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Garden State Parkway

The Garden State Parkway (GSP) is a 172.4-mile (277.5 km)[1] limited-access toll parkway that stretches the length of New Jersey from the New York line at Montvale to Cape May at the state's southernmost tip. Its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State". Most New Jerseyans refer to it as simply "the Parkway". The parkway's official, but unsigned, designation is Route 444. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo. The Parkway is primarily for passenger vehicle use; trucks weighing over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are prohibited north of exit 105.[2] The Parkway has been ranked as the busiest toll highway in the country based on the number of toll transactions.[3][4] At approximately 172 miles, the Parkway is the longest highway in the state.

Garden State Parkway marker

Garden State Parkway
Garden State Parkway highlighted in green
Route information
Maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority
Length172.40 mi[1] (277.45 km)
Existed1947–present
Tourist
routes
Pine Barrens Byway
RestrictionsNo trucks north of exit 105
Major junctions
South end Route 109 in Lower Township
 
North endGarden State Parkway Connector in Ramapo, New York
Location
CountiesCape May, Atlantic, Burlington, Ocean, Monmouth, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Passaic, Bergen
Highway system
Route 440444Route 445

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

 
Garden State Parkway northbound at mile marker 10 in Middle Township

The Garden State Parkway begins at an at-grade trumpet interchange with Route 109 in Lower Township. Southbound, the junction with Route 109 is marked as exit 0. The parkway runs north as a four lane limited-access highway through Cape May County, crossing interchanges with Route 47 and Route 147, which provide drivers access to Wildwood and nearby North Wildwood. Crossing into Cape May Court House, the road crosses exits 9, 10 and 11, former at-grade intersections upgraded in favor of graded interchanges. At exit 13, there is an access to the city of Avalon, featuring an odd interchange with a left-handed merge from the median of the roadway. After exit 17, the access to Sea Isle City, the parkway reaches the Ocean View Service Area.[5]

 
US 9 signed with the parkway just north of Exit 25 in Upper Township

Exit 17 northbound marks the last interchange on the parkway before a toll barrier in Cape May County, as Upper Township marks the location of the Cape May Toll Barrier. Running west of swamplands along the Jersey Shore, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 50 (the eastern terminus of the latter). Just to the north, the parkway's median is the home of the John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly Picnic Area, one of two of the original ten picnic areas left along the Parkway. At exit 25 in Upper Township, U.S. Route 9 northbound joins the road before it crosses the Great Egg Harbor Bay on the Great Egg Harbor Bridge just east of the former Beesley's Point Bridge. After landing in the Atlantic County community of Somers Point, Route 9 turns off at exit 29, which is located next to the Great Egg Toll Plaza going southbound.[5]

Returning to a four-lane arterial, the parkway runs along the western edges of Somers Point, soon crossing into Egg Harbor Township. In Egg Harbor Township, exit 36 marks the junction with U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 322 and County Route 563. This marks the first of three interchanges with roads that access Atlantic City, located to the east. Two miles north, the road crosses a cloverleaf interchange with the limited-access Atlantic City Expressway. Crossing west of the Atlantic City Reservoir, the parkway is now six lanes, crossing an interchange with U.S. Route 30 (White Horse Pike) in Pomona. North of the exit, the parkway median is home to the Atlantic Service Area, which also provides home to a barrack of the New Jersey State Police and access to CR 561. Winding north into the Port Republic Wildlife Management Area, Route 9 merges back in to the parkway and crosses over the Mullica River into Burlington County.[5]

 
Garden State Parkway northbound at mile marker 60 in Eagleswood Township

Now in Bass River Township, Route 9 departs at exit 50. North of exit 53, the parkway crosses the Bass River Toll Barrier northbound. Crossing northward through Bass River State Forest, the six-lane highway becomes desolate. At exit 63, Route 72 meets the Parkway, providing access to Manahawkin and Long Beach Island. Crossing northeast through the Pine Barrens, the parkway crosses into Lacey Township and the Forked River Service Area in the median. North of exit 77, the route crosses through Double Trouble State Park and enters the Toms River area. In Toms River, the parkway meets Route 37, which provides access to Lakehurst, Seaside Heights and Island Beach State Park. North of exit 83 is the Toms River Toll Barrier southbound.[5] North of the Toms River Toll Barrier, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 70, connecting Brick Township and Point Pleasant Beach. Crossing through Brick Township, the parkway reaches exit 98 near Allaire State Park. The interchange, formerly designated as 96 and 97,[6] involves a pair of collector-distributor roads to reach Interstate 195, Route 34 and Route 138. A park and ride is present in the cloverleaf with Route 138. Now in Monmouth County, the parkway reaches the Monmouth Service Area in the median. The service area provides a park and ride for commuters and access to County Route 18 (Belmar Boulevard). North of the service area, the parkway enters the stretch of exits 100A–C, serving Route 33 and Route 66. North of exit 102 in Tinton Falls, the road reaches the Asbury Park Toll Barrier.[5]

 
Garden State Parkway northbound at the interchange with Route 18 and Route 36 in Tinton Falls

After the toll barrier, the two directions of road expand into express and local lanes in each direction. Just north of the split marks exit 105, servicing Route 18 and Route 36. The connector road from the parkway to the terminus of Route 36 and CR 51 (Hope Road) is designated as Route 444S. The express and local lanes wind northwest through Monmouth County, passing east of Freehold. At exit 116, access is provided to the PNC Bank Arts Center, Telegraph Hill Picnic Area and the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial. There is also access to nearby Crawfords Corner Road in Holmdel Township and a nearby park and ride. Crossing west of Hazlet, the parkway reaches exit 117 and exit 118, which mark access to Route 35, Route 36 and nearby Aberdeen. This connector road is designated as Route 444R. The parkway crosses northwest through Cheesequake State Park, bending into Middlesex County.[5]

