   FW Dmytro Semeniv
99   MF Kostyantyn Yaroshenko

U-21 squadEdit

As of 6 September 2017[14]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Kyrylo Bilokamenskyi
  DF Mykola Buryachenko
  DF Serhiy Ostanin
  DF Illya Otroshko
  MF Dmytro Mykhaylychenko
No. Position Player
  MF Andriy Varenyk
  MF Serhiy Novikov
  MF Arkadiy Tumanyan
  MF Vyacheslav Tsokan

Coaches and administrationEdit

Administration[15] Coaching (senior team)[16] Coaching (U-21 team)[16]

League and Cup historyEdit

Soviet UnionEdit

World War II 
 

UkraineEdit

 

Soviet UnionEdit

Note: In Soviet competitions league calendar mostly stretched from spring through fall, while main rounds of the cup tournament sometimes would follow the fall-spring format.

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Soviet Cup Other Notes
Zavod KinAp
1936 4th
(Chempionat URSR z futbolu)
4 4 1 0 3 7 12 6
1937 5th
(Odessa Championship)
CU 116 finals
Pishchevik / Kharchovyk
1938 4th
(Chempionat URSR z futbolu)
5 11 4 4 3 16 16 23 CU 18 finals
1939 2 9 6 1 2 22 CU 18 finals Promoted[a]
1940 2nd
(Gruppa B)
5 26 12 4 10 49 40 28 Promoted
Spartak
1941 1st
(Gruppa A)
10 10 3 2 5 16 22 8
1942 During World War II the club was dissolved
1943
Pishchevik / Kharchovyk
1944 no league competition
1945 2nd
(Vtoraya Gruppa)
7 17 9 1 7 26 22 19 116 finals CU 12 finals
1946 2nd
(Vtoraya Gruppa. Yuzhnaya podruppa)
4 24 12 6 6 43 27 30 CU 14 finals
1947 2nd
(Vtoraya Gruppa. Zona USSR)
3 24 14 5 5 45 21 33 1128 finals CU Final
1948 5 14 5 5 4 19 18 15 CU 14 finals
1949 1 34 23 4 7 81 36 50 164 finals
3 8 2 3 3 8 7 7
1950 2nd
(Class B)
8 26 8 10 8 33 32 26 132 finals Relegation play-off[b]
Metallurg / Metalurh
1951 4th
(Chempionat URSR z futbolu)
5 18 8 5 5 33 17 21 CU 12 finals
1952 8 22 5 6 11 32 37 16 Promoted
1953 2nd
(Class B)
3 17 6 8 3 20 12 20 116 finals
7 2 2 0 0 5 1 4 won its group (7–9)
1954 6 22 8 4 10 37 42 20 132 finals
Pishchevik / Kharchovyk
1955 2nd
(Class B)
12 30 11 5 14 39 47 27 132 finals
1956 15 34 8 10 16 40 57 26 Relegation play-off[c]
1957 5 34 16 7 11 65 48 39 132 finals
Chernomorets / Chornomorets
1958 2nd
(Class B)
12 30 9 8 13 33 42 26 1128 finals
1959 4 28 15 4 9 40 25 34
1960 4 32 19 4 9 63 31 42 164 finals
1961 1 34 26 5 3 66 23 57 132 finals won play-off vs SKA Odessa
1962 1 24 13 8 3 48 20 34 116 finals advanced to final
2 10 4 3 3 13 9 11
1963 2nd
(Class A. Vtoraya gruppa)
6 34 13 13 8 39 31 39 132 finals
1964 2 24 11 7 6 27 21 29 116 finals advanced to final
4 14 8 3 3 25 14 19 Promoted
1965 1st
(Class A. Pervaya Gruppa)
14 32 9 8 15 35 43 26 116 finals
1966 14 36 10 13 13 29 36 33 12 finals
1967 18 36 8 11 17 25 46 27 14 finals
1968 8 38 11 16 11 47 49 38 116 finals
1969 7 18 5 7 6 14 17 17 18 finals
8 14 5 3 6 11 13 13 Places 1-14 group
1970 1st
(Class A. Vysshaya Gruppa)
15 32 8 10 14 25 38 26 14 finals Relegated
1971 2nd
(Pervaya Liga)
3 42 21 11 10 56 33 53 116 finals
1972 3 38 20 8 10 67 36 48 18 finals CU 12 finals
1973 1 38 24 6 8 83 38 52 14 finals CU 14 finals Promoted
1974 1st
(Vysshaya Liga)
3 30 12 11 7 35 31 35 18 finals
1975 12 30 8 10 12 27 35 26 116 finals UC 1st round
1976 10 15 4 7 4 14 18 15 18 finals spring half
9 15 7 1 7 14 20 15 fall half
1977 7 30 11 8 11 33 41 30 1/16 finals
1978 7 30 12 10 8 41 26 32 (−2) 1/8 finals Drawn games over limit
1979 11 34 10 11 13 32 37 28 (−3) Group stage Drawn games over limit
1980 7 34 13 9 12 37 37 35 Group stage
1981 11 34 11 9 14 36 44 31 1/4 finals
1982 10 34 11 11 12 30 36 32 (−1) Group stage Drawn games over limit
1983 8 34 16 5 13 44 46 37 1/8 finals
1984 4 34 16 9 9 49 38 41 1/4 finals Cup tournament switched format
1985 15 34 11 7 16 44 65 29 1/8 finals UC 2nd round Relegation tournament
1986 15 30 8 7 15 29 37 23 1/4 finals Relegated
1987 2nd
(Pervaya Liga)
1 42 25 12 5 68 31 62 1/16 finals Promoted
1988 1st
(Vysshaya Liga)
13 30 9 6 15 24 37 24 1/64 finals
1989 6 30 11 9 10 40 41 31 1/16 finals
1990 9 24 8 3 13 23 29 19 1/8 finals UC 2nd round
1991 4 30 10 16 4 39 24 36 1/4 finals
1992 No competition 1/4 finalsCup

Notes:Scheduled to play against PFC CSKA Moscow, Chornomorets withdrew from the Soviet Cup in 1992.

