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Livingston is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 29,366,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 1,975 (+7.2%) from the 27,391 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 782 (+2.9%) from the 26,609 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Livingston, New Jersey
Township of Livingston
Livingston NJ Montage.png
Montage: Livingston Town Center (top row), Town Hall (left row 2), street sign (right row 2), St. Barnabas Medical Center (row 3), Historic Force Homestead (left row 4) and Livingston Mall (right row 4)
Official logo of Livingston, New Jersey
Township Logo
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Livingston, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Livingston, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′07″N 74°19′41″W / 40.785243°N 74.328164°W / 40.785243; -74.328164Coordinates: 40°47′07″N 74°19′41″W / 40.785243°N 74.328164°W / 40.785243; -74.328164[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedFebruary 5, 1813
Named forWilliam Livingston
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorAlfred "Al" Anthony (D, term ends December 31, 2019)[3][4]
 • ManagerBarry R. Lewis Jr.[3][5]
 • Municipal clerkGlenn R. Turtletaub[6]
 • Total14.081 sq mi (36.472 km2)
 • Land13.768 sq mi (35.660 km2)
 • Water0.313 sq mi (0.812 km2)  2.23%
Area rank177th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[1]
Elevation289 ft (88 m)
 • Total29,366
 • Estimate 
 • Rank76th of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density2,132.8/sq mi (823.5/km2)
 • Density rank281st of 566 in state
17th of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
Area code(s)973[15]
FIPS code3401340890[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882219[1][18]

Livingston was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 5, 1813, from portions of Caldwell Township (now Fairfield Township) and Springfield Township (now in Union County, New Jersey). Portions of the township were taken to form Fairmount (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange) and Roseland (March 10, 1908).[20]

The township was named for William Livingston, the first Governor of New Jersey; his family's coat of arms served as the township's seal for many years.[21][22]


Livingston's history dates back to 1699 when 101 Newark settlers wanted to move westward. They set up a committee to negotiate from Lenni Lenape Native Americans for the purchase of the Horseneck Tract which today includes Livingston and eight other northern municipalities. Between 1698 and 1702, the rules for property ownership were unclear. There were many disputes between settlers and the English proprietors. For some unknown reasons, the Newark settlers did not obtain a grant from the proprietors before negotiating with the natives. They finally obtained the deed directly from Lenni Lenape in 1702 for £130. The settlements began until around the 1740s as the dispute between the proprietors and the settlers continued.[23]

The dispute came to a breaking point in September 1745 when the East Jersey proprietors began to evict a settler only six months after a house fire in Newark completely destroyed the original deed, which was the only evidence of the purchase.[24] During that period, William Livingston who was one of the few landed aristocrats joined the settlers against the proprietors. Livingston owned land around today's south western corner of the Township of Livingston. His land, like other settlers, was levied with quit rents in the amount 40 shillings per acre. He defended many settlers who were jailed for refusing to pay the quit rents.[25]

This series of events caused the settlers, led by Timothy Meeker, to form a group to riot against the British government. The Horseneck Riots lasted for 10 years from 1745 to 1755. The group was also one of the first colonial militia which had periodic battles for 32 years leading up to the Revolutionary War as the group joined the Continental Army in 1776.[26]

After the Revolutionary War, more permanent settlements took place with the first school built in 1783. In 1811, a petition was filed to incorporate the township from about 100 people who lived in seven distinct areas: Centerville (separated to become Roseland, in 1908), Cheapside (now Livingston Mall), Morehousetown (now Livingston Circle), Northfield (now Northfield Center), Squiretown (now the Cerebral Palsy Institute of New Jersey on Old Road), Teedtown (now Livingston Center), and Washington Place (now near the border with Millburn).[21] On February 5, 1813, the township was officially incorporated. The first town meeting was held on the same day and they decided to run the township by a Township Committee system.[21]

During the 1800s, lumber and farming were major industries in the town. Shoemaking and dairy farming became major industries during and after the Civil War. However, the population grew slowly because it was not easily accessible. Mt. Pleasant Avenue – which was one of the first turnpikes in New Jersey – was the only primary access to the town through stagecoaches.

The population grew quickly after the 1920s when automobiles became more accessible. As a suburb of Newark, the town experienced many housing developments especially after World War II with its peak in 1970 of more than thirty thousand residents. During this growth period, many services were organized including volunteer Fire Department in 1922, first regular Livingston Police Department chief in 1929, a Planning Commission in 1930, two hospitals opened in 1959 and 1960, new public library in 1961, and new municipal complex in 1963.

The last surviving Harrison Cider Apple tree, the most famous of the 18th century Newark cider apples[27] was rescued from extinction in 1976 in Livingston.[28]

Today, around 29,000 people live in this suburban community, which lies around an hour from New York City. Its school system, which had last been nationally recognized in 1998, and other programs have been drawing new residents to the town. Its population has maintained a level of diversity while the residents continue the tradition of community volunteerism.[26][29]

In 2017, the Township of Livingston adopted a new logo.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the Township of Livingston had a total area of 14.081 square miles (36.472 km2), including 13.768 square miles (35.660 km2) as land and 0.313 square miles (0.812 km2) as water.[1][2] Livingston is in the New York metropolitan area. It is in southwestern Essex County. Within Essex County it is bordered by Roseland to the north, West Orange to the east, and Millburn/Short Hills to the south.[30] To the west it is bordered by Morris County communities Florham Park and East Hanover. The western border is the Passaic River. Localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cedar Ridge, Cheapside, Morehousetown, Northfield, Washington Place and West Livingston.[31]


