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Cajamarca (Spanish pronunciation: [kaxaˈmaɾka]; Quechua: Kashamarka; Aymara: Qajamarka) is a department and region in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. The city has an elevation of 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, the largest in the world.
Department of Cajamarca
|Anthem: Anthem of Cajamarca Region|
|Subdivisions||13 provinces and 127 districts|
|• Governor||Mesías Guevara|
|• Total||33,317.54 km2 (12,863.97 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||4,496 m (14,751 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||420 m (1,380 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PE-CAJ|
The oldest known irrigation canals in the Americas are located in the Nanchoc District of Cajamarca Department. The canals in the Zaña Valley have been radiocarbon dated to 3400 BCE, and possibly date to 4700 BCE. From the 6th to the 10th century the people of the Wari culture ruled earlier cultures in the highlands. They established the administrative center of Wiraquchapampa.
In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.
The Region is divided into 13 provinces.
- Cajabamba (Cajabamba)
- Cajamarca (Cajamarca)
- Celendín (Celendín)
- Chota (Chota)
- Contumazá (Contumazá)
- Cutervo (Cutervo)
- Hualgayoc (Bambamarca)
- Jaén (Jaén)
- San Ignacio (San Ignacio)
- San Marcos (San Marcos)
- San Miguel (San Miguel de Pallaques)
- San Pablo (San Pablo)
- Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Succhubamba)
Places of interestEdit
- Dillehay, Tom D.; Eling Jr., Herbert H.; Rossen, Jack. "Preceramic irrigation canals in the Peruvian Andes" (PDF). PNAS. National Academy of Science. Retrieved 20 November 2020.