Through Middlesex County, the parkway features the Cheesequake Service Area in the median, with access to both the express and local lanes of the highway. Crossing into South Amboy, the lanes merge as they reach the Raritan Toll Barrier southbound. Here, exit 125 southbound is the only E-ZPass only exit on the highway, reaching Chevalier Avenue in South Amboy. Paralleing Route 9 and Route 35, all three cross the Raritan River. The parkway becomes 13 lanes as it crosses the Driscoll Bridge. Northbound, lanes split up for exit 127, a massive interchange for Route 440 and Route 9, providing access to the Outerbridge Crossing. Just north of exit 127 in Woodbridge Township, the parkway reaches exit 129, which provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike and Route 9. Running northeast through Woodbridge Township, the parkway crosses Route 1 at exit 130 and Route 27 at exit 132. There is also access northbound to Metropark station of New Jersey Transit at exit 131B.[5]

 
The Garden State Parkway in Iselin

North of exit 132, the parkway curves northeast, passing the Colonia South and Colonia North service areas, along with the closed Madison Hill Picnic Area. Crossing into Union County, the highway crosses through dense neighborhoods as an eight–ten lane roadway. At exit 140, U.S. Route 22 crosses the Parkway with Route 82. Northbound, the road also passes the Vaux Hall Service Area. After the service area, the road crosses the Union Toll Barrier northbound and crosses a massive interchange with Interstate 78 at exit 142A–B. Running northeast into Essex County, the parkway reaches Irvington and soon crosses into the dense East Orange. In East Orange is an interchange with Interstate 280 at exit 145. Winding into Bloomfield, the parkway crosses exit 148 at CR 506 (Bloomfield Avenue). North of exit 149, the southbound parkway has the Essex Toll Barrier.[5]

After the Brookdale North and Brookdale South service areas, the parkway crosses into exit 153, which serves Route 3. After exit 153B, the parkway crosses into Passaic County and the city of Clifton. There, the route has several interchanges, with U.S. Route 46 and Route 19. After Route 19, the route turns northeast and crosses through Clifton to another interchange with Route 46 and soon, Route 21. To the northeast of Route 21, the parkway reaches an interchange with Interstate 80 (exit 159) and the Bergen Toll Barrier. Entering Bergen County, the road crosses a pair of interchanges for Route 4 and Route 208 as they enter Paramus. The final major interchange comes at Route 17 (exit 163). North of the interchange, there is another large junction at exit 165, which has a park and ride.[5]

Winding through suburban Bergen County, the parkway reaches the Montvale Service Area, the final of the group of service areas. There is access to CR 94 (Grand Avenue), which also has a nearby ramp for exit 172. Exit 172 marks the final exit of the Garden State Parkway, which crosses into New York in Montvale. From there, the route becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, bringing access southbound to CR 41 in Rockland County, New York. The connector meets Interstate 87, Interstate 287 and the New York State Thruway in Nanuet, marking the northern end.[5]

On the Garden State Parkway, the emergency assistance number is #GSP, which is #477 in number form. New Jersey State Police are the primary police agency that handles calls for service on the parkway. Other emergency services such as fire and first aid are usually handled by the jurisdictions in which that section of the parkway passes.

HistoryEdit

 

Route S101
LocationHackensackNew York state line
 
View south along the Garden State Parkway at milepost 160, just north of Interstate 80 in Saddle Brook

Route S101 was a northern extension of Route 101 planned from Hackensack through Paramus to the New York state line near Montvale. The section from Hackensack to Paramus was never built; the section from Paramus to the state line would become part of the Garden State Parkway.

The parkway was originally designated as the Route 4 Parkway when it was started in 1947 in Union County, but, due to lack of funds, only 11 miles (18 km) were completed by 1950. The solution was for the state to establish the New Jersey Highway Authority in 1952 to oversee construction and operation as a self-liquidating toll road.[7] Much of the original section, between exits 129 and 140, was long administered by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and has always been untolled. The segment can be distinguished by the stone facing on the overpasses.

The parkway was constructed between 1946 and 1957 to connect suburban northern New Jersey with resort areas along the Atlantic coast and to alleviate traffic on traditional north–south routes running through each town center, such as US 1, US 9, and Route 35. Unofficially, it has two sections: the "metropolitan section" north of the Raritan River and the "shore section" between the Raritan River and Cape May. Only 18 miles (29 km) had been constructed by 1950, but taking a cue from the successful New York State Thruway, on April 14, 1952, the New Jersey Legislature created the New Jersey Highway Authority, empowered to construct, operate, and maintain a self-sufficient toll parkway from Paramus to Cape May.

The landscape architect and engineer in charge of the newly named Garden State Parkway was Gilmore David Clarke, of the architectural firm of Parsons, Brinkerhof, Hall and MacDonald,[7] who had worked with Robert Moses on the parkway systems around New York City. Clarke's design prototypes for the parkway combined the example of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, a model of efficiency with parallels in the German Autobahn routes of the 1930s, with the Merritt Parkway model that stressed a planted "green belt" for beauty. Both design models featured wide planted medians to prevent head-on collisions and mask the glare of oncoming headlights. The Garden State Parkway was designed to have a natural feel. Many trees were planted, and the only signs were those for exits—there were no distracting billboards. Most of the signs were constructed from wood, or a dark-brown metal, instead of the chrome bars used on most other highways. The guardrails were also made from wood and dark metal. Most early overpasses were stone, but then changed to concrete, with green rails and retro etchings, popular around the 1950s and 1960s. These are now in decay and being replaced by sleek, new bridges. The parkway was designed to curve gently throughout its length so that drivers would remain alert and not fall asleep at the wheel.