Census Pop.
Est. 201629,801[12][32]1.5%
Population sources: 1820–1920[33]
1840[34] 1850–1870[35] 1850[36]
1870[37] 1880–1890[38]
1890–1910[39] 1910–1930[40]
1930–1990[41] 2000[42][43] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

According to the 2002 results of the National Jewish Population Survey, there were 12,600 Jews in Livingston, approximately 46% of the population, one of the highest percentages of Jews in any American municipality. The neighboring towns of South Orange and Millburn also have high Jewish populations.[44]

In a report performed by the United Way of Northern New Jersey based on 2012 data, around 14% of Livingston households were classified as "Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed" households (below a threshold of $50,000 for households below 65, below $35,000 for those over 65), struggling with basic necessities, such as housing, childcare, food, health care, and transportation, compared to 38% statewide and 47% in Essex County.[45]

2010 CensusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,366 people, 9,990 households, and 8,271.720 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,132.8 per square mile (823.5/km2). There were 10,284 housing units at an average density of 746.9 per square mile (288.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 76.17% (22,367) White, 2.26% (663) Black or African American, 0.07% (20) Native American, 19.21% (5,642) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.86% (254) from other races, and 1.41% (415) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.06% (1,192) of the population.[9]

There were 9,990 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.24.[9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.1 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $129,208 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,377) and the median family income was $143,429 (+/- $10,622). Males had a median income of $100,075 (+/-$11,306) versus $71,213 (+/- $7,102) for females. The per capita income for the township was $60,577 (+/- $3,918). About 1.1% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.[46]

2000 CensusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 27,391 people, 9,300 households, and 7,932 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,973.1 people per square mile (761.9/km2). There were 9,457 housing units at an average density of 681.2 per square mile (263.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.64% White, 14.54% Asian, 1.20% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.54% of the population.[42][43]

There were 9,300 households out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.21.[42][43]

In the township the age distribution of the population shows 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.[42][43]

The median income for a household in the township was $98,869, and the median income for a family was $108,049. Males had a median income of $77,256 versus $41,654 for females. The per capita income for the town was $47,218. 1.8% of the population and 1.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.2% are under the age of 18 and 3.2% are 65 or older.[42][43]


Shopping and diningEdit

Although largely a bedroom community, there are many stores and restaurants located in Livingston, in three main shopping areas.

The first area is located in the center of the town. It stretches along Livingston Avenue from Route 10 to Northfield Avenue. Historically, the area has been dominated by small local stores, but retains some chain stores including Starbucks, Dunkin' Donuts, and ShopRite. With the addition of Livingston Town Center, classified as mixed-use development, new restaurants have opened as well, adding to the large number of locally owned establishments.[47]

The second area is the Livingston Mall located at the south-western corner of the town. Macy's, Lord & Taylor and Sears department stores are anchors in the original three wings of the mall. The fourth wing, added in 2008, is home of Barnes & Noble.

The third shopping area begins the Route 10 shopping corridor that extends to East Hanover. It includes Rt 10 Farmer's Market.

Corporate residentsEdit

Many office parks are located along Eisenhower Parkway on the western side of the town. There are a few headquarters of major companies including former CIT Group corporate headquarters, Inteplast Group headquarters, The Briad Group headquarters, and customer service and support center of Verizon New Jersey.[48]

There are varieties of other services in the town. The Westminster[49] is located on the western side of the town. There is no sidewalk access to other businesses so alternative modes of transportation should be considered if looking to dine in the area. Saint Barnabas Medical Center – a 597-bed hospital – is located in the southern side of the town near West Orange and Millburn. Fitness facilities include West Essex YMCA and New York Sports Club. A Jewish Community Center with fitness center also exists just over the border in West Orange.

Livingston also has a local Public-access television station (Livingston TV on Comcast TV-34 and Verizon FiOS 26), which is maintained by Livingston High School Students as well as the LPBC (Livingston Public Broadcasting Committee).

Arts and cultureEdit

Performing artsEdit

Livingston is home of several performing arts organizations:

  • Livingston Symphony Orchestra is a group of community-based performers which was formed in 1960. The symphony orchestra is currently directed by Istvan Jaray, an internationally renowned artist who appears regularly in concert halls across Europe, Canada and the United States. It holds many performances during each season.[50]
  • Livingston Community Players is a community-based theatre organization. There has been many productions in the recent years. The performers are from local community and other places in New Jersey. Past productions, including The Sound of Music, Oliver!, and Annie, received Perry Awards from New Jersey Association of Community Theatres.[51]
  • Children's Theatre of Livingston is a local organization that provides performance opportunities for Livingston children grades 2 to 8. The children are trained in acting roles and staging staff. It has annual performance since the first season in 2007.[52]
  • New Jersey Ballet is a major ballet company based in Livingston. The company is recognized nationally and internationally with tours in many countries in Europe, Asia and North America.[53] Livingston is also the headquarters of New Jersey School of Ballet which offers many classes in Ballet, Jazz and Tap.[54]

Fine artsEdit

Livingston has many local artists in varied forms. Local artists have support from Livingston Arts Association which is an organization formed in 1959 to promote art in the community including large scale exhibitions, demonstrations, and workshops.[55] The organization is also a member of Art Council of Livingston which has a gallery at Livingston Town Center. The Arts Association includes numerous organizations in addition to the Arts Council of Livingston, including the NJ State Opera Guild – West Essex Chapter and Livingston Camera Club.

There are many studios at Riker Hill Art Park with more than 40 working artists in various media including pottery, fine metalwork, glass, jewelry, paintings, fine arts, sculpture and photography.[56] Many studios offer art classes for adults and children.


