Garden State Parkway
The Garden State Parkway (GSP), known colloquially as "the Parkway", is a 172.4-mile (277.5 km) limited-access toll road that stretches the length of New Jersey from the state's southernmost tip at Cape May to the New York line at Montvale. Its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State". The parkway's official, but unsigned, designation is Route 444. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo. The parkway is primarily for passenger vehicle use; trucks weighing over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are prohibited north of exit 105. It has been ranked as the busiest toll highway in the country based on the number of toll transactions. At approximately 172 miles, the parkway is the longest highway in the state.
Garden State Parkway highlighted in green
|Maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority|
|Length||172.40 mi (277.45 km)|
|History||Completed in 1957|
|Pine Barrens Byway|
|Restrictions||No trucks north of exit 105|
|South end||Route 109 in Lower Township|
|North end||Garden State Parkway Connector in Ramapo, New York|
|Counties||Cape May, Atlantic, Burlington, Ocean, Monmouth, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Passaic, Bergen|
Cape May and Atlantic countiesEdit
The Garden State Parkway begins at an at-grade intersection with Route 109 in Lower Township. The parkway runs north as a four-lane limited-access highway through the Cape Island Wildlife Management Area in Cape May County parallel to U.S. Route 9 (US 9). After crossing over Jones Creek, the highway enters Middle Township and has an interchange with Route 47, which serves Wildwood to the east and Rio Grande to the west. North of this point, the parkway crosses over the abandoned PRSL Wildwood Branch, and later has a partial interchange with Route 147, which provides access to North Wildwood located to the east. Crossing into Cape May Court House, the median narrows and the road has three interchanges serving the community. After a southbound entrance ramp from US 9, the median widens again. Continuing north, the parkway passes west of the borough of Avalon and Sea Isle City, reaching the Ocean View Service Area in the median.
North of the service area, the parkway enters Upper Township and reaches the Cape May Toll Plaza northbound. Running west of swampland along the Jersey Shore, the parkway comes to an interchange with Route 50 (the southern terminus of the latter). Further north, the parkway's median contains the John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly Picnic Area, one of two of the original ten picnic areas left along the parkway. Continuing north, the road crosses over the abandoned PRSL Ocean City Branch. Running west of Ocean City, US 9 joins the road before it crosses the Great Egg Harbor Bay on the Great Egg Harbor Bridge. After landing in the Atlantic County community of Somers Point, the southbound roadway has the Great Egg Toll Plaza and immediately north, US 9 leaves the parkway.
Returning to a four-lane arterial, the parkway runs along the western edges of Somers Point, soon crossing over the Patcong Creek into Egg Harbor Township. North of this point, the road has a junction with US 40, US 322 and County Route 563 (CR 563). This is the first of three interchanges with roads that serve Atlantic City, located to the east. The parkway then widens to six lanes and passes over the abandoned PRSL Newfield Branch before a cloverleaf interchange with the limited-access Atlantic City Expressway. Passing west of the Atlantic City Reservoir, the parkway enters Galloway Township and passes over NJ Transit's Atlantic City Line before it comes to a partial interchange with US 30 (White Horse Pike). North of this exit, the parkway median is home to the Atlantic Service Area, which also has a barrack of the New Jersey State Police and access to CR 561. The parkway then passes east of Stockton University and winds north into the Port Republic Wildlife Management Area. US 9 then merges back into the parkway and two routes cross the Mullica River into Burlington County.
Burlington and Ocean countiesEdit
Now in Bass River Township, US 9 departs at exit 50. Continuing northeast, the parkway passes over US 9 with no access before crossing the Bass River. After reaching a maintenance yard in the median, the parkway northbound has the New Gretna Toll Plaza. Crossing northward through Bass River State Forest, the six-lane highway becomes desolate as it enters Ocean County. After passing through Little Egg Harbor Township, the parkway enters Eagleswood Township, where it crosses over Westecunk Creek and passes to the west of Eagles Nest Airport. Afterwards, the parkway enters Stafford Township where it has an interchange with Route 72, providing access to Manahawkin and Long Beach Island. Crossing northeast through the Pine Barrens, the parkway crosses into Barnegat Township where the southbound roadway has the Barnegat Toll Plaza.
Now in Ocean Township, the parkway crosses over Oyster Creek before entering Lacey Township, where it crosses the North Branch Forked River and has the Forked River Service Area in the median. After a bridge over Cedar Creek, the route enters Berkeley Township, where it crosses through Double Trouble State Park. Upon entering Toms River, the parkway becomes concurrent with US 9 once again. After crossing over the Toms River, the parkway meets Route 37, which provides access to Lakehurst, Seaside Heights and Island Beach State Park. After reaching a maintenance yard in the median, US 9 leaves the parkway at a junction with Route 166, and immediately north is the Toms River Toll Plaza. This is the only plaza on the parkway mainline where tolls are collected in both directions. North of the toll barrier, the parkway enters Lakewood Township and has an interchange with Route 70, serving Brick Township and Point Pleasant Beach to the east. Crossing through Brick Township, the parkway passes over Route 88 with no access and widens to eight lanes as it enters Monmouth County.
Monmouth and Middlesex countiesEdit
In Wall Township, the parkway reaches exit 98 near Allaire State Park. The interchange involves a pair of collector-distributor roads to reach Interstate 195 (I-195), Route 34 and Route 138. A park and ride is present in the southeastern cloverleaf with Route 138. Passing to the west of Shark River Park, the parkway reaches the Monmouth Service Area in the median. The service area provides a park and ride for commuters and access to CR 18 (Belmar Boulevard). North of the service area, the parkway enters Tinton Falls and has exits for Route 33 and Route 66. North of exit 102, the road widens to ten lanes and reaches the northbound Asbury Park Toll Plaza.