Most of the metropolitan section is like any other expressway built in the 1950s through heavily populated areas. The shore section parallels US 9 and runs through unspoiled wilderness in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. In Cape May County, the parkway had three traffic lights (at exits 9, 10, and 11), but these were eliminated in 2015, with construction of three overpasses in Cape May Court House and Stone Harbor.

 
The old alignment at the Beesley's Point Bridge heading southbound. Notice the white center line (instead of yellow).

The parkway had an old alignment before the Great Egg Harbor Bridge was completed. It was detoured onto US 9 and over the Beesley's Point Bridge. That bridge was closed in 2003 and demolished in 2014.

The Garden State Parkway was off-limits to motorcycles until Malcolm Forbes pushed successfully for legislation to allow them.[8]

On July 9, 2003, Governor Jim McGreevey's plan to merge the operating organizations of the Garden State Parkway and the New Jersey Turnpike into one agency was completed.[9]

Literature from the time of the parkway's construction indicates that the parkway would become toll-free once bonds used for its construction were paid off. However, additional construction projects, plus the expectation that the parkway will pay for its own maintenance and policing (and the massive E-ZPass project) make it unlikely it will become toll-free in the foreseeable future.[10]

The parkway was also planned to be the southern terminus for Route 55 at milemarker 19. This was cancelled after the conclusion that the highway ran through too many wetland areas. The idea is still being revisited after frequent traffic jams on Route 47.

On July 22, 2014, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority filed a federal lawsuit against Jersey Boardwalk Pizza, a pizza chain in Florida, for using a logo too similar to the signs for the Garden State Parkway.[11] Federal Judge William Martini dismissed the suit on March 26, 2015.[12]

UsageEdit

 
Typical entrance sign for the parkway

The speed limit on the parkway is 65 mph (105 km/h) with the following exceptions: 55 mph (90 km/h) between mileposts 123.5 and 163.3, 55 mph (90 km/h) between mileposts 80.0 and 85.2, and 45 mph (70 km/h) between mileposts 27 and 29, approaching and traversing the Great Egg Harbor Bridge, and between milepost 126.7 and 127.7, approaching and traversing the Driscoll Bridge.[1][13]

Commercial trucks with a registered weight of over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are not allowed to use the northern parts of the parkway.[14]

All trucks must exit at exit 105, just past the Asbury Park toll plaza. From Tinton Falls to the southern end of the parkway at Cape May, trucks are allowed, but must pay additional tolls. Buses are allowed for the entire length of the parkway.[15] In April 2011, New Jersey Transportation Commissioner James Simpson announced the NJTA was looking into the possibility of allowing trucks on the northern portion of the Garden State Parkway.[16] However, the idea was quickly abandoned after the agency found the road had engineering concerns that would make the consideration of allowing trucks on this segment impossible.[17]

Toll collectionEdit

 
Southbound at the Pascack Valley toll plaza

While the New Jersey Turnpike uses a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by a motorist upon entering and surrendered upon exiting at toll gates (a "closed" system), the Garden State Parkway uses no tickets but collects tolls at toll plazas at somewhat regular intervals along its length and at certain exits (an "open" system). As of 2018, the standard car toll is $0.75 on the main road at two-way toll plazas and $1.50 at one-way toll plazas. Some individual exits require a toll of either $0.50, $0.75, $1.00, or $1.50.

There are three lane types at the toll plazas, however not all plazas have every type of lane at all times.

The first type are full service lanes; these lanes are staffed and toll collectors can provide change and receipts to drivers.

The second type are exact change lanes. In these lanes, motorists deposit coins in a toll basket and each coin is mechanically counted; drivers using exact change lanes are required to pay with coins only. The Union Toll Plaza was the first to use an automated toll-collection machine. A plaque commemorating this event includes the first quarter collected at its toll booths.[18] Historically, these lanes also accepted tokens, and were common on main roadway toll plazas. However, in late 2018, exact change lanes were discontinued on main road toll plazas; they continue to be used for exit and entrance ramp toll plazas.

The third type of lane is for the E-ZPass electronic toll collection system. Dedicated lanes only accept vehicles with E-ZPass tags. The speed limit in these lanes is 15 mph (24 km/h), or 55–65 mph (89–105 km/h) for Express E-ZPass lanes. Full service lanes also accept E-ZPass tags.

 
Garden State Parkway tokens, which were discontinued after January 1, 2009

Tokens, available for purchase at full-service toll plaza lanes, were introduced at a price of $10 for a roll of 40 tokens, as the toll was 25 cents at the time; most drivers continued to use quarters. However, when the toll was increased to 35 cents, rolls of tokens were priced at 30 tokens for $10; between the slight discount and the convenience of using a single coin, tokens gained in popularity. There were also larger bus tokens, primarily for use by Atlantic City-bound buses. As E-ZPass became more widespread, tokens were phased out. Tokens sales were discontinued on January 1, 2002,[19] and were no longer accepted effective January 1, 2009.[20]

E-ZPass was first installed at the Pascack Valley toll plaza in December 1999, and the system was completed on September 19, 2000.[21] Beginning on November 19, 2001, E-ZPass customers were charged the approximate token rate, that is 33 cents (peak travel) or 30 cents (off-peak travel), instead of 35 cents, the cash toll rate at the time.[19] Due to tremendous cost overruns in implementing the E-ZPass system on New Jersey's toll highways the discount was eliminated the next year.[22] NJHA E-ZPass customers were charged a $1-per-month account fee,[22] causing many customers to turn in their NJHA E-ZPass transponders in favor of a transponder from an out-of-state authority which did not charge a monthly fee.

