Red Bull Arena (New Jersey)
Red Bull Arena is a soccer-specific stadium in Harrison, New Jersey that is home to the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer. Featuring a partial transparent roof, it is located on the waterfront in the Riverbend District of Harrison across the Passaic River from Newark and approximately 7 miles (12 km) west of lower Manhattan. With a seating capacity of 25,000, it is the third-largest soccer-specific stadium in the United States and in Major League Soccer.
The Cathedral of American Soccer
|Former names||Red Bull Park (2006–08) prior to opening|
|Address||600 Cape May Street|
|Location||Harrison, New Jersey|
|Public transit||PATH at Harrison NJT Bus: 40|
|Owner||Red Bull GmbH|
|Operator||Red Bull GmbH|
|Field size||120 × 75 yards|
|Broke ground||September 19, 2006|
|Opened||March 20, 2010|
|Construction cost||$200 million
($224 million in 2017 dollars)
|Structural engineer||Paulus, Sokolowski & Sartor, LLC.|
|Services engineer||URS Corporation|
|General contractor||Hunter Roberts Construction Group|
|New York Red Bulls (MLS) (2010–present)
New York Red Bulls II (USL) (2015–2016, 2018)
The original plan, announced on July 1, 2004, was to move the MetroStars (as the New York Red Bulls were known at the time) from their home at Giants Stadium by the beginning of the 2006 season. Negotiations between MLS and the state of New Jersey dragged on until an agreement was announced on August 5, 2005, for the MetroStars to build and complete construction of a new dedicated soccer facility for the 2007 season. Concerns about environmental clean-up at the selected site forced another delay. Additionally, though the groundbreaking took place September 19, 2006 and construction was set for November 2007, that was delayed by one month when Red Bull GmbH bought out the MetroStars club from Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG), changing the club's name in the process. After projections of opening during the 2008, and then the 2009 season, on January 23, 2009, it was announced that the arena opening would be delayed until 2010.
According to Erik Stover, Red Bulls managing director at the time, Harrison Redevelopment Agency chairman Peter B. Higgins was "quite simply the reason that the New York Red Bulls have a new home in Harrison. His vision and leadership guided us through numerous difficulties."  The late Mr. Higgins' contribution is memorialized by the street naming as Pete Higgins Boulevard at the main gates along the west side of the stadium.
Red Bull buyout and new designEdit
In addition to purchasing the team, Red Bull bought out AEG's $100 million share of the stadium, an after-effect of lasting disagreements between the two corporations regarding their plans for the facility. Their differences prompted a significant delay in the early stages of the stadium's construction. After the naming rights of the soccer team were acquired, leading to the name Red Bull Park, Red Bull instituted a number of changes to the stadium's original design, which sparked tension between the Austrian-based energy drink company and AEG. Red Bull opted out of AEG's plan to construct a stage in the stadium for performances, one that would have increased profit margins for the group.
The updated design was completed by Rossetti architects from Detroit and was built by New Jersey-based Hunter Roberts Construction Group, LLC. The stadium's unique roofing system was engineered, fabricated, and installed by the projects specialty roofing contractor Birdair of Amherst, New York, a suburb of Buffalo.
A tension-fabric curved exterior shell of PTFE fiberglass wraps around the entire two-tiered stadium, creating a distinguishing feature of Red Bull Arena. The roof extends 120 feet (37 m) from the last row of seats to just past the field's touchlines with 60 feet (18 m) of the roof being translucent to allow for natural light and is the largest roof canopy of all Major League Soccer stadiums covering all 25,000 seats. The low and enclosed roof design is known for providing superior acoustics by holding, amplifying and reflecting crowd noise back onto the field. Dual 800 sq ft (74 m2) light-emitting diode (LED) high definition Panasonic video boards are suspended from the north and south ends of the roof.
