UEFA Women's Championship

The UEFA European Women's Championship, also called the UEFA Women's Euro, held every four years, is the main competition in women's association football between national teams of the UEFA confederation. The competition is the women's equivalent of the UEFA European Championship.

UEFA Women's Championship
UEFA Women's Championship logo.svg
Founded1982; 39 years ago (1982)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams16 (finals)
52 (qualifiers)
Current champions Netherlands (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Germany (8 titles)
WebsiteOfficial website
UEFA Women's Euro 2022

HistoryEdit

Women's football history has interesting turns and twists starting all the way in Europe.[1] The predecessor tournament to the UEFA Women's Championship began in the early 1980s, under the name "UEFA European Competition for Representative Women's Teams". With the increasing popularity of women's football, the competition was given European Championship status by UEFA around 1990. Only the 1991 and 1995 editions have been used as European qualifiers for a FIFA Women's World Cup; starting in 1999, the group system used in men's qualifiers was also used for women's national teams.

Eight UEFA Women's Championships have taken place, preceded by three editions of the earlier "European Competition for Representative Women's Teams". The most recent holding of the competition is the 2017 Women's Euro hosted by the Netherlands in July and August 2017.

Unofficial women's European tournaments for national teams were held in Italy in 1969[2] and 1979[3] (won by Italy and Denmark respectively), but there was no formal international tournament until 1982 when the first UEFA 1984 European Competition for Women's Football qualification was launched. The 1984 Finals was won by Sweden. Norway won in the 1987 Finals. Since then, the UEFA Women's Championship has been dominated by Germany, which has won eight out of ten events, interrupted only by Norway in 1993. Germany's 2013 win was their sixth in a row.

The tournament was initially played as a four-team event. The 1997 edition was the first that was played with eight teams. The third expansion happened in 2009 when 12 teams participated. From 2017 onwards 16 teams compete for the championship.[4]

ResultsEdit

Edition Year Host Final Third place playoff or losing semi-finalists Number of teams
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1 1984 Various  
Sweden
1–0
0–1
(4–3 p)
 
England
  Denmark and   Italy 4
2 1987   Norway  
Norway
2–1  
Sweden
 
Italy
2–1  
England
4
3 1989   West Germany  
West Germany
4–1  
Norway
 
Sweden
2–1 (a.e.t.)  
Italy
4
4 1991   Denmark  
Germany
3–1 (a.e.t.)  
Norway
 
Denmark
2–1 (a.e.t.)  
Italy
4
5 1993   Italy  
Norway
1–0  
Italy
 
Denmark
3–1  
Germany
4
6 1995 Various  
Germany
3–2  
Sweden
  England and   Norway 4
7 1997   Norway
  Sweden
 
Germany
2–0  
Italy
  Spain and   Sweden 8
8 2001   Germany  
Germany
1–0 (g.g.)  
Sweden
  Denmark and   Norway 8
9 2005   England  
Germany
3–1  
Norway
  Finland and   Sweden 8
10 2009   Finland  
Germany
6–2  
England
  Netherlands and   Norway 12
11 2013   Sweden  
Germany
1–0  
Norway
  Denmark and   Sweden 12
12 2017   Netherlands  
Netherlands
4–2  
Denmark
  Austria and   England 16
13 2022   England 16

Debut of teamsEdit

 
Ceremony before the UEFA Women's Euro 2009 final (Germany vs. England) at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland
 
Players fighting for the ball during the match between Germany and Norway in UEFA Euro 2009 Women's European Championship in Tampere, Finland.
 
Reception of Germany women's national football team, after winning the 2009 UEFA Women's Championship, on the balcony of Frankfurt's city hall "Römer"
Year Debuting teams Successor teams
Teams No. CT
1984   Denmark,   England,   Italy,   Sweden 4 4
1987   Norway 1 5
1989   West Germany 1 6
1991 0 6   Germany
1993 0 6
1995 0 6
1997   France,   Russia,   Spain 3 9
2001 0 9
2005   Finland 1 10
2009   Iceland,   Netherlands,   Ukraine 3 13
2013 0 13
2017   Austria,   Belgium,   Portugal,   Scotland,    Switzerland 5 18
2022   Northern Ireland 1 19

Overall team recordsEdit

In this ranking 3 points are awarded for a win, 1 for a draw and 0 for a loss. As per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws. Teams are ranked by total points, then by goal difference, then by goals scored.[5]

As of UEFA Women's Euro 2017
Rank Team Part Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1   Germany 10 48 37 8 3 109 26 +83 119
2   Norway 11 44 23 7 14 69 53 16 76
3   Sweden 10 45 21 9 15 75 49 +26 72
4   Denmark 9 38 12 11 15 40 52 −12 47
5   Italy 11 40 12 8 20 50 67 −17 44
6   England 8 34 13 3 18 47 65 −18 42
7   France 6 23 8 7 8 30 33 −3 31
8   Netherlands 3 20 8 3 9 20 22 −2 27
9   Spain 3 12 3 3 6 10 14 −4 12
10   Finland 3 11 3 3 5 11 19 −8 12
11   Austria 1 5 2 3 0 5 1 +4 9
12   Russia[a] 5 19 1 4 14 10 43 −33 7
13    Switzerland 1 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
14   Iceland 3 12 1 1 10 6 23 −17 4
15   Belgium 1 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 3
16   Portugal 1 3 1 0 2 3 5 −2 3
17   Ukraine 1 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
18   Scotland 1 3 1 0 2 2 8 −6 3
19   Hungary 1 2 0 0 2 1 4 −3 0