After the toll barrier, the road expands into two express and three local lanes in each direction. Just north of the split is exit 105, serving Route 18 and Route 36. The connector road from the parkway to the terminus of Route 36 and CR 51 (Hope Road) is designated as Route 444S. The parkway winds northwest through Monmouth County, passing east of Freehold. At exit 116, access is provided to the PNC Bank Arts Center, Telegraph Hill Picnic Area and the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Crossing west of Hazlet, the parkway reaches an interchange for Route 35, Route 36 and nearby Aberdeen. The road connecting the parkway with Routes 36 and 35 is designated as Route 444R. North of this interchange, the parkway widens into a 3-3-3-3 express-local system. It then crosses northwest through Cheesequake State Park, bending into Middlesex County.
After leaving the park, the road has the Cheesequake Service Area in the median, with access to both the express and local lanes of the highway. Crossing into South Amboy, the parkway has a partial interchange with US 9, and the lanes, now as a 4-3-3-4 configuration, merge as they reach the Raritan Toll Plaza southbound. North of the toll barrier, exit 125 serves Chevalier Avenue in South Amboy; all southbound vehicles exiting here must have an E-ZPass transponder. Paralleing US 9 and Route 35, the parkway becomes 15 lanes as it crosses the Driscoll Bridge over the Raritan River. On the bridge, the northbound lanes are divided into two roadways; only the eastern roadway has access to exit 127, an interchange for Route 440 and US 9, providing access to the Outerbridge Crossing. Just north of exit 127 in Woodbridge Township, the parkway reaches an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike. Running northwest through Woodbridge Township as a ten-lane roadway, the parkway has a junction with US 1 and crosses under the Conrail Port Reading Secondary Line as it enters Iselin. Immediately after passing to the east of the Metropark train station and under Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, the parkway has an interchange with Route 27 (Lincoln Highway). North of Route 27, the parkway curves northeast, passing the Colonia South and Colonia North service areas, along with the closed Madison Hill Picnic Area.
Union and Essex countiesEdit
Crossing into Union County, the highway passes through dense neighborhoods as a ten–lane roadway. It crosses the Middlesex Reservoir in Clark and the Rahway River in Cranford. After passing over the Conrail Lehigh Line and NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line, the parkway reaches a junction with Route 28. In Kenilworth, the highway passes to the east of Galloping Hill Golf Course. In Union Township, US 22 crosses the parkway with Route 82 near the Union Watersphere. Here, the parkway narrows to eight lanes, and the northbound lanes have access to the Vaux Hall Service Area. After the service area, the road crosses the Elizabeth River and reaches the Union Toll Plaza northbound. Immediately afterwards is an interchange with I-78.
Running northeast into Essex County, the parkway reaches Irvington, where it passes through a short tunnel underneath city streets. After briefly entering the city of Newark, the parkway bisects Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, the northern end of which is in East Orange. In East Orange is an interchange with I-280, where the parkway loses a lane in each direction. Just north of I-280, the parkway passes under NJ Transit's Morris & Essex Lines. Winding into Bloomfield as a six-lane roadway, the parkway crosses NJ Transit's Montclair-Boonton Line and has an interchange with CR 506 (Bloomfield Avenue). North of exit 149, the southbound parkway has the Essex Toll Plaza. After the Brookdale North and Brookdale South service areas, the parkway reaches the Route 3 exit, where the space between the northbound and southbound roadways briefly widens.
Passaic and Bergen countiesEdit
The parkway then crosses into Passaic County and the city of Clifton, where the route has interchanges with US 46 and Route 19 and passes over NJ Transit's Main Line. Here, the parkway turns northeast and runs through Clifton to the south of Paterson. After reaching an interchange with Route 20, the parkway crosses the Passaic River and enters Bergen County, where it comes to a second interchange with US 46. The parkway then passes under NJ Transit's Bergen County Line and reaches an interchange with I-80 and the northbound Bergen Toll Plaza in Saddle Brook. Continuing northeast, the road passes through Saddle River County Park. After leaving the park, it crosses a pair of interchanges for Route 208 and Route 4 as it enters Paramus near the Westfield Garden State Plaza shopping mall. North of Route 4 is an interchange with Route 17. After passing east of the Paramus Park shopping mall, there is junction with CR 80 (Ridgewood Avenue/Oradell Avenue), which has a park and ride. Just north of exit 166, the southbound parkway has the Pascack Valley Toll Plaza – the northernmost toll plaza on the highway. The parkway then finally narrows from six to four lanes at exit 168.
Winding through suburban Bergen County, the parkway reaches the Montvale Service Area, the northernmost service area on the road. There is access to CR 94 (Grand Avenue), which also has a nearby ramp for exit 172. This is the northernmost exit of the Garden State Parkway, which crosses into New York in Montvale. From there, the route becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, bringing access southbound to CR 41 (Red Schoolhouse Road) in Rockland County, New York. The connector meets I-87, I-287 and the New York State Thruway in Nanuet, marking the northern end.
On the Garden State Parkway, the emergency assistance number is #GSP, which is #477 in number form. New Jersey State Police are the primary police agency that handles calls for service on the parkway. Other emergency services such as fire and first aid are usually handled by the jurisdictions in which that section of the parkway passes.
The parkway was constructed between 1946 and 1957 to connect suburban northern New Jersey with resort areas along the Atlantic coast and to alleviate traffic on traditional north–south routes running through each town center, such as US 1, US 9, and Route 35. Unofficially, the parkway has two sections: the "metropolitan section" north of the Raritan River and the "shore section" between the Raritan River and Cape May. Most of the metropolitan section is like any other expressway built in the 1950s through heavily populated areas. The shore section parallels US 9 and runs through unspoiled wilderness in the New Jersey Pine Barrens.
