Solna Municipality (Swedish: Solna kommun or Solna stad, IPA: [ˈsôːlna]) is a municipality in Stockholm County in Sweden, located just north of Stockholm City Centre. Its seat is located in the town of Solna, which is a part of the Stockholm urban area. Solna is one of the richest municipalities in Sweden.
City of Solna
|• Total||21.66 km2 (8.36 sq mi)|
|• Land||19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi)|
|• Water||2.36 km2 (0.91 sq mi)|
|Area as of 1 January 2014.|
(31 December 2021)
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SE|
|Density is calculated using land area only.|
The municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. None of the area is considered rural, which is unusual for Swedish municipalities, which normally are of mixed rural/urban character. Solna is the third smallest municipality in Sweden in terms of area.
Solna borders Stockholm Municipality to the south, southeast and northwest; to Sundbyberg Municipality to the west; to Sollentuna Municipality to the north; and to Danderyd Municipality to the northeast. The boundary with Danderyd Municipality is delineated by the Stocksundet strait.
There are two parishes in Solna Municipality: Råsunda (population 29,677) and Solna (population 28,317). Solna Parish once included parts of present-day City of Stockholm.
Solna is divided into eight traditional parts with no administrative functions: Bergshamra, Haga, Hagalund, Huvudsta, Järva, Råsunda, Skytteholm and Ulriksdal. The largest districts are Råsunda, Hagalund and Huvudsta, with the Solna Centrum in between them.
With few exceptions, Solna's built-up areas have a suburban character, but there are also several large parks and Friends Arena, Sweden's new national football stadium adjacent to the Solna station of Stockholm commuter rail.
Solna has attracted a wide range of businesses and authorities, making it a major place of work in Greater Stockholm. Among the most important employers are the medical university Karolinska Institutet and the Karolinska University Hospital. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) are also located in Solna.
Income and educationEdit
The population in Solna Municipality has the 16th highest median income per capita in Sweden, and the share of highly educated persons, according to Statistics Sweden's definition: persons with post-secondary education that is three years or longer, is 46.0% (national average: 27.0%) and the 5th highest in the country.
Residents with a foreign backgroundEdit
On 31 December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 30 601, or 38.39% of the population (79 707 on 31 December 2017). On 31 December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 14 986, or 26.02% of the population (57 585 on 31 December 2002). On 31 December 2017 there were 79 707 residents in Solna, of which 23 597 people (29.60%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
|Country of birth|
|31 December 2017|
|2||Asia: Other countries||5,100|
|3||European Union: Other countries||3,942|
|6||Africa: Other countries||1,326|
|8||Europe outside of the EU: other countries||1,104|
|16|| Yugoslavia/ Yugoslavia
SFR Yugoslavia/ Serbia and Montenegro
|18||Bosnia and Herzegovina||357|
|26||Unknown country of birth||8|
As with all 290 municipalities of Sweden, Solna has a municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige), holding 61 members elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. An executive committee (kommunstyrelse) is appointed by its members.
List of mayors since 1943Edit
- 1943–1956 CA Andersson (S)
- 1956–1967 KA Larsson (S)
- 1968–1976 CG Eklund (L)
- 1977–1982 Sune Berglund (M)
- 1983–1988 Gösta Fagerberg (S)
- 1989–1991 Karl Gustav Svensson (S)
- 1991–1994 Anders Gustâv (M)
- 1994–1998 Karl Gustav Svensson (S)
- 1998–2006 Anders Gustâv (M)
- 2006 Anders Ekegren (L)
- 2006–2011 Lars-Erik Salminen (M)
- 2011 Anders Ekegren (L) - 8 juni-24 juli
- 2011–2012 Lars-Erik Salminen (M)
- 2012- Pehr Granfalk (M)
- (M) = Moderate Party
- (S) = Social Democratic Party
- (L) = Liberal Party
Solna is centrally located in the Stockholm area and is well served by the Stockholm public transport system with two commuter train stations and six metro stations as well as a dense bus network run by SL. It was served by trams until 1959. Light rail returned after 54 years of absence when Tvärbanan was extended from Alvik to Solna centrum. A further extension to Solna Station opened in 2014.
The head office of Scandinavian Airlines and SAS Group is located in Solna. The airline head office was formerly located on the property of Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, but now it is back in Solna.
- Haga Park, part of the Royal National City Park, was initiated by king Gustav III (1771–1792), planned and carried out in the English landscaping style.
- The city features three of Sweden's royal palaces: Haga Palace, Ulriksdal Palace, and Gustav III's Pavilion.
- Friends Arena, the Swedish national arena of association football, and home of local football club AIK.
- Mall of Scandinavia, Scandinavia's biggest shopping mall
- The Solna Church was constructed in the 12th century. For defensive purposes, it was built as a round church, and is one of a few of that kind in Sweden.
The following football clubs are located in Solna:
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
- Gladsaxe, Denmark
- Ski, Norway
- Pirkkala, Finland
- Valmiera, Latvia
- Burbank, California, USA
In addition to this, Solna has two cooperating cities,
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- "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2021" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
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- Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 4 januari 2019)
- Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 4 januari 2019
- "Directions Skanska head office." Skanska. Retrieved on 15 October 2011. "Contact information Skanska head office Hagaporten Råsundavägen 2 169 83 Solna Sweden"
- "Contact Us." NextJet. Retrieved on 23 May 2012. "FRÖSUNDAVIKS ALLÉ 15, 169 70 SOLNA "
- "Office Locations." Vattenfall. Retrieved on 17 October 2018. "Evenemangsgatan 13 169 79 Solna"
- ""Mall of Scandinavia - Om Mall of Scandinavia". Archived from the original on 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-01-24.." Mall of Scandinavia. Retrieved on 24 January 2016. "OM MALL OF SCANDINAVIA"
- "SAS head office in Sweden." Scandinavian Airlines. Retrieved on 8 June 2009.
- "Cykelkarta 2007." Solna Municipality. Retrieved on 12 February 2010.
- "SAS Head Office in Sweden." Scandinavian Airlines. Retrieved on 27 January 2012. "SAS Head Office Stockholm-Arlanda Kabinvägen 5 SE-195 87 Stockholm"
- "SAS’ Annual Report 2013/2014." Scandinavian Airlines. January 20, 2015. Retrieved on July 24, 2015. " The annual general meeting in SAS AB took place on 19 February 2015 at 3.00pm at SAS head office, Frösundaviks allé 1, Solna." Swedish: "SAS årsredovisning 2013/2014." - "SAS huvudkontor, Frösundaviks, alle 1, Solna."
- Patnaude, Art (2015-12-01). "Unibail's Mall Strategy: Bigger Is Better". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-02-24.
- "Google Translate".
- "Networks, town twinning and partnerships" (PDF). City of Solna. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
- "Burbank's Sister Cities". Burbank Sister City Organization. Retrieved July 22, 2010.