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New Jersey Turnpike

The New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP), known colloquially as "the Turnpike",[5] is a toll road in New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA). With a total length of 122.40 miles (196.98 km), the turnpike's southern terminus is at the interchange with U.S. Route 130 (US 130) and Route 49, where the split of Interstate 295 (I-295) and US 40 occurs, near the border of Pennsville and Carneys Point townships in Salem County, one mile (1.6 km) east of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. Its northern terminus is at the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee, Bergen County, though the original terminus was at US 46 in Ridgefield Park. Construction of the mainline from concept to completion took 23 months, from 1950 to 1952. It was officially opened to traffic in November 1951, between its southern terminus and exit 10.[6]

New Jersey Turnpike marker

New Jersey Turnpike
Map of the New Jersey Turnpike mainline and spurs in green
Route information
Maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority
Length122.40 mi[4][2] (196.98 km)
  • 11.03 mi (17.75 km)—Western Spur[1]
  • 6.55 mi (10.54 km)—Pennsylvania Extension[2]
  • 8.17 mi (13.1 km)—Newark Bay Extension[3]
Existed1951–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
South end I-295 / US 40 in Pennsville Township
 
North end I-95 / US 1-9 / US 46 in Fort Lee
Location
CountiesSalem, Gloucester, Camden, Burlington, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Hudson, Bergen
Highway system
I-695Route 700I-895
I-95Route 100Route 101
I-295Route 300Route 303

The turnpike is a major thoroughfare providing access to various localities in New Jersey, as well as Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York.[7] According to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, the turnpike is the nation's sixth-busiest toll road and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States.[8]

The northern part of the mainline turnpike, along with the entirety of its extensions and spurs, is part of the Interstate Highway System, designated as I-95 between exit 6 and its northern end. South of exit 6, it has the unsigned Route 700 designation. There are two extensions and two spurs, including the Newark Bay Extension at exit 14, which carries I-78; the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension (officially the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension) at exit 6 which carries I-95 off the mainline turnpike; and the Eastern Spur and the Western Spur at the turnpike's northernmost end.

The route is divided into four roadways between exit 6 and exit 14. The inner lanes are normally restricted to carrying only cars, with the outer lanes for cars, trucks and buses. The turnpike has 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) lanes, 10-foot-wide (3.0 m) shoulders and 13 rest areas named after notable New Jersey residents. The Interstate Highway System took some of its design guidelines from those for the turnpike.[5] To some degree, the turnpike is considered iconic in popular culture having been referenced in music, film and television.

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

Time-lapse video of a southbound trip on the New Jersey Turnpike
 
New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) northbound approaching the I-78/US 1-9 interchange in Newark
 
Detailed map of the Turnpike including interchange locations and other surface highways in New Jersey

The main road of the New Jersey Turnpike splits from I-295 in Carneys Point Township and runs along a north-northeast route to Ridgefield Park, where the road continues as I-95. It is designated Route 700, an unsigned route, from exit 1 (Delaware Memorial Bridge) to exit 6, and as I-95 from exit 6 (Mansfield Township) to exit 18 (SecaucusCarlstadt). The number of lanes ranges from four lanes south of exit 4 (Mount Laurel Township), six lanes between exit 4 and exit 6 (Mansfield Township), 12 lanes between exit 6 and exit 11 (Woodbridge Township), and 14 lanes between exit 11 and exit 14 (Newark).

Before the advent of the Interstate Highway, the entire Turnpike was designated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) as Route 700. The Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension was Route 700P, and the Newark Bay Hudson County Extension was Route 700N. None of these state highway designations have been signed.

 
View south along the turnpike from a plane landing at Newark Airport

Beginning just south of exit 6, the turnpike splits into a "dual-dual" configuration similar to a local-express configuration. The outer lanes are open to all vehicles and the inner lanes are limited to cars only, unless signed otherwise because of unusual conditions. Specifically, starting in Mansfield Township (going north), the turnpike has a total of 12 lanes, six in each direction (3-3-3-3). From Woodbridge Township to Newark, High-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV lanes) exist on the outer roadway (outer truck lanes), thereby making it seven lanes in each direction (4-3-3-4). The HOV lanes are in effect on weekdays, from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. northbound, and 4:00 p.m.–7:00 p.m. southbound (at times, the NJTA might suspend the HOV restrictions entirely during peak hours in case of unusual conditions).[9]

North of exit 14, the turnpike splits into two spurs: the Eastern Spur (the original roadway) and the Western Spur (opened in 1970). Both are signed as I-95. The Western Spur is posted for through traffic on I-95 seeking I-280, the Meadowlands Sports Complex and the George Washington Bridge. Traffic seeking US 46, I-80, and the Lincoln Tunnel is routed via the Eastern Spur. NJDOT, which calls every class of highway "Route", calls the Western Spur "Route 95W". The NJTA refers to the complex series of roadways and ramps linking the car–truck lanes, the two spurs, as well as traffic heading to and from both exit 14 and the Newark Bay Extension as the "Southern Mixing Bowl".[10]

The tolled section of the turnpike terminates at exit 18, just to the south of the large Vince Lombardi Service Area. NJTA maintenance continues along I-95 through the interchange with I-80 though exit numbers now follow I-95 mile markers (had the Somerset Freeway been built). The original terminus of the turnpike was at the US 46 interchange (current exit 68), though the modern turnpike continues along a long, curved freeway, originally constructed by NJDOT, that loops slightly southward to meet the George Washington Bridge approaches. The turnpike now officially ends at US 9W (exit 72), with the final approaches to the George Washington Bridge along I-95 maintained by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[11]

ExtensionsEdit

 
New Jersey Turnpike northbound at I-195 exit in Robbinsville
See also: §§ Newark Bay Extension​ and Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (below)

The turnpike has two extensions; the first, the Newark Bay Extension, at 8.2 miles (13.2 km), opened in 1956, [12] and is part of I-78. It connects Newark with Lower Manhattan via the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City and intersects the mainline near Newark Liberty International Airport. This extension has three exits (exits 14A, 14B, and 14C), and due to its design (four lanes with a shoulderless Jersey barrier divider), has a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) speed limit.