The road was originally designated as the Route 4 Parkway when construction began in 1947 in Union County. However, due to a lack of funds, only 11 miles (18 km) of it were completed by 1950 (this segment, between exits 129 and 140, can be distinguished by the stone facing on the overpasses). The solution was for the state to establish the New Jersey Highway Authority (NJHA) in 1952 to oversee construction and operation as a self-liquidating toll road from Cape May to the New York state line.
The landscape architect and engineer in charge of the newly named Garden State Parkway was Gilmore David Clarke, of the architectural firm Parsons Brinckerhoff, who had worked with Robert Moses on the parkway systems around New York City. Clarke's design prototypes for the parkway combined the example of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, a model of efficiency with parallels in the German Autobahn routes of the 1930s, with the Merritt Parkway model that stressed a planted "green belt" for beauty. Both design models featured wide planted medians to prevent head-on collisions and mask the glare of oncoming headlights. The Garden State Parkway was designed to have a natural feel. Many trees were planted, and the only signs were those for exits—there were no distracting billboards. Most of the signs were constructed from wood, or a dark-brown metal, instead of the chrome bars used on most other highways. The guardrails were also made from wood and dark metal. Most early overpasses were stone, but then changed to concrete, with green rails and retro etchings, popular around the 1950s and 1960s. The parkway was designed to curve gently throughout its length so that drivers would remain alert and not fall asleep at the wheel.
The portion of the parkway from Paramus to the New York state line near Montvale was originally proposed as part of a northern extension of Route 101, a highway that was intended to run from Kearny to Hackensack. The extension, Route S101, would have continued northward from Hackensack to the state line via Paramus. Route 101 was never built, and only the Paramus–Montvale segment saw any later construction.
As originally built, in Cape May County, the parkway had three traffic lights (at exits 9, 10, and 11), but these were eliminated in 2015, with construction of three overpasses in Cape May Court House and Stone Harbor.
Before the Great Egg Harbor Bridge was completed in 1956, the parkway temporarily detoured onto US 9 and over the Beesley's Point Bridge. That bridge was closed in 2003 and demolished in 2014; US 9 now detours onto the parkway instead.
On July 9, 2003, Governor Jim McGreevey's plan to merge the operating organizations of the Garden State Parkway and the New Jersey Turnpike into one agency, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA), was completed.
Literature from the time of the parkway's construction indicates that the parkway would become toll-free once bonds used for its construction were paid off. However, additional construction projects, plus the expectation that the parkway will pay for its own maintenance and policing (and the massive E-ZPass project) make it unlikely it will become toll-free in the foreseeable future.
The parkway was planned to be the southern terminus of the unbuilt Driscoll Expressway, a 38-mile (61 km) toll road that was to run from Toms River to the New Jersey Turnpike in South Brunswick; this plan was abandoned in 1977. The parkway was also planned to be the southern terminus for Route 55 at milepost 19. This was canceled after the conclusion that the highway ran through too many wetland areas. The idea is still being revisited after frequent traffic jams on Route 47.
On July 22, 2014, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority filed a federal lawsuit against Jersey Boardwalk Pizza, a pizza chain in Florida, for using a logo too similar to the signs for the Garden State Parkway. Federal Judge William Martini dismissed the suit on March 26, 2015.
The speed limit on the parkway is 65 mph (105 km/h) for most of its length. However, it is posted at 55 mph (90 km/h) on a 5-mile (8.0 km) section near Toms River and on a 40-mile (64 km) section between Sayreville and Paramus. Additionally, the speed limit is 45 mph (70 km/h) approaching and traversing the Great Egg Harbor Bridge and the Driscoll Bridge.
Commercial trucks with a registered weight of over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are not allowed to use the northern parts of the parkway. All trucks are prohibited north of exit 105, just past the Asbury Park Toll Plaza. From Tinton Falls to the southern end of the parkway at Cape May, trucks are allowed, but must pay additional tolls. Buses are allowed for the entire length of the parkway. In April 2011, New Jersey Transportation Commissioner James Simpson announced the NJTA was looking into the possibility of allowing trucks on the northern portion of the Garden State Parkway. However, the idea was quickly abandoned after the agency found the road had engineering concerns that would make the consideration of allowing trucks on this segment impossible.
While the New Jersey Turnpike uses a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by a motorist upon entering and surrendered upon exiting at toll gates (a "closed" system), the Garden State Parkway uses no tickets but collects tolls at somewhat regular intervals along its length and at certain exits (an "open" system). As of 2012, the standard car toll is $0.75 on the main road at two-way toll plazas and $1.50 at one-way toll plazas. Some individual exits require a toll of either $0.50, $0.75, $1.00, or $1.50. It costs $8.25 to travel the entire length of the parkway in a car.
There are three lane types at the toll plazas, however not all plazas have every type of lane at all times.
The first type is full service lanes; these lanes are staffed and toll collectors can provide change and receipts to drivers.
The second type is exact change lanes. In these lanes, motorists deposit coins in a toll basket and each coin is mechanically counted. The Union Toll Plaza was the first to use an automated toll-collection machine. A plaque commemorating this event includes the first quarter collected at its toll booths. Historically, these lanes also accepted tokens, and were common on main roadway toll plazas. However, in late 2018, exact change lanes were discontinued on mainline toll plazas; they continue to be used for exit and entrance ramp toll plazas.
The third type of lane is for the E-ZPass electronic toll collection system. Dedicated lanes only accept vehicles with E-ZPass tags. The speed limit in these lanes is 15 mph (24 km/h), or 55–65 mph (89–105 km/h) in Express E-ZPass lanes. Full service lanes also accept E-ZPass tags.