The seats of Red Bull Arena are of the tip-up variety (without arm rests) similar to those of European soccer stadiums with the first row of seating approximately 21 feet (6.4 m) from the touchlines. Included in the 25,000 seats are 30 luxury suites and 1,000 premium seats. The Red Bull logo is patterned in red and yellow lower level seats directly opposite the team dugouts and field entrance tunnel. Sections 133, 101 & 102 collectively make up the 1,500 seat home supporters section known as the "South Ward". Among the blue seats of the South Ward is the "Red Seat" located at Section 101, Row 11, Seat 20. The Red Seat signifies the Red Bulls first goal scored at Red Bull Arena by Joel Lindpere; Section 101 represents the Arena's first game, Row 11 marks the minute of the game in which the goal was scored and Seat 20 remembers the goal scorer, No. 20 Joel Lindpere. Following the passing of Empire Supporters Club member Mike Vallo, the Red Seat's No. 20 was replaced by the initials "MV" to honor the fallen supporter who called Section 101 home.
On the West side of Red Bull Arena is the Red Ring of Honor. Established in 2015, the club's 20th season in Major League Soccer, the ring honors the 20 best players in the first 20 seasons of the club as voted on by fans.
The lower bowl of the stadium is constructed of concrete, while the upper bowl is constructed of galvanized-metal. The Red Bulls intentionally chose galvanized-metal for the upper bowl so fans can create more noise by stamping their feet. In addition, the main concourse is elevated 26-feet high, eliminating a majority of field-level entryways giving Red Bull Arena's seating bowl a very compact, intimate feel. On the North side of the main concourse are 13 "Red Beams"; each one memorializing a special moment in the club's history.
The final overall design is on par with those of soccer stadiums around the world. In addition, the Red Bulls seem to have been design inspired by the Wörthersee Stadion in Klagenfurt, Austria as both stadiums are similar in appearance.
Construction commenced on Red Bull Park on January 3, 2008, on the site of a former Remco factory service building, including the first of 3,000 timber piles driven into the ground to support the new stadium. On January 11, 2008, Erik Stover was announced as the new general manager of Red Bull Arena during construction and then on after. He has served as GM of Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego since 2005. On February 20, 2008, a CAN$28–$30 million contract was announced with Structal-Heavy Steel Construction to assist in the fabrication and construction of steel components. Fabrication began offsite in the second quarter of 2008, and erection in Fall, 2008. Total project size is estimated at 9,000 tons of structural steel.
The first steel girder was put in place on August 19, 2008. The arena was reported by The New York Times to be 55% complete on March 27, 2009. The last major beam for the roof was topped out on April 14, 2009. Enclosure panels started going up on May 7, 2009. The first section of the Red Bull Arena roof was completed in August 2009. The underground drainage and turf-heating system installation began on August 18, 2009.
In 2010, the Red Bulls refused to pay a $1.4 million property tax levy to the town of Harrison, claiming that the stadium was exempt from paying taxes. The team also refused to pay a $1.3 million for 2011. While the team did eventually pay the back taxes, it subsequently filed a lawsuit to have the payments reimbursed by the town, claiming the stadium was exempt from local taxes.
On June 30, 2012, the Tax Court of New Jersey ruled that Harrison did have the right to tax both Red Bull Arena and the land underneath it and denied the team's claim for reimbursement. This decision was upheld by an appellate court in May 2014. The Red Bulls appealed to the state Supreme Court, who in October 2014 agreed to hear the case. The Supreme Court referred the parties to mediation.
A settlement was proposed in which the Hudson County Improvement Authority would take over ownership of the land and stadium and enter into a lease agreement with the team, using the lease payments to give Harrison an annual PILOT (Payment In Lieu of Taxes) tied to the Consumer Price Index. The settlement was approved by the Harrison Town Council and mayor on March 16, 2016.
On July 14, 2016, the Red Bulls and town agreed to a revised settlement, in which the stadium and land will be turned over to the Hudson County Improvement Authority. The Red Bulls will pay an annual rental of $1.3 million, escalated annually based on the Consumer Price Index, of which $1.115 million will go to the town of Harrison. The lease agreement will be in place through 2038, with team options through 2058. At the end of the lease term, ownership of the stadium will revert to the town. This agreement must be finalized by the end of 2016.