 
Historical picture of a Garden State Parkway toll booth

To reduce congestion, most toll plazas on the roadway were converted into one-way plazas between September 2004 and February 2010, dubbed "one-way tolling".[23] Under this program, the toll is doubled in one direction, and the other direction is toll-free. The Cape May (in Upper Township), Great Egg (in Somers Point), New Gretna (in Bass River Township), Barnegat (in Barnegat Township), Asbury Park (in Tinton Falls), Raritan (in Sayreville), Union (in Hillside), Essex (in Bloomfield), Bergen (in Saddle Brook), and Pascack Valley (in Washington Township) toll plazas had been converted to one-way toll plazas. The Toms River (in Toms River) Toll Plaza is the only toll barrier plaza where a toll is collected in both directions.

Payment of tolls is enforced by photo, a system that went into effect on October 17, 2011.[24]

Picnic areasEdit

 
The John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly picnic area

One of the objectives of the parkway was to become a state park its entire length, and its users would enjoy park-like aesthetics with minimal intrusion of urban scenery. Along the ride, users were permitted to stop and picnic along the roadway to further enjoy the relaxation qualities the parkway had to offer. All picnic areas had tall trees that provided shade and visual isolation from the roadway. Grills, benches, running water and restrooms were provided. Over time as the parkway transformed into a road of commerce, the picnic areas were being closed for a variety of reasons. Their ramp terminals became insufficient to accommodate the high-speed mainline traffic and in addition to the decreasing amount of users, the picnic areas were becoming more effective as maintenance yards and were converted as such or closed altogether.

The two remaining picnic areas are closed from dusk to dawn. Posted signs within the picnic area prohibit fires and camping.

There were ten operational picnic areas:

Name Location Milepost Direction Opened Closed Reason Notes
John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly Upper Township 22.7 miles (36.5 km) Both October 20, 1965[25] John B. Townsend was a physician from Ocean City who became the New Jersey Highway Authority's second Vice Chairman in 1955. The word Shoemaker comes from the last name of the landowner in the way of the Parkway's alignment during its initial construction. The term Holly comes from the Shoemaker's holly tree that was on his property. The tree is presumed to be 300 years old and one of, if not, the oldest holly tree in the United States. The bathrooms at Shoemaker Holly were demolished in August 2014.[26]
Stafford Forge Stafford Township 61.6 miles (99.1 km) Both May 27, 1955[27]
Oyster Creek Lacey Township   Both May 27, 1955[27] The murder of Maria Marshall orchestrated by her husband Robert O. Marshall occurred in the Oyster Creek picnic area on the night of September 7, 1984.[28] The story was made into a novel and television movie on NBC.
Double Trouble Double Trouble 79.0 miles (127.1 km) Southbound February 23, 1961[29] Mosquito outbreak The NJHA chose to abandon the service area due to the outbreak of mosquitoes from a nearby cranberry bog.[29]
Polhemus Creek Brick Township 82.0 miles (132.0 km) Northbound June 4, 1955[30]
Herbertsville Wall Township 94.65 miles (152.32 km) Southbound May 27, 1955[27] Converted to a maintenance yard of the same name and heavy vehicle weigh station.
Telegraph Hill Holmdel Township 115.85 miles (186.44 km) Both April 24, 1957[31] The picnic area is off exit 116, next to the PNC Bank Arts Center.
Glenside Woodbridge Township 130.2 miles (209.5 km) Southbound October 23, 1987[32] Illegal use for sex and drugs[32]
Madison Hill Woodbridge Township 134.9 miles (217.1 km) Northbound November 1, 1950[33]   Madison Hill was an overlook constructed for the Route 4 Parkway rather than the whole Garden State Parkway.[33]
Tall Oaks Cranford 137.0 miles (220.5 km) Southbound July 1988[34] Illegal use for sex and drugs[34]

Service areasEdit

 
Approaching the Montvale service area, the last rest area on the northbound side of the Parkway before heading into New York.
 
Assurance sign to the Ocean View service area, Ocean View, New Jersey.

All service areas are located in the center median, unless otherwise noted.

Name Location Milepost Direction Opened Closed Facilities Notes
Ocean View Dennis Township 18.3 miles (29.5 km) Both July 8, 1955[35] Restrooms, fuel, vending machines, tourist information Formerly known as Seaville.
Atlantic Plaza Galloway Township 41.4 miles (66.6 km) Both Food, restrooms, fuel and information
New Gretna Bass River Township 53 miles (85 km) Both July 1, 1955[35] Food, restrooms, fuel Temporary service area built for services until the permanent service areas were completed. Now site of a Parkway maintenance facility.
Forked River Lacey Township 76.0 miles (122.3 km) Both May 19–26, 1955[27][36] Food, restrooms, fuel The snack bar at Forked River opened the weekend of May 19–20, 1955 but full facilities did not open until May 26.[36]
Monmouth Wall Township 100.4 miles (161.6 km) Both July 1, 1955[37] Food, restrooms, fuel
Eatontown Tinton Falls 107 miles (172 km) Both July 1, 1955[35] Food, restrooms, fuel Temporary service area built for services until the permanent service areas were completed.
Cheesequake Old Bridge Township 123.0 miles (197.9 km) Both May 12, 1955[38] Food, restrooms, fuel
Colonia South Woodbridge Township 132.79 miles (213.70 km) Southbound Fuel, convenience stores and restrooms
Colonia North 133.45 miles (214.77 km) Northbound Fuel, convenience stores and restrooms
Vaux Hall Union Township 142.0 miles (228.5 km) Northbound May 26, 1955[27][36] Food, restrooms and fuel
Brookdale South Bloomfield 153.3 miles (246.7 km) Southbound August 10, 1956[39] Food, restrooms and fuel
Brookdale North 153 miles (246 km) Northbound December 10, 1956[40] Fuel only Doubles as barracks for New Jersey State Police.
Montvale Montvale 171 miles (275 km) Both September 18, 1958[41] Food, restrooms, fuel and information

