Ridgefield, New Jersey
Ridgefield is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 11,032, reflecting an increase of 202 (+1.9%) from the 10,830 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 834 (+8.3%) from the 9,996 counted in the 1990 Census.
Ridgefield, New Jersey
|Borough of Ridgefield|
Map highlighting Ridgefield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ridgefield, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 26, 1892|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Anthony R. Suarez (D, term ends December 31, 2023}|
|• Administrator||Ray Ramirez|
|• Municipal clerk||Linda Silvestri|
|• Total||2.87 sq mi (7.43 km2)|
|• Land||2.54 sq mi (6.59 km2)|
|• Water||0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2) 10.62%|
|Area rank||347th of 566 in state|
31st of 70 in county
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||223rd of 566 in state|
32nd of 70 in county
|• Density||4,392.84/sq mi (1,695.89/km2)|
|• Density rank||137th of 566 in state|
34th of 70 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885367|
At the time of European colonization, the area was home to the Hackensack tribe of the Lenape Native Americans, who maintained a large settlement to the north on Overpeck Creek. Their name is an exonym taken from the territory and is translated as place of stony ground  which describes the diminishing Hudson Palisades as they descend into the Meadowlands becoming the ridgefield that is part of Hackensack River flood plain.
In 1642, Myndert Myndertsen received a patroonship as part of the New Netherland colony for much the land in the Hackensack and Passaic valleys. He called his settlement Achter Kol, or rear mountain pass, which refers to its accessibility to the interior behind the Palisades. Originally spared in the conflicts that begin with the Pavonia Massacre, the nascent colony was later abandoned. In 1655, Oratam, sachem of the Hackensack, deeded a large tract nearby to Sara Kiersted, who had learned the native language and was instrumental in negotiations between Native Americans and the settlers. In 1668, much of the land between Overpeck Creek and the Hudson River was purchased by Samuel Edsall, and soon became known as the English Neighborhood, despite the fact most of the settlers were of Dutch and Huguenot origin.
The opening of the West Shore Railroad and Erie Railroad's Northern Branch in the mid 19th century brought suburbanization to the region, and in Ridgefield, significant industry and manufacturing. Grantwood was an artist's colony established in 1913 by Man Ray, Alfred Kreymborg and Samuel Halpert and became known as the "Others" group of artists. The colony consisted of a number of clapboard shacks on a bluff. To this day the names of the streets in this part of the town — Sketch Place, Studio Road and Art Lane — pay homage to Grantwood's history. Kreymborg moved to Ridgefield and launched Others: A Magazine of the New Verse with Skipwith Cannell, Wallace Stevens, and William Carlos Williams in 1915.
The initial 118 miles (190 km) of the New Jersey Turnpike were completed in 1952, with the original northern terminus at an interchange connecting to Route 46 in Ridgefield. An additional four-mile stretch of road connecting the Turnpike from Ridgefield to Interstate 80 in Teaneck and from there to the George Washington Bridge was completed in 1964. The western spur was added in the 1970s, with its two spurs re-connecting in the western side of the borough.
In the 1970s, the area came under the auspices of the Hackensack Meadowlands Development Commission, meant to set parameters and balance development in the ecologically sensitive region. Some parts of the low-lying areas, including Skeetkill Creek Marsh, have been set apart as nature reserves and extension of system that connects to the Overpeck Reserve and Overpeck County Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.854 square miles (7.394 km2), including 2.551 square miles (6.608 km2) of land and 0.303 square miles (0.786 km2) of water (10.62%).
The borough is informally divided into three sections based on the geographical contour of the land. The first section is known as Ridgefield, and lies partly in the valley on both the east and west sides and partly on the first hill. The second section is known as Morsemere, and is located in the northern part of the borough. The third section is Ridgefield Heights, on the second hill at the extreme eastern part of the borough, running north and south.
Morsemere was named by a real estate development company in honor of Samuel F. B. Morse, inventor of the telegraph and Morse code. During the middle of the 19th century, Morse owned vast tracts of land in the Ridgefield section of the borough. Ridgefield's telephone exchange was Morsemere 6 until dial service arrived in the mid-1950s.
The borough shares borders with Carlstadt, Cliffside Park, Fairview, Fort Lee, Little Ferry, Palisades Park, Ridgefield Park and South Hackensack in Bergen County; and North Bergen in Hudson County.