A soft opening of the stadium, a match between the Red Bulls Under-18 Academy team and the United States U-17 men's national soccer team scheduled for March 13, 2010, was postponed due to heavy rain and high wind. The facility instead opened on March 20, 2010 as the Red Bulls played a friendly match against Brazilian club Santos FC winning before a sold-out crowd 3–1.
The first official match, the MLS season opener against the Chicago Fire, took place March 27, 2010 with the Red Bulls winning 1–0 in front of a sold-out crowd. Joel Lindpere became the first player to score a goal at Red Bull Arena.
Red Bull Arena hosted its first-ever international soccer game in May 2010, when Turkey beat the Czech Republic in front of a crowd of 16,371. The stadium also hosted an exhibition between Ecuador and Colombia in October 2010. The game drew a sellout crowd of 25,000.
On November 13, 2011, Red Bull Arena hosted the semifinals and championship match of the 2011 Big East Conference Men's Soccer Tournament, a college soccer tournament. The 2012 Big East Men's Soccer Tournament was also held at Red Bull Arena.
On July 28, 2012, Red Bull Arena hosted the Trophée des champions, a soccer game between the champions of Ligue 1 and the winners of the Coupe de France: Montpellier HSC vs Olympique Lyonnais. Lyon won on penalties after the match ended 2–2. The match was organized by Ligue de Football Professionnel.
On June 20, 2013, the United States women's national soccer team played an international friendly against the South Korea women's national football team. It was in the Red Bull Arena that United States forward Abby Wambach scored four goals, beating Mia Hamm's record for most international goals scored ever, male or female.
The New York Red Bulls II of the United Soccer League had played their home games at Red Bull Arena from 2015 to 2016 as the team will move to Montclair State University's MSU Soccer Park at Pittser Field starting in the 2017 Season.
On August 12, 2016, Major League Soccer, in collaboration with the United Soccer League and oversight by the International Football Association Board, made history by becoming the first soccer league ever to use video assistant referee (VAR) in a live match. The match was between New York Red Bulls II and Orlando City B at Red Bull Arena. During the match, referee Ismail Elfath reviewed two fouls and after consultation with video assistant referee Allen Chapman, issued a red card and a yellow card in the respective incidents. New York Red Bulls II won the match 5-1.
On October 23, 2016, Red Bull Arena hosted the 2016 United Soccer League Final with New York Red Bulls II beating the Swope Park Rangers 5-1 winning their first United Soccer League Championship. New York Red Bulls II became the first Major League Soccer-owned team to win the United Soccer League title.
On July 25, 2017, Red Bull Arena hosted Tottenham Hotspur and A.S. Roma as part of the 2017 International Champions Cup. A.S. Roma defeated Tottenham Hotspur 3-2 in front of a sold-out crowd of 26,192.
On September 1, 2017, Red Bull Arena hosted its first ever World Cup Qualifier Match between the United States and Costa Rica as part of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – CONCACAF Fifth Round. The United States lost to Costa Rica 2-0 in front of a sold-out crowd of 26,500.
On September 24, 2017, the Danone Nations Cup World Final was held at Red Bull Arena. It marked the first time the international youth soccer tournament was held in the United States in its 18-year history.