Park-ettesEdit

In the 1950s, four petroleum companies were hired to provide gasoline and vehicular necessities—Esso, Texaco, Atlantic and Cities Service. The Cities Service company was the petroleum provider at Monmouth, Forked River, Atlantic City (Absecon at the time) and Ocean View (Seaville at the time) and offered a service where female employees were hired for those service area showrooms, wore uniforms and were known as the Park-ettes. Their duties included providing directions and other information to motorists as well as rendering odd bits of service such as sewing a missing button on a patron's coat.[42]

Exit listEdit

Many entrances and exits have tolls. In general, exits have tolls when they precede a barrier toll, and exits are free when they follow a barrier toll. Conversely, entrances that precede a barrier toll are free; and tolls are paid at entrances just beyond a barrier toll. This avoids double tolling (e.g., paying a barrier toll and then immediately paying again to exit) and under-tolling (e.g., driving a long distance and then exiting for free just before a barrier toll).

There are no tolls between exits 127 and 141, inclusive, as this was the original road segment that predates the New Jersey Highway Authority.

CountyLocationmi[1]kmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes[43]
Cape MayLower Township0.000.00 0   Route 109 to US 9 – Cape May, North Cape MayAt-grade intersection, access to Cape May–Lewes Ferry
Middle Township3.906.28 4  Route 47 – Wildwood, Wildwood Crest, Rio GrandeToll (northbound exit and southbound entrance); signed as exit 4A (south) and 4B (north) southbound
6.5410.536  Route 147 – North Wildwood, WhitesboroSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
8.4013.529  To US 9 / Shell Bay AvenueFormer at-grade intersection, removed 2014
9.9015.9310Cape May Court House, Stone HarborAccess via CR 657, former at-grade intersection, removed 2014[44]
11.0417.7711  To US 9 / Crest Haven Road (CR 609)Former at-grade intersection, removed 2015[44]
11.8018.9912  US 9Southbound entrance only, no exit
13.6021.8913  To US 9 (CR 601) – Swainton, Avalon
Dennis Township17.5028.1617Sea Isle City, Dennis TownshipAccess via CR 625, southbound exit and northbound entrance
Upper Township19.3831.19Cape May Toll Plaza (northbound only)
20.2532.5920   US 9 / Route 50 north – Upper TownshipNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
25.3440.7825  US 9 south (CR 623) – Ocean CitySouthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
access to Corson's Inlet State Park
Great Egg Harbor Bay27.7744.69Great Egg Harbor Bridge
AtlanticSomers Point28.7846.32Great Egg Toll Plaza (southbound only)
28.9046.5129  US 9 north – Somers Point, Ocean CityNorthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
northbound exit and southbound entrance
30.0048.2830Somers Point, Ocean CityAccess via North Laurel Drive, southbound exit and northbound entrance, toll (on southbound exit only)
Egg Harbor Township35.8257.6536   US 40 / US 322 (CR 563 / CR 651) – Northfield, Pleasantville, Atlantic CityNo southbound exit, northbound exit only
36.0858.07  CR 563 south – Northfield, MargateNo northbound exit, southbound exit only
36.2858.3937N   US 40 / US 322Northbound entrance only, no exit
36.5958.8937   US 40 / US 322 (CR 608) – Pleasantville, Atlantic CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance, access to CR 563 north
37.2359.9238  A.C. Expressway – Atlantic City, CamdenSigned as exits 38A (east) and 38B (west), Exit 38B provides access to Atlantic City International Airport and the FAA Tech Center
Galloway Township40.0464.4440  US 30 east – Absecon, Brigantine, Atlantic CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
41.7067.1141  CR 561 – Galloway Township, PomonaOpened March 13, 2015; Access to AtlantiCare Medical Campus and Stockton University
43.9870.7844  
   CR 575 / CR 561 Alt. – Pomona, Port Republic, Smithville
Northbound exit and southbound entrance opened August 2015; Access to Stockton University, Atlantic City International Airport and the FAA Tech Center
Port Republic48.2977.7248  US 9 south – Port Republic, SmithvilleSouthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
southbound exit and northbound entrance
BurlingtonBass River Township50.6781.5550  US 9 north – New Gretna, TuckertonNorthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
northbound exit and southbound entrance
52.7084.8152  CR 654 – New GretnaSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
53.5486.16New Gretna Toll Plaza (northbound only)
OceanLittle Egg Harbor Township58.6994.4558  CR 539 – Little Egg Harbor, Tuckerton, Whiting
Stafford Township64.11103.1863  Route 72 – Long Beach Island, PembertonSigned as exits 63A (east) and 63B (west) northbound
Barnegat Township67.81109.1367  CR 554 – Barnegat, PembertonSigned as exits 67A (east) and 67B (west) southbound
68.61110.42Barnegat Toll Plaza (southbound only)
Ocean Township70.45113.3869  CR 532 – WaretownToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)
Lacey Township75.34121.2574  CR 614 – Forked RiverToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)
Berkeley Township77.40124.5677BerkeleyAccess via CR 618 / CR 619, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)
South Toms River80.85130.1280    US 9 south / CR 619 south / CR 530 – Beachwood, South Toms RiverSouthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
southbound exit and northbound entrance
Toms River81.85131.7281Lakehurst Road (CR 527) – Toms River
82.35132.5382  Route 37 – Seaside Heights, LakehurstSigned as exits 82 (east) and 82A (west);
access to Island Beach State Park
84.10135.3583    US 9 north / CR 571 / Route 166 south – LakewoodNorthern terminus of concurrency with US 9;
no southbound exit
84.72136.34Toms River Toll Plaza
Lakewood Township89.36143.818889[45][46]  Route 70 – Lakehurst, Lakewood, Brick TownshipSigned as exit 89A northbound for Route 70 east and west; 89A (east) and 89B (west) southbound; toll on all ramps
