FC Chornomorets Odesa

FC Chornomorets Odesa (Ukrainian: Футбо́льний Клуб Чорномо́рець Оде́са [tʃornoˈmɔretsʲ oˈdɛsɐ]) is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Odesa.

Chornomorets Odesa
FC Chornomorets Odesa.png
Full nameФутбольний Клуб «Чорномо́рець» Одеса
Football Club Chornomorets Odesa[1]
Nickname(s)Моряки (The Sailors)
Short nameFCCO
Founded26 March 1936; 86 years ago (1936-03-26)
GroundChornomorets Stadium
Capacity34,164
OwnerVertex United
Head coachRoman Hryhorchuk
LeagueUkrainian Premier League
2020–21Ukrainian First League, 2nd of 16 (promoted)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The club's home ground is the 34,164 capacity Chornomorets Stadium opened in 1935 and rebuilt in 2011. According to the club's website, it was formed in 1936 as Dynamo,[2] but until 2002 it carried a logo with 1958 and 1959[3][4] years of foundation on its shield when the club received its current name. Moreover, the club's shield is very similar to the shield of Romanian FC Farul Constanța.[5]

For over 30 years, the club was sponsored by the Black Sea Shipping Company (1959—1991).[6] The club was among top 20 Soviet clubs, that competed in Soviet Top League.

HistoryEdit

Black Sea (pre-history)Edit

At the beginning of the 20th century, in Odessa, within limits of Alexander Park (today Shevchenko Park), a construction started of what was supposed to become a pond. However, after the pit for the pond was dug out, the funding stopped and so did the construction. Soon the hole began to serve as a field for one of city's non-league teams. As the hole resembled a shape of the Black Sea, that was the nickname given to the field, and the team was named "Черное море" Chernoe more. And although that team is unrelated to the today's club, it was the first team in Odessa to play under that name.

History of nameEdit

Dynamo and previous namesEdit

The official date of foundation of Chernomorets Odessa is considered to be 26 March 1936 as Dynamo Odessa. Dynamo Odessa, however, participated before that in the city championship since 1923 (the year of establishment of the Ukrainian football competitions)[4] winning it in 1933. Dynamo Odesa itself was first called Sparta Odessa until 1926.[4] In 1940, after relegating from the Top level, the club was merged with Kharchovyk Odesa that participated in the republican competitions (Championship of Ukrainian SSR) and replaced Dynamo in next competitions.[4][7] In 1941, the club was reformed again when it was included into the War Championship (Top division) under the name of Spartak Odesa.[7]

Concurrently in league competitions of the Ukrainian SSR, since 1936 in Odessa played another team Kharchovyk Odessa.

Until Chornomorets Odesa was bought out by Leonid Klimov sometime in 2001, the club's foundation was considered to be 1958.[4]

Post WWII and Kharchovyk/PischevikEdit

After World War II the club was reestablished as Kharchovyk Odesa in the lower Soviet division (Class B).[7] In 1950, the club lost its place in the play-offs to Spartak Uzhhorod (Zakarpattia Uzhhorod) and was dissolved. In 1953, upon the enlargement of the "Class B" competitions (Second division), the city of Odessa was represented by Metalurh (in Class B 1953, 1954) which soon was replaced again with already more familiar Kharchovyk Odesa.[7] In 1957–58, there was established Avanhard sports society which adopted number of other smaller societies in Ukraine under its umbrella.[7] In 1958, the Odessa city team adopted the name Chornomorets and represented the city's Rope Factory.[7]

Chornomorets (Black Sea Shipping Company)Edit

In 1959, Chornomorets was handed over to the Black Sea Shipping Company which was a member of Vodnik sports society. Since then its emblem corresponded with the main emblem of Vodnik society.

In the last season of the Soviet Top League, Chornomorets earned fourth place, the only time it ever placed above the big clubs in Ukraine, Dynamo Kyiv, Shakhtar Donetsk and Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk.

Recent historyEdit

The club was a founding member of the Ukrainian Premier League, winning the Ukrainian Cup and finishing 5th in the inaugural 1992 season. Chornomorets finished 3rd the next two seasons and 2nd during the following two seasons. They also won another domestic Cup in 1994. The club's most successful spell was achieved under the guidance of Viktor Prokopenko, and later under Leonid Buryak. At the end of the 1997–98 season, following big financial troubles and the sale of a number of leading players, the club was relegated to the First League.

They won promotion the following 1998–99 season, but finished in the second last place next year and were relegated again. Sometimes in 2001, the Klimov's Primorie company which owned SC Odesa along with Imexbank acquired the city's main team.[8] In 2002 SC Odesa was merged with Chornomorets. Chornomorets came back up again for the 2002–03 season and enjoyed several decent seasons in the Premier League. They finished third in the 2005–06 season and took part in the 2006–07 UEFA Cup tournament.

Chornomorets were deducted 6 points by FIFA on 6 November 2008. It was confirmed by Ukrainian Premier League on 2 March 2009.[9] The club managed to finish the 2008–09 season in 10th place despite the deduction. The 2009–10 season started badly with a 5–0 loss to Dynamo Kyiv and a poor run of form that saw the team finish the first half of the season in 13th place, just two spots away from the relegation zone. The club was relegated to the First League at the end of the season. It took, however, just a year for Chornomorets to return to the Ukrainian top flight for the 2011–12 season.

Following a loss in relegation playoffs on 27 May 2018 Chornomorets fans attacked head coach of the club.[10]

Stadium and infrastructureEdit

The main stadium of club is traditionally considered Chornomorets Stadium that until 2012 was called as the Central Stadium of the Black Sea Shipping Company. The stadium is located in the Shevchenko Park.