The 2010 United States Census counted 11,032 people, 3,905 households, and 2,995.135 families in the borough. The population density was 4,323.7 per square mile (1,669.4/km2). There were 4,145 housing units at an average density of 1,624.5 per square mile (627.2/km2). The racial makeup was 62.31% (6,874) White, 1.20% (132) Black or African American, 0.18% (20) Native American, 29.06% (3,206) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 4.66% (514) from other races, and 2.57% (284) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.41% (2,362) of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 25.7% of the population.
Of the 3,905 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18; 58.9% were married couples living together; 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 23.3% were non-families. Of all households, 19.9% were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.25. Same-sex couples headed 31 households in 2010, an increase from the 24 counted in 2000.
21.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 92.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $59,784 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,149) and the median family income was $76,618 (+/- $5,428). Males had a median income of $51,682 (+/- $4,297) versus $39,178 (+/- $5,838) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,107 (+/- $2,625). About 3.7% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,830 people, 4,020 households, and 2,966 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,149.8 people per square mile (1,602.1/km2). There were 4,120 housing units at an average density of 1,578.7 per square mile (609.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 75.87% White, 0.77% African American, 0.08% Native American, 17.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.50% from other races, and 2.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.80% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 16.31% of Ridgefield's residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the sixth highest in the United States and fourth highest of any municipality in New Jersey — behind Palisades Park (36.38%), Leonia (17.24%) and Fort Lee (17.18%) — for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In the same census, 3.0% of Ridgefield's residents identified themselves as being of Croatian ancestry. This was the third highest percentage of people with Croatian ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. 2.4% of Ridgefield's residents identified themselves as being of Armenian ancestry, the 16th highest percentage of Armenian people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. As of the 2000 Census, 1.3% of residents identified themselves as being of Turkish American ancestry, the seventh-highest of any municipality in the United States and fifth-highest in the state.
There were 4,020 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the borough, the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $54,081, and the median income for a family was $66,330. Males had a median income of $47,975 versus $36,676 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,558. About 4.7% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
Ridgefield is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 of 565 municipalities statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of a Mayor and a Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Ridgefield is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Ridgefield Borough is Democrat Anthony R. Suarez, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2023. Members of the Ridgefield Borough Council are Council President Russell A. Castelli (D, 2020), Hugo Jimenez (D, 2022), James V. Kontolios (D, 2022), Lauren Larkin (D, 2020; elected to serve an unexpired term), Ray Penabad (D, 2021) and Dennis Shim (D, 2021).
In June 2018, the Borough Council selected Lauren Larkin from a list of three candidates to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Javier Acosta. Larkin served on an interim basis until the November 2018 general election, when she was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.
In July 2009, Mayor Suarez was one of 44 people arrested across the state as part of Operation Bid Rig, a joint investigation into political corruption and money laundering. Suarez was charged with accepting a $10,000 cash bribe for assistance in arranging approvals to develop properties in Ridgefield. In a special election in August 2010, Suarez narrowly survive a recall effort and was acquitted on all charges in October 2010.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
Ridgefield is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 36th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Ridgefield had been in the 38th state legislative district.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 36th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Gary Schaer (D, Passaic) and Clinton Calabrese (D, Cliffside Park). Calabrese was sworn into office on February 8, 2018 to fill the seat of Marlene Caride, who had resigned from office on January 16, 2018 after being nominated to head the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance.
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January. As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018), Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018), Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018), David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020), Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018), Bergen County's constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021), Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,467 registered voters in Ridgefield, of which 1,810 (33.1% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,098 (20.1% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,558 (46.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 49.6% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 63.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,320 votes here (58.3% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,570 votes (39.4% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 42 votes (1.1% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,980 ballots cast by the borough's 5,848 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.1% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,319 votes here (53.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,960 votes (44.8% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 40 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,372 ballots cast by the borough's 5,853 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.7% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 2,172 votes here (51.0% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,038 votes (47.8% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 23 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 4,262 ballots cast by the borough's 5,845 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.9% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.8% of the vote (1,410 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 41.9% (1,040 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (33 votes), among the 2,625 ballots cast by the borough's 5,586 registered voters (142 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 1,390 ballots cast (48.0% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,281 votes (44.2% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 135 votes (4.7% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 18 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,898 ballots cast by the borough's 5,658 registered voters, yielding a 51.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The Ridgefield School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 1,480 students and 158.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Shaler Academy and Bergen Boulevard School with 191 students in grades PreK/K and 196 students in grades 1-2, Slocum-Skewes School with 771 students in grades 3-8 and Ridgefield Memorial High School with 514 students in grades 9-12.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 31.00 miles (49.89 km) of roadways, of which 21.10 miles (33.96 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.45 miles (5.55 km) by Bergen Countyand 3.52 miles (5.66 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.93 miles (4.72 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through Ridgefield. The Turnpike's Vince Lombardi service area is located between Interchanges 18E/18W and the George Washington Bridge at mileposts 116E on the Eastern Spur and 115.5W on the Western Spur.