90.18145.13  CR 528 – Lakewood, BrickSigned as exit 89B northbound and 89C southbound; toll on all ramps
Brick Township91.10146.6190  CR 549 south – BrickNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
92.62149.0691  CR 549 – Lakewood, Brick Township, Herbertsville, Point PleasantSigned as exits 91B (south) and 91A (north) southbound; toll on southbound exit and northbound entrance
MonmouthWall Township98.23158.0996–9798    I-195 west / Route 138 east / Route 34 – Belmar, Point Pleasant Beach, TrentonToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance);
Access from Northbound Parkway to NJ-34 and I-195 west via NJ-138 west (unsigned); Junction with NJ 34 formerly exit 96 and NJ 138 formerly exit 97[6]
Tinton Falls101.24162.93100100A  Route 33 east – Ocean Grove, Bradley BeachBradley Beach not signed on southbound signage; formerly exit 100
101.49163.33100A100B  Route 66 east – Asbury Parkno southbound access to NJ 66 east; formerly exit 100A; northbound exit and southbound entrance
101.74–
163.73
163.73–
263.50
100B100C  Route 33 west – Freehold Boroughsigned as exit 100B southbound;
103.15166.00102Neptune, Asbury ParkAccess via CR 16, southbound exit and northbound entrance
103.96167.31Asbury Park Toll Plaza (northbound only)
104.20167.69South end of local-express lanes split
106.12–
106.39
170.78–
171.22
105    Route 18 north / Route 36 east to Route 35 – New Brunswick, Eatontown, Long BranchToll (on northbound entrance only); southbound exit and northbound entrance from express and local lanes; commercial vehicles must exit here
Middletown Township110.14177.25109  CR 520 – Red Bank, LincroftToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)
MiddletownHolmdel
township line
113.88183.27114Holmdel, MiddletownAccess via CR 52, toll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); exit opened December 21, 1962[47]
Holmdel Township115.85186.44116  PNC Bank Arts Center
117.00188.29Crossover ramps between express and local lanes
Hazlet Township118.50190.71117   Route 35 / Route 36 south – Hazlet, Keyport, AberdeenToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance);
southbound exit and northbound entrance from express lanes
Aberdeen Township118.79191.17117A118AberdeenAccess via CR 3, southbound exit and entrance, toll, formerly 117A until 2016
MiddlesexOld Bridge Township121.13194.94120Laurence Harbor, MatawanAccess via CR 689, access to Cheesequake State Park
Sayreville124.64200.59123  US 9 south – Sayreville, Old BridgeSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
124.99201.15124Main Street (CR 670)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Exit opened October 25, 1982[48]
125.28201.62North end of local-express lanes split
125.68202.26Raritan Toll Plaza (southbound only)
126.36203.36125   US 9 south / Route 35 (Chevalier Avenue, Main Street Extension) – Sayreville, South AmboyNorthbound exit only but no northbound entrance; southbound exit for E-Z Pass users only and southbound entrance will now be accessed from Main Street Extension
Raritan River127.33204.92Driscoll Bridge
Woodbridge Township128.0206.0127    US 9 north / Route 440 to I-287 – Woodbridge Township, Perth Amboy, Staten IslandSigned as exit 129 southbound;
southbound exit via New Brunswick Avenue
129.50208.41128129   I-95 / N.J. Turnpike – New York City, Trenton, CamdenExit 11 on I-95 / Turnpike; exit opened September 18, 1969[49]
129.50208.41    US 9 / Route 440 to I-287 – Woodbridge Township, Perth Amboy, Staten IslandSouthbound exit only, northbound exit via exit 127
130.63210.23130  US 1 – Trenton, NewarkSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; signed as exit 130B (south/Trenton) and 130A (north/Newark)
131.33211.36131Wood Avenue South (CR 649)Signed as exit 131A northbound
131.83212.16131B  MetroparkAccess via CR 657, northbound exit and southbound entrance
131.97212.39131132  Route 27 – Rahway, MetuchenFormerly exit 131 until March 2015[50]
UnionClark136.22219.22135Clark, WestfieldAccess via CR 613
Cranford137.59221.43136Linden, RoselleAccess via CR 607 / CR 615
138.74223.28137  Route 28 – Roselle Park, Elizabeth, Cranford
Kenilworth140.34225.86138  CR 509 – Kenilworth
Union Township141.10227.08139ARoselle ParkNorthbound exit and entrance
139B  Route 82 west – UnionSigned as exit 140A (formerly 140) southbound
141.70228.04140   US 22 / Route 82 east – Elizabeth, Somerville, HillsideSigned as exit 140B (formerly 140A) southbound
142.10228.69141Vauxhall Road (CR 630) – UnionSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Hillside142.66229.59Union Toll Plaza (northbound only)
142.80229.81142142A    I-78 east to N.J. Turnpike – Newark Airport, Newark, Holland TunnelToll (northbound exit and entrance only); southbound exit to I-78 east opened December 10, 2010
142.90229.98142142B  I-78 west – SpringfieldToll (northbound exit and entrance only); northbound exit ramp to I-78 west opened September 16, 2009
143.00230.14142A142CHillside, MaplewoodAccess via North Union Avenue, northbound exit and southbound entrance
EssexIrvington144.0231.7143Springfield Avenue (CR 603) / Lyons Avenue (CR 602) – Irvington, Maplewood, HillsideSigned as exits 143A (Hillside), 143B (Maplewood) and 143C (Springfield) southbound
145.98234.93144  CR 510 (South Orange Avenue)Toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance)
East Orange146.93–
147.15
236.46–
236.81
146145    I-280 / CR 508 to N.J. Turnpike – The Oranges, Newark, HarrisonToll (on southbound entrance only); One way tolls at Exit 145 towards The Oranges started on July 26, 2018 at 10 pm.[51]); exit opened October 17, 1967[52]
148.44238.89147Springdale Avenue – East OrangeSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Bloomfield149.2240.1148  CR 506 (CR 506 Spur / Bloomfield Avenue)Toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance)
150.22241.76148A149Belleville Avenue (CR 506) – Belleville, Glen RidgeSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; formerly exit 148A until May 1967[53]