Tokens, available for purchase at full service toll plaza lanes, were introduced in 1981 at a price of $10 for a roll of 40 tokens, as the toll was 25 cents at the time; most drivers continued to use quarters. However, when the toll was increased to 35 cents in 1989, rolls of tokens were priced at 30 tokens for $10; between the slight discount and the convenience of using a single coin, tokens gained in popularity. There were also larger bus tokens, primarily for use by Atlantic City-bound buses. As E-ZPass became more widespread, tokens were phased out. Token sales were discontinued on January 1, 2002, and were no longer accepted effective January 1, 2009.
E-ZPass was first installed at the Pascack Valley Toll Plaza in December 1999, and the system was completed on September 19, 2000. Beginning on November 19, 2001, E-ZPass customers were charged the approximate token rate of 33 cents during peak hours, or 30 cents during off-peak hours instead of 35 cents, the cash toll rate at the time. Due to tremendous cost overruns in implementing the E-ZPass system on New Jersey's toll highways the discount was eliminated the next year. NJHA E-ZPass customers were charged a $1-per-month account fee, causing many customers to turn in their NJHA E-ZPass transponders in favor of a transponder from an out-of-state authority which did not charge a monthly fee. E-ZPass discounts continue to be available for off-peak travel, senior citizens, drivers of green vehicles, and trailers.
To reduce congestion, 10 of the 11 toll plazas on the roadway were converted into one-way plazas between September 2004 and February 2010, dubbed "one-way tolling". Under this program, the toll is doubled in one direction, and the other direction is toll-free. The Cape May (in Upper Township), Great Egg (in Somers Point), New Gretna (in Bass River Township), Barnegat (in Barnegat Township), Asbury Park (in Tinton Falls), Raritan (in Sayreville), Union (in Hillside), Essex (in Bloomfield), Bergen (in Saddle Brook), and Pascack Valley (in Washington Township) toll plazas had been converted to one-way toll plazas. The Toms River Toll Plaza (in Toms River) is the only location on the parkway mainline where a toll is collected in both directions.
One of the objectives of the parkway was to become a state park its entire length, and its users would enjoy park-like aesthetics with minimal intrusion of urban scenery. Along the ride, users were permitted to stop and picnic along the roadway to further enjoy the relaxation qualities the parkway had to offer. All picnic areas had tall trees that provided shade and visual isolation from the roadway. Grills, benches, running water and restrooms were provided. Over time as the parkway transformed into a road of commerce, the picnic areas were closed for a variety of reasons. Their ramp terminals became insufficient to accommodate the high-speed mainline traffic and in addition to the decreasing number of users, the picnic areas were becoming more effective as maintenance yards and were converted as such or closed altogether.
The two remaining picnic areas, John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly and Telegraph Hill, are closed from dusk to dawn. Posted signs within the picnic area prohibit fires and camping.
There were ten operational picnic areas:
|John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly||Upper Township||22.7 miles (36.5 km)||Both||October 20, 1965||–||John B. Townsend was a physician from Ocean City who became the New Jersey Highway Authority's second Vice Chairman in 1955. The word Shoemaker comes from the last name of the landowner in the way of the Parkway's alignment during its initial construction. The term Holly comes from the Shoemaker's holly tree that was on his property. The tree is presumed to be 300 years old and one of, if not, the oldest holly tree in the United States. The bathrooms at Shoemaker Holly were demolished in August 2014.|
|Stafford Forge||Stafford Township||61.6 miles (99.1 km)||Both||May 27, 1955||–|
|Oyster Creek||Lacey Township||Both||May 27, 1955||–||The murder of Maria Marshall orchestrated by her husband Robert O. Marshall occurred in the Oyster Creek picnic area on the night of September 7, 1984. The story was made into a novel and television movie on NBC.|
|Double Trouble||Double Trouble||79.0 miles (127.1 km)||Southbound||February 23, 1961||The NJHA chose to abandon the picnic area due to the outbreak of mosquitoes from a nearby cranberry bog.|
|Polhemus Creek||Brick Township||82.0 miles (132.0 km)||Northbound||June 4, 1955||–|
|Herbertsville||Wall Township||94.65 miles (152.32 km)||Southbound||May 27, 1955||–||Converted to a maintenance yard of the same name and heavy vehicle weigh station.|
|Telegraph Hill||Holmdel Township||115.85 miles (186.44 km)||Both||April 24, 1957||–||The picnic area is off exit 116, next to the PNC Bank Arts Center.|
|Glenside||Woodbridge Township||130.2 miles (209.5 km)||Southbound||October 23, 1987||Closed due to illegal use for sex and drugs|
|Madison Hill||Woodbridge Township||134.9 miles (217.1 km)||Northbound||November 1, 1950||–||Madison Hill was an overlook constructed for the Route 4 Parkway rather than the whole Garden State Parkway.|
|Tall Oaks||Cranford||137.0 miles (220.5 km)||Southbound||July 1988||Closed due to illegal use for sex and drugs|
All service areas are located in the center median, unless otherwise noted.
