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Department of Cajamarca

  (Redirected from Cajamarca Region)

Cajamarca (Spanish pronunciation: [kaxaˈmaɾka]; Quechua: Kashamarka; Aymara: Qajamarka) is a department in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. It is located at heights reaching 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, in total the largest in the world.

Department of Cajamarca
Flag of Department of Cajamarca
Official seal of Department of Cajamarca
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78
Country Peru
Subdivisions13 provinces and 127 districts
Largest cityCajamarca
 • GovernorMesías Guevara Amasifuén
 • Total33,317.54 km2 (12,863.97 sq mi)
Highest elevation
4,496 m (14,751 ft)
Lowest elevation
420 m (1,380 ft)
 • Total1,341,012
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Dialing code076
ISO 3166 codePE-CAJ



The Wari' people conquered earlier cultures in the highlands. They established the administrative center of Wiraquchapampa.

In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.

Cajamarca had long been one of the oldest cities in South America when the Spanish arrived in their conquest of Peru.

Political divisionEdit

Places of interestEdit

Notable peopleEdit