From 1984 to 1989, Livingston was the site of the Grand Prix tennis circuit tournament, the Livingston Open, held at Newark Academy. The Grand Prix was the only professional circuit since 1985 before it was succeeded by the ATP Tour in 1990. The tournament was won by Andre Agassi in 1988, earning him the seventh title in his career.[57]

Parks and recreationEdit


There are more than 470 acres (1.9 km2) of wooded parks with passive hiking trails in Livingston. Additional 1,817 acres (7.35 km2) are zoned to be preserved in its natural state without public access. This brings to about 25% of total land in the town that is in its natural conditions with habitats of eight threatened or endangered species.[58][59]

There are many smaller parks and open space areas dedicated to recreation and sports, mostly centered around the town's public schools. These include two swimming pools, ten little league baseball diamonds, four full baseball diamonds, eight full soccer/lacrosse fields, one full football field, three basketball courts, sixteen tennis courts, eleven playgrounds, a jogging track, a dog park, and a fishing/ice skating pond.[59] The township is planning to build inter-connected mixed-use paths, biking and hiking trails to connect those parks and open space throughout the township.

Livingston has an active open space trust fund that continues to acquire more lands for preservation and recreation. As of 2003, there were 842 acres (9% of total land) that were protected from development. There were additional 2,475 acres (10.02 km2) that could be protected by the fund.[60]

Riker Hill ComplexEdit

A radio tower in the Riker Hill Complex

Riker Hill Complex (also referred to as Riker Hill Art Park) is a 204.68-acre (0.8283 km2) parkland located along the border of Livingston and Roseland. The complex is managed by Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs of Essex County. It comprises three parks, Riker Hill Art Park – a former Nike Missile control area site, Walter Kidde Dinosaur Park – a National Natural Landmark, and Becker Park which were acquired between 1969 and 1977. Although a large portion of the complex is located within Roseland, but the county designated Livingston as the host community as the Riker Hill Art Park is the only functional and publicly accessible park at the present time.[61] The art park located atop of the hill is home of many studios in multiple disciplines of art and craft.


The recreation department under the Senior, Youth and Leisure Services program offers many programs for residents ranging from pre-school courses, children games, crafts, and dance; to a dozen of youth and adult sports programs. There are many independent sports organizations such as Livingston Little League, Livingston Jr. Lancers (football and cheerleading), Livingston Lacrosse Club, and Livingston Soccer Club.[62][63]


Local governmentEdit

Livingston has operated since 1957 within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government. Livingston's Township Council consists of five members, elected to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election every other year. A Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected by the Council from among its members at a reorganization meeting held after each election.[7][64][65]

The members of the Township Council as of 2019 are Mayor Alfred "Al" M. Anthony (D, term as Mayor ends December 31, 2019; term on council ends 2020), Edward Meinhardt (D, term on council ends 2022), Deputy Mayor Rufino "Rudy" Fernandez (D, term as Deputy Mayor ends December 31, 2019; term on council ends 2022), Shawn R. Klein (D, term on council ends 2022).[3][66][67][68]

The Township Manager is Barry R. Lewis Jr., whose tenure began on March 1, 2018.[5][69] The previous Township Managers were Robert H. Harp (1954–1985), Charles J. Tahaney (1985–2005), and Michele E. Meade (2005–2016). Gregory J. Bonin served for a single week in 2017 before resigning,[70][71] and Deputy Township Manager Russell A. Jones Jr. served as Acting Township Manager for the rest of the interval between Meade and Lewis.[72][73]

Police DepartmentEdit

An SUV of the Livingston Police Department

The Livingston Police Department (LPD) was established in 1813. It consists of the following divisions: Patrol, Traffic, Communications (911 dispatch), Police Records, Internal Affairs, and Community Policing. Bureaus include the Detective and Juvenile bureaus.

Volunteer organizationsEdit

There are more than 40 volunteer Committees and Boards run through the Township, including Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee (LMAC), Holiday Committees, Consumer Affairs Office, Planning Board, Zoning Board of Adjustment, and Committee for Diversity & Inclusion.[74]

Volunteer-based public safety organizations are Livingston Auxiliary Police, Livingston Fire Department and Livingston First Aid Squad.

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Livingston is located in the 11th Congressional District[75] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[10][76][77] Prior to the 2010 Census, Livingston had been split between the 8th Congressional District and the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[78]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[79] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[80] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[81][82]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[83][84]

The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[85] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[86]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[87] As of 2018, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland).[88] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018.[87][89][90] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large; Montclair),[91] Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark),[92] Janine G. Bauer (D, District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; South Orange, appointed to serve on an interim basis),[93] Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark),[94] Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington),[95] Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[96] Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark),[97] Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield)[98] and Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston).[99][89][100][101] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell; D, 2020),[102][103] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield; D, 2018)[104][105] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (D, 2021).[106][107][89]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,617 registered voters in Livingston, of which 7,640 (37.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,564 (17.3%) were registered as Republicans and 9,402 (45.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 11 voters registered to other parties.[108]

In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 60.8% of the vote (9,052 cast), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 36.8% (5,475 votes), and other candidates with 2.5% (367 votes), among the 15,235 ballots cast by the township's 22,664 registered voters (341 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.2%.[109][110] In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.1% of the vote (7,303 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.1% (6,863 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (116 votes), among the 14,371 ballots cast by the township's 21,225 registered voters (89 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.7%.[111][112] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.4% of the vote here (8,244 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (6,920 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (122 votes), among the 15,433 ballots cast by the township's 20,367 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.8%.[113]

In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Democrat Phil Murphy received 61.2% of the vote (4,671 cast), ahead of Republican Kim Guadagno with 37.6% (2,872 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (95 votes), among the 7,722 ballots cast by the township's 22,280 registered voters (84 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.7%.[114][115] In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.7% of the vote (4,860 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.1% (2,799 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (89 votes), among the 7,905 ballots cast by the township's 21,260 registered voters (157 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.2%.[116][117] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.8% of the vote here (4,863 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.0% (4,386 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (563 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (61 votes), among the 9,961 ballots cast by the township's 20,405 registered voters, yielding a 48.8% turnout.[118]

Livingston was the home of one of New Jersey's most prominent political families, the Keans. Robert Kean served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1939 to 1958, when he ran for U.S. Senator; his son, Thomas Kean, who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1968 to 1978 (and as Assembly Speaker in 1972–73, and Minority Leader 1974–77), as Governor of New Jersey from 1982 to 1990, and as President of Drew University from 1990 to 2004. Thomas Kean Jr., elected to the State Assembly in 2001 and the State Senate in 2003, was the Republican nominee for United States Senator in 2006.

