Montclair is a township in Essex County in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Situated on the cliffs of the Watchung Mountains, Montclair is a commercial and cultural hub of North Jersey and a diverse bedroom community of New York City within the New York metropolitan area.[19] The township is the home of Montclair State University, the state's second-largest university.

Montclair, New Jersey
Panoramic view of Montclair from atop the Watchungs, 2008
Opening night for the film Wild Rose at Wellmont Theater, 2019
Victorian home on 30 Eagle Rock Way, 2011
Official seal of Montclair, New Jersey
Map
Interactive map of Montclair
Montclair is located in Essex County, New Jersey
Montclair
Montclair
Location in Essex County
Montclair is located in New Jersey
Montclair
Montclair
Location in New Jersey
Montclair is located in the United States
Montclair
Montclair
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°49′30″N 74°12′39″W / 40.824998°N 74.210856°W / 40.824998; -74.210856[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyEssex
IncorporatedApril 15, 1868 (as township)
ReincorporatedFebruary 24, 1894 (as town)
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act (council–manager)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorSean Spiller (term ends June 30, 2024)[3][4]
 • Interim Township ManagerMichael Lapolla[5]
 • Municipal clerkAngelese Bermúdez Nieves[6]
Area
 • Total6.25 sq mi (16.17 km2)
 • Land6.24 sq mi (16.16 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)  0.11%
 • Rank252nd of 565 in state
6th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation299 ft (91 m)
Population
 • Total40,921
 • Estimate 
(2022)[9][11]
39,821
 • Rank57th of 565 in state
6th of 22 in county[12]
 • Density6,560.0/sq mi (2,532.8/km2)
  • Rank79th of 565 in state
10th of 22 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07042, 07043[13][14]
Area code(s)973[15]
FIPS code3401347500[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID1729720[1][18]
Websitewww.montclairnjusa.org

As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 40,921,[9][10] an increase of 3,252 (+8.6%) from the 2010 census count of 37,669,[20][21] which in turn reflected a decline of 1,308 (−3.4%) from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 census.[22] As of 2010, it was the 60th-most-populous municipality in New Jersey.[23]

History edit

Montclair was initially formed as a township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township,[24] so that a second railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a town, effective February 24, 1894.[25] It derives its name from the French mont clair, meaning "clear mountain" or "bright mountain."[26][27]

In 1980, after multiple protests filed by Montclair officials regarding inequities built into the federal revenue-sharing system,[28] Montclair passed a referendum changing its name to the "Township of Montclair," becoming the third of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.[29][30][31]

Before cannabis was legalized for sale for both medical and recreational use in 2022, the state's first marijuana dispensary opened in Montclair in December 2012, joining Bellmawr, Cranbury, Egg Harbor Township, and Woodbridge Township as one of the five municipalities that had authorized the sale of medical cannabis.[32]

Geography edit

 
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 6.25 square miles (16.17 km2), including 6.24 square miles (16.16 km2) of land and 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2) of water (0.11%).[1][2]

Montclair is on the east side of the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains. Some higher locations in the township provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles (19 km) away.[33]

Named localities in the township include Church Street, Frog Hollow, South End, Upper Montclair, and Watchung Plaza.[34]

Montclair is split between two ZIP Codes. The central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. Upper Montclair lies north of Watchung Avenue and has a separate ZIP code, 07043. Because the ZIP codes do not exactly match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities. A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside (07042, formerly known as Mountainside Hospital), whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge.[35][36] Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028.

Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, Wigwam Brook in the southwest, Pearl Brook in the northwest, and Yantacaw Brook in the northeast—all in the Passaic River watershed. Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. Wigwam, Nishuane, and Toney's brooks flow into the Second River, and the others flow into the Third River. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed.

Montclair borders the municipalities of Bloomfield, Cedar Grove, Glen Ridge, Orange, Verona, and West Orange in Essex County; and Clifton and Little Falls in Passaic County.[37][38][39]

The southern border of Montclair is a straight line between Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, and the point where Orange Road begins at the foot of Ridgewood Avenue. The eastern border is roughly a straight line between that point and a point just southwest of where Broad Street crosses the Third River. The western border runs roughly along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County border. The northern border is the border between those two counties.

Climate edit

Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm-to-hot, humid summers and cool-to-cold winters, as is characteristic of the Köppen climate classification humid continental climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid-80s and lows in the 70s, with an average high of 86 degrees. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s.

Montclair gets approximately 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rain per year, above the United States average of 39 inches (990 mm).[citation needed] Snowfall is common from December to early March and totals about 30 inches (76 cm) annually. The number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90; the area has an average of 202 sunny days.

Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring municipalities of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.[citation needed]

Demographics edit

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18702,853
18805,14780.4%
18908,63667.8%
190013,96261.7%
191021,55054.3%
192028,81033.7%
193042,01745.8%
194039,807−5.3%
195043,92710.3%
196043,129−1.8%
197044,0432.1%
198038,321−13.0%
199037,729−1.5%
200038,9773.3%
201037,669−3.4%
202040,9218.6%
2022 (est.)39,821[9][11]−2.7%
Population sources:
1870–1920[40] 1870–1910[41]
1870[42][43] 1880–1890[44]
1890–1910[45] 1900–1930[46]
1940–2000[47] 2000[48][49]
2010[20][21] 2020[9][10]

The township has long celebrated its diversity, a feature that has attracted many to the community.[19] The African American population has been stable at around 30% for decades, although it fell from 32% in the 2000 census to 27% in 2010.[48][20]

Montclair has attracted many New Yorkers.[50] Many residents work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek. A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog Gawker.com listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair.[51] Many residents are commuters to New York City and the Metro Area.