NJ Transit provides bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 127, 154, 165, 166, 168 and the 321 (an 18-minute ride from the Vince Lombardi Park & Ride) routes and to Jersey City on the 83 route.
Original plans for the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail included a northern terminus at the park and ride. Plans for an extension through the town called the Northern Branch Corridor Project call for a station in the borough along the Northern Branch right-of-way at Hendricks Parkway.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ridgefield include:
- Tim Bogert (born 1944), bass guitarist and vocalist.
- Marlene Caride (born 1963), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2012 to 2018, where she represented the 36th Legislative District.
- Mauro De Santis (born 1981), Author of Ridgefield, 2017.
- Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French artist.
- Gilbert Gaul (1855–1919), painter and illustrator of military subjects ranging from the American Civil War to World War I, as well as American Western vistas and scenes.
- Samuel Halpert (1884–1930), painter.
- Thomas H. Herring (1812-1874), President of the New Jersey Senate in 1859 as well as the President of the Northern Railroad starting in 1859.
- David Schenk Jacobus (1862–1955), mechanical engineer who served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1916-17.
- Frederick Krafft (1860–1933), socialist political activist and politician, who was convicted in 1918 for a violation of the Espionage Act and was the only person convicted under this law to receive a full executive pardon from President Woodrow Wilson.
- Alfred Kreymborg (1883–1966), poet and novelist.
- Joseph Lagana (born 1978), politician who has represented the 38th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since January 2014.
- Chris Lema (born 1995), footballer who plays as a midfielder for New York Red Bulls II in the United Soccer League.
- Man Ray (1890–1976), one of the most important painters and photographers of the Surrealist and Dada movements, had a house in an artists' colony that once existed in Ridgefield.
- David Schenk Jacobus (1862-1955), mechanical engineer, head of the Engineering Department of Babcock & Wilcox, inventor and educator, who served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1916–17.
- Judd Sergeant, contestant on the eleventh season of Survivor.
- Bob Schroder (born 1944), MLB infielder who played for the San Francisco Giants.
- Alexander Shaler (1827–1911), Union Army general in the American Civil War who later served as Mayor of Ridgefield, New Jersey.
- Gregor Weiss (born 1941), artistic gymnast who represented the United States at the 1964 Summer Olympics, placing 7th in the team event
- Henry Wessel Jr. (1942-2018), photographer and educator.
- William Carlos Williams (1883–1963), poet.
In popular cultureEdit
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Meet Our Mayor and Council, Ridgefield, New Jersey. Accessed October 6, 2019.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Borough Administrator, Borough of Ridgefield. Accessed October 6, 2019.
- Borough Clerk, Borough of Ridgefield. Accessed October 6, 2019.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 160.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Ridgefield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Ridgefield borough, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 13, 2013.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ridgefield borough Archived August 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 13, 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 13, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Ridgefield, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 19, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Ridgefield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed March 3, 2013.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 84. Accessed October 23, 2012.
- History of the Borough of Ridgefield, Ridgefield, New Jersey. Accessed September 17, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 26. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Wright, Kevin G. "The Indigenous Population of Bergen County", Bergen County Historical Society. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Historical marker of Achter Col "colony", Historical Marker Database. Accessed September 22, 2015.
- History, Teaneck Creek Organization. Accessed July 21, 2016.
- Nottle, Diane. "Do You Know These Women?", The New York Times, March 1, 1998. Accessed October 1, 2014. "Even before the Elizabeths, a Dutch housewife named Sarah Kiersted was learning the language of the local Lenape Indians, possibly as early as the 1640s. She became a channel of communication between Dutch settlers and the Lenape Chief Oratam, and for her services the chief granted her almost 2,300 acres -- comprising all of Ridgefield Park and sections of Teaneck and Bogota -- in 1666."