When Robert Kean ran for the Senate, losing to Harrison A. Williams in 1958, Livingston's Congressman became George M. Wallhauser, a Republican. In redistricting after the 1960 census, Livingston was moved into the district of Republican Congresswoman Florence P. Dwyer. After redistricting following the 1970 census, Livingston went into Congressman Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.'s district. He was the father of Livingston's current Congressman, Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. When Peter Frelinghuysen retired in 1974, he was succeeded by Millicent Fenwick, who beat Tom Kean in a Republican primary by about 80 votes. After the 1980 census, Livingston was moved to Congressman Joseph G. Minish's district. Minish was defeated by Dean Gallo in 1984 and served until his death in 1994. Rodney Frelinghuysen took his seat. The 2000 Census split the town between the 8th and 11th districts; as of the 2010 Census, the entire township is in the 11th district.


Public schoolsEdit

The Livingston Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2015-16 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 5,984 students and 471.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.7:1.[119] Schools in the district (with 2015-16 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[120]) are Burnet Hill Elementary School[121] (449 students in grades PreK-5), Collins Elementary School[122] (472; K-5), Harrison Elementary School[123] (474; K-5), Hillside Elementary School[124] (398; K-5), Mount Pleasant Elementary School[125] (453; K-5), Riker Hill Elementary School[126] (495; K-5), Mount Pleasant Middle School[127] Grade 6 (364), Heritage Middle School[128] Grades 7 and 8 (962) and Livingston High School[129] (1,832; 9-12).[130][131]

For the 1997–98 school year, Livingston High School received the National Blue Ribbon Schools Award from the United States Department of Education, one of the highest honors that an American school can achieve.[132] Livingston High School was ranked 24th in New Jersey in New Jersey Monthly's 2012 rankings,[133] 9th in New Jersey high schools in Newsweek's 2013 rankings of "America's Best High Schools", and is unranked in USNews's high school rankings.[134] 26.7% of the township's population 25 years and older who attain professional, Masters or Doctorate degrees.[135][136] During 2007–2008 budget year, Livingston allocated 59.96% of local property tax toward the Livingston Public Schools. Additionally, a separate budget of 7% of all municipal services went toward the operation of its public library.[137] According to library statistics collected by Institute of Museum and Library Services, Livingston Public Library was ranked 22 out of 232 municipal libraries in New Jersey based on total circulation in 2006.[138]

Other schoolsEdit

Aquinas Academy is a private coeducational Roman Catholic school that serves students from preschool through eighth grade that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[139]

Joseph Kushner Hebrew Academy is a private coeducational Jewish day school that serves preschool through eighth grade, while Rae Kushner Yeshiva High School is a four-year yeshiva high school for grades 9–12.[140] The Tzedek School is a non-sectarian co-educational school of Jewish Heritage and Hebrew Language serving the communities of Livingston and the surrounding area for students in grades K-12.[141]

Newark Academy is a private coeducational day school founded in 1774, that serves grades 6–8 in its middle schools and 9–12 in the upper school.[142]

Livingston Chinese School and Livingston Huaxia Chinese School are two weekend Chinese-language schools in Livingston which use facilities of Heritage Middle School and Mount Pleasant school.

Places of worshipEdit

History of former places of worship:

  • Temple Emanu-El 1955–2017: Reform. Northfield Ave. Temple built 1961, closed June 2017. Building status: Jump Immersion School

Historic sitesEdit

Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House are two building structures located at 366 South Livingston Avenue. These structures were jointly registered in the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, commonly known as the Old Force Homestead. Originally, Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House were built in separate properties. Ward-Force House was built as early as 1745 by Theophilus Ward. It was later purchased by Samuel Force for his son, Thomas Force. During the Revolutionary War, Thomas served as a patriot and was captured by the British. Thomas came back to live with his wife and children after the war and expanded the house. It was sold to the township in 1962. Condit Family Cook House was built as a stand-alone summer kitchen of a farm home near the current location of Livingston Mall. When the mall was built during the 1970s, the cook house was donated to the township and was moved to the current location at the rear of Ward-Force House. Currently, the Old Force Homestead is the headquarters of Livingston Historical Society and the Force Homestead Museum.[143]

Dickinson House and Washington Place Schoolhouse are two other sites in the township that are registered in the New Jersey State Historic Site Program. Dickinson House is located at 84 Dickinson Lane. It was once visited by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt for a hunting trip. Washington Place Schoolhouse is located at 122 Passaic Avenue. It was a school house that was built around 1800.[144]


I-280 westbound in Livingston
The intersection of Livingston Ave and Route 10 by night.

Roads and highwaysEdit

Livingston is located 21.9 miles (35.2 km) from New York City, around 40-90+ minutes depending on traffic. Roads serving Livingston include Eisenhower Parkway, County Route 508, County Route 527, Interstate 280, Garden State Parkway and Route 10.