2020 census edit

Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey – Racial and Ethnic Composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[52] Pop 2020[53] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 21,920 22,593 58.12% 55.25%
Black or African American alone (NH) 9,902 9,008 26.25% 22.02%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 39 36 0.10% 0.09%
Asian alone (NH) 1,416 2,045 3.76% 5.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 8 11 0.02% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 237 444 0.63% 1.08%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,337 2,480 3.55% 6.07%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,810 4,304 7.47% 10.53%
Total 37,669 40,921 100.00% 100.00%

2010 census edit

The 2010 United States census counted 37,669 people, 15,089 households, and 9,446 families in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile (2,305.5/km2). There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile (973.8/km2). The racial makeup was 62.16% (23,416) White, 27.16% (10,230) Black or African American, 0.16% (59) Native American, 3.81% (1,434) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.19% (826) from other races, and 4.50% (1,695) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.46% (2,810) of the population.[20]

Of the 15,089 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18; 46.1% were married couples living together; 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.4% were non-families. Of all households, 30.9% were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.[20]

25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.2 males.[20]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,696 (with a margin of error of +/− $5,396) and the median family income was $126,983 (+/− $8,950). Males had a median income of $83,589 (+/− $5,955) versus $66,063 (+/− $3,616) for females. The per capita income for the township was $53,572 (+/− $2,671). About 4.6% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[54]

Economy edit

 
The Upper Montclair neighborhood

Montclair has six distinct commercial zones:

  • Montclair Center, also known as Downtown Montclair, centered on the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue, South Fullerton Avenue, Glenridge Avenue, and Church Street, is the township's main commercial zone. This intersection is also known as Six Corners. It is home to some of Montclair's largest stores and restaurants and features many upscale restaurants and boutiques near the center of this commercial district. Near the eastern end of this district is Lackawanna Plaza, which once housed the Lackawanna railway station. There is a post office one block to the north of this area. In 2015, Montclair Center won the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[55]
  • Upper Montclair, in the north of the town, is the second-largest commercial zone. The center is the intersection of Valley Road and Bellevue Avenue and incorporates the surrounding areas. The Upper Montclair Business District is home to several restaurants, shops, and in more recent times, chain stores. Upper Montclair is home to the Upper Montclair railway station, a post office, and Anderson Park, a 14.85-acre parcel of land donated by Montclair resident Charles W. Anderson in 1903.  It was called Montclair Park until 1909 when the township requested the name change. The park was designed by John Charles Olmstead, the stepson of Frederick Law Olmstead.[56]
  • Watchung Plaza is located around the intersection of Watchung Avenue and Park Street and is on the divide between two Montclair ZIP Codes, 07042 and 07043. It is home to many "Mom and Pop Stores" and other small businesses. Watchung Plaza has its own post office. It is served by the Watchung Avenue station.
  • Walnut Street, built around the Walnut Street train station. In the spring, summer, and fall it is home to the Montclair Farmer's Market. This commercial zone is home to many restaurants and cafes as well as home to Montclair Brewery, New Jersey's first black-owned microbrewery, and Montclair's only operating brewery.
  • South End, in the south of town, at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Orange Road.
  • Valley Road, between Chestnut Street and Claremont Avenue, is known locally as "Frog Hollow." This area has some strip mall-style shops on one side, and on the other side, window shops with residential apartments on top of them.

Arts and culture edit

Literature and film edit

In the 1948 biographical novel Cheaper by the Dozen, the principal characters Frank Bunker Gilbreth Sr. and Lillian Moller Gilbreth live in Montclair, as the authors did in real life.[57]

The 1989 film Bloodhounds of Broadway, which starred Madonna, Matt Dillon, and Jennifer Grey, was partially filmed in Montclair.[58]

Music edit

Herman Hupfeld, composer of the song "As Time Goes By", was born, lived, and was buried in Montclair.[59] The song was voted No. 2 on the AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs special, commemorating the best songs in film.[60]

The indie rock band Pinegrove is from Montclair. In 2023, it released Montclair: Live at the Wellmont Theater, a film recording a 2021 performance in Montclair.[61]

Theatre edit

In 1971, the actors Louis Zorich and his wife, the later Oscar-winning actress, Olympia Dukakis, founded a theatre group that included Remi Barclay, Jason Bosseau, Margery Fierst, Gerald Fierst, and many others. Some of the acting artistic and administrative participants were permanent, and semi-permanent. Performances were peppered with visits and occasional celebrity artists. Naming themselves Whole Theatre, they based themselves in Montclair. Located 12 miles (19 km) from Midtown Manhattan via the Lincoln Tunnel under the Hudson River, the Whole Theatre productions were readily available to New York City and New Jersey audiences.

In the two decades in which Whole Theatre flourished, they presented a long list of performances in a wide variety of genres. Productions included The Rose Tattoo, Mother Courage, Rabelais: a Dramatic Game (1985), and America at Full Moon (1986).

They enjoyed the support of the local community and the theatre community of New York and New Jersey generally. For example, in 1975–1976 the company acknowledged over 120 substantial donors in their program as well as funding from the New Jersey State Council on the Arts and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund.[62][63][64]

In 1989, Olympia Dukakis was named as the company's Artistic Director. Her two co-directors were Remi Barclay and Gerald Fierst, who were jointly responsible for Education and Outreach.[65] In 2018 Brooke Lea Foster of The New York Times stated that it was one of several "least suburban of suburbs, each one celebrated by buyers there for its culture and hip factor, as much as the housing stock and sophisticated post-city life."[66]

Art institutions edit

Montclair hosts many art institutions and theaters, and despite its relatively small size, has many art venues. It has its own art museum, the Montclair Art Museum, and several small galleries.

Montclair also hosts one cinema, the Claridge Cinema on Bloomfield Avenue which shows different types of movies from documentaries to small-scale indie films. The township hosted its first annual film festival in 2012 to provide a platform for filmmakers from New Jersey, the US, and the world.[67]

Live theaters include The Montclair Operetta Company, the Wellmont Theater, Montclair State University's Kasser Theater, Montclair State University's theater in Life Hall, and the Studio Playhouse. On Bloomfield Avenue, there is a public stage used for concerts and other events. Dotted around Montclair there are also many art galleries, though most are centered in the Bloomfield Avenue Downtown Area.[68] Concerts are held at the Wellmont Theater and at several churches and auditoriums sponsored by Outpost in the Burbs, a community-based organization. In 2017, The Montclair Orchestra was formed as a semi-professional orchestra, composed of both professionals and students from top colleges.[69]

Montclair was the setting for some of the stories in the HBO television series The Sopranos, and many Montclair streets, locations, and businesses were featured in the show, such as Bloomfield Avenue.[70]

Montclair Public Library is one of the oldest public libraries in New Jersey, with the largest collection of materials in northern New Jersey.[71] Following the COVID-19 pandemic, Montclair City Council became increasingly aggressive towards library funding, cutting funding to the minimum levels required by New Jersey law. Following a forensic audit, in which no irregularities were found, its Director, Peter Coyl, announced his departure.[72]