Major International soccer matchesEdit
|Date||Team 1||Result||Team 2||Competition||Attendance|
|20 March 2010||New York Red Bulls||3–1||Santos FC||Club Friendly (first ever match at Red Bull Arena)||25,000|
|27 March 2010||New York Red Bulls||3–0||Chicago Fire||Major League Soccer Regular Season (first MLS match at Red Bull Arena)||24,572|
|22 May 2010||Turkey||2–1||Czech Republic||International Friendly||16,322|
|23 May 2010||New York Red Bulls||3–1||Juventus||Club Friendly||N/A|
|22 July 2010||New York Red Bulls||1–2||Tottenham Hotspur||2010 Barclays New York Challenge||20,312|
|23 July 2010||Manchester City||0–2||Sporting CP||N/A|
|24 July 2010||Tottenham Hotspur||2–2||Sporting CP|
|New York Red Bulls||2–1||Manchester City||23,228|
|8 October 2010||Ecuador||0–1||Colombia||International Friendly||25,000|
|6 June 2011||United States Women||2–0||Mexico Women||Women's International Friendly||5,852|
|13 June 2011||Guatemala||4–0||Grenada||2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group B||25,000|
|27 July 2011||MLS All-Stars||0–4||Manchester United||2011 MLS All-Star Game||26,760 |
|3 September 2011||Colombia||2–0||Honduras||International Friendly||18,322|
|11 October 2011||United States||0–1||Ecuador||International Friendly||20,760|
|28 July 2012||Montpellier||2-2
|Lyon||2012 Trophée des Champions||15,166|
|20 June 2013||United States Women||5–0||South Korea Women||Women's International Friendly||18, 961|
|8 July 2013||El Salvador||2–2||Trinidad and Tobago||2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group B||20,000|
|26 May 2014||Serbia||2–1||Jamaica||International Friendly||2,000 |
|1 June 2014||United States||2–1||Turkey||International Friendly||26,762 |
|6 June 2014||Greece||2–1||Bolivia||International Friendly||11,024 |
|26 July 2014||New York Red Bulls||1–0||Arsenal||New York Cup||25,219|
|31 July 2014||Bayern Munich||1–0||Guadalajara||Audi Football Summit||25,023|
|26 August 2014||New York Red Bulls||2–0||C.D. FAS||2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League - Group Stage||11,569 |
|10 October 2014||Colombia||3–0||El Salvador||International Friendly||N/A|
|14 October 2014||El Salvador||1–5||Ecuador||International Friendly|
|22 October 2014||New York Red Bulls||1–1||Montreal Impact||2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League - Group Stage|
|30 May 2015||United States Women||0–0||South Korea Women||Women's International Friendly||26,467 |
|21 July 2015||Paris Saint-Germain||4–2||Fiorentina||2015 International Champions Cup||16,104 |
|22 July 2015||New York Red Bulls||4–2||Chelsea||24,076 |
|26 July 2015||New York Red Bulls||2–1||Benfica||18,096 |
|5 September 2015||Brazil||1–0||Costa Rica||International Friendly||19,600 |
|8 September 2015||Colombia||1–1||Peru||International Friendly||24,800 |
|13 October 2015||United States||0–1||Costa Rica||International Friendly||9,214 |
|4 June 2016||YDF Legends||4–2||NYC Copa||Exhibition - Youri Djorkaeff Foundation Charity Match||N/A|
|6 July 2016||New York Red Bulls||2–0||América||Club Friendly||20,217|
|27 July 2016||Internazionale||1–1||Estudiantes||Club Friendly||8,167 |
|3 August 2016||New York Red Bulls||3–0||Antigua GFC||2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League - Group Stage||4,958|
|15 September 2016||New York Red Bulls||1–0||Alianza||2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League - Group Stage||N/A|
|23 October 2016||New York Red Bulls II||5–1||Swope Park Rangers||2016 USL Cup Final (NYRB II win USL Cup)||5,547|
|22 February 2017||New York Red Bulls||1–1||Vancouver Whitecaps||2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League - Quarterfinal (First Leg)||3,231|
|4 March 2017||France Women||0–0||Germany Women||2017 SheBelieves Cup||26,500|
|United States Women||0–1||England Women|
|13 June 2017||Ecuador||3–0||El Salvador||International Friendly||2,000 |
|7 July 2017||French Guiana||2–4||Canada||2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group A||25,817|
|25 July 2017||Tottenham Hotspur||2–3||Roma||2017 International Champions Cup||26,192|
|1 September 2017||United States||0−2||Costa Rica||2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – CONCACAF Fifth Round||26,500|
|3 September 2017||Guadalajara||0−2||Atlético Nacional||SuperCopa de Campeones ||N/A|
|24 September 2017||Argentina (U12)||0−2||Mexico (U12)||Danone Nations Cup - World Final||N/A|
|Canada Girls (U12)||2–2
|Brazil Girls (U12)|
|1 March 2018||New York Red Bulls||vs.||CD Olimpia||2018 CONCACAF Champions League - Round of 16 (Second Leg)||TBD|
|4 March 2018||United States Women||vs.||France Women||2018 SheBelieves Cup||TBD|
|Germany Women||vs.||England Women|
|27 March 2018||Peru||vs.||Iceland||International Friendly||TBD|
In addition to soccer, the arena has also been the host of several rugby union matches.