The township had a total of 136.05 miles (218.95 km) of roadways, of which 105.43 miles (169.67 km) are maintained by the municipality, 26.05 miles (41.92 km) by Essex County and 4.57 miles (7.35 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[145]

Public transportationEdit

Bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal is available on the Community Coach #77 bus route. OurBus company also operates a commuter route to New York City serving Livingston and West Orange.[146] NJ Transit offers bus service to Newark on the 70, 71 and 73 routes, with local service available on the MCM3 and MCM8 routes.[147]

Rail service is accessible via the NJ Transit Morristown Line, which has several stops in adjacent communities such as Short Hills, Millburn, and South Orange. The stations are about 5–7 miles away from most of Livingston, accessible by car or taxi. The township provides a fee-based direct shuttle service called Livingston Express Shuttle for a 15-minute ride between Livingston Mall and South Orange Station for Morristown Line trains to Midtown Manhattan and Hoboken.[148]

Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, for inter-city rail transit in the Northeastern United States, and the Port Authority's PATH service local rapid transit system are available 10 miles away at Newark Penn Station.

Notable eventsEdit

  • On May 22, 1992, Democratic Presidential candidate and eventual Presidential elect Bill Clinton visited Livingston High School on a campaign stop to announce his support for Governor James Florio's NJ welfare proposal.[149]
  • On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch made a stop in Livingston while en route to Atlanta, Georgia.[150]
  • On November 16, 1999, Livingston High School hosted sitting Governor Christine Todd Whitman and her cabinet for a town meeting with a conversation focusing on the state's diversity.[151]
  • On January 13, 2008, Livingston High School hosted a crowd of 900 at the first of New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine's all-state county forum tour of Jersey to promote and explain his new toll hike proposal to finance state road maintenance. The town hall meeting featured a PowerPoint by Corzine and then a Q and A session where many attendees inquired about a new school financing proposal more so than the toll issue.[152]
  • On June 30, 2015, Chris Christie launched his campaign for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination at Livingston High School.[153]

Notable peopleEdit

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Livingston include:

Heth and Jed
Government and politics


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  173. ^ Rose, Lisa. "Lady Gaga files lawsuit of her own against Rob Fusari", The Star-Ledger, March 20, 2010. Accessed February 24, 2011. "The 42-year-old Livingston native, who helped pen and produce such hits as 'Bootylicious' by Destiny's Child and 'Wild Wild West' by Will Smith, was singing a different tune during a taped interview with The Star-Ledger in January."
  174. ^ Kawashima, Dale. Rob Fusari Co-Writes & Produces Top Hits For Destiny's Child, Will Smith And Other Artists, Accessed February 24, 2011.
  175. ^ Salvatore, Drew Anne. "Bullied No More13-year-old Dana Gaier, of Livingston, voiced the character of Edith in the animated hit Despicable Me.", New Jersey Monthly, September 13, 2011. Accessed February 15, 2016. "Yet back home in Livingston, few would have envied her. At Heritage Middle School, Gaier found herself on the receiving end of what is euphemistically called 'girl drama'—being picked on."
  176. ^ Shattuck, Kathryn. "Column: What's On Tonight", The New York Times, March 9, 2007. Accessed March 6, 2018. "10 P.M. (Comedy Central) Comedy Central Presents Chelsea Handler, the youngest of six children, was born in Livingston, N.J., to a Jewish father and a Mormon mother."
  177. ^ Michaud, Jon. "The Exchange: Music in the Streets and Underground", The New Yorker, June 3, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2011. "Heth and Jed Weinstein, busking brothers who have been performing on the streets and in the subways of New York City for years, have just published their first book. "Buskers: The On-the-Streets, In-the-Trains, Off-the-Grid-Memoir of Two New York City Street Musicians" was released in May by Soft Skull Press. The memoir, told in alternating chapters by Heth and Jed, chronicles their childhood in Livingston, New Jersey, their brief career as petty criminals, their early attempts to make it in the music business, and, finally, their success as street musicians."
  178. ^ Reich, Ronni. "Tony Awards 2011: Nikki M. James follows dream from church to Broadway", The Star-Ledger, June 12, 2011. Accessed November 28, 2012. "Nikki M. James has always known what it means to dream of paradise.From age 5, when she made her public singing debut at church, the Livingston native has pursued her goal of becoming one of Broadway's leading ladies with an unstoppable passion."
  179. ^ Wilkowe, Ellen S. "Things to do in Morris County, NJ: Last Comic Standing tour comes to Morristown, NJ, Jan. 15", Daily Record (Morristown), January 13, 2011. Accessed February 24, 2011. "One-time aspiring singer/songwriter Myq Kaplan, 32, formerly of Livingston and now of New York City, changed his tune ... and converted to comedy."
  180. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Diva Talk: Chatting with LuPone at Les Mouches's Leslie Kritzer Plus Rogers' Evita on Disc" Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, Playbill, September 22, 2006. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Kritzer: I was born in Manhattan, and I was raised in Livingston, New Jersey."
  181. ^ Lee, Michelle. "And The Award Goes To...; Sophia Lin, who grew up in Livingston, won an Independent Spirit Award.", West Orange Patch, April 17, 2012. Accessed September 5, 2015. "Sophia Lin, who grew up in Livingston, knows this first-hand having toiled on 25 films and television shows over the span of 15 years.... Lin said she first became interested in the performing arts at Livingston High School while working behind the scenes on productions of Damn Yankees, Anything Goes and My Fair Lady."
  182. ^ Lozano, Kevin. "MIKE Is Ushering in a New Generation of New York City Rap; Inspired by MF DOOM and mentored by Earl Sweatshirt, this teenage MC offers emotional directness and a keen eye for quotidian detail over gloriously scuzzy, soul-laced beats.", Pitchfork (website), July 21, 2017. Accessed September 12, 2019. "Bonema was born in South Livingston, New Jersey but he has moved around a lot."
  183. ^ Wong, Wayman. "The Leading Men: Brian's Song" Archived 2012-10-15 at the Wayback Machine, Playbill, February 1, 2005. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, NJ, he started playing the piano at four, and was a punk rock kid who played in local bands and loved Alice Donut, the Lunachicks and Mudhoney."
  184. ^ Adam Pally Archived 2011-09-09 at the Wayback Machine, Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre. Accessed February 24, 2011.
  185. ^ Rosenzweig, Ilene. "Film; Welcome to the Awkward Age", The New York Times, May 26, 1996. Accessed August 25, 2014. "He himself is the product of an intact family in a neighborhood of split-level houses in suburban Livingston, in northern New Jersey."
  186. ^ "Governor's Awards in Arts Education Award Recipients May 2003", New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 23, 2016.
  187. ^ Township of Livingston Agenda Friday, January 1, 2010, Township of Livingston. Accessed June 1, 2010.
  188. ^ Hyman, Vicki. "Be Wendy Williams's neighbor: Livingston's Kean estate on market for $7.88M", NJ Advance Media for, June 2, 2015. Accessed November 24, 2015. "What's the Hot Topic in Wendy Williams's Livingston neighborhood? The historic 30-room Kean estate that once took in more than 300 acres from the highest point in town is on the market for $7.88 million after an extensive renovation."
  189. ^ Santola, Danielle. "Donald Trump's Viral Twitter Feud with Livingston High School Graduate Danny Zuker Resurfaces",, July 9, 2015. Accessed August 19, 2017. "Now that the wealthy businessman and American television personality Donald Trump has officially announced his presidential bid for the 2016 election, a Twitter feud between him and Livingston High School Class of 1982 graduate Danny Zuker is going viral for the second time in two years."
  190. ^ Colonel Glenn Rieth Confirmed As The Adjutant General, Military & Veterans Affairs, March 5, 2002. Accessed June 1, 2010.
  191. ^ a b Mona Charen and Ruth Marcus, C-SPAN Q&A (television), July 9, 2006 transcript. Accessed November 30, 2014. "Brian Lamb, C-SPAN: Ruth Marcus, can you remember the first time you met Mona Charen? Ruth Marcus, Author: I can't remember the first time but I can remember many other times in the middle there because we were – we both started in Livingston, New Jersey in fourth grade. We were both new to the school but we were in different classes, so I remember fifth grade on up."
  192. ^ Kennedy, Mark. "Talking With: Harlan Coben", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, September 16, 2006. Accessed July 10, 2007. "Born in Newark and raised in Livingston, Coben is a Jersey boy through-and-through, having moved only to attend Amherst College in Massachusetts, where he met his wife, Anne, a pediatrician."
  193. ^ Moskin, Julia. "One Cook, Thousands of Seders", The New York Times, April 16, 2008. Accessed March 28, 2011. "'No corn, no grains, no legumes, no seeds — not even mustard or soy sauce for eight days,' she said, searing a rib roast as big as a bread machine in her kitchen in Livingston, N.J. 'It's quite challenging, as a cook.'"