Sports edit

 
Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains

Parks and recreation edit

 
Anderson Park
 
Edgemont Memorial Park

Montclair is home to many parks and nature reserves. Parks in Montclair are both county and municipal. Additional open space includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, and many school-owned sports fields, viz., Montclair State University's Sprague Field. In total Montclair has 153.9 acres (0.623 km2) of township park land spread over 18 parks and 123.8 acres (0.501 km2) of county park land consisting of five parks.[78]

Municipal parks include Mountainside Park, the township's largest at 33.2 acres (13.4 ha), which offers extensive tennis and recreation facilities, and includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, a 6.5-acre (2.6 ha) living museum donated by the family of Frank Presby that is maintained by volunteers and dedicated to the iris.[79] Covering nearly 20 acres (8.1 ha) of wetlands and uplands along the Third River, the Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve offers hiking trails and other passive recreation.[80] Yantacaw Brook Park, covering 11.5 acres (4.7 ha), surrounds a pond that is fed by Yantacaw Brook and that in turn feeds into the Third River on its way towards the Passaic River.[81]

The township has 18 public tennis courts, four skating rinks (two of which are indoor), and three public swimming pools: the Mountainside pool, the Nishuane pool, and the Essex pool.[82]

In 2007, township residents advocated for the construction of a public skatepark.[83] Community members revitalized the effort in 2010 and lobbied the Parks and Recreation Committee for support. The township council passed a resolution expressing approval of the project but allocated no funds for it.[84][85][86] In the spring of 2020, an impromptu skatepark was created by community members on two of the unused tennis courts at Rand Park on North Fullerton Avenue during the COVID-19 pandemic. In July 2020, the township held a ribbon-cutting ceremony to officially recognize this space as a temporary skatepark. The township's playground insurance covers skateboarding, allowing it to allocate funds to the park. The township has paid for signage using its playground fund. All skating equipment (ramps, rails, etc.) at Rand Park has been provided by community members with no financial support from the township.[87][88] At the beginning of the season, much of this equipment consisted of local materials such as picnic tables and garbage cans. By July 2020, all skating equipment present at Rand Park consisted of objects built specifically for skateboarding. On July 13, 2021, a resolution was unanimously passed by the Township Council to make the space at Rand Park a permanent skatepark. This resolution does not allocate any funds for the skatepark.[89] Then-Montclair Councilor-at-Large Peter Yacobellis thinks a skatepark will increase property values and improve quality of life for Montclair residents and believes the township can afford it. Commenting on how much it would cost the township, Yacobellis said "it's not much to have a kickass skate park in Montclair, in the region."[90] Some locals see the park as a negative community influence, one of whom complained that local tennis enthusiasts were not consulted in the decision to convert the courts to a skatepark. Complaints of that nature have been dismissed by the township thus far,[91] most likely due to the fact that Montclair has 16 other tennis courts, but no other skateparks.

Media edit

Montclair has three local newspapers, the Montclair Dispatch,[92] the Montclair Times[93] and as of 2017, The Montclair Local.[94]

In addition, there is a radio station at 90.3 FM on the campus of Montclair State University, WMSC.[95]

The township has a municipal public service television channel, Channel 34, where township council and school board meetings are broadcast. Montclair High School has its own paper the Mountaineer, and Montclair State University has its own student-run paper, the Montclarion. WNJN, one of four stations of state-wide PBS member station NJTV, is also located there.

Government edit

 
Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building

Local government edit

Since July 1, 1988, Montclair has been governed under the Council-Manager Plan 13 form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act, whose originator, Bayard H. Faulkner, was a former mayor of Montclair.[96] The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government.[97] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Township Council, who are elected to concurrent four-year terms on a non-partisan basis in elections held as part of the May municipal elections. The mayor is elected directly by the voters. The Township Council is comprised of six members, of which two council seats are elected from the township at-large and one council seat is elected from each of four wards.[7][98][99] A deputy mayor is selected by the six council members from their members, and this position is largely ceremonial. Though the Mayor has no executive powers, the mayor presides over council meetings and has both a voice and vote in its proceedings. The Mayor appoints members to many local governing groups, most notably the board of education.[100]

As of 2023, the Mayor of Montclair is Sean M. Spiller.[101] Members of the Montclair Township Council are Deputy Mayor William L. Hurlock (First Ward), Lori Price Abrams (Third Ward), David Cummings (Fourth Ward), Robert J. Russo (at-large), Robin Schlager (Second Ward) and Peter Yacobellis (at-large), all of whom serve terms of office scheduled to end on June 30, 2024.[3][102][103][104][105]

In elections held on May 12, 2020, Sean M. Spiller was elected as mayor, defeating Renée Baskerville. Peter Yacobellis and incumbent Robert Russo won the two at-large seats, defeating the three other candidates—James Cotter, Carmel Loughman, and Roger Terry. Incumbent Robin Schlager won the Second Ward, defeating Christina M. Thomas; Lori Price Abrams defeated Marguerite Joralemon in the Third Ward; incumbent Bill Hurlock won the First Ward seat, defeating John Hearn; and David Cummings, who ran unopposed, won in the Fourth Ward.[106]

Federal, state, and county representation edit

 
Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park

Montclair is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts[107] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[108]

Prior to the 2010 Census, Montclair had been part of the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[109] The split that took effect in 2013 drew the southern section of the township (26,730 residents) into the 10th District, while the northern portion (11,299 residents) moved to the 11th District.[107][110]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 10th congressional district is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark).[111][112] For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 11th congressional district is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[113] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[114] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[115][116]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 27th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by John F. McKeon (D, West Orange) and in the General Assembly by Rosy Bagolie (D, Livingston) and Alixon Collazos-Gill (D, Montclair).[117]

Essex County is governed by a directly elected county executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. As of 2024, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland), whose four-year term of office ends December 31, 2026.[118] The county's Board of County Commissioners is comprised of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected on an at-large basis. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November.[119] Essex County's Commissioners are:

Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark, 2026),[120] A'Dorian Murray-Thomas (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and parts of Newark's South and West Wards; Newark, 2026),[121] Vice President Tyshammie L. Cooper (D, District 3 - Newark: West and Central Wards; East Orange, Orange and South Orange; East Orange, 2026),[122] Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell, 2026),[123] President Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield, 2026),[124] Brendan W. Gill (D, at large; Montclair, 2026),[125] Romaine Graham (D, at large; Irvington, 2026),[126] Wayne Richardson (D, at large; Newark, 2026),[127] Patricia Sebold (D, at-large; Livingston, 2026).[128][129][130][131][132]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are: Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (D, West Caldwell, 2025),[133][134] Register of Deeds Juan M. Rivera Jr. (D, Newark, 2025),[135][136] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (D, Fairfield, 2024),[137][138] and Surrogate Alturrick Kenney (D, Newark, 2028).[139][140]