UkraineEdit

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
1992 1st
(Top League)
5 18 9 7 2 30 12 35 Winner
1992–93 3 30 17 4 9 31 12 38 1/16 finals CWC 1st round
1993–94 3 34 20 8 6 52 23 48 Winner
1994–95 2 34 22 7 5 62 29 73 1/2 finals CWC 1st round
1995–96 2 34 22 7 5 56 25 73 1/16 finals UC 2nd round
1996–97 7 30 12 6 12 36 31 42 1/4 finals UC 1st round
1997–98 15 30 8 8 14 31 39 32 1/4 finals Relegated
1998–99 2nd
(First League)
2 38 25 4 9 77 38 79 1/64 finals Promoted
1999–00 1st
(Top League)
15 30 6 8 16 20 50 26 1/16 finals Relegated
2000–01 2nd
(First League)
6 34 17 6 11 44 28 57 1/8 finals
2001–02 2 34 21 4 9 48 21 67 1/16 finals Promoted
2002–03 1st
(Top League)
8 30 10 4 16 31 45 34 1/16 finals
2003–04 5 30 11 12 7 38 33 45 1/2 finals
2004–05 6 30 12 6 12 29 29 42 1/16 finals
2005–06 3 30 13 6 11 36 31 45 1/16 finals
2006–07 6 30 11 8 11 36 33 41 1/16 finals UC 1st round
2007–08 7 30 11 5 14 27 33 38 1/2 finals IC 3rd round
2008–09 1st
(Premier League)
10 30 12 2 16 34 42 32 1/16 finals (−6) disciplinaryCAS
2009–10 15 30 5 9 16 21 44 24 1/16 finals Relegated
2010–11 2nd
(First League)
2 34 18 11 5 53 26 65 1/16 finals Promoted
2011–12 1st
(Premier League)
9 30 10 7 13 32 42 37 1/4 finals
2012–13 6 30 12 7 11 32 36 43 Runners up
2013–14 5 28 12 10 6 30 22 46 1/2 finals EL 1/32 finals
2014–15 11 25 3 11 11 15 31 20 1/8 finals EL 3rd qual round [17]
2015–16 11 26 4 10 12 20 39 22 1/8 finals
2016–17[18] 6 32 10 8 14 25 37 38 1/16 finals
2017–18 11 32 6 11 15 26 49 29 18 finals [19]
2018–19

Notes:on decision of Court of Arbitration for Sport about Đorđe Inđić[9]

ManagersEdit

PresidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Pishchevik merged with FC Dynamo Odessa and replaced it in "Gruppa B" next season.
  2. ^ lost play-off against FC Spartak Uzhhorod 1:1, 0:1
  3. ^ won play-off against FC Shakhtar Kadiyivka 2:1, 1:1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.chernomorets.odessa.ua/
  2. ^ (in Russian) A brief overview of the club's establishment at the official website
  3. ^ FC Chornomorets Odesa (ФК "Чорноморець" Одеса). Ukrainian Heraldry Society Forum. 27 June 2010
  4. ^ a b c d e Chornomorets Odesa. Kopanyi-myach.
  5. ^ Plagiarism in sports emblems (Плагіат у спортивних емблемах). Ukrainian Heraldry Society Forum. 9 January 2010
  6. ^ (in Russian) An overview of the club's history in 1958–1969 at the official website
  7. ^ a b c d e f Spartak Odesa. Kopanyi Myach.
  8. ^ Anatoliy Chystov – "football is a small life of my big life!" (Анатолий Чистов – «футбол – это маленькая жизнь в моей большой жизни!»). Odesskiy. 2002
  9. ^ a b "Chernomorets deducted 6 points" (in Russian). UA Football. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
  10. ^ Fans attacked a coach of FC Chornomorets": has not reached the Premier-Liha (Вболівальники побили тренера ФК "Чорноморець": не дійшов до Прем'єр-ліги). Ukrayinska Pravda. 28 May 2018
  11. ^ as Champion of Ukrainian SSR
  12. ^ FC Chornomorets Odesa – First team squad
  13. ^ "СКЛАД КОМАНДИ" (in Ukrainian). FC Chornomorets Odesa. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  14. ^ FC Chornomorets Odesa – U-21 team squad
  15. ^ http://chernomorets.odessa.ua/club/management_of_club_n/
  16. ^ a b http://www.chernomorets.odessa.ua/team/trainers_and_personnel/
  17. ^ The Round 26 match between Chornomorets Odesa and Metalist Kharkiv was not played as per recommendation of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.
    Матч "Чорноморець" – "Металіст" не відбудеться [Match between Chornomorets Odesa – Metalist Kharkiv will not take place] (in Ukrainian). Ukrainian Premier League. 29 May 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  18. ^ Competition was played in two phases. Official final league standings are cumulative from both phases. Chornomorets competed in the Championship Group in Phase II.
    "Ліга Парі-Матч Сезон 2016/17" [League Pari-Match 2016–17 Season]. Ukrainian Premier League. 31 May 2017. Archived from the original on 31 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  19. ^ Initially relegated after losing relegation play-off to FC Poltava, after the season was admitted right bank following withdrawal of the same FC Poltava.

External linksEdit