|Ocean View||Dennis Township||18.3 miles (29.5 km)||Both||July 8, 1955||Restrooms, fuel, vending machines, tourist information||Formerly known as Seaville.|
|Atlantic Plaza||Galloway Township||41.4 miles (66.6 km)||Both||Food, restrooms, fuel and information|
|New Gretna||Bass River Township||53 miles (85 km)||Both||July 1, 1955||Food, restrooms, fuel||Temporary service area built for services until the permanent service areas were completed. Now site of a Parkway maintenance facility.|
|Forked River||Lacey Township||76.0 miles (122.3 km)||Both||May 19–26, 1955||Food, restrooms, fuel||The snack bar at Forked River opened the weekend of May 19–20, 1955 but full facilities did not open until May 26.|
|Monmouth||Wall Township||100.4 miles (161.6 km)||Both||July 1, 1955||Food, restrooms, fuel|
|Eatontown||Tinton Falls||107 miles (172 km)||Both||July 1, 1955||Food, restrooms, fuel||Temporary service area built for services until the permanent service areas were completed.|
|Cheesequake||Old Bridge Township||123.0 miles (197.9 km)||Both||May 12, 1955||Food, restrooms, fuel|
|Colonia South||Woodbridge Township||132.79 miles (213.70 km)||Southbound||Fuel, convenience stores and restrooms|
|Colonia North||133.45 miles (214.77 km)||Northbound||Fuel, convenience stores and restrooms|
|Vaux Hall||Union Township||142.0 miles (228.5 km)||Northbound||May 26, 1955||Food, restrooms and fuel|
|Brookdale South||Bloomfield||153.3 miles (246.7 km)||Southbound||August 10, 1956||Food, restrooms and fuel|
|Brookdale North||153 miles (246 km)||Northbound||December 10, 1956||Fuel only||Doubles as barracks for New Jersey State Police.|
|Montvale||Montvale||171 miles (275 km)||Both||September 18, 1958||Food, restrooms, fuel and information|
In the 1950s, four petroleum companies were hired to provide gasoline and vehicular necessities—Esso, Texaco, Atlantic and Cities Service. The Cities Service company was the petroleum provider at Monmouth, Forked River, Atlantic City (Absecon at the time) and Ocean View (Seaville at the time) and offered a service where female employees were hired for those service area showrooms, wore uniforms and were known as the Park-ettes. Their duties included providing directions and other information to motorists as well as rendering odd bits of service such as sewing a missing button on a patron's coat.
Many entrances and exits have tolls. In general, exits have tolls when they precede a barrier toll, and exits are free when they follow a barrier toll. Conversely, entrances that precede a barrier toll are free; and tolls are paid at entrances just beyond a barrier toll. There are no tolls between exits 127 and 141, inclusive, as this was the original road segment that predates the New Jersey Highway Authority.
Historically, the exit numbers on the northbound and southbound roadways were not symmetrical. The New Jersey Highway Authority considered each as a separate road and as a result, many exits had non-matching numbers.
|County||Location||mi||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Cape May||Lower Township||0.00||0.00||–||Route 109 to US 9 – Cape May, North Cape May||At-grade intersection, access to Cape May–Lewes Ferry; ramp to Route 109 northbound signed as exit 0|
|Middle Township||3.90||6.28||4||Route 47 – Wildwood, Wildwood Crest, Rio Grande||Toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance); signed as exit 4A (south) and 4B (north) southbound; The Wildwoods signed northbound|
|6.54||10.53||6||Route 147 – North Wildwood, Whitesboro||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|8.40||13.52||9||To US 9 / Shell Bay Avenue||Former at-grade intersection, removed 2014|
|9.90||15.93||10||Cape May Court House, Stone Harbor||Access via CR 657, former at-grade intersection, removed 2014|
|11.04||17.77||11||To US 9 / Crest Haven Road||Access via CR 609, former at-grade intersection, removed 2015|
|11.80||18.99||12||US 9||Southbound entrance only, no exit|
|13.60||21.89||13||To US 9 – Swainton, Avalon||Access via CR 601|
|Dennis Township||17.50||28.16||17||Sea Isle City, Dennis Township||Access via CR 625, southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Upper Township||19.38||31.19||Cape May Toll Plaza (northbound only)|
|20.25||32.59||20||US 9 / Route 50 north – Upper Township||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|25.34||40.78||25||US 9 south – Ocean City||Access via CR 623, southern terminus of concurrency with US 9; access to Corson's Inlet State Park|
|Great Egg Harbor Bay||27.77||44.69||Great Egg Harbor Bridge|
|Atlantic||Somers Point||28.78||46.32||Great Egg Toll Plaza (southbound only)|
|28.90||46.51||29||US 9 north – Somers Point, Ocean City||Northern terminus of concurrency with US 9; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|30.00||48.28||30||Somers Point, Ocean City||Access via North Laurel Drive; tolled southbound exit; southbound exit and northbound entrance since 1965|
|Egg Harbor Township||35.82||57.65||36||US 40 / US 322 – Northfield, Pleasantville, Atlantic City||Access via CR 563 and CR 651, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|36.08||58.07||CR 563 south – Northfield, Margate||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|36.28||58.39||37N||US 40 / US 322||Northbound entrance only, no exit|
|36.59||58.89||37||To US 40 / US 322 – Pleasantville||Access via CR 608, southbound exit and northbound entrance, access to CR 563 north|
|37.23||59.92||38||A.C. Expressway – Atlantic City, Camden||Signed as exits 38A (east) and 38B (west); former eastern terminus of A.C. Expressway|
|Galloway Township||40.04||64.44||40||US 30 east – Absecon, Atlantic City||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|41.70||67.11||41||CR 561 – Galloway Township, Pomona||Opened March 13, 2015; Access to AtlantiCare Medical Campus and Stockton University|
CR 575 / CR 561 Alt. – Pomona, Port Republic, Smithville
|Northbound exit and southbound entrance opened August 2015; serves Stockton University|
|Port Republic||48.29||77.72||48||US 9 south – Port Republic, Smithville||Southern terminus of concurrency with US 9; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Burlington||Bass River Township||50.67||81.55||50||US 9 north – New Gretna, Tuckerton||Northern terminus of concurrency with US 9; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|52.70||84.81||52||New Gretna||Access via CR 654, southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|53.54||86.16||New Gretna Toll Plaza (northbound only)|