|2010||June 19||Russia||38-19||Uruguay||Bowl Final|
|June 19||France A||24-10||United States||Plate Final|
|June 19||England Saxons||38-18||Canada||Cup Final|
London Irish played their home game against Saracens in the Aviva Premiership at the Red Bull Arena on March 12, 2016. This marked the first time an English premiership rugby match had been played overseas. The timing and location were selected to coincide with St. Patrick's Day festivities in an area were there is a large Irish influence. The game was televised live across the US on NBCSN. London Irish did not return the following season due to their relegation to the RFU Championship.
Red Bull Arena hosted its first-ever concert, with Dispatch on June 18, 2011. Following the concert the stadium was highly praised by the sold-out crowd and media for its sight-lines, sound, and acoustics.
Covenant House - New Jersey, in conjunction with Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey and the New York Red Bulls, have staged two "Sleep Outs" at Red Bull Arena in order to raise awareness and funds for New Jersey's homeless youth. The first was on October 17, 2014 and the second was on October 16, 2015.
On Sunday, April 10, 2016, Red Bull Arena hosted thousands of Peruvian Americans from New Jersey and Pennsylvania to vote in the 2016 Peruvian General Election. Citizens of Peru are entitled to vote in Peru's national elections regardless of where they reside.
Awards and recognitionEdit
In January 2016, Red Bull Arena was awarded Major League Soccer - "Security Staff of the Year" for 2015. The security staff was particularly recognized for its security plan for the Major League Soccer Eastern Conference Final during a heightened state of security worldwide following the November 2015 Paris attacks.
In August 2016, Red Bull Arena was awarded the first annual J.D. Power - "Best In Fan Experience" for 2016. The stadium was selected from all the pro sports and entertainment venues in the New York metropolitan area. Red Bull Arena scored highest for overall satisfaction, security and ushers, seating area and game experience, ticket purchase, food and beverage, and leaving the game.
Also in August 2016, Red Bull Arena and the Red Bull Training Facility were awarded The Sports Turf Managers Association's Certification for Environmentally Responsible Management. The training facility is the first facility to earn the 80% or higher ratings on the 10-part written assessment.
In August 2017, Red Bull Arena and the Red Bulls were awarded their second consecutive J.D. Power - "Best in Fan Experience" award for the New York metropolitan area. The stadium scored highest for ticket purchase, security and ushers, seating area and game experience, food and beverage and game arrival.
Accessibility and transportationEdit
The stadium can be reached via the Harrison station by the Newark-World Trade Center train of the PATH rapid transit system. The station is currently undergoing a $256 million reconstruction and expansion to accommodate the burgeoning economic growth and development in the area and the increasing number of fans taking the PATH on game days. The project is tentatively scheduled for completion in 2018. A complementary New York Red Bulls shuttle bus service is available on game days from nearby Newark Penn Station and New Jersey Transit's Newark Broad Street Station to transport fans to and from Red Bull Arena. The stadium is also served by the 40 New Jersey Transit Bus route. Taxi services by Harrison Cab Inc. are available from their offices at the Harrison PATH station.
Red Bull Arena is accessible by car via I-280, with connections to the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95), Garden State Parkway, McCarter Highway (NJ-21), and other highways and roads. There are several designated lots and the Harrison Parking Center garage available for parking in the immediate vicinity. 
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