 
View south along the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (I-95)

The second extension, known as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (or Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector), connects the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 6 with the section of I-95 in Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Turnpike via the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge. A six-mile-long (9.7 km), six-lane highway, it has an exit, designated as 6A, to US 130 near Florence. It was formerly designated as Route 700P, but was officially designated as I-95 after the Somerset Freeway was cancelled, and was signed as such when the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project was completed on September 22, 2018.[13]

A four-mile (6.4 km) stretch of I-95 north of US 46 came under NJTA jurisdiction in 1992, as NJDOT sold the road to balance the state budget. This section of the road travels past the interchange for I-80 and through a cut in the Hudson Palisades at GWB Plaza. This part of the turnpike is also "dual-dual", split into local and express lanes, as it approaches the George Washington Bridge.

A section of the turnpike and the surrounding land in Elizabeth and Newark has been called "the most dangerous two miles in America" by New Jersey Homeland Security officials due to the high volume of traffic and the density of potential terrorist targets in the surrounding area.[14]

BridgesEdit

 
New York City from the New Jersey Turnpike

Several bridges are included as part of the New Jersey Turnpike.

The Basilone Memorial Bridge spans the Raritan River, connecting Edison in the north with New Brunswick in the south. The structure honors John Basilone, a Raritan, resident who is the only United States Marine to be honored with the Medal of Honor, the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart. He died at Iwo Jima in 1945. [15]

The Wallberg-Lovely Memorial Bridge is dedicated to Private Martin Wallberg from Westfield, and Private Luke Lovely from South Amboy, the first soldiers from New Jersey to die in World War I. Wallburg served with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and died on November 30, 1917, near Cambrai, France. Lovely served with the American forces and died 20 days later.[16] The bridge carries the turnpike over the Rahway River immediately north of exit 12.

The Newark Bay Bridge (officially the Vincent R. Casciano Memorial Bridge) is a steel cantilever bridge spanning Newark Bay and connecting Newark and Bayonne. Dubbed the "world's most expensive road" by The Jersey Journal, it was completed April 4, 1956, as part of the turnpike's Newark Bay Extension. Casciano was a state assemblyman and a lifetime resident of Bayonne.[17]

The Chaplain Washington Bridge honors Rev. John P. Washington who gave up his life jacket and died as the SS Dorchester sank on February 3, 1943,[18] and the Harry Laderman Bridge named after the first turnpike employee killed on the job,[19] are steel girder spans that carry the Turnpike's eastern and western spurs, respectively, over the Passaic River at Newark.

The Lewandowski Hackensack River Bridge carrying the Eastern Spur over the Hackensack River was named in honor of the three Lewandowski brothers, Army Private Alexander, Marine Sergeant Walter and Air Force Lieutenant William, who were killed in action during World War II within 18 months of each other.[19]

TollsEdit

 
A toll ticket received at exit 15W in 2008
 
A New Jersey Turnpike Tollgate for exit 8A in Monroe Township
 
An older version VMS sign displaying a warning. These signs have since been replaced.
 
A newer VMS sign displaying a warning about congestion ahead

The New Jersey Turnpike is a closed-system toll road, using a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by the motorist on entering and surrendered on exiting at toll gates. The toll fee depends on the distance traveled—longer distances result in higher tolls. As of 2018, the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $13.85.[20] If the ticket is lost, the driver must pay the highest toll fee on exiting. In September 2000, the Turnpike introduced E-ZPass electronic toll collection.[21] Discounts were available to all users of the E-ZPass system until 2002. Since then, the costly implementation of the E-ZPass system forced the NJTA to eliminate the discounts during peak hours and instead impose a $1 per month E-ZPass fee to their account holders. E-ZPass customers with NJ accounts still receive a discount during off-peak hours,[22] when the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $10.40. Cash customers do not receive this discount.[23] Three toll plazas on the turnpike have Express E-ZPass lanes, allowing E-ZPass customers to travel through toll areas at highway speeds, thanks to the addition of E-ZPass sensors on an overhead gantry. These high-speed toll gates are located at the northern terminus of the road on the Western Spur, the southern terminus in Carneys Point, and on the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension. At each location, traditional E-ZPass and cash lanes are also available. Every toll lane on the turnpike accepts E-ZPass.

When traveling from the north, drivers who exit from the southbound Western Spur onto the ramp for dedicated access to the Meadowlands Sports Complex pay no toll, but the NJTA counts cars electronically and is paid a fee for each vehicle by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority.

The non-tolled I-295, which parallels the turnpike for much of its southern length, is often used as an alternate route for shunpiking by locals and through travelers alike; before the expansion of the exit 1 toll plaza, this route was promoted through signage and radio announcements from the New Jersey State Police as a bypass of summer congestion at the plaza.

