General elections were held in Sweden on 16 September 1979. Although the Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party, winning 154 of the 349 seats in the Riksdag, the liberal interim government of Ola Ullsten was succeeded by another centre-right coalition government composed of the People's Party, the Moderate Party and the Centre Party, led by Centre Party leader Thorbjörn Fälldin. The three parties together won 175 seats, compared to the 174 won by the Social Democrats and Communists. It was the only time that non-socialist parties retained power in an election between 1928 and 2010. The Moderates dramatically increased their representation in the Riksdag, becoming the largest party of the non-socialist bloc, a position they maintained until 2022.
All 349 seats in the Riksdag
175 seats needed for a majority
Map of the election, showing the distribution of constituency and levelling seats, as well as the largest political bloc within each constituency.
Despite the unexpected victory, the coalition split in 1981 when the Moderates withdrew support in protest at Fälldin's tax policies, which they viewed as "too leftist". Despite not being the leader of the coalition party with the most seats, Fälldin had been the designate Prime Minister since his earlier resignation in 1978, upon disagreement over the question of nuclear power.
|Swedish Social Democratic Party||2,356,234||43.24||154||+2|
|Left Party Communists||305,420||5.61||20||+3|
|Christian Democratic Unity||75,993||1.39||0||0|
|Workers Party Communists||10,725||0.20||0||New|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
|By party||By coalition|
Cartogram of the map to the left with each municipality rescaled to the number of valid votes cast.
Cartogram of vote with each municipality rescaled in proportion to number of valid votes cast. Deeper blue represents a relative majority for the centre-right coalition, brighter red represents a relative majority for the left-wing coalition.