Politics edit

As of March 2011, there were a total of 27,289 registered voters in Montclair, of which 14,782 (54.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,581 (9.5%) were registered as Republicans and 9,903 (36.3%) were registered as unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered as Libertarians or Greens.[141]

In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 85.8% of the vote (18,048 votes), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 11.0% (2,318 votes), and other candidates with 3.1% (661 votes), among the 21,382 ballots cast by the township's 31,610 registered voters (355 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.6%.[142][143] In the 2012 presidential election, Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (15,811 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 15.9% (3,034 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (201 votes), among the 19,576 ballots cast by the township's 29,463 registered voters (530 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.4%.[144][145] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (17,396 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 15.7% (3,294 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (132 votes), among the 20,951 ballots cast by the township's 27,476 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3%.[146] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.8% of the vote (15,597 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 20.2% (3,995 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (157 votes), among the 19,804 ballots cast by the township's 25,762 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[147]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 70.5% of the vote (7,613 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 28.3% (3,057 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (131 votes), among the 10,941 ballots cast by the township's 29,768 registered voters (140 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.8%.[148][149] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 73.9% of the vote (10,139 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 18.7% (2,573 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (801 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (104 votes), among the 13,723 ballots cast by the township's 26,843 registered voters, yielding a 51.1% turnout.[150]

Education edit

 
Board of Education Building

The Montclair Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.[151] The district consists of seven elementary schools, three middle schools, and one high school.[152] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 6,767 students and 564.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1.[153] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics)[154] are Bradford Elementary School[155] (436 students; in grades K–5, Magnet Theme: The University Magnet), Charles H. Bullock Elementary School[156] (448; K–5, Environmental Science), Edgemont Montessori School[157] (280; K–5, Montessori), Hillside Elementary School[158] (577; 3–5, Gifted and Talented), Nishuane Elementary School[159] (417; K–2, Gifted and Talented), Northeast Elementary School[160] (412; K–5, Global Studies), Watchung Elementary School[161] (425; K–5, Science and Technology),

 
Glenfield School

Buzz Aldrin Middle School[162] (667; 6–8, The STEM Magnet), Glenfield Middle School[163] (675; 6–8, Visual and Performing Arts), Renaissance Middle School at the Rand Building[164] (257; 6–8, Liberal Arts) and Montclair High School[165] (2,081; 9–12).[166][167]

Montclair is home to Montclair State University, which was founded in 1908 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Montclair.[168]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark supervises the operation of Immaculate Conception High School (coed) and Lacordaire Academy (for girls)at the high school level[169] and Lacordaire Academy Lower Division and St. Cassian School for grades Pre-K–8.[170] In 2016, St. Cassian School was one of ten schools in New Jersey, and one of four private schools in the state, recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education, a recognition celebrating excellence in academics.[171][172]

Montclair is also home to a host of public and private schools, including Montclair Kimberley Academy,[173] Montclair Community Pre-K, Montclair Cooperative School, Virginia Harkness Sawtelle Learning, Maria Montessori Early Learning, Montclair Cooperative School, Trinity Academy, and Deron School II.

Infrastructure edit

Transportation edit

 
County Route 506 (Bloomfield Avenue) westbound in Montclair

Montclair is considered a commuter suburb of New York City. NJ Transit and DeCamp Bus Lines are the providers of public transportation. The average Montclair commute is 38 minutes each way. About 24% of commuters take mass transit, while 59% drive alone. Twelve times more Montclair commuters take mass transit than the national average.[citation needed]

Roads and highways edit

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 100.62 miles (161.93 km) of roadways, of which 86.68 miles (139.50 km) were maintained by the municipality and 13.94 miles (22.43 km) by Essex County Road Dept.[174]

Major roads in the township include County Route 506 (Bloomfield Avenue).[175][176]

There is a taxi stand near Bloomfield Avenue in eastern Montclair, in front of Lackawanna Plaza, formerly the Montclair train station.

Public transportation edit

Bus edit

NJ Transit buses 11, 28, 29, 34, 97, 191, and 705 run through Montclair, most going along the main street, Bloomfield Avenue.[177][178] The NJ transit bus routes are:

All of these routes except #97, #191, and #705 were trolley lines originally, operated by the Public Service Railway. A trolley garage existed on Bloomfield Avenue. In the 1930s and 1950s, the trolleys were destroyed and replaced with buses.

DeCamp Bus Lines routes 33 and 66 ran through Montclair to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City until April 2023, carrying primarily commuters.

  • #33 went along Bloomfield Avenue, with some buses going onto Grove Street[179]
  • #66 went along Orange Road, Park Street, Valley Road, and Mt. Hebron Road[180]

Montclair State University has shuttle buses going around its campus.[181]

The township of Montclair operates its own jitney in the evening, from the Bay Street train station to the southern end of Montclair.[182]

Rail edit
 
The former Lackawanna Railroad terminal, photographed when it housed a Hollywood Video store
 
Montclair-Boonton Line at Montclair Heights station

Running through Montclair is the Montclair-Boonton Line, serving New York Penn Station and Hoboken Terminal to the east, and Hackettstown to the west.[183] Seven NJ Transit Rail stations serve Montclair: Bay Street,[184] Walnut Street,[185] Watchung Avenue,[186] Upper Montclair,[187] Mountain Avenue,[188] and Montclair Heights in Montclair,[189] and Montclair State University station in the Great Notch area of Little Falls.[190] Only Bay Street station has weekend train service.

Montclair has a long history of railroads. The first railroad to Montclair was built in 1856 by the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad. It terminated at a station in Downtown Montclair. First the Morris and Essex Railroad, then the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad leased the line.

