New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is a suburban district in northern New Jersey. The district includes portions of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex Counties; it is centered in Morris County. The district is one of the 10 most affluent congressional districts in the United States. As of February 2019, the typically Republican-leaning district is represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill.
|New Jersey's 11th congressional district|
District map as of 2013
Counties and municipalities in the districtEdit
- Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th).
- Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens.
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Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th congressional district was centered in Essex County. The congressional seat was held by Democrats for almost 36 years. The early 1980s redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to the Republican-dominated Morris County. In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish. The district became one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast.
In January 2018, 12-term incumbent Republican Rodney Frelinghuysen announced that he would not seek re-election; earlier, leading political observers had rated the district as a "toss-up" in the November 2018 election. Mikie Sherrill, a former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, was the Democratic nominee in 2018. Assemblymember Jay Webber of New Jersey's 26th Assembly District was the Republican nominee. Attorney Ryan Martinez was the Libertarian Party nominee. On November 6th, 2018, Sherrill prevailed by an unexpectedly large margin, defeating Webber 56.8%-42.1%. The district shifted 33% towards the Democrats; this was the largest partisan swing of any congressional district in the nation in 2018.
Recent election results in statewide racesEdit
|2000||President||Bush 54 - 43%|
|2004||President||Bush 58 - 42%|
|2008||President||McCain 54 - 45%|
|2012||President||Romney 52 - 47%|
|2016||President||Trump 48.8 - 47.9%|
List of members representing the districtEdit
|District Home||Electoral history||Counties/Towns|
|District created March 4, 1913|
John J. Eagan
|Democratic||March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
|Weehawken||Parts of Hudson (Guttenberg, Hoboken, North Bergen, Secaucus, Union City, Weehawken, West New York)|
Archibald E. Olpp
|Republican||March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
John J. Eagan
|Democratic||March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
Oscar L. Auf der Heide
|Democratic||March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
|West New York||Redistricted to the 14th district.|
Peter Angelo Cavicchia
|Republican||March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
|Newark||Redistricted from the 9th district.||Parts of Essex (the Oranges and parts of Newark)|
Edward L. O'Neill
|Democratic||January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
|Albert L. Vreeland||Republican||January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
|Frank Sundstrom||Republican||January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Hugh Joseph Addonizio
|Democratic||January 3, 1949 –
June 30, 1962
|Newark||Resigned after being elected Mayor of Newark.|
|Vacant||June 30, 1962 –|
January 3, 1963
|Democratic||January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
|West Orange||Lost re-election after redistricting.|
|January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
|Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, Verona, and parts of Newark)|
|January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
|Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, and parts of Newark)|
|January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
|Parts of Essex, Passaic (Little Falls and West Paterson),}} and Union (Hillside)}}|
|January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
|Parts of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Passaic|
|Republican||January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
|Parsippany-Troy Hills||Died.||Parts of Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Warren|
|January 3, 1993 –
November 6, 1994
|Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex|
|Vacant||November 6, 1994 –|
January 3, 1995
|Republican||January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
|Harding||Elected in 1994.|
|January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
|Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, and Sussex|
|January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
|Parts of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex|
|Democratic||January 3, 2019 –
Living former members of the HouseEdit
As of January 2019[update], there is one living former member. The most recent representative to die was Joseph Minish (served 1963–1985) on November 24, 2007. The most recently serving representative to die was Dean Gallo (served 1985–1994), who died in office on November 6, 1994.
|Representative||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Rodney Frelinghuysen||1995–2019||April 29, 1946|
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Salant, Jonathan D. (January 29, 2018). "https://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2018/11/voters_decide_the_11th_congressional_district_race.html". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 29 January 2018. External link in
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
- "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- New Jersey primary results accessed June 6, 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/05/us/elections/results-new-jersey-primary-elections.html
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present