Speed limitsEdit

The default speed limit is 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) between the southern terminus and milepost 97, and 55 miles per hour (89 km/h) from there to the northern terminus. The Newark Bay Extension carries a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) limit. The turnpike has variable speed limit signs allowing for the limit to be lowered temporarily during unusual road conditions.[24]

ServicesEdit

Rest areasEdit

 
Molly Pitcher Service Area
 
John Fenwick Service Area

The New Jersey Turnpike is noted for naming its rest areas after people who have a connection to New Jersey. From south to north, the rest areas are:

Service Area N/S Mile Exit Location Notes
Clara Barton South 5.4 1/2 Oldmans Township
John Fenwick North 5.4 1/2 Oldmans Township
Walt Whitman South 30.2 3/4 Cherry Hill
J. Fenimore Cooper North 39.4 4/5 Mount Laurel
Richard Stockton South 58.7 7/7A Hamilton Township
Woodrow Wilson North 58.7 7/7A Hamilton Township
Molly Pitcher South 71.7 8/8A Cranbury
Joyce Kilmer North 78.7 8A/9 East Brunswick
Grover Cleveland North 92.5 11/12 Woodbridge Township
Thomas Edison South 92.9 11/12 Woodbridge Township
Alexander Hamilton South 111.6 15X/16E Secaucus Eastern spur only
Vince Lombardi N & S 116.0 17/68 Ridgefield Eastern & western spurs

Turnpike rest areas consist mostly of fast food restaurants. Each rest area also includes a Sunoco gas station with a small convenience store, with gas price signs posted about half a mile (0.8 km) before reaching the rest area. Each rest stop has a separate parking area for cars and trucks, and some have a dedicated bus parking area, Wi-Fi and a gift shop as well.[25]

Before 1982, there was a service area on the northbound side named for Admiral William Halsey.[26] However, in 1982, exit 13A was created, which caused the obscuring of the rest area, as they both overlapped with each other. Anyone who wanted to get to the service area missed exiting at exit 13A, and (northbound) drivers who took that exit missed that service area. The service area closed for good on June 4, 1994.[27] Today, it can be seen by motorists when exiting 13A from the northbound car lanes where there is a temporary concrete barrier that is obstructing an open asphalt lot.[28]

Also, two service plazas were located on the Newark Bay Extension (one eastbound and one westbound) located west of exit 14B. These were closed in the early 1970s. The eastbound plaza was named for John Stevens, and the westbound plaza was named for Peter Stuyvesant.[29]

In late March 2010, it was revealed that the state Transportation Commissioner was considering selling the naming rights of the rest areas to help address a budget shortfall.[30]

The Grover Cleveland Service Area in Woodbridge was temporarily closed because of storm damage from Hurricane Sandy, with only fuel available. It was rebuilt and fully reopened on November 23, 2015.[31][32] In 2015, the NJTA installed Tesla supercharging stations in the Molly Pitcher and Joyce Kilmer services areas to allow Tesla car owners to charge their vehicles. A proposal to offer charging stations for non-Tesla vehicles is also under consideration.[33]

On September 8, 2018, the Thomas Edison service area was closed until May 2019 for remodeling.[34]

Emergency assistanceEdit

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority offers 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) shoulders wherever possible, and disabled vehicle service may be obtained by dialing #95 on a cellular phone.

Headquarters and operations facilitiesEdit

HistoryEdit

Precursors and planningEdit

Route 100 and Route 300 were two state highways proposed in the 1930s by the New Jersey State Highway Department as precursors to the New Jersey Turnpike.

The road that is now the New Jersey Turnpike was first planned by the State Highway Department as two untolled freeways in 1938. Route 100 was the route from New Brunswick to the George Washington Bridge, plus a spur to the Holland Tunnel (now the Newark Bay Extension of the Turnpike). Route 300 was the southern part of the turnpike from the Delaware Memorial Bridge to New Brunswick. However, the State Highway Department did not have the funds to complete the two freeways, and very little of the road was built under its auspices.[35][36] Instead, in 1948, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority was created to build the road, and the two freeways were built as a single toll road.

Route S100 was a proposed spur of Route 100 in Elizabeth. It was never built, although Route 81 follows a similar alignment.

 
Hackensack Run bridge under construction in 1951

According to a letter to the editor written by the daughter of Paul L. Troast, the first chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, Kathleen Troast Pitney:

Governor Driscoll appointed three men to the turnpike authority in the late 1940s—Maxwell Lester, George Smith and Paul Troast, my father, as chairman. They had no enabling legislation and no funding. They were able to open more than two-thirds of the road in 11 months, completing the whole (project) in less than two years ... When the commissioners broached the subject of landscaping the road ... the governor told them he wanted a road to take the interstate traffic ... off New Jersey's existing roads. Since 85 percent of the traffic at that time was estimated to be from out of state, why spend additional funds on landscaping?[37]

A brochure Interesting Facts about the New Jersey Turnpike, dating from soon after the road's opening, says that when the turnpike's bonds are paid off, "the law provides that the turnpike be turned over to the state for inclusion in the public highway system". Due to new construction, and the expectation that the turnpike pays for policing and maintenance, this has never come to pass.

ConstructionEdit

The task of building the turnpike was not an easy one. One major problem was the construction in the city of Elizabeth, where either 450 homes or 32 businesses would be destroyed, depending on the chosen route. The engineers decided to go through the residential area, since they considered it the grittiest and the closest route to both Newark Airport and the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal seaport.

 
NJ Turnpike passes the swampy Meadowlands, near New York City

When construction finally got to Newark, there was the new challenge of deciding to build either over or under the Pulaski Skyway. If construction went above the skyway, the costs would be much higher. If they went under, the costs would be lower, but the roadway would be very close to the Passaic River, making it harder for ships to pass through. The turnpike was ultimately built to pass under.[38][39] As part of a 2005 seismic retrofit project, the NJTA lowered its roadway to increase vertical clearance and allow for full-width shoulders, which had been constrained by the location of the skyway supports.[40] Engineers replaced the bearings and lowered the bridge by four feet (1.2 m), without shutting down traffic. The work was carried out under a $35 million contract in 2004 by Koch Skanska of Carteret, New Jersey. The project's engineers were from a joint venture of Dewberry Goodking Inc. and HNTM Corp. Temporary towers supported the bridge while bearings were removed from the 150 piers and the concrete replaced on the pier tops. The lowering process for an 800-foot (240 m) section of the bridge was done over 56 increments, during five weeks of work.[41]

While continuing up to the New Jersey Meadowlands, the crossings were harder because of the fertile marsh land of silt and mud. Near the shallow mud, the mud was filled with crushed stone, and the roadway was built above the water table. In the deeper mud, caissons were sunk down to a firm stratum and filled with sand, then both the caissons and the surrounding areas were covered with blankets of sand. Gradually, the water was brought up, and drained into adjacent meadows. Then, construction of the two major bridges over the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers was completed. The bridges were built to give motorists a clear view of the New York City skyline, but with high retaining walls to create the illusion of not being on a river crossing.[42] The 6,955 ft (2,120 m) Passaic River (Chaplain Washington) Bridge cost $13.7 million to build; the 5,623 ft (1,714 m) Hackensack River Bridge cost $9.5 million.