In 1868, the Montclair Railway built another line through Montclair, which caused disputes leading to Montclair's separation from Bloomfield. Shortly afterward it was taken over by the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. A third railroad to Morristown was planned in 1860 and construction began, but the Panic of 1873 ended the project. In 1912 the Lackawanna Railroad built a large terminal at the end of their line. The Erie and Lackawanna Railroads later merged, forming the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, which operated both lines for many decades. They were next operated by Conrail for approximately one year, after which NJ Transit took over passenger operations and Conrail continued freight operations. Meanwhile, the 1912 terminal was closed in 1981 and converted into shops. This station was replaced by the Bay Street station. In 2002, the two railway lines were connected with the construction of the Montclair Connection.[191]

Healthcare edit

 
Mountainside Medical Center

Mountainside Medical Center, also known as Mountainside Hospital, is a 398-bed acute-care hospital located in Montclair that serves Northern Essex County.[192] A part of the Hackensack Meridian Health, Mountainside Hospital is one of only two for-profit hospitals in New Jersey.[193] It is also a clinical campus and affiliate of the New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine and provides clinical clerkship education for the medical school's osteopathic medical students.[194] As of 2020, Mountainside Hospital provides 12 specialties and hosts 47 full-time interns and residents.[195]

Housing edit

 
WNJN-TV transmitter site

Montclair is noted for its historic architecture. It is home to six historic districts listed on the Register of Historic Places of both the state and country as a whole, 92 individually listed landmarks, and two locally designated commercial districts. Works by significant architects include designs by Van Vleck and Goldsmith, Charles Follen McKim, McKim, Mead, and White, Henry Hudson Holly, Charles A. Platt, Alexander Jackson Davis, Dudley Van Antwerp, Effingham R. North, Montrose Morris, and Frances Nelson, among others.[citation needed]

In 2018, Bobbi Brown, founder and ex-CCO of Bobbi Brown Cosmetics, and her husband, realtor Steven Plofker opened The George, a 32-room boutique hotel on North Mountain Avenue that was originally a private home constructed in 1902.[196]

Montclair has also housed many hotels, such as the defunct Hotel Montclair. In 2013, plans were announced to bring a new hotel to Montclair, featuring 100 rooms and a liquor license.[197]

Sister cities edit

Montclair's sister cities are:[198][199]

In 2022, the town ended its relationship with the city of Cherepovets, in protest against the invasion of Ukraine by Russia.[200]

Points of interest edit

 
Van Vleck House and Gardens

Historic sites edit

 
The Anchorage
 
Central Presbyterian Church
 
The House that Lives
 
Charles S. Shultz House

Montclair is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[201]