|Ocean||Little Egg Harbor Township||58.69||94.45||58||CR 539 – Little Egg Harbor, Tuckerton, Whiting|
|Stafford Township||64.11||103.18||63||Route 72 – Long Beach Island, Pemberton||Signed as exits 63A (east) and 63B (west) northbound|
|Barnegat Township||67.81||109.13||67||CR 554 – Barnegat, Pemberton||Signed as exits 67A (east) and 67B (west) southbound|
|68.61||110.42||Barnegat Toll Plaza (southbound only)|
|Ocean Township||70.45||113.38||69||CR 532 – Waretown||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)|
|Lacey Township||75.34||121.25||74||Forked River||Access via CR 614, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)|
|Berkeley Township||77.40||124.56||77||Berkeley||Access via CR 618 / CR 619, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)|
|South Toms River||80.85||130.12||80||US 9 south / CR 619 south / CR 530 – Beachwood, South Toms River||Southern terminus of concurrency with US 9; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Toms River||81.85||131.72||81||Lakehurst Road (CR 527) – Toms River|
|82.35||132.53||82||Route 37 – Seaside Heights, Lakehurst||Signed as exits 82 (east) and 82A (west); access to Island Beach State Park|
|84.10||135.35||83||US 9 north / CR 571 / Route 166 south – Lakewood||Northern terminus of concurrency with US 9; no southbound exit|
|84.72||136.34||Toms River Toll Plaza|
|Lakewood Township||89.36||143.81||88||89||Route 70 – Lakehurst, Lakewood, Brick Township||Signed as exit 89A northbound for Route 70 east and west; 89A (east) and 89B (west) southbound; toll on all ramps|
|90.18||145.13||CR 528 – Lakewood, Brick||Signed as exit 89B northbound and 89C southbound; toll on all ramps|
|Brick Township||91.10||146.61||90||CR 549 south – Brick||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|92.62||149.06||91||CR 549 – Lakewood, Brick Township, Herbertsville, Point Pleasant||Signed as exits 91B (south) and 91A (north) southbound; toll on southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Monmouth||Wall Township||98.23||158.09||96–97–97A||98||I-195 west / Route 138 east / Route 34 – Belmar, Point Pleasant Beach, Trenton||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); former exits 96 (Route 34), 97 and 97A (Route 138); the northbound interchanges closed in May 1973, the southbound interchanges closed on July 1, 1974|
|Tinton Falls||101.24||162.93||100||100A||Route 33 east – Ocean Grove, Bradley Beach||Bradley Beach not signed on southbound signage; formerly exit 100|
|101.49||163.33||100A||100B||Route 66 east – Asbury Park||No southbound access to Route 66 east; northbound exit and southbound entrance; former left exit|
|100B||100C||Route 33 west – Freehold Borough||signed as exit 100B southbound;|
|103.15||166.00||102||Neptune, Asbury Park||Access via CR 16, southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|103.96||167.31||Asbury Park Toll Plaza (northbound only)|
|104.20||167.69||South end of local-express lanes split|
|105||Route 18 north / Route 36 east to Route 35 – New Brunswick, Eatontown, Long Branch||Toll (northbound entrance); southbound exit and northbound entrance from express and local lanes |
No commercial vehicles beyond this exit
|Middletown Township||110.14||177.25||109||CR 520 – Red Bank, Lincroft||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)|
|113.88||183.27||114||Holmdel, Middletown||Access via CR 52, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); exit opened December 21, 1962|
|Holmdel Township||115.85||186.44||116||PNC Bank Arts Center|
|117.00||188.29||Crossover ramps between express and local lanes|
|Hazlet Township||118.50||190.71||117||Route 35 / Route 36 south – Hazlet, Keyport||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); southbound exit and northbound entrance from express lanes|
|Aberdeen Township||118.79||191.17||117A||118||Aberdeen||Access via CR 3, southbound exit and entrance, toll, formerly 117A until 2016|
|Middlesex||Old Bridge Township||121.13||194.94||120||Laurence Harbor, Matawan||Access via CR 689, access to Cheesequake State Park|
|Sayreville||124.64||200.59||123||US 9 south – Sayreville, Old Bridge||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|124.99||201.15||124||Main Street (CR 670)||Southbound exit and northbound entrance; opened October 25, 1982|
|125.28||201.62||North end of local-express lanes split|
|125.68||202.26||Raritan Toll Plaza (southbound only)|
|126.36||203.36||125||US 9 south / Route 35 (Chevalier Avenue / Main Street Extension) – Sayreville, South Amboy||No northbound entrance; southbound exit for E-ZPass users only|
|Raritan River||127.33||204.92||Driscoll Bridge|
|Woodbridge Township||128.0||206.0||127||US 9 north / Route 440 to I-287 – Woodbridge Township, Staten Island||Signed as exit 129 southbound; southbound exit via New Brunswick Avenue|
|129.50||208.41||128||129||I-95 / N.J. Turnpike – New York City, Trenton, Camden||Exit 11 on I-95 / Turnpike; exit opened September 18, 1969|
|129.50||208.41||US 9 / Route 440 to I-287 – Woodbridge Township, Perth Amboy||Southbound exit only, northbound exit via exit 127|
|130.63||210.23||130||US 1 – Trenton, Newark||Southbound exit and northbound entrance; signed as exit 130B (south/Trenton) and 130A (north/Newark)|
|131.33||211.36||131||Wood Avenue South (CR 649)||Signed as exit 131A northbound|
|131.83||212.16||131B||Metropark||Access via CR 657, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|131.97||212.39||131||132||Route 27 – Rahway, Metuchen||Formerly exit 131 until March 2015|
|Union||Clark||136.22||219.22||135||Clark, Westfield||Access via CR 613|
|Cranford||137.59||221.43||136||Linden, Roselle||Access via CR 607 / CR 615|
|138.74||223.28||137||Route 28 – Roselle Park, Elizabeth, Cranford|
|Kenilworth||140.34||225.86||138||CR 509 – Kenilworth|
|Union Township||141.10||227.08||139A||Roselle Park||Northbound exit and entrance|
|140||139B||Route 82 west – Union||Signed as exit 140A southbound|
|141.70||228.04||140A||140||US 22 / Route 82 east – Elizabeth, Somerville, Hillside||Signed as exit 140B southbound|