 
NJ Turnpike southbound just south of exit 13 in Linden, New Jersey

After the turnpike was built in 1952, the NJTA and the New York State Thruway Authority proposed a 13-mile (21 km) extension of the New Jersey Turnpike that would run from its end (at US 46 in Ridgefield Park at the time) up to West Nyack, New York, at I-87, on the New York State Thruway. The section through New Jersey was to be constructed and maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, while the section in New York was to be built and maintained by the New York Thruway Authority.

The purpose of this extension was to give motorists a "more direct bypass of the New York City area" to New England, by using the Tappan Zee Bridge. The extension was to parallel New York State Route 303 NY 303 and the present-day CSX River Line, and have limited interchanges. It was to have an interchange with the Palisades Interstate Parkway and at I-87 (New York State Thruway) in West Nyack. This project did not survive; by 1970, it became too expensive to buy right-of-way access, and community opposition was fierce. Therefore, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and the New York State Thruway Authority cancelled the project.[42]

1950s–1980sEdit

With the turnpike completed, traffic began to increase, which prompted the NJTA's first widening project. In 1955, the authority proposed two widening projects:

  • From four lanes to six lanes (three in each direction) between exit 4 in Mount Laurel Township and exit 10 in Woodbridge Township
  • From four lanes to an eight-lane, dual-dual setup (2-2-2-2, two express carriageways and two local carriageways in each direction) between exit 10 and exit 14 in Newark
 
Approaching the exit 11 tollbooths at night in 1992, in the days before E-ZPass

In 1966, the Turnpike was widened between exit 10 and exit 14 under a new expansion plan. This abolished the express-local roadway plan and created the car and truck-buses lane configuration (3-3-3-3). This project also included closing the old exit 10 at Woodbridge and replacing it with a new exit 10 in Edison Township; exit 11 was also rebuilt to provide complete access to the Garden State Parkway. This dual-dual setup was widened south to exit 9 in East Brunswick Township in 1973, and again extended farther south in 1990 to exit 8A in Monroe Township.[42] The widening between exits 8A and 9 created some problems in the East Brunswick area in the late 1980s during the proposed widening from six to twelve lanes. Analysis of noise (Shadely, 1973)[full citation needed] and air quality impacts were made in a lawsuit decided in New Jersey Superior Court. This case, in the early 1970s, was one of the early examples of environmental scientists playing a role in the design of a major highway in the US. The computer models allowed the court to understand the effects of roadway geometry, in this case width, vehicle speeds, proposed noise barriers, residential setback and pavement types. The outcome was a compromise that involved substantial mitigation of noise pollution and air pollution impacts.

 
Typical sign at non-freeway entrances to the turnpike

A series of roadway accidents occurred on the New Jersey Turnpike in the town of Kearny, on October 23 and 24, 1973. The first collision occurred at 11:20 p.m. EDT on the 23rd. Further accidents continued to occur until 2:45 a.m. the next day as cars plowed into the unseen accident ahead of them. Sixty-six vehicles were involved, and nine people died as a result. Thirty-nine suffered non-fatal injuries. The primary cause of the accident was related to a fire consisting of burning garbage, aggravated by foggy conditions.[43] This produced an area of extremely poor visibility.

In 1971, the NJTA proposed building the Alfred E. Driscoll Expressway. It was to start at the Garden State Parkway south of exit 80 in Dover Township (now Toms River) and end at the turnpike approximately three miles (4.8 km) north of exit 8A in South Brunswick. As a proposed part of the turnpike system, its seven interchanges would have included toll plazas except at the northern end of the turnpike. By 1972, the proposed road met fierce opposition from Ocean, Monmouth and Middlesex counties with quality of life being the main concern. The NJTA proceeded anyway and began selling bonds. But by December 1973, Governor-elect Brendan Byrne decided to stop the project altogether. Despite this, the authority continued with its plan. It was not until February 1977 that the authority abandoned its plan to build the road.[44] The rights-of-way were sold in 1979, shelving the project indefinitely.[45]

2000sEdit

 
Map of New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway

In January 2004, the authority opened the refurbished 18W toll gate in Carlstadt. The refurbishment included two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions. In July 2004, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority opened the new exit 1 toll gate in Carneys Point Township. The new 23-lane toll gate is near milepost 2.4. It features a glass-enclosed overhead walkway for toll collectors, including "a concrete lighthouse to serve as a 'gateway' to the state as well as to the turnpike".[42] The toll gate features five lanes heading north, 14 lanes heading south, and two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions.