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places Archived March 21, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990 Archived August 24, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Township Council Archived March 20, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed May 10, 2022.
  4. ^ 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory Archived March 11, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
  5. ^ Office of Township Manager Archived October 26, 2023(Date mismatch), at the Wayback Machine, Township of Montclair. Accessed December 6, 2023.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk Archived October 24, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Township of Montclair. Accessed March 21, 2023.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 148.
  8. ^ "Township of Montclair". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e QuickFacts Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived March 4, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2022.
  10. ^ a b c Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities Archived February 13, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  11. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022 Archived May 21, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
  12. ^ a b Population Density by County and Municipality: New Jersey, 2020 and 2021 Archived March 7, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2023.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Montclair, NJ Archived April 28, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, United States Postal Service. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  14. ^ ZIP codes Archived June 17, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Montclair, NJ Archived April 28, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  16. ^ U.S. Census website Archived December 27, 1996, at the Wayback Machine , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey Archived November 19, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Goodnough, Abby. "Schools: Referendum; How to Pick the School Board?" Archived August 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 22, 1995. Accessed August 5, 2022. "In a town that has always been proud of its diversity – many residents say it was their primary reason for moving to Montclair – the difference of opinion has caused considerable strife."
  20. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township Archived June 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  22. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived June 2, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  23. ^ Staff. "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south" Archived April 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, USA Today. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  24. ^ History of Montclair Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed August 5, 2007. "When Bloomfield authorities declined to authorize a bond issue to underwrite another railroad, Montclair residents were successful in securing from the State legislature a charter for a separate township. Thus in 1868, the Township of Montclair was created."
  25. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968 Archived March 14, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 129. Accessed July 6, 2012.
  26. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names Archived November 15, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 7, 2015.
  27. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 21. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 7, 2015.
  28. ^ Hanley, Robert. "Opponent of Distribution Formula For Federal Aid Steps Up Attack; As South Orange Moves to Become Township, Montclair Aide Calls for Equitable Sharing" Archived August 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 29, 1977. Accessed August 9, 2018. "Montclair, Aug. 26 A Town Commissioner here is intensifying his five-year-long campaign to correct what he considers are inequities in the distribution of Federal revenue-sharing money that allows diversion of the grants to New Jersey's townships at the expense of the state's needy cities."
  29. ^ "Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification", p. 73. New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, 1992. Accessed September 24, 2015.
  30. ^ "Removing Tiering From The Revenue Sharing Formula Would Eliminate Payment Inequities To Local Governments" Archived October 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Government Accountability Office, April 15, 1982. Accessed September 24, 2015. "In 1978, South Orange Village was the first municipality to change its name to the 'township' of South Orange Village effective beginning in entitlement period 10 (October 1978 to September 1979). The Borough of Fairfield in 1978 changed its designation by a majority vote of the electorate and became the 'Township of Fairfield' effective beginning entitlement period 11 (October 1979 to September 1980).... However, the Revenue Sharing Act was not changed and the actions taken by South Orange and Fairfield prompted the Town of Montclair and West Orange to change their designation by referendum in the November 4, 1980, election. The municipalities of Belleville, Verona, Bloomfield, Nutley, Essex Fells, Caldwell, and West Caldwell have since changed their classification from municipality to a township."
  31. ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. "New Jersey Journal" Archived October 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 27, 1981. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Under the Federal system, New Jersey's portion of the revenue sharing funds is disbursed among the 21 counties to create three 'money pools.' One is for county governments, one for 'places' and a third for townships. By making the change, a community can use the 'township advantage' to get away from the category containing areas with low per capita incomes."
  32. ^ Guion, Payton. "Marijuana legalization would force tough choice for N.J. towns" Archived November 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 15, 2017. Accessed November 15, 2017. "NJ Advance Media reached out to mayors in all five towns that have medical dispensaries: Bellmawr, Cranbury, Egg Harbor, Montclair and Woodbridge."
  33. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle. "Montclair Projects Echo Older Housing" Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, April 20, 1990. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Kip's Ridge, which sits on an eight-acre tract on a ridge along the side of First Mountain, rises 600 feet along the border of Montclair and Verona.... As Montclair's highest point, the ridge offers a clear view of the Manhattan skyline."
  34. ^ Local Place Names Archived October 24, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  35. ^ "Hackensack University Health Network and LHP Hospital Group" Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, HackensackUMC Mountainside, July 12, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013. "HackensackUMC Mountainside, located on the Montclair/Glen Ridge border, is known for providing access to state-of-the-art patient care in a nurturing, community hospital setting."
  36. ^ Roll, Erin. "Glen Ridge baby boom: More than 500 births so far in 2013" Archived October 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Glen Ridge Voice, August 1, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Mountainside is located on the Montclair-Glen Ridge border, and the hospital's mailing address is listed as Montclair. But because the hospital building itself is located in Glen Ridge, every child born at the hospital has Glen Ridge listed as their place of birth."
  37. ^ Areas touching Montclair Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, MapIt. Accessed February 27, 2020.
  38. ^ Municipalities Archived April 20, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Essex County, New Jersey Register of Deeds and Mortgages. Accessed February 27, 2020.
  39. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries Archived December 4, 2003, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  40. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905 Archived February 26, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  41. ^ Staff. 1914 Year Book Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 69. Board of Trade of the City of Newark, 1914. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  42. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1 Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 243, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Montclair was formed from Bloomfield, April 15th, 1868. The first mountain forms its boundary on the west, and separates it from Caldwell township. Population in 1870, 2,853."
  43. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870 Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  44. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III – 51 to 75 Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  45. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890 Archived July 15, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 8, 2012. 1890 population for Montclair Township is listed in Footnote 11.
  46. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I Archived September 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  47. ^ Table 6: New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1940 - 2000 Archived October 5, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, August 2001. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  48. ^ a b Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived June 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 26, 2012.
  49. ^ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  50. ^ Poletto, Christina. "Montclair is the only suburb true New Yorkers will even consider" Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New York Post, September 4, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Some folks like to say that Montclair, the winsome New Jersey township 12 miles west of Manhattan, is the optimal spot for urbanites ready for more bang for their real estate buck."
  51. ^ Where They Weekend: Montclair, NJ Archived February 11, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Gawker.com, March 11, 2007. Accessed July 3, 2007.
  52. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Franklin township, Somerset County, New Jersey". United States Census Bureau.
  53. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Franklin township, Somerset County, New Jersey". United States Census Bureau.
  54. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  55. ^ "Montclair Center BID, Montclair, New Jersey: 2015 Great American Main Street Award Winner". National Trust for Historic Preservation. March 29, 2015. Archived from the original on April 6, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  56. ^ Friends of Anderson Park - a non-profit conservancy dedicated to stewardship of the Olmsted-designed Anderson Park in Montclair, NJ
  57. ^ Yardley, Jonathan. "Gold by a Couple: 'Cheaper by the Dozen'" Archived February 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Post, August 25, 203. Accessed March 30, 2016. "They had a 14-room house in the New Jersey bedroom community of Montclair and rode around in a 'gray Pierce Arrow, equipped with two bulb horns and an electric Klaxon, which Dad would try to blow all at the same time when he wanted to pass anyone.'"