150.66242.46Essex Toll Plaza (southbound only)
151.1243.2149A150Hoover Avenue (CR 651) – Bloomfield, BellevilleNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; formerly exit 149A until May 1967[53]
152.45245.34151Watchung Avenue (CR 655) – Nutley, MontclairToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance)
PassaicClifton154.06–
154.45
247.94–
248.56
153   Route 3 to US 46 west – Secaucus, WayneToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); signed as exits 153A (east) and 153B (west) northbound; no southbound access to Route 3 west, access to Meadowlands Sports Complex
155.91250.91154  US 46 – CliftonToll (southbound exit and northbound entrance); exit opened December 30, 1958[54]
156.4251.7155P155A   Route 19 to I-80 west – PatersonNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
156.68252.15155155BHazel Street (CR 702)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
158.19254.58156   US 46 / Route 20 / River DriveNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
BergenElmwood Park158.87255.68157   US 46 to Route 20 – Garfield, Elmwood ParkSame directional movements only
Saddle Brook160–
160.35
260–
258.06
159  I-80 – Saddle Brook, Paterson, George Washington BridgeToll (on northbound exit only); northbound exit and southbound entrance. No direct northbound access to I-80 west
160.46258.24Bergen Toll Plaza (northbound only)
Paramus161.53259.96160  To Route 208 (CR 62) – Fair Lawn, HackensackNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
161.88260.52161  Route 4 east – ParamusNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
163.06262.42163   Route 17 south to Route 4 – Paramus, George Washington BridgeSouthbound exit and northbound entrance, access to Meadowlands Sports Complex
163.29262.79  Route 17 north – MahwahNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
164.94265.45165Ridgewood, OradellAccess via CR 80, toll (northbound exit and southbound entrance); exit opened July 3, 1957[55]
165.93267.04166Washington, WestwoodAccess via CR 110, southbound exit and northbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957[55]
Washington Township166.25267.55Pascack Valley Toll Plaza (southbound only)
167.46269.50168  CR 502 – Washington, Westwood, Ho-Ho-KusNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957[55]
Woodcliff Lake170.15273.83171Chestnut Ridge Road (CR S-73) – Woodcliff LakeNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Montvale171.52276.03172Grand Avenue (CR 94) – Montvale, Park RidgeNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; exit opened July 3, 1957[55]
172.40277.45    To I-87 / I-287 / New York ThruwayContinuation into New York via the GSP Connector
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Garden State Parkway straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
  2. ^ "What trucks are allowed on the Garden State Parkway and where?".
  3. ^ Samuel, Peter (January 6, 2003). "15-lane bridge for Garden State Parkway". Tollroads News. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved September 23, 2008. "The Garden State Parkway is America's busiest single tollroad in terms of toll transaction numbers - 609m in 2001 or 1.67m/day average."
  4. ^ Samuel, Peter (January 29, 2008). "USA Today reports dramatically more expensive tolls—lousy data". TollRoadsNews. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Google (April 22, 2018). "overview map of the Garden State Parkway (NJ 444)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Parkway Improvement Program to Take Toll". The Asbury Park Press. June 29, 1973. p. 7. Retrieved April 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  7. ^ a b Laurie, Maxine N.; Mappen, Marc (2004–2005). Encyclopedia of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press. p. 305.
  8. ^ Pierson, Melissa Holbrook (1998). The perfect vehicle: what it is about motorcycles. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 82. ISBN 0-393-31809-5.
  9. ^ "Governor McGreevey Announces Planned Improvements from Turnpike Authority Consolidation" (Press release). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. July 10, 2003. Archived from the original on October 28, 2003. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
  10. ^ Ahlersnewspaper=Cape May County Herald, Bob (July 19, 2011). "Funding Failed, Tolls Imposed To Pay for Garden State Parkway". Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  11. ^ "New Jersey Sues Florida Pizza Shop". Philadelphia, PA: WCAU-TV. Associated Press. July 24, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "New Jersey Turnpike suit over Florida pizza shop logo tossed". CBS New York. The Associated Press. March 27, 2015.
  13. ^ Google (September 16, 2016). "Google Street View imagery of Garden State Parkway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  14. ^ The NJ Law Reads as follows: "3. With the exception of vehicles holding a special permit, only New Jersey State Police vehicles, Authority maintenance vehicles and other Authority authorized vehicles, with a gross weight, G.V.W.R. and/or G.C.W.R. in excess of 10,000 pounds, shall be allowed on the Parkway north of Interchange 105, except that all vehicles in excess of 10,000 pounds are allowed on Ramp 7 in Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County for purposes of accessing the Turnpike."[citation needed]
  15. ^ "Section 19:8-1.9(b)15" (PDF). Garden State Parkway Regulations. State of New Jersey. October 23, 1987. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007. 19:8-1.9(b)15: All vehicles except cars, campers, omnibuses, and vehicles entitled to toll-free passage under N.J.A.C. 19:8-3.2 (Toll-free passage) are prohibited from the Parkway north of Interchange 105.