  194. ^ Klein, Julia M. "Horn of Plenty: Short Hills Writer Dara Horn Explores Jewish Culture; A Jewish scholar and a Harvard PhD., novelist Dara Horn is also a happy suburban mom.", New Jersey Monthly, August 14, 2013. Accessed May 27, 2018. "Younger sister Ariel, 33, an English teacher and novelist, resides in nearby Livingston with her husband and two children."
  195. ^ Hide and Seek Paperback, Accessed September 5, 2015. "Jack Ketchum is the pseudonym for novelist Dallas Mayr. He was born in Livingston, New Jersey in 1946."
  196. ^ Wendy Mass, Hachette Book Group USA. Accessed January 14, 2012. "I grew up in Livingston, New Jersey, about 45 minutes from New York City."
  197. ^ Lehren, Marilyn Joyce. "Michelle Obama's new Press Secretary is Livingston's Hannah August: Michelle Obama's new Press Secretary is Livingston's Hannah August: LHS graduate will join the First Lady's Office on May 25.", LivingstonPatch, May 15, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 22, 2011. Accessed August 2, 2019.
  198. ^ "Ex-New Jersey Gov. Brendan Byrne, too ethical for mobsters, dies at 93". Chicago Tribune. January 4, 2018. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  199. ^ via Associated Press. "Gov. Chris Christie heads home to Livingston to talk taxes", The Trentonian, December 8, 2010. Accessed February 24, 2011.
  200. ^ Lucille Day, Office of the Governor of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 2, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011.
  201. ^ D'Onofrio, Mike. "Gov. Christie Appoints Livingston Native To Lead Port Authority Deborah Gramiccioni, who graduated from Livingston High School, will replace Bill Baroni as executive deputy director of the bi-state agency.", Livingston Patch, December 14, 2013. Accessed August 2, 2019.
  202. ^ Fowler, Glenn. "Nathan Jacobs, 83, an Ex-Justice Of the New Jersey Supreme Court", The New York Times, January 26, 1989. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Nathan L. Jacobs, a retired associate justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court and an influential figure in court reform in the state, died yesterday at his home in Livingston, N.J."
  203. ^ "Environmental Resource Inventory", Livingston Environmental Commission, July, 2010. Accessed August 25, 2011. "The Kean home is a Georgian–style bluestone mansion constructed by. Alexander Kean circa 1900 (Appendix D, Photo I). The house is located at 11 Chelsea Drive and was the longtime residence of Hamilton Kean US Congressman and brother of Alexander."
  204. ^ Cook, Joan. "Robert W. Kean, 86; Formerly In House; Jersey Republican Won Reputation as Expert on Social Security", The New York Times, September 24, 1980. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Robert Winthrop Kean, a former United States Representative and for years a leading figure in Republican politics in New Jersey, died Sunday in St. Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, N.J., from a heart attack. He was 86 years old and lived in Livingston."
  205. ^ Sullivan, Joseph F. "Politics; Kean Set To Get 'Diploma' Tuesday", The New York Times, November 29, 1981. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Thomas H. Kean of Livingston, a former Assembly Speaker, is scheduled to get his diploma on Tuesday. That is when the state's Board of Canvassers meets in Trenton to certify the results of the Nov. 3 gubernatorial election."
  206. ^ Chen, David W. "A Kean on the Ballot? What Else Is New?", The New York Times, September 16, 2006. Accessed February 24, 2011. "As he grew up at the family homestead in Livingston, the younger Mr. Kean said he was most impressed with the reception that his father received in the community."
  207. ^ Kwoh, Leslie. "Obama to tap Princeton's Alan Krueger to fill key economic post", The Star-Ledger, August 29, 2011. Accessed August 29, 2011. "Krueger, 50, a Livingston native, returned to academia a year ago after serving for two years as assistant treasury secretary for economic policy to the Obama administration."
  208. ^ Rosenfeld, Lucinda. "Jared Kushner’s Entitlement Is New Jersey Born and Bred", The New York Times, September 29, 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017. "While Mr. Kushner was raised in Livingston, an upper-middle-class town of 30,000 in neighboring Essex County, he attended school in Paramus, a middle-class town a dozen miles from the edge of Manhattan that, with its surfeit of malls, has long held the status of a punch line."
  209. ^ Representative Michael B. "Mike" Weinstein, Florida House of Representatives. Accessed February 24, 2011.
  210. ^ a b State of New Jersey biography for Nina Mitchell Wells, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 31, 2007. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Secretary Wells and her husband, Ted Wells, Esq. reside in Livingston, NJ and have two grown children, Teresa and Phillip."
  211. ^ Zambito, Thomas. "Christie ally David Wildstein pleads guilty, says Bridgegate closures were retribution",, May 1, 2015. Accessed September 28, 2016.
  212. ^ Jozy Altidore, ESPN. Accessed June 1, 2010.
  213. ^ Dampf, Andrew. "Altidore gets his message across this time", USA Today, June 24, 2009. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, New Jersey, to Haitian parents, U.S. Soccer is hoping Altidore develops into the consistent scorer the team has lacked for years. So far he's on schedule."
  214. ^ Hirsch, Rod. "Immaculata Football Standout Begins NFL Career with Minnesota Vikings",, September 3, 2017. Accessed November 5, 2017. "Standout Immaculata High School football player Tashawn Bower has played himself onto the opening day roster of the Minnesota Vikings after a four-year collegiate career at defensive end for perennial powerhouse LSU.... Bower's family lives in Livingston."
  215. ^ DeFaveri, Matt. "Chernoff steps up to the plate with the Indians; Assistant GM is member of the 'Tribe'", Cleveland Jewish News, June 28, 2012. Accessed May 27, 2016. "Chernoff grew up in Livingston, New Jersey, a town of about 27,000 people. His family belonged to Temple Emanu El, where he became a bar mitzvah."
  216. ^ Staff. "Women's 800 meters features a full field", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 1, 2008. Accessed February 25, 2011. "Hazel Clark, a 2004 Olympian from Livingston, N.J., was the winner in 1 minute, 59.82 seconds."
  217. ^ Pairs Biography Andrea Davidovich / Evgeni Krasnopolski, International Skating Union. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  218. ^ Luicci, Tom. "Livingston's Bob Dukiet showcased special talents both on and off the court", The Star-Ledger, June 1, 2009. Accessed February 24, 2011. "This was back in 1965 when Cousy was the head basketball coach at Boston College and Dukiet was the Parade All-American guard from Livingston that every major program wanted."
  219. ^ Monica Flores - Notre Dame Women's Soccer, Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's soccer. Accessed November 26, 2017. "Hometown: Livingston, N.J.; High School: Livingston"