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. "Genealogical History Of Hudson And Bergen Counties New Jersey Early Settlers of Bergen County", 1900. Accessed October 1, 2014. " In 1668 Samuel Edsall and Nicholas Varlet bought from the native Indians section 3, comprising 1,872 acres of "waste land and meadow," bounded east by the Hudson River, west by the Hackensack River and Overpeck Creek, and south by the 'Town and Corporation of Bergen.'"
- Historic Englewood, City of Englewood. Accessed October 6, 2019. "In spite of the still strong Dutch character, the area became known as 'English Neighborhood' and stretched from Ridgefield to Closter."
- Home Page, Northern Branch Corridor Project. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Churchill, op. cit. page 51
- Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Arts Briefing", The New York Times, February 12, 2003. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Brandon, op. cit. page 82
- "Modernism began in the magazines", The Modernist Journals Project of Brown University and the University of Tulsa. Accessed January 5, 2012. "Under the editorship of Alfred Kreymborg, this little magazine published the work of Maxwell Bodenheim, Mina Loy, Marianne Moore, Ezra Pound, Carl Sandburg, Wallace Stevens, and William Carlos Williams, playing an important role in freeing American poetry from traditional models."
- Stavitsky, Gail. "Afterword: Artists and Art Colonies of Ridgefield, New Jersey", Traditional Fine Arts Organization. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Staff. "Jersey Pike Opens Final 9-Mile Link; Section Between Newark and Ridgefield Park Dedicated -- Study of Tolls Planned", The New York Times, January 16, 1952. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Lurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc. "Ridgefield", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, P. 693. Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3325-2. Accessed January 5, 2012. "Three sections or neighborhoods make up the borough: Ridgefield, Ridgefield Heights and Morsemere."
- Areas touching Ridgefield, MapIt. Accessed March 3, 2020.
- Bergen County Map of Municipalities, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 3, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Bergen County Data Book 2003 Archived 2013-07-24 at the Wayback Machine, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 19, 2013.
- Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900-2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed September 26, 2019.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Ridgefield borough, New Jersey Archived August 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 13, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Ridgefield borough, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 13, 2013.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record, August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed October 1, 2014.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Ridgefield borough, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2011.
- Korean Communities Archived December 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
- Croatian Communities Archived June 27, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, accessed August 23, 2006
- Armenian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
- Turkish Communities Archived November 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed September 17, 2015.
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask" Archived 2014-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- 2019 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Ridgefield, New Jersey. Accessed October 6, 2019.
- 2018 County and Municipal Directory, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed September 26, 2019.
- Bergen County November 5, 2019 General Election Statement of Vote, Bergen County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 10, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
- Bergen County November 6, 2018 General Election Statement of Vote, Bergen County, New Jersey Clerk, updated February 11, 2019. Accessed September 26, 2019.
- Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2017, Bergen County Clerk. Accessed May 15, 2018.
- Meeting Agenda for June 20, 2018, Borough of Ridgefield. Accessed October 6, 2019. "Whereas, there is a vacancy on the Council due to the recent resignation of Councilman Javier Acosta.... Now, therefore, be it resolved that the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Ridgefield select Lauren Larkin to fill the unexpired term of Javier Acosta until the 2018 General Election."
- Staff. "N.J. corruption probe: List of politicians, religious leaders charged", The Star-Ledger, April 1, 2009, updated October 6, 2019. Accessed October 6, 2019. "The U.S. Attorney's Office has divided the 44 people charged in the sweeping N.J. federal probe into two groups -- those accused of public corruption, and those charged in the international money laundering ring.... Anthony Suarez, mayor of Ridgefield Borough and an attorney, and co-defendant Vincent Tabbachino, owner of a tax preparation business in Guttenberg. Suarez accepted $10,000 from the cooperating witness through Tabbachino as a middleman, for Suarez's promised assistance in getting approvals to develop properties in Ridgefield."
- Perez-Pena, Richard. "A Town Touched by Scandal Withholds Judgment", The New York Times, August 18, 2010. Accessed October 6, 2019. "Ridgefield voters narrowly rejected a recall of Mayor Anthony R. Suarez on Tuesday, more than a year after federal prosecutors charged him with taking a $10,000 bribe from a government informant posing as a corrupt real estate developer.... By the city clerk’s unofficial count, Mr. Suarez survived by 38 votes out of more than 2,000 cast."