|142.10||228.69||141||Vauxhall Road (CR 630)||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Hillside||142.66||229.59||Union Toll Plaza (northbound only)|
|142.80||229.81||142||142A||I-78 east to N.J. Turnpike – Newark Airport, Newark||Toll (northbound entrance only); southbound exit to I-78 east opened December 10, 2010|
|142.90||229.98||142||142B||I-78 west – Springfield||Toll (northbound entrance only); northbound exit ramp to I-78 west opened September 16, 2009|
|143.00||230.14||142; 142A||142C||Maplewood||Access via North Union Avenue, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Essex||Irvington||144.0||231.7||142A||143||To Route 124 – Irvington, Maplewood, Hillside||Access via CR 602 and CR 603, signed as exits 143A (Hillside), 143B (Maplewood) and 143C (Springfield) southbound|
|145.98||234.93||144||CR 510 (South Orange Avenue)||Toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance)|
|145–145A||145||I-280 / CR 508 – Newark, The Oranges||Toll (on southbound entrance only)|
|146||Springdale Avenue – East Orange, Newark Area||Northbound exit and southbound entrance; exit closed on January 12, 1966|
|148.44||238.89||147||East Orange||Access via Springdale Avenue, southbound exit and northbound entrance|
CR 506 Spur / CR 509 – Bloomfield, Glen Ridge
|Toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance)|
|150.22||241.76||148A||149||CR 506 – Glen Ridge, Belleville||Southbound exit and northbound entrance; formerly exit 148A until June 1, 1967|
|150.66||242.46||Essex Toll Plaza (southbound only)|
|151.1||243.2||149A||150||Hoover Avenue||Access via CR 651, northbound exit and southbound entrance; formerly exit 149A until June 1, 1967|
|152.45||245.34||151||Montclair, Nutley||Access via CR 655, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)|
|153||Route 3 to US 46 west – Secaucus, Wayne||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); signed as exits 153A (east) and 153B (west) northbound; no southbound access to Route 3 west|
|155.91||250.91||154||US 46 – Clifton||Toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); exit opened December 30, 1958|
|156.4||251.7||155P||155A||Route 19 to I-80 west – Paterson||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|156.68||252.15||155||155B||Passaic||Access via CR 702, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|158.19||254.58||156||Route 20 north – Elmwood Park||Access via US 46, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Bergen||Elmwood Park||158.87||255.68||157||US 46 to Route 20 – Garfield||Same directional movements only|
|158||159||I-80 – Saddle Brook, Paterson, George Washington Bridge||Toll (northbound exit); northbound exit and southbound entrance; no direct northbound access to I-80 westbound; former interchange with Midland Avenue|
|160.46||258.24||Bergen Toll Plaza (northbound only)|
|Paramus||161.53||259.96||160||To Route 208 – Fair Lawn, Hackensack||Access via CR 62, northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|161.88||260.52||161||Route 4 east – Paramus||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|163.06||262.42||163||Route 17 south to Route 4 – Paramus, George Washington Bridge||Southbound exit and northbound entrance, access to Meadowlands Sports Complex|
|163.29||262.79||Route 17 north – Mahwah||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|164.94||265.45||165||Ridgewood, Oradell||Access via CR 80, toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance); exit opened July 3, 1957; signed as exits 165A (Oradell) and 165B (Ridgewood)|
|165.93||267.04||166||Washington, Westwood||Access via CR 110, southbound exit and northbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957|
|Washington Township||166.25||267.55||Pascack Valley Toll Plaza (southbound only)|
|167.46||269.50||168||CR 502 – Washington, Westwood||Northbound exit and southbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957|
|Woodcliff Lake||170.15||273.83||171||Woodcliff Lake, Saddle River||Access via CR S-73, northbound exit and southbound entrance; exit opened July 25, 1985|
|Montvale||171.52||276.03||172||Montvale, Park Ridge||Access via CR 94, northbound exit and southbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957|
|172.40||277.45||–||To I-87 / I-287 / New York Thruway||Continuation into New York via the GSP Connector|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Garden State Parkway straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- "What trucks are allowed on the Garden State Parkway and where?".
- Samuel, Peter (January 6, 2003). "15-lane bridge for Garden State Parkway". Tollroads News. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved September 23, 2008. "The Garden State Parkway is America's busiest single tollroad in terms of toll transaction numbers - 609m in 2001 or 1.67m/day average."
- Samuel, Peter (January 29, 2008). "USA Today reports dramatically more expensive tolls—lousy data". TollRoadsNews. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
- Google (April 22, 2018). "overview map of the Garden State Parkway (NJ 444)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Laurie, Maxine N.; Mappen, Marc (2004–2005). Encyclopedia of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press. p. 305.
- Pierson, Melissa Holbrook (1998). The perfect vehicle: what it is about motorcycles. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-393-31809-8.
- "Governor McGreevey Announces Planned Improvements from Turnpike Authority Consolidation" (Press release). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. July 10, 2003. Archived from the original on October 28, 2003. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
- Ahlersnewspaper=Cape May County Herald, Bob (July 19, 2011). "Funding Failed, Tolls Imposed To Pay for Garden State Parkway". Retrieved September 14, 2018.
- Sullivan, Ronald (February 20, 1977). "Turnpike Drops Cross‐State Road". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- "New Jersey Sues Florida Pizza Shop". Philadelphia, PA: WCAU-TV. Associated Press. July 24, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "New Jersey Turnpike suit over Florida pizza shop logo tossed". CBS New York. The Associated Press. March 27, 2015.