Among other stadiums Chornomorets also used Stadion "Dnister" imeni V.Dukova (2004–2005, reserves) in Ovidiopol at the Dnister Liman, Spartak Stadium (2005–2006, reserves) in Odesa, Chornomorets Training Base in Sovinyon (2006–2007, reserves) in Odesa.

Kits and shirts SponsorsEdit

European competitionsEdit

Chornomorets Odesa participates in European competitions since 1975 after playing its first game against S.S. Lazio in the UEFA Cup 1975/76.

HonoursEdit

Domestic achievementsEdit

International achievementsEdit

Naming historyEdit

Officially in the Soviet Union Ukrainian teams carried both names Russian and Ukrainian.

  • 1926: Club formed FC Dynamo Odessa (out of Sparta Odessa)
  • 1936: Dynamo was admitted to the All-Union competitions
  • 1936: KinAp Odessa entered league competitions at republican level (Ukraine)
  • 1938: Pischevik / Kharchovyk Odessa entered league competitions at republican level (Ukraine)
  • 1940: Dynamo football team dissolved, its players joined Kharchovyk which admitted to the All-Union competitions
  • 1941: Club renamed Spartak Odessa
  • 1942: World War II (club was dissolved)
  • 1944: Club revived as Dynamo Odessa which qualified for final stage of the Cup of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1945: Club reformed as Kharchovyk Odessa admitted to the All-Union competitions
  • 1950: Kharchovyk relegated and dissolved
  • 1951: Metallurg / Metalurh Odessa (team of Kim Fomin) promoted to the All-Union competitions
  • 1955: Club split reviving Kharchovyk Odessa in the All-Union competitions (in place of Metalurh, while Metalurh continued to play at republican level)
  • 1958: Club renamed Chernomorets / Chornomorets Odessa as part of the Odessa Rope Factory
  • 1959: Chornomorets Odessa became a part of the Black Sea Shipping Company
  • 1999: Former Soviet army sports club SC Odesa merged into Chornomorets

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 29 June 2022[12][13][14]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   UKR Danylo Varakuta
3 MF   UKR Mykola Morozyuk
6 DF   CAN Manjrekar James
9 MF   UKR Illya Putrya
11 FW   UKR Andriy Shtohrin
14 MF   UKR Serhiy Kravchenko (captain)
17 MF   UKR Dmytro Yusov
21 MF   UKR Ivan Bobko
23 DF   UKR Artem Sukhotskyi
44 GK   UKR Yevhen Past
31 FW   UKR Nazariy Rusyn (on loan from Dynamo Kyiv)
No. Pos. Nation Player
45 MF   UKR Maksym Braharu
66 DF   UKR Dmytro Heyko
71 GK   UKR Valeriy Daskalytsya
77 MF   UKR Orest Kuzyk
99 DF   UKR Oleksandr Dykhtyaruk
DF   UKR Yevhen Selin
MF   UKR Petro Dolhov
MF   UKR Serhiy Politylo
DF   MNE Ilija Martinović (contract suspended until 30 June 2023)
MF   BRA Wanderson Maranhão (contract suspended until 30 June 2023)

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player

Former playersEdit

Coaches and administrationEdit

Administration[15] Coaching (senior team)[16] Coaching (U-19 team)[16]
  • President –   Leonid Klimov
  • General director –   Anatoliy Misyura
  • Vice-president –   Oleksiy Klimov
  • Vice-president –   Ihor Cherkasov
  • Sporting director –   Anatoliy Misyura
  • Director (operations of sports facilities)  Serhiy Syvolap

League and Cup historyEdit

The scheme below shows performance of a team which carried names Kharchovyk (Pischevik) and Chornomorets (Chernomorets) only.

Soviet UnionEdit

World War II

UkraineEdit

ManagersEdit

First teamEdit

Reserve teamEdit

PresidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Футбольный клуб «Черноморец» (Одесса) | Официальный сайт".
  2. ^ (in Russian) A brief overview of the club's establishment at the official website
  3. ^ FC Chornomorets Odesa (ФК "Чорноморець" Одеса). Ukrainian Heraldry Society Forum. 27 June 2010
  4. ^ a b c d e Chornomorets Odesa. Kopanyi-myach.
  5. ^ Plagiarism in sports emblems (Плагіат у спортивних емблемах). Ukrainian Heraldry Society Forum. 9 January 2010
  6. ^ (in Russian) An overview of the club's history in 1958–1969 at the official website
  7. ^ a b c d e f Spartak Odesa. Kopanyi Myach.
  8. ^ Anatoliy Chystov – "football is a small life of my big life!" (Анатолий Чистов – «футбол – это маленькая жизнь в моей большой жизни!»). Odesskiy. 2002
  9. ^ "Chernomorets deducted 6 points" (in Russian). UA Football. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
  10. ^ "Fans attacked a coach of FC Chornomorets": has not reached the Premier-Liha (Вболівальники побили тренера ФК "Чорноморець": не дійшов до Прем'єр-ліги). Ukrayinska Pravda. 28 May 2018
  11. ^ as Champion of Ukrainian SSR
  12. ^ FC Chornomorets Odesa – First team squad
  13. ^ "Chornomorets".
  14. ^ "СКЛАД КОМАНДИ" (in Ukrainian). FC Chornomorets Odesa. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Руководство клуба".
  16. ^ a b "Тренерский состав и персонал".

External linksEdit