In 2005, the authority opened exit 15X to allow access to the newly built Secaucus Junction train station.[46] The authority lowered the Eastern Spur (between mileposts 107.3 and 107.5 in Newark) in 2005. The lowered spur now consists of a minimum 15-foot (4.6 m) vertical clearance and a 12-foot (3.7 m) horizontal clearance on the shoulders underneath the Pulaski Skyway (US 1/9).[42]

In February 2006, the authority updated exit 8A in Monroe Township. The former exit ramp that allowed traffic onto Route 32 westbound, has been closed off. Instead, a new ramp leads to a traffic light at the intersection of the ramp and County Route 535 (CR 535) in South Brunswick Township. CR 535 was expanded between the new ramp intersection and Route 32. The authority planned to build Route 92, an east–west spur from US 1 and Ridge Road in the township of South Brunswick to the mainline of the turnpike at exit 8A in Monroe Township. This proposition was cancelled on December 1, 2006.[47]

Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, the NJTA made repairs to several bridge decks, including the bridge crossing the Rancocas Creek, which was resurfaced in 2007.[48]

The NJTA reconfigured exit 12 in the Borough of Carteret to reduce truck traffic. A new grade separated interchange-ramp was constructed from Roosevelt Avenue east and connects to the toll gate. In addition, the seven-lane toll gate was demolished and replaced with a new 17-lane one. This project was completed in April 2010, five to six months behind schedule.[49] The authority rebuilt exit 16W in the Borough of East Rutherford. Several new ramps were built, and old ones were destroyed. One major modification was destroying the old ramp from the tollgate to Route 3 west and having a new ramp swing around in the opposite direction and merge with Route 3 west, thereby completing the double trumpet-like interchange. This project was completed by March 2010.[50]

2010sEdit

The NJTA began accepting E-ZPass on all toll lanes at all turnpike interchanges on March 5, 2011.[51] On April 28, 2011, attempts to privatize toll collection on the New Jersey Turnpike were thwarted as a deal between the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and two unions to reduce toll collector salaries was made instead.[52] The Authority reconstructed the Route 495 westbound overpass across the turnpike at exit 16E in Secaucus. This was finished in the middle of 2011.[53]

Safety improvements were made at exit 2 in Woolwich Township. The authority installed a traffic signal at the entrance to the Turnpike with US 322. In addition, the intersection was widened with turn lanes on all approaches. Construction was complete in late 2012.[54][55]

On March 31, 2014, the NJTA began the new lane control system on the eastbound lanes of the Newark Bay–Hudson County Extension. This system uses the shoulder as a travel lane between exit 14 to 14C.[56]

Widening between interchanges 6 and 9Edit

 
Construction of the new lanes as seen in Robbinsville Township in Jul. 2012
 
Completed 12-lane roadway from same point as above in Nov. 2014
 
Three proposals for new exit 8 in East Windsor. Alternative 1 was chosen (with a few changes)

In November 2004, Governor Richard Codey advocated a plan to widen the turnpike by extending the dual-dual configuration 20.1 miles (32.3 km) south from exit 8A in Monroe Township to exit 6 in Mansfield Township. This was to be completed by 2014 when Pennsylvania was supposed to finish an interchange, that would connect its turnpike to the existing I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. Finances were to be supplied by rerouting money from the planned Route 92 Turnpike extension.[57] As part of this project, the NJTA expanded the turnpike by changing the dual-dual configuration (from 2-3-3-2 to 3-3-3-3) between exit 9 in East Brunswick Township and exit 8A in Monroe Township. Minimal construction was needed since overpasses were already built with future expansion in mind. Only final preparation and paving of an outer lane in the outer roadways were required to accommodate the extra lane. New signage and lighting were installed as part of the widening project. It was thought that some transmission towers that ran near the turnpike would have to be reconfigured to make room for the newly constructed roadways. However, this idea was dismissed because it would have been cost prohibitive, and the towers, in fact, did not need to be relocated.[58] The widened turnpike features six lanes in each direction (3-3-3-3), double the previous capacity.[59][60] The following interchanges were upgraded with this widening project: exit 6 (Mansfield), exit 7 (Bordentown Township), exit 7A (Robbinsville), exit 8 (East Windsor), and exit 8A (Monroe).[61]

On July 2, 2009, a ceremonial groundbreaking took place near exit 8 to initiate the widening of the turnpike.[62] On January 28, 2014, the last two of the project's 31 construction contracts was awarded.[63] On May 17–18, 2014, the NJTA switched traffic from the inner roadway for the new outer roadway to do repairs and resurfacing of the inner roadway.[64] A total of six northbound lanes between exits 6 and 9 opened on October 26, 2014, while the southbound lanes opened a week later on November 3, 2014. The final cost reported to be $2.3 billion.[65][66] The project employed 1,000 workers a day, and at one point was the largest active road construction project in the Western Hemisphere.[67]

In late October 2015, the southbound inner roadway exit ramp at exit 7A was closed to make repairs to the overpass crossing over the truck lanes. Steel plates beneath the deck of the exit ramp overpass "were not built to specification" when it was originally constructed. The ramp was reopened in late November 2015.[68]

Project outline
Exit Interchange/Toll Gate Location Mile Ramp
Modifications
Expansion to toll gate Notes Start of Construction
6 Mansfield Township 50.9 Build two-lane high-speed ramps to/from inner and outer roadways No Future start of "dual–dual" setup Fall 2009
7 Bordentown Township 53.7 Build single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadways No Summer 2009
6N & 6S Hamilton Township 57.8 Build single lane inner and outer roadway exit/entrance ramps Woodrow Wilson Service Area (6N) & Richard Stockton Service Area (6S) Fall 2009
7A Robbinsville Township 60.5 Build new ramps to inner and outer roadways Yes—add three more lanes to gate Two-lane ramps to be built to enter northbound lanes and exit southbound lanes and single lane ramps to enter southbound lanes and exit northbound lanes Summer 2009
8 East Windsor Township 67.6 Build new interchange with single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadways, and ramp to maintenance shed Yes—new 12-lane toll gate New exit 8 will be constructed east of the Turnpike, connecting directly to the Hightstown Bypass and NJ 33 Summer 2009
7S Cranbury Township 71.5 Build single-lane southbound ramps to/from inner & outer roadways Molly Pitcher Service Area on the southbound side Winter 2010
8A South Brunswick/Monroe Township 73.9 Build single-lane entrance ramp to southbound inner car lanes No Winter 2010