  58. ^ Fry, Chris (October 24, 2023). "Union City Building Where Madonna Filmed 'Bloodhounds of Broadway' Hits the Market". Jersey Digs. Archived from the original on October 27, 2023. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  59. ^ Orel, Gwen. "The Montclair residence of "As Time Goes By" composer Herman Hupfeld hums with artistic activity". Internet Archive. Wayback machine: NorthJersey.com: Community news. The Montclair Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  60. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Archived March 25, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, American Film Institute. Accessed March 6, 2022.
  61. ^ "Pinegrove Releases Montclair: Live at the Wellmont Theater" Archived August 30, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Stage, May 16, 2023. Accessed August 30, 2023. "The Indie/rock group Pinegrove has released Montclair: Live at the Wellmont Theater, a concert film shot at the band’s hometown show in October 2021. The film is available to watch on YouTube and can also be streamed across all DSPs."
  62. ^ Dukakis (Artistic Director), Olympia (Spring 1989). "Whole Theatre School". Newsletter: 3.
  63. ^ Dukakis (Artistic Director), Olympia (1975–76). The Whole Theatre Company Bicentennial Season 75-76. Whole Theatre Company.
  64. ^ Boles, Mark (photos) (April 13, 1989). "Whole Theatre Cabaret Night". The Montclair Times, Montclair, New Jersey.
  65. ^ Dukakis (Artistic Director), Olympia (Spring 1989). "Whole Theatre School Journal=Newsletter": 3. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  66. ^ Foster, Brooke Lea (February 23, 2018). "Comparing Suburbs: Montclair in New Jersey vs. Dobbs Ferry in New York". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  67. ^ Mission Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Film Festival. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  68. ^ Home page Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Museum. September 3, 2009.
  69. ^ Mission Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Orchestra. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  70. ^ Segedin, Andrew. "Montclair remembers 'Soprano' days" Archived October 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Montclair Times, July 1, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Tierney's is far from the only Montclair establishment in which The Sopranos filmed. According to the Montclair Township Clerk's Office, the show also filmed at Montclair High School, Applegate Farms, the intersection of Bradford and Upper Mountain avenues, Valley Road and Madison Avenue."
  71. ^ Strategic Plan 2018-2021 Archived October 26, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Library. Accessed June 29, 2022.
  72. ^ Hochman, Louis C. "Montclair's Library Director Leaving For 28-Branch Sacramento System As Power Struggle Continues Here" Archived December 10, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Local, December 10, 2021. Accessed June 29, 2022.
  73. ^ Yogi Berra Stadium Archived October 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Jackals. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  74. ^ Staff. "New York Red Bulls II Make Montclair State University Home; Remainder of 2016 USL Schedule to be played at Red Bull Arena" Archived May 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New York Red Bulls, May 10, 2016. Accessed December 20, 2016. "New York Red Bulls II has finalized a partnership with Montclair State University to upgrade the university's current Pittser Soccer Complex to serve as the club's home beginning in 2017, the club announced today."
  75. ^ "NJ Pride Move to Rutgers" Archived December 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, LAX.tv, January 19, 2006. Accessed December 20, 2016. "The New Jersey Pride, the Garden State's only professional lacrosse team, announced today that the team will play their 2006 home games at Yurcak Field on the campus of Rutgers University in Piscataway, the premier lacrosse facility in the state.... The move to Rutgers comes after the Pride spent the last two seasons at Sprague Field on the campus of Montclair State University in Montclair. Prior to the 2004 season, the team spent two seasons at Commerce Bank Park in Bridgewater, a year after playing at MSU's Yogi Berra Stadium."
  76. ^ History Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Rugny Football Club. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  77. ^ "Montclair Giants". Facebook. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  78. ^ PAkrs and Park Facilities Archived January 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair, New Jersey. Accessed January 21, 2018.
  79. ^ History of the Gardens, Presby Memorial Iris Gardens. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Frank Presby was an iris hybridizer and owned a fine iris collection. It was his expressed wish to give a collection of his favorite flower, the iris, to Montclair's newly acquired Mountainside Park. Unfortunately, before he could carry out his plans, he passed away in 1924."
  80. ^ Montclair's Alonzo Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! Archived January 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, NJUrbanForest.com. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Welcome to the 20.68 acre Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! The preserve is located and owned by the Township of Montclair, New Jersey and was purchased with NJ DEP Green Acres funds."
  81. ^ About Archived January 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Yantacaw Brook Park Conservancy. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Yantacaw Brook Park is the municipal park located in Montclair, New Jersey. The park consists of approximately 11.5 acres (47,000 m2) of land. The park contains a small pond and a stream that feeds into it. The pond is surrounded by trees and low hills. There are paths and benches throughout the park. The Yantacaw Brook feeds the pond and then continues into the Third River through Bloomfield, Nutley, and Belleville where it finally meets the Passaic River."
  82. ^ Montclair Information Archived April 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Township of Montclair. Accessed July 4, 2008.
  83. ^ "Skateboarder Arrest Fuels New Bid For Skate park" Archived January 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, July 31, 2007. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  84. ^ Emling, Shelly. "Montclair Town Council To Consider Skate Park Resolution Tuesday" Archived October 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Patch, August 2, 2010. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  85. ^ Emling, Shelly. "Skatepark In Montclair NJ! Ready To Make Its Case" Archived October 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Patch, July 4, 2010. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  86. ^ "Montclair Parents and Skateboarders Rally For Skatepark" Archived October 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Baristanet, June 30, 2010. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  87. ^ "Long-Awaited Skate Park Opens In Montclair Amid Pandemic" Archived October 3, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Patch, August 4, 2020. Accessed October 3, 2021.
  88. ^ "Montclair's skate park, open after decades of wrangling, is refuge for teens amid pandemic" Archived October 3, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, NorthJersey.com, September 29, 2020. Accessed October 3, 2021.
  89. ^ "Montclair council approves resolution to give skate park permanent home" Archived October 3, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Local News, July 14, 2021. Accessed October 3, 2021.
  90. ^ "Skaters push for 'next big step' to a permanent park in Montclair" Archived October 3, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Local News, May 3, 2021. Accessed October 3, 2021.
  91. ^ "Temporary skatepark at Rand has been nothing but trouble" Archived October 3, 2021, at the Wayback Machine Montclair Local News, April 30, 2021. Accessed October 3, 2021.
  92. ^ Montclair Dispatch Web site. Archived August 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed August 28, 2017.
  93. ^ Montclair Times Web site Archived August 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed August 28, 2017.
  94. ^ "Local Web site". Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  95. ^ "WMSC Radio Web site". Archived from the original on August 27, 2017. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  96. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law" Archived October 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  97. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey Archived June 1, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed June 1, 2023.
  98. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey" Archived June 4, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 12. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 1, 2023.
  99. ^ Wards Map Archived August 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
  100. ^ Council-Manager Form of Government Archived June 21, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed August 16, 2020. "Montclair Township operates under the Optional Municipal Charter Law (OMCL) popularly known as the Faulkner Act. The OMCL provides for several forms of government. and in 1980 the Township voted to adopt the 'council-manager' plan."
  101. ^ Mayor Sean M. Spiller Archived May 11, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed May 10, 2022.
  102. ^ 2022 Municipal Data Sheet, Montclair Township. Accessed May 10, 2022.
  103. ^ Essex County Directory Archived April 20, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  104. ^ May 12, 2020 Municipal Special Election Unofficial Results Archived May 23, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated May 15, 2020. Accessed August 16, 2020.
  105. ^ 2020 Municipal Election Results Archived April 15, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
  106. ^ "Election Results Final With Spiller Winning Mayoral Seat; Baskerville pushes for review of all outstanding ballots" Archived August 18, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Local, May 18, 2020. Accessed August 16, 2020.
  107. ^ a b Plan Components Report Archived February 19, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  108. ^ Districts by Number for 2023-2031 Archived March 7, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed September 18, 2023.
  109. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  110. ^ New Jersey Congressional Districts 2012–2021: Montclair Map Archived August 5, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  111. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  112. ^ Biography, Congressman Donald M. Payne Jr. Accessed January 3, 2019. "U.S. Representative Donald M. Payne, Jr. is a lifelong resident of Newark, New Jersey."
  113. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  114. ^ U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  115. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
  116. ^ Home, sweet home: Bob Menendez back in Hudson County. nj.com. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  117. ^ Legislative Roster for District 27, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 9, 2024.
  118. ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  119. ^ General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020. "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of the County.... The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November. There is no limit to the number of terms they may serve."
  120. ^ Robert Mercado, Commissioner, District 1, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  121. ^ Wayne L. Richardson, Commissioner President, District 2, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  122. ^ Tyshammie L. Cooper, Commissioner, District 3, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  123. ^ Leonard M. Luciano, Commissioner, District 4, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  124. ^ Carlos M. Pomares, Commissioner Vice President, District 5, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  125. ^ Brendan W. Gill, Commissioner At-large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  126. ^ Romaine Graham, Commissioner At-large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  127. ^ Newark Native Elected As County Commissioner: A'Dorian Murray-Thomas, Patch. Accessed January 10, 2024.
