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Stockholm County (Stockholms län) is a county or län (in Swedish) on the Baltic Sea coast of Sweden. It borders Uppsala County and Södermanland County. It also borders Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The city of Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. Stockholm County is divided by the historic provinces of Uppland (Roslagen) and Södermanland (Södertörn). More than one fifth of the Swedish population lives in the county. Stockholm County is also one of the statistical riksområden (national areas) according to NUTS:SE, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics within the EU. With more than two million inhabitants, Stockholm is the most densely populated county of Sweden.
|County of Sweden|
Stockholm County in Sweden
|• Governor||Chris Heister|
|• Council||Stockholm County Council|
|• Total||6,519.3 km2 (2,517.1 sq mi)|
|Population (30 September 2017)|
|• Density||350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||SE-AB|
|Nominal GDP (2015)||US$180 billion|
|Nominal GDP per capita (2015)||€70,000 (US$85,000)|
Stockholm County was established in 1714. The City of Stockholm then constituted its own administrative entity under the Over-Governor of Stockholm and was not part of Stockholm County. Though outside Stockholm County, the City of Stockholm was its seat.
On 1 January 1968, Stockholm County was united with the City of Stockholm. At the same time, the borders were redrawn in other directions too; Upplands-Bro Municipality was transferred from Uppsala County and a large part of the modern day Östhammar Municipality was transferred to Uppsala County.
Arms granted in 1968. The arms for the County of Stockholm is a combination of the arms of Uppland, Södermanland and the City of Stockholm. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.
The county of Stockholm comprises 26 political municipalities (kommuner):
Localities by population (2010)Edit
The largest built-up places (tätorter) in the county are shown below. These refer to contiguous settlements and may straddle municipal (and occasionally county) boundaries.
County Administrative BoardEdit
Prior to 1968 the County of Stockholm did not include the City of Stockholm. The City was instead under the Over-Governor's Office, and the County included the surrounding countryside. The County had its separate Governor of Stockholm County.
The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor.
|Governor||Chris Heister||1 February 2012|
|Deputy Governor||Bo Hansson||1 January 2002|
|Commissioner of Finance||Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd||12 February 2008|
|Region police chief||Ulf Johansson||20 February 2015|
|President of the County Council||Inger Linge||7 November 2006|
The county council has 149 members elected by proportional representation through elections held in conjunction with the general elections every four years. The county council itself elects the county's executive committee.
The president of the committee also holds the title Commissioner of Finance. The current[update] commissioner is Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd, of the Moderate Party. The members of the executive committee (landstingsstyrelsen) represent both the political majority and the opposition, with responsibility for implementing policies approved by the county council.
Stockholm County contains two multi-seat constituencies for county council elections. Stockholm Municipality makes up the first constituency while the second makes up the rest of the county.
Council elections 2002-2014Edit
|Year||Moderate Party||Christian Democrats||Centre Party||Liberal People's Party||Green Party||Social Democratic Party||Left Party||Sweden Democrats||others|
|2002||259 597||23,8||37||75 928||6,9||11||24 161||2,2||0||180 043||16,5||26||50 469||4,6||7||374 690||34,3||54||100 306||9,2||14||8 508||0,6||0||16 464||1,7||0|
|2006||407 322||35,7||55||68 025||6,0||6||45 082||4,0||6||116 564||10,2||16||74 837||6,6||10||312 486||27,4||43||75 231||6,6||10||18 592||1,6||0||22 964||2,0||0|
|2010||460 871||36,7||57||59 273||4,7||7||47 956||3,8||6||116 858||9,3||15||121 660||9,7||15||321 268||25,6||39||77 578||6,2||10||35 496||2,8||0||13 884||1,1||0|
|2014||381 667||28,6||43||75 529||5,6||9||58 906||4,4||7||111 676||8,2||13||135 992||10,0||15||358 324||26,4||41||104 479||7,7||12||79 452||5,9||9||49 587||2,7||0|
The county council operates most of the hospitals in the county, some of the major facilities are:
- Karolinska University Hospital. The hospital contains two major facilities; one in Solna and one in Huddinge (since the merger with Huddinge University Hospital in 2004).
- Danderyd Hospital
- Södertälje Hospital
- Norrtälje Hospital
- S:t Erik Ocular Clinic
The county council is responsible for the public transport in Stockholm. The main organizers of the transportation system are two publicly owned companies. Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, handles the bus, tram and train services while the boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget. The operation and maintenance of the public transport systems is delegated by the companies to several contractors.
Culture and educationEdit
Besides the health and transportation services, the county council operates Stockholm County Museum, and two agricultural high schools at Berga and Säbyholm.
References and notesEdit
- "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- "Kommuner i siffror - Statistiska centralbyrån". Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Land and water area 1 January by region and type of area. Year 2012 - 2015-Statistikdatabasen". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stockholm County.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stockholm County.|