On January 1, 2007, the NJTA released its plan for exit 8 in East Windsor Township. The old interchange, located west of the turnpike, was demolished and replaced with a new one located to the east of the turnpike. The new interchange configuration opened in January 2013, featuring a new toll plaza consisting of 10 lanes, with direct access to the Route 133 (Hightstown Bypass) without going through any traffic lights, as well as to Route 33 by using a grade-separated interchange.[69] Construction of a realigned Milford Road, near the interchange, was open to traffic in October 2011.[70] Milford Road was converted into an overpass crossing over the new interchange 8 ramp. The junction with the realigned Milford Road, Route 33 and Monmouth Street was also modified.[71]

Other constructionEdit

 
View north along the New Jersey Turnpike in Hamilton Township, Mercer County. This was one of the southernmost I-95 signs on the mainline New Jersey Turnpike before the completion of I-95 in September 2018.

Due to traffic congestion outside exit 8A, the NJTA plans to improve Route 32 from its intersection at US 130 in South Brunswick to the exit 8A tollgate in Monroe Township. Named the "Interchange 8A to Route 130 Connection", plans and dates have yet to be determined.[72]

To reduce congestion, the NJTA is widening Route 18 and reconstructing all the associated ramps at exit 9 (except the ramp to Route 18 north) in East Brunswick Township. Construction began in late 2012 and was completed in the middle of 2016.[73][74][75][76]

The authority is planning a 1.1-mile (1.8 km) roadway and bridge, called the "Tremley Point Road Connector", from Industrial Highway in the Borough of Carteret to Tremley Point Road in the City of Linden. The purpose of this project is to increase truck access to the Tremley Point industrial area in Linden while moving trucks off local streets in residential neighborhoods. The authority chose this access road rather than a full interchange with Tremley Point Road from the turnpike mainline because of its proximity to both exits 12 and 13.[77] The estimated completion date of the connector has yet to be determined,[78] and as of August 2016, no construction contracts had been awarded.[79]

In conjunction with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's replacement of the Goethals Bridge, improvements are being studied at exit 13 in Elizabeth and Linden.[80]

The authority plans to improve exit 14A in Jersey City and connecting roads in Bayonne because the current interchange is in "poor condition" and suffers from chronic congestion. This is part of a bigger project that addresses future congestion along Route 440. Official groundbreaking occurred on March 11, 2015, with an expanded toll plaza and connector bridge targeted for completion in late 2018 with a $310 million budget.[81][82] The newly expanded exit 14A reopened in May 2018 ahead of its anticipated opening later in the year.[83]

All of the turnpike's original variable message signs were replaced from 2010 to 2015, and many new signs were also added. The replacement signs, which feature full graphic color matrix technology, are more up-to-date, easier to read and feature travel times to major routes when not otherwise in use.[84]

Exit listEdit

Mainline and Eastern SpurEdit

CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
SalemPennsville Township0.000.00   I-295 south / US 40 west (Delaware Memorial Bridge) – DelawareSouthern terminus of concurrency with I-295 / US 40
0.220.351A  Route 49 east – Pennsville, SalemSigned as exit 1 southbound; western terminus of Route 49
1B  US 130 north – Penns GroveNo southbound exit; southern terminus of US 130
Carneys Point Township0.721.16  I-295 north – Camden, TrentonNorthern terminus of concurrency with I-295;
northbound exit and southbound entrance
1.121.80  US 40 east – Atlantic City
   Route 140 / CR 540 – Penns Grove, Deepwater
Northern terminus of concurrency with US 40
2.403.86Exit 1 Toll Plaza
GloucesterWoolwich Township12.8020.602  US 322 (CR 536) – Swedesboro, Glassboro
CamdenRunnemedeBellmawr
borough line
26.1042.003  Route 168 – Camden, Atlantic City Expressway
BurlingtonMount Laurel Township34.5055.524  Route 73 – Mount Laurel, Camden, Philadelphia
Westampton Township44.1070.975CR 541 – Burlington, Mount Holly
Mansfield Township48.7078.38Southern terminus of dual-roadway setup (inner roadway for cars, outer roadway for cars, trucks, and buses)
51.00–
51.60
82.08–
83.04
6   I-95 south (Pearl Harbor Extension) to I-276 west – Pennsylvania Turnpike, PhiladelphiaEastern terminus of Pearl Harbor Extension;
south end of I-95 overlap
Bordentown Township53.3085.787  US 206 – Bordentown, TrentonInterchange reconstructed in 1990[42]
MercerRobbinsville Township60.5097.377A  I-195 – Trenton, Shore PointsInterchange modified 2013-2014
East Windsor Township67.50108.638   Route 33 / Route 133 – Hightstown, FreeholdInterchange reconstructed in 2013-2014
MiddlesexMonroe Township73.90118.938A   Route 32 to US 130 – Jamesburg, Cranbury
East Brunswick Township83.40134.229   Route 18 (CR 527) to US 1 – New BrunswickInterchange modified in 2017.
Raritan River84.22135.54Basilone Memorial Bridge
Edison Township88.10141.7810   I-287 north / Route 440 north (CR 514) – Metuchen, Perth AmboySouthern terminus of I-287 and Route 440[a]
Woodbridge Township91.00146.4511   G.S. Parkway / US 9 – Woodbridge[a]
Carteret95.90154.3412CR 602 – Carteret, Rahway
UnionElizabeth99.40159.9713  I-278 – Elizabeth, Staten Island
101.60163.5113A  Route 81 north – Elizabeth, Elizabeth Seaport, Newark Airport
EssexNewark104.70168.5014    I-78 (Newark Bay Extension) / US 1-9 – Newark Airport, Holland TunnelWestern terminus of the Newark Bay Extension
105.60169.95    N.J. Turnpike north (Western Spur) to I-280 / Route 3 – George Washington Bridge, Sports ComplexSouthern terminus of the Western Spur
106.90172.0415E  US 1-9 – Newark, Jersey City
HudsonKearny108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15W  I-280 west – Newark, KearnySouthbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of I-280
Secaucus110.80178.3215X  Secaucus, Secaucus Junction, Park-Ride
112.30180.73Exits 16E / 18E Toll Plaza
112.70181.3717   Route 3 / Route 495 east – Lincoln Tunnel, SecaucusInterchange rebuilt in 1964;[85] signed as exit 16E northbound; western terminus of Route 495
BergenRidgefield Park117.20–
116.80
188.62–
187.97
   N.J. Turnpike south (Western Spur) to Route 3 – Sports ComplexNorthern terminus of the Western Spur
117.20188.6268  US 46 – The Ridgefields, Palisades ParkRebuilt in 1971 in conjunction with exit 69;
exit number only signed southbound, no northbound access to Teaneck Road
117.80189.5868Challenger RoadNorthbound exit only
Southern end of express (upper) lanes and local (lower) lanes
Teaneck Township119.00191.5169   I-80 west to G.S. Parkway – Hackensack, PatersonExit number only signed southbound; eastern terminus of I-80
119.40192.1670CR 56 – Leonia, TeaneckSigned into exits 70A (Leonia) and 70B (Teaneck) northbound
Englewood120.90194.5771Broad Avenue – Leonia, EnglewoodNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Fort Lee121.50–
121.80
195.54–
196.02
72A  Route 4 west – ParamusSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of Route 4
122.40196.9872    US 9W north to Palisades Parkway / Route 67 – Fort LeeSouthern terminus of US 9W
     I-95 north / US 1-9 north / US 46 east (George Washington Bridge) to I-87 – New York CityContinuation beyond Fort Lee Interchange
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike ExtensionEdit