Comprehensive team results by tournamentEdit

Legend

  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place (not determined after 1993)
  • 4th – Fourth place (not determined after 1993)
  • SF – Semi-finals (since 1995)
  • QF – Quarter-finals (since 2009)
  • GS – Group stage
  • Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter
  •    – Hosts

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team 1984
(4)
1987
 
(4)
1989
 
(4)
1991
 
(4)
1993
 
(4)
1995
(4)
1997
 
 
(8)
2001
 
(8)
2005
 
(8)
2009
 
(12)
2013
 
(12)
2017
 
(16)
2022
 
(16)
Total
  Austria × × × × × × SF Q 2
  Belgium GS Q 2
  Denmark SF 3rd 3rd GS SF GS GS SF 2nd Q 10
  England 2nd 4th SF GS GS 2nd GS SF Q 9
  Finland SF QF GS Q 4
  France GS GS GS QF QF QF Q 7
  Germany 1st 1st 4th 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st QF Q 11
  Iceland × × × GS QF GS Q 4
  Italy SF 3rd 4th 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS QF QF GS Q 12
  Netherlands SF GS 1st Q 4
  Northern Ireland × × × × × × Q 1
  Norway 1st 2nd 2nd 1st SF GS SF 2nd SF 2nd GS Q 12
  Portugal GS 1
  Russia × × × × GS GS GS GS GS Q 6
  Scotland × GS 1
  Spain × SF QF QF Q 4
  Sweden 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd SF 2nd SF QF SF QF Q 11
   Switzerland GS Q 1
  Ukraine Part of   Soviet Union × GS 1

Medal tableEdit

Only in the 1987, 1989, 1991 and 1993 tournament there was a third place playoff. Losing semi-finalists are counted under bronze since 1995.

RankTeamGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany8008
2  Norway2439
3  Sweden1348
4  Netherlands1012
5  England0224
  Italy0224
7  Denmark0156
8  Austria0011
  Finland0011
  Spain0011
Totals (10 teams)12122044

Tournament statisticsEdit

Highest attendancesEdit

All-time top scorersEdit

Rank Name Euro Total
1984  
1987
 
1989
 
1991
 
1993
1995  
 
1997
 
2001
 
2005
 
2009
 
2013
 
2017
1   Inka Grings 4 6 10
  Birgit Prinz 2 2 1 3 2 10
3   Carolina Morace 2 1 0 0 1 4 8
  Heidi Mohr 1 4 1 2 8
  Lotta Schelin 0 1 5 2 8
6   Hanna Ljungberg 1 2 3 6
7   Melania Gabbiadini 2 1 2 0 5
  Solveig Gulbrandsen 0 3 0 2 5
  Maren Meinert 1 1 1 2 5
  Patrizia Panico 1 2 0 2 0 5
  Pia Sundhage 4 0 1 0 5
  Jodie Taylor 5 5
  Lena Videkull 0 1 1 3 5
  Bettina Wiegmann 0 0 2 1 2 5

Top scorers by tournamentEdit

Year Player Maximum
matches
Goals
1984   Pia Sundhage 4 4
1987   Trude Stendal 2 3
1989   Sissel Grude
  Ursula Lohn
2 2
1991   Heidi Mohr 2 4
1993   Susan Mackensie 2 2
1995   Lena Videkull 3 3
1997   Carolina Morace
  Marianne Pettersen
  Angélique Roujas
5 4
2001   Claudia Müller
  Sandra Smisek
5 3
2005   Inka Grings 5 4
2009   Inka Grings 6 6
2013   Lotta Schelin 6 5
2017   Jodie Taylor 6 5

UEFA.com Golden Player by tournamentEdit

Year Player
1984   Pia Sundhage
1987   Heidi Støre
1989   Doris Fitschen
1991   Silvia Neid
1993   Hege Riise
1995   Birgit Prinz
1997   Carolina Morace
2001   Hanna Ljungberg
2005   Anne Mäkinen
2009   Inka Grings
2013   Nadine Angerer1
2017   Lieke Martens1

1Official player of the tournament since 2013.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Includes participations as   West Germany from 1954–1990; see below.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History of Soccer - Women in Soccer".
  2. ^ "Coppa Europa per Nazioni (Women) 1969". Rsssf.com. 19 March 2001. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
  3. ^ "Inofficial European Women Championship 1979". Rsssf.com. 15 October 2000. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
  4. ^ "Women's EURO and U17s expanded". UEFA. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Women EURO » All-time league table". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 10 September 2021.

External linksEdit