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General elections were held in Peru on 10 April 2016 to determine the president, vice-presidents, composition of the Congress of the Republic of Peru and the Peruvian representatives of the Andean Parliament.

2016 Peruvian general election

← 2011 10 April 2016 (first round)
5 June 2016 (second round)
2021 →
Turnout81.8% (first round) Decrease 1.9%
80.06% (second round) Decrease 1.74%
  Pedro Pablo Kuczynski 2016 (cropped).jpg Keiko Fujimori 2.jpg
Nominee Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Keiko Fujimori
Party Peruvians for Change Popular Force
Running mate Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Aráoz
José Chlimper
Vladimiro Huaroc [a]
Popular vote 8,596,937 8,555,880
Percentage 50.1% 49.9%

Balotaje2016regional.png
Results by region.

President before election

Ollanta Humala
Peru Wins

Elected President

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Peruvians for Change

In the race for the presidency, incumbent President Ollanta Humala was ineligible for re-election due to constitutional term limits. Popular Force candidate Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori, was the leading candidate in the first round with almost 40 per cent of the vote, but fell short of the 50 per cent majority required to avoid a second round. Peruvians for Change candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski narrowly beat Broad Front candidate Verónika Mendoza to finish in second and earn a place in the second round. The run-off was held on 5 June 2016. With support from those opposing Fujimori, Kuczynski won by a narrow margin of less than half a percentage point. He was sworn in as President on 28 July.

In the Congressional elections, Popular Force won in a landslide, receiving more than a third of the vote and winning an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats emerged as the main opposition blocs.

BackgroundEdit

On 13 November 2015, incumbent President Ollanta Humala called for a general election to be held on 10 April 2016. He said that he would respect the constitutional term limit restrictions and would not run again.[1]

Electoral systemEdit

The President was elected using the two-round system. The 130 members of the Congress of the Republic were elected in 25 multi-member constituencies using open list proportional representation.[2]

CandidatesEdit

Campaign highlightsEdit

The presidential tickets were to be filed with the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE) by 10 January 2016. Congressional lists were to be filed with the ONPE by 10 February 2016.

In March 2016, presidential candidates Julio Guzmán from All for Peru and César Acuña Peralta from Alliance for Progress were barred from the elections; Guzmán due to a violation of party rules in the party's internal election and Acuña Peralta due to monetary giveaways during a campaign rally, a violation of an electoral law enacted by Congress in November 2015.[3]

Keiko Fujimori was a highly polarizing figure during the election. The daughter of the controversial former president Alberto Fujimori, who was serving time in prison at the time, she was popular among the poor and loyalists who credit her father with the defeat of Shining Path. This popularity allowed her to win in the first round of the presidential elections. She was viewed unfavorably by a number of people who oppose Fujimori for human rights abuses and corrupt practices, and who feared that her victory would mark a return of Fujimorismo. Mendoza, who placed third and could not stand in the runoff election, gave her full endorsement to Kuczynski, in order to prevent Fujimori's victory.[4]

Main presidential candidatesEdit

Final results. First round.[5]
Alfredo Barnechea Keiko Fujimori Alan García Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Verónika Mendoza
Member of Congress
(1985–1990)
Member of Congress
(2006–2011)
President of Peru
(1985–1990 / 2006–2011)
President of the Council of Ministers of Peru
(2005–2006)
Member of Congress
(2011–2016)
Popular Action Popular Force Popular Alliance (APRA, PPC) Peruvians for Change Broad Front
4th Place (6.97%) To run off, 39.85% 5th Place (5.83%) To run off, 21.05% 3rd Place (18.74%)

Other candidatesEdit

The following gained less than 5% in the last approval ratings, below the Election threshold or valla electoral.

Disqualified candidatesEdit

Voluntarily withdrawnEdit

ResultsEdit

 
First round results by Regions. Orange = Fujimori, Pink = Kuczynski, Green = Mendoza, Yellow = Santos
 
Second round results by Regions. Orange = Fujimori, Pink = Kuczynski

PresidentEdit

The first round was held on 10 April. Exit polls indicated that Keiko Fujimori placed first in the first round of voting with approximately 40% of the vote, with Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and Veronika Mendoza each receiving approximately 20%.[11]

The second round was held on 5 June. Exit polls indicated that Pedro Pablo Kuczynski held a slight lead over Keiko Fujimori. As counting continued, the gap narrowed significantly. Preliminary results gave Kuczynski a 0.25 per cent advantage over Fujimori, with less than 50,000 votes between them. Approximately 50,000 votes were challenged during the count.[12] Fujimori conceded the election to Kuczynski on 10 June.[13]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Keiko Fujimori Popular Force 6,115,073 39.86 8,555,880 49.88
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Peruvians for Change 3,228,661 21.05 8,596,937 50.12
Verónika Mendoza Broad Front 2,874,940 18.74
Alfredo Barnechea Popular Action 1,069,360 6.97
Alan García Popular Alliance 894,278 5.83
Gregorio Santos Direct Democracy 613,173 4.00
Fernando Olivera Hope Front 203,103 1.32
Alejandro Toledo Possible Peru 200,012 1.30
Miguel Hilario Developing Peru 75,870 0.49
Antero Flores Aráoz Order Party 65,673 0.43
Invalid/blank votes 3,393,987 1,190,079
Total 18,734,130 100 18,342,896 100
Registered voters/turnout 22,901,954 81.80 22,901,954 80.09
Source: ONPE, ONPE

CongressEdit

Popular Force won in a landslide, taking more than a third of the vote and an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Behind them in opposition, Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats. Other parties which gained representation in Congress include Alliance for the Progress of Peru (9 seats), Popular Alliance (5 seats) and Popular Action (5 seats).[14]

 
Party Vote % Seats
Popular Force 4,431,077 36.34 73
Peruvians for Change 2,007,710 16.47 18
Broad Front 1,700,052 13.94 20
Alliance for the Progress of Peru 1,125,682 9.23 9
Popular Alliance 1,013,735 8.31 5
Popular Action 877,734 7.20 5
Direct Democracy 528,301 4.33 0
Possible Peru 286,980 2.35 0
Hope Front 139,634 1.15 0
Order Party 68,474 0.56 0
Developing Peru 14,663 0.12 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 12,194,042 100 130
Registered voters/turnout 22,901,954
Source: ONPE

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Excluded from campaign

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ollanta Humala convoca a elecciones generales para el 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 13 November 2015.
  2. ^ Peru IFES
  3. ^ a b c "Peru presidential candidates Guzman and Acuna banned from election". BBC. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  4. ^ Dan Collyns (7 June 2016). "Kuczynski ahead in Peru election, but will he be able to govern?". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  5. ^ "ONPE - Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales". www.web.onpe.gob.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Partido Nacionalista retira candidatura de Daniel Urresti". El Comercio (in Spanish). 11 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Vladimir Cerrón abandonó las Elecciones Generales del 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 24 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Yehude Simon anuncia retiro de su candidatura presidencial". La República (in Spanish). 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Francisco Diez-Canseco renunció a su candidatura presidencial". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Solidaridad Nacional retira candidatura de Nano Guerra García". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Peru election: Keiko Fujimori wins first round, say exit polls – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  12. ^ "Peru election: Kuczynski wins, but Fujimori has yet to concede". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Peru elections: Keiko Fujimori concedes to Kuczynski". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  14. ^ "ELECTION FOR CONGRESO DE LA REPÚBLICA 2016". Retrieved 1 June 2016.