  220. ^ Sabrina Flores, Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's soccer. Accessed August 2, 2019. "Hometown: Livingston... Graduated from Livingston High School in Livingston, N.J."
  221. ^ Rosen, Harvey. "Jewish players, owner score in pro football", Cleveland Jewish News, October 20, 2005. Accessed February 24, 2011. "The Livingston, N.J., native, who has his bachelor's degree in psychology, earned three letters in football, two in basketball, and three in track and field."
  222. ^ Williams, Lena. "Plus: Tennis – Exhibition; Gimelstob Starts Charity Event", The New York Times, December 16, 1998. Accessed August 5, 2013. "On Saturday, Gimelstob and three of his Davis Cup teammates – Todd Martin, Jim Courier and Jan-Michael Gambill – will take part in a one-day exhibition to benefit three charities: the Eastern Tennis Association, the Tim and Tom Gullikson Foundation, and the Valerie Fund at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, N.J. My brothers and I were born there, said Gimelstob, of the medical center."
  223. ^ Scorca, Robert. "An Interview with Jarryd Goldberg", Football in Miami and Beyond, January 13, 2010. Accessed September 3, 2019. "Today we bring you an interview Robert Scorca and I did with Jarryd Goldberg, one of Miami FC's standout players. Jarryd was born November 13, 1985 in Livingston, New Jersey. Goldberg attended Ridge High School in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, and played college soccer at Boston College and Boston University."
  224. ^ Litsky, Frank. "The Seoul Olympics; Swimmer Outraces His Past", The New York Times, September 18, 1988. Accessed August 5, 2013. "At the age of 12, Chris Jacobs of Livingston, N.J., tried cocaine for the first time."
  225. ^ Bondy, Filip. "Nerd Power Taken Lightly, Rowers Delight In Silver Medal", New York Daily News, July 29, 1996. "Jamieson, from Livingston, N.J., was in the quadruple scull that rowed second behind Germany to take the first United States medal ever in that event."
  226. ^ Gambaccini, Peter. Eulogy for Sheldon Karlin, NY Runner, March / April 2000, at Central Park Track Club. Accessed January 8, 2018. "Karlin, only 49, died while walking near his home in Livingston, New Jersey, on January 16. He was known to have arteriosclerosis, and had suffered a mild heart attack in December."
  227. ^ Dan Kellner, Sports Reference. Accessed August 21, 2018. "Born: April 16, 1976 (Age 42.127, YY.DDD) in Livingston, New Jersey, United States"
  228. ^ Brandin Knight, Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Brandin Adar Knight was born Dec. 16, 1981 in Livingston, the son of Mel and Brenda Knight."
  229. ^ Staff. "Utah Jazz Acquires Brevin Knight from L.A. Clippers", Utah Jazz, July 23, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "A native of Livingston, N.J., Knight attended Seton Hall Prep in East Orange, N.J., before playing four seasons at Stanford University (1993–97), where he was a First Team All-American as a senior and won the 1997 Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award as the nation's most outstanding senior male collegian under six feet tall."
  230. ^ Brevin Knight, Yahoo! Sports. Accessed June 1, 2010.
  231. ^ Hague, Kim. "Without Marquez, Red Bulls lose again, this time, 4–1 to D.C. United", Daily Harrison, April 22, 2012. Accessed July 18, 2012. "The team started rookie Connor Lade, the Livingston, N.J. native, among the backs and Lade made two costly mistakes that directly led to first half goals."
  232. ^ Brendan Mahon, Penn State Nittany Lions football. Accessed October 4, 2018. "Born January 17, 1995 in Livingston, New Jersey."
  233. ^ Staff. "Nisenson of Hofstra Hits 2,009 Points, But L.I.U. Is Victor", The New York Times, February 5, 1965. Accessed August 12, 2011. "Steve Nisenson, a 6-foot-2-inch (1.88 m) senior from Livingston, N.J., became tonight the third college basketball player in the metropolitan area to score more than 2,000 points."
  234. ^ Staff. "Larry Ogunjobi (Ragsdale High School) will play in college football's Reece's Senior Bowl this Saturday in Mobile, Alabama", Greensboro Sports, January 25, 2017. Accessed May 11, 2017. "Mercy and Larry Ogunjobi Sr. weren't afforded such an opportunity. A year after following her husband from Nigeria to the United States, Mercy found herself in a Livingston, N.J., hospital, giving birth to the couple's first child."
  235. ^ Varsallone, Jim. "Mae Young Classic alternate Purrazzo helps lead ROH Women of Honor", Miami Herald, August 25, 2017. Accessed August 21, 2018. "Born in Livingston and raised in Jefferson, New Jersey, Purrazzo is also attractive and vied for the title of Miss New Jersey USA."
  236. ^ Trecker, Jerry. "World Cup '94 Making A Quick Point Newcomers, one local, help USA over Norway", Newsday, January 16, 1994. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Chasing down a long throw from former Blau-Weiss Gottschee star Dario Brose, [Claudio Reyna], the 1993 College Player of the Year from the University of Virginia and Livingston, N.J., slammed a hard shot at Norway goalkeeper Frode Grodas to create a game-winning rebound chance for Cobi Jones as the United States defeated Norway, 2–1, in Sun Devil Stadium yesterday to begin its 1994 World Cup preparation with an upset triumph."
  237. ^ Former U.S. Men's National Team Captain Claudio Reyna Named U.S. Soccer Youth Technical Director, United States Soccer Federation, April 7, 2010. Accessed June 1, 2010.
  238. ^ "Livingston's Frank Schwindel had monster season for Royals' affiliates". Diamond Nation. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
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  240. ^ Bondy, Filip. "Visitors Are Feeling Right At Home In Jersey", New York Daily News, May 25, 2003. "'I've learned everything I need to know about New Jersey,' said Scott, who resides in Livingston during the season. 'You take 280 to the 'Pike to the arena.'"
  241. ^ Dillon, Dennis. "The miracles in David Tyree's grasp" Archived 2013-10-19 at the Wayback Machine, Sporting News, June 19, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, N.J., Tyree had something of a hardscrabble life. He was 1 when his parents, Jesse and Thelma, divorced. When he was 10, Thelma moved Tyree and his two older sisters to Montclair, where they lived in a one-bedroom house. Thelma slept in the bedroom, David had the living room and his sisters took the dining room."
  242. ^ Stan Yagiello, Arena Fan. Accessed August 2, 2019. "Hometown: Livingston, NJ"
  243. ^ Porter, David L. Biographical dictionary of American sports: 1992–1995 supplement for baseball, football, basketball, and other sports, p. 237. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995. ISBN 0-313-28431-8. Accessed February 24, 2011. "His family resided in Livingston, NJ, until he was age 14 and then moved to Parsippany, NJ."
  244. ^ Laurence, Charles. "Savagery, greed and a life of crime – meet the real Sopranos", Daily Mail, May 7, 2007. Accessed February 24, 2011. "The Boot built a mansion in Livingston, described by one who saw it, as a 'Transylvanian classic', because of its turrets and out-of-place appearance in the New Jersey suburbs."

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