- Google (September 16, 2016). "Google Street View imagery of Garden State Parkway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
- "Section 19:8-1.9(b)15" (PDF). Garden State Parkway Regulations. State of New Jersey. October 23, 1987. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
19:8-1.9(b)15: All vehicles except cars, campers, omnibuses, and vehicles entitled to toll-free passage under N.J.A.C. 19:8-3.2 (Toll-free passage) are prohibited from the Parkway north of Interchange 105.
- "N.J. to consider allowing trucks on Garden State Parkway north of exit 105". The Star-Ledger. Associated Press. April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- "N.J. won't allow trucks on Garden State Parkway north of exit 105". The Star-Ledger. Associated Press. April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- "Union Watersphere". lostinjersey.wordpress.com. March 19, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "Parkway to Discontinue Token Sales" (Press release). New Jersey Highway Authority. December 26, 2001. Archived from the original on February 12, 2005.
- Strauss, Robert (July 20, 2008). "Soon, Token Non Grata on the Garden State". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
- "E-ZPass open from N.Y. State to Cape May" (Press release). New Jersey Highway Authority. September 19, 2000. Archived from the original on September 25, 2003.
- "E-ZPass: A plan that works for NJ" (PDF). July 11, 2002. pp. 9–10. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
- "Toll Calculator | NJTA". www.njta.com. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- NJ Turnpike and Garden State Parkway Project. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- PAY TOLL Photo Enforced to all exact change lanes "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- "Picnic Area Built Around Ancient Holly". The Asbury Park Evening Press. October 12, 1965. p. 13. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Wittkowski, Donald (August 1, 2014). "Bathrooms gone, but ancient holly remains at parkway rest stop in Cape May". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- "Parkway Picnic Area Stymied". The Asbury Park Press. May 27, 1955. p. 19. Retrieved April 14, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- Sheppard, R.Z. (January 2, 1989). "Books: Serpents in The Garden State". Time. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Mosquitos Get Double Trouble". The Plainfield Courier-News. February 24, 1961. p. 1. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New Picnic Area Opens on Parkway". The Central New Jersey Home News. June 5, 1955. p. 28. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Dedicates Telegraph Hill Park". The Asbury Park Evening Press. April 25, 1957. p. 1. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Coleman, Steven (October 24, 1987). "Rest Stop's Closing Blamed on Drugs, Sex". The Courier-News. p. 15. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "First Section of Route 4 Parkway is Completed". The Central New Jersey Home News. October 29, 1950. p. 1, 32. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kasen, Timothy (July 21, 1988). "Parkway to Shut Down Cranford Rest Area". The Courier-News. p. 25. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Closes Temporary Areas". The Plainfield Courier-News. July 8, 1955. p. 7. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New Bridge Due to Open". The Plainfield Courier-News. May 26, 1955. p. 6. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway to Open Two More Service Areas". The Asbury Park Press. June 25, 1955. p. 7. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Opens First Restaurant". The Plainfield Courier-News. May 12, 1955. p. 36. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Restaurant Opens Friday". The Asbury Park Press. August 8, 1956. p. 22. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Garden State Parkway Adds Service Area". The Plainfield Courier-News. December 10, 1956. p. 6. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Site to be Opened". The Plainfield Courier-News. September 17, 1958. p. 8. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The First Five Years of the Garden State Parkway" published by the New Jersey Highway Authority, page 29.
- "Parkway Reserves Future Exit Number". The Central New Jersey Home News. New Brunswick, New Jersey. May 11, 1966. p. 15. Retrieved January 20, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Garden State Parkway Exits (Milemarkers)". www.maikoff.net.
- "Advisory: Mechanic Street Exit from Garden State Parkway to Close Permanently". Middle Township New Jersey. Middle Township Municipality. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- "Parkway Interchange to be Closed". The Courier-Post. Camden, New Jersey. March 4, 1965. p. 6. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Interchange to Open Friday at Pleasantville". The Millville Daily. July 30, 1964. p. 1. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- [permanent dead link]
- Nee, Daniel (June 10, 2015). "New Brick Parkway Exit Ramps Open This Week".
- "Parkway Improvement Program to Take Toll". The Asbury Park Press. June 29, 1973. p. 7. Retrieved April 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Changes". The Montclair Times. July 3, 1974. p. 28. Retrieved June 10, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Opens New Exit". The Asbury Park Press. December 24, 1986. p. 21. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway to Open New Interchange". The Plainfield Courier-News. December 20, 1962. p. 34. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Ramp Debuts Monday". The Central Jersey Home News. October 23, 1982. p. 3. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Toll Highway Link Opens Tomorrow". The Asbury Park Press. September 17, 1969. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved April 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "What Exit? New Jersey Question Gets a Bit Trickier". Philadelphia, PA: WCAU-TV. March 13, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- "Directories at Toll Plazas to Guide Parkway Motorists". The Herald-News. Paterson, New Jersey. February 21, 1955. p. 53. Retrieved March 27, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Tolls Start Jan. 12 on New Parkway Interchanges". The Paterson Daily News. December 29, 1965. p. 20. Retrieved March 27, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Parkway Exit Changes Noted". The Montclair Times. June 1, 1967. p. 9. Retrieved March 27, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "To Open New Ramps at Rt. 46". The Daily Home News. December 26, 1958. p. 16. Retrieved April 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Garden State Parkway Projects Near Finished". The Daily Record. Long Branch, New Jersey. December 12, 1963. p. 27. Retrieved January 18, 2018 – via Newpsapers.com.
- "Parkway's Link-Up with Thruway Near". The Asbury Park Sunday Press. June 30, 1957. p. 6. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Brackett, Georgia (July 26, 1985). "Parkway Exit Finally Opens". The Bergen Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. p. 3. Retrieved July 7, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
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