|• Total||100.53 km2 (38.81 sq mi)|
|• Land||69.25 km2 (26.74 sq mi)|
|• Water||31.28 km2 (12.08 sq mi)|
|Area as of 1 January 2014.|
(31 December 2019)
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SE|
|Density is calculated using land area only.|
Most of Tyresö Municipality lies within the Stockholm urban area.
The first humans arrived in what today is Tyresö Municipality somewhere around the 3rd millennium BC. It would not be until about the 7th century that permanent settlements would start appearing though. There are some graves and other remnants left from this prehistoric time.
The Tyresö estate has its origins in the 14th century. During the 17th century the estate was at its largest, covering nearly the entire current area of the municipality. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church were built during this century, with the palace completed in 1636 and the church in 1640.
Tyresö was an important industrial centre in the Stockholm region between the 16th and 19th centuries, thanks to the watermills that could be built on the streams between the lakes. The waterwheels in the municipal arms represent the three hydropower facilities at Nyfors, Uddby and Follbrinksströmmen. The industries included rolling mills, gristmills, forges, paper mills, sawmills, and a brickworks. None of the watermills are left today. The Uddby mill burned down in 1895, and a hydroelectric power plant was built in its place, which still stands today and is the only such plant in the Stockholm area.
During the early 20th century, the large land area of the Tyresö estate began to be divided into lots, and summer cottages began to be built. Some quite luxurious ones were built in the Brevik area. The rate of construction increased rapidly in the early decades of the century. From the 1950s onwards, the summer cottages began to be converted into year-round dwellings at a rapid pace.
From the 1950s onwards, Bollmora experienced a huge expansion rate, especially after the legislation Lex Bollmora in 1959 which allowed municipal real estate companies to operate in other municipalities than their own. A municipal centre formed in Bollmora, Bollmora Centrum, which was inaugurated in 1965. The Million Programme put its distinctive print on Tyresö as well, especially Bollmora: many of the apartment building areas come from that programme.
During the expansive phase from the 1950s onwards, the population of Tyresö has grown from about 5,000 to just over 44,000 at present.
There are no administrative subdivisions of Tyresö Municipality, but there are some other formal and less formal subdivisions.
There are three main districts in Tyresö. This is a kind of everyday reference subdivision to refer to the different main parts of the municipality.
- Bollmora in the northwest — consisting of apartment buildings of about 2-8 stories high, terraced houses and detached houses and some industrial areas. The municipal centre, Tyresö centre, is located here.
- Trollbäcken in west — consisting mostly of detached houses.
- Gamla Tyresö ("Old Tyresö") in the east and south. The eastern area consists of detached, semi–detached, and terraced houses, and summer cottages, a large part of which are being converted to year-round use. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church from the 17th century are located here. In the south there is a large forest, containing about half of the Tyresta National Park on the Tyresö side.
Population of urban areas within municipal borders, as of 2000:
Number or inhabitants per residential area as of 2006[update]:
- Bollmora: 14 861
- Trollbäcken: 11 916
- Krusboda: 3 773
- Tyresö Strand: 3 517
- Öringe: 2 536
- Brevikshalvön: 2 101
- Lindalen: 1 828
- South/East Tyresö: 860
- "Unspecified": 84
- Total: 41,476
The vast bulk of Tyresö lies on the Södertörn peninsula, with some islands in the Baltic sea, of which Ägnö and Härsö are the largest ones. There are many lakes in Tyresö, being part of the Tyresån Lake System. In the south there is a large old forest of which a part is in the Tyresta national park, and other large parts are in other nature reserves.
Tyresö has a land border with Stockholm in the northwest, with Nacka in the north, and with Haninge in the south, a lake border with Huddinge in the west, and a sea border with Värmdö in the east and northeast.
Source: SCB - Folkmängd efter region och år.
Residents with a foreign backgroundEdit
On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 10 283, or 21.74% of the population (47 304 on the 31st of December 2017). On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 7 108, or 17.90% of the population (39 720 on the 31st of December 2002). On 31 December 2017 there were 47 304 residents in Tyresö, of which 7 710 people (16.30%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
|Country of birth|
|31 December 2017|
|2||EU: Other countries||1,209|
|5||Asia: Other countries||813|
|7||Africa: Other countries||452|
|8||Europe outside of the EU: other countries||322|
|18|| Yugoslavia/ Yugoslavia
SFR Yugoslavia/ Serbia and Montenegro
|21||Bosnia and Herzegovina||83|
|26||Unknown country of birth||9|
Tyresö is one of the few municipalities in Stockholm County without rail connections. Most of the bus routes connect to the Stockholm Metro at Gullmarsplan, but there are also buses running directly to and from central Stockholm.
Tyresö is twinned with:
- Cēsis, Latvia (since 1991)
- Porvoo, Finland (since 1966)
- Savigny-le-Temple, France (since 1985)
- Wejherowo, Poland (since 1993)
Notable natives and residentsEdit
- Ingvar Carlsson, politician — former Prime Minister of Sweden
- Tony Magnusson, professional skateboarder in the 1980s and 1990s; owner of the Osiris Shoe Company
- Thomas Enqvist, tennis player
- Peter Pohl, writer, currently lives in Tyresö
- Johan Garpenlöv, coach of Djurgårdens IF Hockey, and former ice hockey player for the Florida Panthers in the U.S. NHL
- Elli Avram, Bollywood actress, model, dancer and television personality
- Olof Kajbjer, Professional CS:GO player for Faze Clan
The following sports clubs are located in Tyresö Municipality:
- "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2014-01-01. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel) on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
- "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2019" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- "Tyresö kyrka" (PDF) (in Swedish). Svenskakyrkan.se. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- "bollmora - tyresös mittpunkt". bollmora.se. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2013". Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "Storbranden 1999". tyresta.se. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 5 januari 2019)
- Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 5 januari 2019