See also: § Extensions (above)

The entire route is in Burlington County.

Locationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Delaware River0.000.00   I-95 south / Penna Turnpike west – HarrisburgContinuation into Pennsylvania at river's center
Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge
Florence Township2.604.186A  US 130 – Burlington, Bordentown, FlorenceExit number unsigned; tolled westbound entrance; upgraded in 1999.[85]
Toll Plaza
Mansfield Township6.5510.54   I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike – New York City, Camden, WilmingtonExit 6 on NJ Turnpike
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Tolled

Newark Bay ExtensionEdit

See also: § Extensions (above)


CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
EssexNewark0.000.0014     I-78 west / US 1-9 / US 22 – Newark, Newark Airport, ClintonWestern terminus of concurrency with I-78
Exit 14 Toll Plaza
   N.J. Turnpike / I-95Exit 14 on I-95 / Turnpike
HudsonJersey City3.505.6314A  Route 440 – Bayonne, Bayonne BridgeInterchange reconstructed 2015-2018
5.508.8514BBayview Avenue – Jersey City, Liberty State Park
5.909.50Exit 14C Toll Plaza
14C  I-78 east – Holland Tunnel, Liberty Science Center, Light Rail Park-RideEastern terminus of concurrency with I-78
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Western SpurEdit

CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
EssexNewark105.60169.95      I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south to I-78 / US 1-9 / US 22Southern terminus of the Western Spur
106.90172.0415E  US 1-9 – Newark, Jersey CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
HudsonKearny108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15W  I-280 west – Newark, Kearny, The OrangesEastern terminus of I-280
BergenEast Rutherford112.70181.3716W  Route 3 – Secaucus, Rutherford, Lincoln Tunnel, Meadowlands Sports Complex
Carlstadt113.80183.14Exit 18W Toll Plaza (George Washington Bridge)
Ridgefield Park117.20188.6269  I-80 west – Hackensack, PatersonNo exit number northbound
116.80187.97    I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike north to US 46 – Fort Lee, George Washington BridgeNorthern terminus of the Western Spur
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