  128. ^ Patricia Sebold, Commissioner At-large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  129. ^ Members of the Essex County Board of County Commissioners, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  130. ^ Breakdown of County Commissioners Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  131. ^ 2021 County Data Sheet, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2022.
  132. ^ County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2022.
  133. ^ About The Clerk, Essex County Clerk. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  134. ^ Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  135. ^ About the Register, Essex County Register of Deeds and Mortgages. Accessed July 20, 2022.
  136. ^ Members List: Registers, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  137. ^ Armando B. Fontura, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed June 10, 2018.
  138. ^ Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  139. ^ The Essex County Surrogate's Office, Essex County Surrogate. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  140. ^ Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020.
  141. ^ Voter Registration Summary – Essex Archived June 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
  142. ^ Presidential General Election Results - November 8, 2016 - Essex County Archived July 25, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed July 24, 2020.
  143. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 8, 2016 - Essex County Archived July 25, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed July 24, 2020.
  144. ^ "Presidential General Election Results – November 6, 2012 – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  145. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 6, 2012 – General Election Results – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  146. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County Archived June 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  147. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County Archived June 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  148. ^ "Governor – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  149. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 5, 2013 – General Election Results – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  150. ^ 2009 Governor: Essex County Archived February 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  151. ^ Montclair Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification Archived April 15, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed May 9, 2020. "Purpose The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Montclair School District. Composition The Montclair School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Montclair."
  152. ^ About Our District Archived May 26, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed May 9, 2020.
  153. ^ District information for Montclair Public School District Archived August 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  154. ^ School Data for the Montclair Public Schools Archived August 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  155. ^ Bradford Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  156. ^ Charles H. Bullock Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  157. ^ Edgemont Montessori School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  158. ^ Hillside Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  159. ^ Nishuane Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  160. ^ Northeast Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  161. ^ Watchung Elementary School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  162. ^ Buzz Aldrin Middle School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  163. ^ Glenfield Middle School Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  164. ^ Renaissance Middle School at the Rand Building Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  165. ^ Montclair High School Archived May 12, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed February 26, 2014.
  166. ^ School Feeder Pattern Archived May 2, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Public Schools. Accessed May 9, 2020.
  167. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Montclair Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 1, 2024.
  168. ^ At a Glance Archived October 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair State University. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  169. ^ Essex County Catholic High Schools Archived February 8, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed February 19, 2023.
  170. ^ Essex County Catholic Elementary Schools Archived March 7, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Roman Catholic Diocese of Newark. Accessed February 19, 2023.
  171. ^ 2016 National Blue Ribbon Schools All Public and Non‐Public Archived October 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, National Blue Ribbon Schools Program. Accessed November 13, 2016.
  172. ^ Clark, Adam. "These 10 N.J. schools earn Blue Ribbon honors" Archived October 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 28, 2016. Accessed November 13, 2016. "The U.S. Department of Education on Wednesday announced that 10 New Jersey schools have been named National Blue Ribbon Schools, a recognition celebrating excellence in academics."
  173. ^ About Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair Kimberley Academy. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  174. ^ Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction Archived July 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  175. ^ County Route 506 Straight Line Diagram Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation, June 2012. Accessed December 20, 2016.
  176. ^ Essex County Highway Map Archived February 15, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed February 16, 2023.
  177. ^ Essex County Bus / rail connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 22, 2012. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  178. ^ Essex County System Map Archived July 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  179. ^ Route 33 Schedule Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, DeCamp Bus Lines. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  180. ^ Route 66 Schedule Archived August 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, DeCamp Bus Lines. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  181. ^ Shuttle Services Archived June 7, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair State University. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  182. ^ NJ Transit Montclair Shuttle Archived August 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Montclair, New Jersey. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  183. ^ Montclair-Boonton Line Archived October 11, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  184. ^ Bay Street station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  185. ^ Walnut Street station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  186. ^ Watchung Avenue station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  187. ^ Upper Montclair station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  188. ^ Mountain Avenue station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  189. ^ Montclair Heights station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  190. ^ Montclair State University station Archived September 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed November 5, 2019.
  191. ^ Galant, Debra. 'Jersey; Montclair's Connection Has Its Price" Archived November 9, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 29, 2002. Accessed October 3, 2013. "On Sept. 20, New Jersey Transit officially terminated service at Mr. Wilson's beloved Benson Street stop, as well as at the Rowe Street stop in Bloomfield and the Arlington stop in Kearny. Those closings were part of the price of progress. Tomorrow, New Jersey Transit is to open the Montclair Connection – a plan first announced in 1929 to combine the Montclair and Boonton Branch lines."
  192. ^ "HACKENSACK UMC MOUNTAINSIDE (MONTCLAIR, NJ) Detailed Hospital Profile". www.hospital-data.com. Archived from the original on July 26, 2023. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  193. ^ "New owners for Mountainside Hospital". blog.nj.com. June 5, 2007. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  194. ^ "Clinical Education Institutions | College of Osteopathic Medicine | New York Tech". www.nyit.edu. Archived from the original on February 14, 2022. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  195. ^ "American Hospital Directory - Hackensack Meridian Health Mountainside Medical Center (310054) - Free Profile". www.ahd.com. Archived from the original on July 26, 2023. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  196. ^ Vora, Shivani. "From Bobbi Brown, a Boutique Hotel in New Jersey The cosmetics entrepreneur and her husband have opened The George in suburban Montclair. The hotel is modern (though the building dates to 1902), friendly and fun." Archived November 6, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 22, 2018. Accessed November 5, 2019. "The George, in the New York City suburb of Montclair, N.J., is a collaboration between Bobbi Brown, the founder of the beauty line Bobbi Brown Cosmetics, and her husband, Steven Plofker, a real estate developer. The 32-room property, open since April 1, was originally built in 1902 as the private home of Charles Van Vleck, a wealthy local businessman."
  197. ^ Herbst, Diane. "First new hotel in Montclair in a century in 2014?" Archived October 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Montclair Times, March 7, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Next year, an upscale, eight-story hotel with 100-plus rooms and a rooftop bar with views of the Manhattan skyline is expected to break ground in Montclair, the township's first new full-service hotel since the long-defunct Montclair Hotel was built in 1908."
  198. ^ Hurwitz, Wilma: "Honoring A Sisterhood Between Montclair, Graz" Archived April 15, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Montclair Local. January 31, 2019. Accessed December 23, 2020. "Montclair's other sister cities are Barnet, England; Cherepovets, Russia; and Aquilonia, Italy."
  199. ^ Montclair's Sister Cities, Montclair, New Jersey. Accessed January 28, 2024. "Montclair has Sister City relationships with municipalities in Europe: Graz, Austria; Barnet, England; and, most recently, Aquilonia, Italy"
  200. ^ Wiener, Talia. "Montclair ends sister city relationship with Russian city of Cherepovets", Montclair Local, April 12, 2022. Accessed October 21, 2023. "In a 4-3 vote, the Township Council terminated Montclair’s 30-year-long sister-city relationship with the Russian city of Cherepovets on April 5, citing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine."
  201. ^ New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places Archived November 13, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Historic Preservation Office, updated September 20, 2019. Accessed November 13, 2019.
  202. ^ The Anchorage Archived November 13, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, National Park Service. Accessed November 13, 2019.
  203. ^ Anderson Park Archived August 13, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Essex County Depart of Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs. Accessed November 13, 2019.

External links edit