  16. ^ "N.J. to consider allowing trucks on Garden State Parkway north of exit 105". The Star-Ledger. Associated Press. April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  17. ^ "N.J. won't allow trucks on Garden State Parkway north of exit 105". The Star-Ledger. Associated Press. April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  18. ^ "Union Watersphere". lostinjersey.wordpress.com. March 19, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
  19. ^ a b "Parkway to Discontinue Token Sales" (Press release). New Jersey Highway Authority. December 26, 2001. Archived from the original on February 12, 2005.
  20. ^ Strauss, Robert (July 20, 2008). "Soon, Token Non Grata on the Garden State". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
  21. ^ "E-ZPass open from N.Y. State to Cape May" (Press release). New Jersey Highway Authority. September 19, 2000. Archived from the original on September 25, 2003.
  22. ^ a b "E-ZPass: A plan that works for NJ" (PDF). July 11, 2002. pp. 9–10. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
  23. ^ NJ Turnpike and Garden State Parkway Project. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  24. ^ PAY TOLL Photo Enforced to all exact change lanes "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  25. ^ "Picnic Area Built Around Ancient Holly". The Asbury Park Evening Press. October 12, 1965. p. 13. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  26. ^ Wittkowski, Donald (August 1, 2014). "Bathrooms gone, but ancient holly remains at parkway rest stop in Cape May". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Parkway Picnic Area Stymied". The Asbury Park Press. May 27, 1955. p. 19. Retrieved April 14, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  
  28. ^ Sheppard, R.Z. (January 2, 1989). "Books: Serpents in The Garden State". Time. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  29. ^ a b "Mosquitos Get Double Trouble". The Plainfield Courier-News. February 24, 1961. p. 1. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  30. ^ "New Picnic Area Opens on Parkway". The Central New Jersey Home News. June 5, 1955. p. 28. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  31. ^ "Parkway Dedicates Telegraph Hill Park". The Asbury Park Evening Press. April 25, 1957. p. 1. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  32. ^ a b Coleman, Steven (October 24, 1987). "Rest Stop's Closing Blamed on Drugs, Sex". The Courier-News. p. 15. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  
  33. ^ a b "First Section of Route 4 Parkway is Completed". The Central New Jersey Home News. October 29, 1950. p. 1, 32. Retrieved April 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  34. ^ a b Kasen, Timothy (July 21, 1988). "Parkway to Shut Down Cranford Rest Area". The Courier-News. p. 25. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  
  35. ^ a b c "Parkway Closes Temporary Areas". The Plainfield Courier-News. July 8, 1955. p. 7. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  36. ^ a b c "New Bridge Due to Open". The Plainfield Courier-News. May 26, 1955. p. 6. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  37. ^ "Parkway to Open Two More Service Areas". The Asbury Park Press. June 25, 1955. p. 7. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  38. ^ "Parkway Opens First Restaurant". The Plainfield Courier-News. May 12, 1955. p. 36. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  39. ^ "Parkway Restaurant Opens Friday". The Asbury Park Press. August 8, 1956. p. 22. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  40. ^ "Garden State Parkway Adds Service Area". The Plainfield Courier-News. December 10, 1956. p. 6. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  41. ^ "Parkway Site to be Opened". The Plainfield Courier-News. September 17, 1958. p. 8. Retrieved April 20, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  42. ^ "The First Five Years of the Garden State Parkway" published by the New Jersey Highway Authority, page 29.
  43. ^ "Garden State Parkway Exits (Milemarkers)". www.maikoff.net.
  44. ^ a b "Advisory: Mechanic Street Exit from Garden State Parkway to Close Permanently". Middle Township New Jersey. Middle Township Municipality. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  45. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  46. ^ Nee, Daniel (June 10, 2015). "New Brick Parkway Exit Ramps Open This Week".
  47. ^ "Parkway to Open New Interchange". The Plainfield Courier-News. December 20, 1962. p. 34. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  48. ^ "Parkway Ramp Debuts Monday". The Central Jersey Home News. October 23, 1982. p. 3. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  49. ^ "Toll Highway Link Opens Tomorrow". The Asbury Park Press. September 17, 1969. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved April 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  50. ^ "What Exit? New Jersey Question Gets a Bit Trickier". Philadelphia, PA: WCAU-TV. March 13, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  51. ^ Turnpike Authority, New Jersey (17 July 2018). "Tolls for drivers leaving the northbound lanes on the Parkway at Exit 145 in The Oranges will be eliminated on July 26, 2018 at 10 pm while drivers enter the southbound lanes on the Parkway will be charged $1.00". New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  52. ^ "Parkway Link Opens Tuesday". The Asbury Park Press. October 14, 1967. p. 20. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  53. ^ a b "2 Parkway Exits' Numbers Change". The Asbury Park Evening Press. May 23, 1967. p. 18. Retrieved April 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. 
  54. ^ "To Open New Ramps at Rt. 46". The Daily Home News. December 26, 1958. p. 16. Retrieved April 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  55. ^ a b c d "Parkway's Link-Up with Thruway Near". The Asbury Park Sunday Press. June 30, 1957. p. 6. Retrieved April 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  

External linksEdit