- Ryan, Joe. "Ridgefield Mayor Anthony Suarez found not guilty on federal corruption charges", The Star-Ledger, October 28, 2010, updated April 1, 2019. Accessed October 6, 2019. "When the mayor of Ridgefield was acquitted of conspiracy, bribery and extortion charges, a decade-long string of corruption wins for federal prosecutors in New Jersey came to end. It has been one of the proudest statistics in New Jersey law enforcement, encompassing disgraced public servants high and low, from building inspectors to powerbrokers, including former Newark Mayor Sharpe James and ex-State Senate President John Lynch."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Bill Pascrell. Accessed January 3, 2019."A native son of Paterson, N.J., Congressman Bill Pascrell, Jr. has built a life of public service upon the principles he learned while growing up on the south side of the Silk City."
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- District 36 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- Wildstein, David (January 24, 2018). "Calabrese unopposed for Caride seat". Politics DW. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
Caride resigned last week, following Gov. Phil Murphy’s inauguration. She is currently the Acting Commissioner of Banking and Insurance as she awaits State Senate confirmation.
- Johnson, Brent (February 8, 2018). "Meet the newest -- and youngest -- N.J. lawmaker". NJ.com. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
- 2018 County and Municipal Directory, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
- Freeholders, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed October 26, 2017.
- County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Vice Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Freeholder Mary J. Amoroso , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Freeholder David L. Ganz, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Freeholder Steven A. Tanelli, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Freeholder Dr. Joan M. Voss , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Tracy Silna Zur, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Freeholder Board, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- 2017 County Data Sheet, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- About the Clerk, Bergen County Clerk. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- About Sheriff Michael Saudino, Bergen County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Michael R. Dressler, Bergen County Surrogate's Court. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Constitutional Officers, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed February 24, 2018.
- Voter Registration Summary - Bergen, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- 2008 General Election Results for Ridgefield, The Record. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- "Governor - Bergen County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Bergen County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Ridgefield Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Ridgefield School District. Accessed June 12, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through twelve in the Ridgefield School District. Composition: The Ridgefield School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Ridgefield."
- District information for Ridgefield School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- School Data for the Ridgefield School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- Shaler Academy and Bergen Boulevard School, Ridgefield School District. Accessed June 12, 2020.
- Slocum-Skewes School, Ridgefield School District. Accessed June 12, 2020.
- Ridgefield Memorial High School, Ridgefield School District. Accessed June 12, 2020.
- School Directory, Ridgefield Public Schools. Accessed June 12, 2020.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Ridgefield School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Bergen County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 11, 2010. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Bergen County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed September 14, 2016.
- Berliner, Harvey L.; Campo, David, W.; Dickerson, Charles N.; and Mack, Glenn. "Design and Construction of the Weehawken Tunnel and Bergenline Avenue Station for the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail Transit System", Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc. and NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 14, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2016.
- Atkinson, Rick. "This Winter Is Johnny, And His Music Is Hot", The Record, May 14, 1971. Accessed June 11, 2020. "For Cactus, this was more than just another show. This was more of a homecoming, since Tim Bogert comes from Ridgefield."
- Assemblywoman Marlene Caride (D), New Jersey Legislature. Accessed December 15, 2013.
- "Author Mauro De Santis is a son of Italian immigrants who moved to Ridgefield in search of a better life and promising future. As an alumnus of Ridgefield Memorial High School, he went on to graduate from William Paterson University and holds a master's degree in linguistics".
- "Icons of twentieth century photography come to Edinburgh for major Man Ray exhibition", ArtDaily. Accessed June 26, 2013. "He initially taught himself photography in order to reproduce his works of art but in 1920 began to work as a portrait photographer to fund his work in other media. In 1915, whilst at Ridgefield artist colony in New Jersey, he met the French artist Marcel Duchamp and together they tried to establish a New York outpost of the Dada movement."
- Bonner, Judith H.; and Pennington, Estill Curtis. "Gaul, Gilbert William", in The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 21: Art and Architecture, p. 318. University of North Carolina Press, 2013. ISBN 9780807869949. Accessed November 16, 2017. "By 1910, he had returned to his native New Jersey, living out his remaining years in Ridgefield, where he continued to paint, producing some paintings of World War I, which lacked the immediacy and success of his Civil War work."
