Government of Sweden
The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sveriges regering) is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority in Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen ("the Government") is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties.
|Government of Sweden|
|Constitution instrument||Instrument of Government|
|Predecessor entities||Privy Council
Council of State
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Deputy to the Prime Minister||Isabella Lövin|
|Number of members||Twenty-five|
|Staff organization||Government Offices
(the ministries are organised as entities within it)
|Location||Stockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden|
|Seat||Rosenbad (since 1981)|
The Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister—appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made)—and other cabinet ministers (Swedish: Statsråd), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag.
Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975—the Government in its present constitutional form was constituted—and in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a strictly ceremonial head of state.
Role and scopeEdit
Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.
The Instrument of Government (Swedish: Regeringsformen)—one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm—sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government (including the Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers) and how it relates to other organs of the State.
Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.
Most state administrative authorities (Swedish: statliga förvaltningsmyndigheter), as opposed to local authorities (Swedish: kommuner), sorts under the Government, including the Armed Forces, Coast Guard, Customs Service and the Swedish police.
In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; as the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual ministers cannot intervene in individual cases in matters that are to be handled by the individual agencies, unless otherwise specifically provided for in law; thus the origin of the pejorative, in Swedish political parlance, term ministerstyre (English: "ministerial rule").
High Contracting PartyEdit
The Government of Sweden is the high contracting party when entering treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organisations (such as the European Union), as per 10:1 of the Instrument of Government. In most other parliamentary systems (monarchies and republics alike) this formal function is usually vested in the head of state but exercised by ministers in such name.
Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes that laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government (by the Prime Minister or other cabinet minister), and are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes (Swedish: Svensk författningssamling).
Formation and dismissalEdit
Following a general election, Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the parties with representation in the Riksdag, the Speaker then nominates a candidate for Prime Minister (Swedish: Statsminister). The nomination is then put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members (175 members) votes "no", the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected. The Speaker must then find a new nominee. This means the Riksdag can consent to a Prime Minister without casting any "yes" votes.
After being elected the Prime Minister appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag. The new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers.
The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister (Swedish: Statsråd), thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority (175 members) or it has failed.
If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected. A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew.
Each appointment of a new Prime Minister is considered to result in a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election, so an election does not always result in a new cabinet.
Previously known as the Royal Chancery (Swedish: Kunglig Majestäts kansli), the name was changed to the Government Offices (Swedish: Regeringskansliet) on 1 January 1975 with the current Instrument of Government entering into effect.
The Instrument of Government briefly mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 that there is a staff organization supporting the Government known as the Government Offices. The present organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet. Since the issuance of that ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are technically entities within the Government Offices (headed by the Prime Minister), rather than as separate organisations even though they operate as such. Below follows a short summary of the current structure.
List of Government ministries and officesEdit
Only current ministries and offices are listed below:
- Government Offices (Swedish: Regeringskansliet)
- Prime Minister's Office (Swedish: Statsrådsberedningen)
- Ministry of Justice (Swedish: Justitiedepartementet)
- Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Swedish: Utrikesdepartementet)
- Ministry of Defence (Swedish: Försvarsdepartementet)
- Ministry of Health and Social Affairs (Swedish: Socialdepartementet)
- Ministry of Finance (Swedish: Finansdepartementet)
- Ministry of Education and Research (Swedish: Utbildningsdepartementet)
- Ministry of the Environment and Energy (Swedish: Miljö- och energidepartementet)
- Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation (Swedish: Näringsdepartementet)
- Ministry of Culture (Swedish: Kulturdepartementet)
- Ministry of Employment (Swedish: Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet)
- Other offices:
- County Administrative Boards of Sweden
- Economy of Sweden
- Elections in Sweden
- Government Agencies in Sweden
- History of Sweden
- Municipalities of Sweden
- Politics of Sweden
- Principle of Public Access
- Referendums in Sweden
- Royal Court of Sweden
- State Secretary (Sweden)
- State-owned enterprises of Sweden
- Statens offentliga utredningar
- Swedish Code of Statutes
- Travaux préparatoires
- "Treaty between Sweden and Hong Kong". The Riksdag. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
- "The Instrument of Government (as of 2012)" (PDF). The Riksdag. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
- "The Head of State". Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "The Swedish Government Offices - a historical perspective". Government Offices of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "The Swedish courts". Domstolsverket. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
- "Lag (1976:633) om kungörande av lagar och andra författningar" (in Swedish). Notisum. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
- "Contact the Ministry of the Environment". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Prime Minister's Office". Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- "Contact the Ministry of Justice". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Margot Wallström and Isabella Lövin welcomed to the Ministry". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Ministry of Defence". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Ministry of Health and Social Affairs". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Ministry of Finance". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Contact the Ministry of Education and Research". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Ministry of Enterprise". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Contact the Ministry of Culture". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Contact the Ministry of Employment". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Premises of the Government Offices". Government Offices of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "History of the Government Offices". The Riksdag. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet" (in Swedish). Swedish Code of Statutes. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
- "Government and ministries". Government Offices of Sweden. Retrieved 2014-10-24.