In popular cultureEdit

  • In the 1999 film Being John Malkovich, characters are transported into the mind of actor John Malkovich and after 15 minutes are suddenly dropped in a ditch beside the New Jersey Turnpike.[86]
  • In "The State Dinner", a 1999 episode of The West Wing, Leo McGarry responds to a truckers union representative, after the latter uses inappropriate language, by saying "This is the White House, it's not the Jersey Turnpike."[87]
  • Much of the opening credits of The Sopranos consists of shots of or from the New Jersey Turnpike in the areas of exits 12, 13, 14-14C, and 15W.[88]
  • Bruce Springsteen's songs "State Trooper" and "Jungleland", describe someone driving the New Jersey Turnpike.[89]
  • Simon and Garfunkel's song "America" contains the lyric, "counting the cars on the New Jersey Turnpike".[7]
  • Chuck Berry's 1956 song "You Can't Catch Me" features the lyrics "New Jersey Turnpike in the / wee wee hours I was / rolling slowly 'cause of / drizzlin' showers."
  • The Dead Milkmen's 1986 album Eat Your Paisley contains the instrumental song "Vince Lombardi Service Center" as a bonus track on the CD.[90]
  • In Need for Speed: The Run, a racing event starts on the Newark Bay Extension on exit 14B just before going into Jersey City and Liberty State Park. That ends in the Holland Tunnel as the driver (who is the player of that game) is chased by the Police while driving into New York City.[91]
  • Cherry Hill-based Flying Fish Brewing makes the "Exit Series" of beers, which are named in honor of the exits of the Turnpike, with each beer intended to be reminiscent of the communities in or near where the relevant exit sits.[92]
  • The song "Where I Come From" by Country singer Alan Jackson begins with the lyrics "Well I was rollin' wheels and shiftin' gears 'round that Jersey Turnpike."
  • The character "Paulie Herman" from the TV series Saturday Night Live, played by Joe Piscopo, was known for a sketch from 1981 in which he says "Are you from Jersey? I'm from Jersey. What exit?", referring to exits on the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway.[93][94]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Exit 10 was originally built to connect with the Garden State Parkway, while exit 11 was built to service US 9. Both interchanges opened on November 30, 1951, and were reconfigured to their current patterns by 1966.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 95W Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 95 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  3. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 78 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 700 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  5. ^ a b South Brunswick Township. "1940s–1950s Moving and Building". South Brunswick Township. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
  6. ^ Blackwell, Jon. "1949: Highway of dreams". The Trentonian. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Frassinelli, Mike (October 2, 2011). "Making unexpected stops along the N.J. Turnpike". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  8. ^ Cauchon, Dennis (January 27, 2008). "Drivers to see major toll hikes". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved June 2, 2009.
  9. ^ "Hybrid vehicle use in N.J. Turnpike High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to take effect Monday" (Press release). New Jersey Department of Transportation. May 14, 2006. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  10. ^ "Manual for Traffic Control in Work Zones" (PDF). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  11. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Interstate 95 straight line diagram" (PDF). Trenton: New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  12. ^ "'World's most expensive road' opened in N.J. in 1956". nj.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  13. ^ "PA Turnpike / I-95 Interchange Project". Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
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  30. ^ "New Jersey transportation commissioner considers selling naming rights to NJ Turnpike rest stops". Daily News. New York. Associated Press. March 28, 2010. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  31. ^ "Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots". New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Archived from the original on December 13, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  32. ^ "Turnpike service area in Woodbridge reopens". MyCentralJersey.com. Associated Press. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  33. ^ "Tesla charging stations to be installed on N.J. Turnpike starting next week". NJ.com. Advance Media. February 18, 2015. Archived from the original on July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
  34. ^ "2 major highway service areas to close for renovations after Labor Day". newjersey.news12.com. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  35. ^ "Model of Route 100". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 23, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "Route 100 under construction". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 22, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ Troast Pitney, Kathleen (November 2, 2001). "Love/hate letters" (Letter to the Editor). The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  38. ^ Schwab, Armand, Jr. (January 20, 1952). "City Linked to Super-Highway". The New York Times. p. X17. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2010. (Subscription required (help)).
  39. ^ Hart, pp. 173–174.[full citation needed]
  40. ^ American Council of Engineering Companies of New Jersey (March 6, 2006). "35th Annual Engineering Excellence Awards Dinner program" (PDF). American Council of Engineering Companies of New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2007.
  41. ^ Cho, Aileen (November 29, 2004). "Busy New Jersey Span Gets New Bearings, and Shorter Too". Engineering News-Record.
  42. ^ a b c d e f Anderson, Steve. "New Jersey Turnpike (I-95)". Eastern Roads. Self-published. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.[unreliable source?]
  43. ^ Highway accident report : series of multivehicle collisions and fires under limited visibility conditions: New Jersey Turnpike, Gate 15 and U.S. Route 46, Oct. 23 and 24, 1973. National Transportation Safety Board. 1975. Retrieved April 11, 2011. The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this series of multivehicle collisions was the penetration of vehicles into areas of severely reduced visibility due to fog and smoke, the latter occasioned by fires adjacent to the turnpike which had not been promptly extinguished. The delay in closing the affected roadways by the New Jersey State Police contributed to the number of accidents.
  44. ^ Sullivan, Ronald (February 20, 1977). "Turnpike Drops Cross-State Road". The New York Times. p. 341. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2013. (Subscription required (help)).
  45. ^ Bennett, Don (January 22, 2011). "Driscoll Expressway ended up the Road to Nowhere". Lacey Patch. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  46. ^ Mansnerus, Laura (February 5, 2006). "A Billion-Dollar Bet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 30, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  47. ^ "Route 92-turnpike connection project off the table—for now: Official says expansion of turnpike between exits 6 and 9 is the top priority". Daily Record. Morristown, NJ. December 2, 2006.
  48. ^ Kolluri, Kris. 2007 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  49. ^ Rommel, Leo D. (May 17, 2009). "Construction on Turnpike exit 12 nearly complete". MyCentralJersey. Gannett. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  50. ^ Tomer, Richard L. (March 5, 2009). "Public Notice: NAN-2006-3095-WCA" (PDF). US Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
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  54. ^ "New traffic signal activated at Route 322 intersection with NJ Turnpike Interchange 2 toll plaza in Woolwich" (Press release). New Jersey Department of Transportation. July 24, 2012. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
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  56. ^ "Shoulder Open as a Travel Lane on the NJ Turnpike Newark Bay–Hudson County Extension Eastbound Between Interchange 14 to 14C" (PDF). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
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  59. ^ "Turnpike authority to hold public information centers regarding widening project" (PDF) (Press release). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. November 20, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 27, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  60. ^ "Gov. Christie, NJDOT Commissioner FoxPraise $2.3 Billion NJ Turnpike Infrastructure Investment Project" (PDF) (Press release). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014. The Widening Program created a three-lane Outer Roadway in each direction over the 25 miles between Interchange 6 in Mansfield Township, Burlington County, and Interchange 8A in Monroe Township, Middlesex County.
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  66. ^ Higgs, Larry (November 3, 2014). "New southbound Turnpike lanes open". The Star-Ledger. Newark, New Jersey. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
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  68. ^ "NJTA to Close Exit from Southbound Turnpike Car Lanes to Interchange 7A for Bridge Repairs" (PDF) (Press release). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. October 15, 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 6, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
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Further readingEdit

  • Gillespie, Angus Kress; Rockland, Michael Aaron (1989). Looking for America on the New Jersey Turnpike. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1466-5.
  • Shadely, John (1973). Acoustical analysis of the New Jersey Turnpike widening project between Raritan and East Brunswick. Bolt, Beranek and Newman.

External linksEdit