- Northern Branch DEIS, Northern Branch Corridor. Accessed May 6, 2017. "Ridgefield: The arrival of the Northern Railroad of New Jersey in Ridgefield in 1859 made this area, with its hills providing scenic vistas, accessible to New York City and ripe for suburban development. Several persons with interests in the railroad lived in Ridgefield. They included Thomas H. Herring, who, according to Poor's Atlas, in 1859 was the President of the Northern Railroad."
- "Dr. D. S. Jacobus", The Iron Age, Volume 96, December 16, 1915. Accessed June 11, 2020. "Dr. David Schenk Jacobus, the new president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, was born in Ridgefield, N. J., in 1862."
- "Frederick Krafft.; Jersey Socialist Once Was Manager of Volkszeitung Here.", The New York Times, September 1, 1933. Accessed September 26, 2018. "Frederick Krafft, in his day one of the most active and demonstrative Socialist workers in Bergen County, is dead at his home in Ridgefield."
- Wassel, Bryan. "Incumbents face challenge for council seats in Paramus", Town News, November 7, 2011. Accessed May 6, 2017. "Lagana was raised in Ridgefield, and moved to Paramus in April 2009.... Lagana has served on various boards, including the Ridgefield Planning Board, the Bergen County Committee for Community Development and currently serves on the Paramus Environmental Commission."
- Christopher Lema, Georgetown Hoyas men's soccer. Accessed March 17, 2018. "Hometown: Ridgefield, N.J.; High School: Ridgefield Memorial"
- Staff. "Man Ray Is Dead in Paris at 86; Dadaist Painter and Photographer", The New York Times, November 19, 1976. Accessed September 26, 2018. "His style changed in 1915 to 'reducing human figures to flat-patterned disarticulated forms.' He was living at the time in Ridgefield, N. J."
- "David S. Jacobus" in Machinery, Volume 22, p. 421. Accessed November 16, 2017. "David Schenk Jacobus, the newly elected president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, was born in Ridgefield, N. J. in 1862."
- Schwarz, Marc. "Talking To Judd Sergeant", The Record, December 5, 2005. Accessed May 4, 2008. "Judd Sergeant, the 35-year-old doorman from Ridgefield, was loud, aggressive and one of the most talked-about contestants on 'Survivor: Guatemala.'"
- Bob Schroder, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed May 6, 2017.
- Staff. "Gen. A. Shaler Dead In His 84th Year; Distinguished Civil War Veteran and Long Prominent in State National Guard.", The New York Times, December 28, 1911. Accessed September 26, 2018. "Gen. Shaler moved to Ridgefield, N. J., and was one of the founders of Hudson Heights and other properties in that vicinity. He served as the Mayor of the Borough of Ridgefield from 1899 to 1901."
- Modern Gymnast, November 1964. Accessed November 16, 2017. "Greg Weiss: Height, 5-6; Weight, 138; Age, 23; Ridgefield, New Jersey.... Attended high school at Dwight Morrow, Englewood, New Jersey."
- Gefter, Philip. "Henry Wessel, Whose Lens Captured Life in the West, Is Dead at 76", The New York Times, September 24, 2018. Accessed September 26, 2018. "Henry Wessel Jr. was born on July 28, 1942, in Teaneck, N.J., and grew up in nearby Ridgefield. He studied psychology at Penn State University, graduating in 1966."
- "Williams, William Carlos" Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine, Pennsylvania Center for the Book at Pennsylvania State University. Accessed January 5, 2012. "William Carlos Williams began spending time at Grantwood in New Jersey. There he and other poets would work on their crafts. In 1916, he edited an episode of The Others, a poetry magazine based in Grantwood. He became friends at that time with Marianne Moore, who had very much in common with WCW, as she had studied biology in college. Williams would continue his involvement in Grantwood and The Others until the magazine failed due to funding shortages in the twenties and the group disbanded shortly thereafter."
- Nash, Margo. "Theater; To Recreate Ridgefield, It's All in the Local Detail", The New York Times, April 16, 2006. Accessed September 26, 2018. "IT may not have A. W. Meyer Hardware sitting on Broad Avenue or that tricky traffic circle, but Ridgefield, 1985, is being recreated on Broadway in The Wedding Singer, based on the Adam Sandler movie about a local rocker who has a day job as a wedding singer."
- Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
- Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men., Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
- Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858–1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ridgefield, New Jersey.|