Aerial view of Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden
|• Total||5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||1,751/km2 (4,540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Saltsjöbaden (literally "the Salt Sea baths") was developed as a resort by Knut Agathon Wallenberg, a member of the wealthy and influential Wallenberg family, from farmland which he bought in 1891 through a newly created railway company.
Saltsjöbaden was an independent municipality from 1909 to 1970. In 1971 it was reintegrated into Nacka Municipality.
The local railway (Saltsjöbanan), built by Wallenberg and completed in 1893, connected Saltsjöbaden with Stockholm, with its terminus at Slussen. The railway was taken over by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik in the late 1960s and integrated in the Stockholm public transport system.
Two luxurious hotels (1893) and a sanatorium were built, designed by architect Erik Josephson. The parish church, Uppenbarelsekyrkan (the "Church of the Epiphany"), was built in 1910–13 and designed by Ferdinand Boberg with decoration by Olle Hjortzberg and Carl Milles, among others. The remainder of the land bought by the railway company was subdivided into plots; with the railway facilitating communications with the city, Saltsjöbaden soon became a popular suburb for the upper and upper-middle classes who purchased plots and developed them with spacious private houses.
The Stockholm Observatory was located in Saltsjöbaden (see Saltsjöbaden Observatory) from 1931 to 2001. The asteroid 36614 Saltis, discovered there in 2000, was named after a common nickname of the place.
The larger of the two hotels, Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden, was the location of the negotiations between the Swedish Employers Association (now the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise) and the Swedish Trade Union Confederation, which led to the Saltsjöbaden Agreement on 20 December 1938. The agreement materialized into the social democratic class compromise, or form of industrial relations in Sweden, the so-called "Saltsjöbaden spirit", marked by willingness to co-operate and a cross-class, collective sense of responsibility for developments in the national labour market and in the Swedish economy generally.
Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden hosted the annual meeting of the Bilderberg Group in 1962, 1973 and 1984.
- Kang Youwei, the reformer of Late Imperial China, visited Sweden after the failure of the Hundred Days' Reform. He bought an islet off Saltsjöbaden in 1904 and stayed there until he left Sweden in 1907. The islet is sometimes referred to in Chinese as Kang Youwei Island.
- Ivar Wickman, physician who discovered the epidemic and contagious character of poliomyelitis in 1907.
- Alice Habsburg, aristocrat and Polish resistance figure, died in Saltsjöbaden in 1985.
- John Engelbert, member in the rock duo Johnossi was born and grew up in Saltsjöbaden.
- Fredrik Kessiakoff, two times Swedish Olympian was born and grew up in Saltsjöbaden.
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- The Saltjö agreement Archived 2006-03-11 at the Wayback Machine. At the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions website.
- Interzonal tournament, Saltsjöbaden 1948
- Interzonal tournament, Saltsjöbaden 1952
- Kang Youwei in Exile[permanent dead link](Chinese)
- The nordic tales(Chinese)
Media related to Saltsjöbaden at Wikimedia Commons