West New York, New Jersey
- This article describes the New Jersey town. For the geographic region of New York State, see Western New York.
West New York is a town in the northern part of Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 49,708, reflecting an increase of 3,940 (+8.6%) from the 45,768 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,643 (+20.0%) from the 38,125 counted in the 1990 Census.
West New York, New Jersey
|Town of West New York|
60th Street in West New York
Location of West New York within Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West New York, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||July 8, 1898|
|• Type||Walsh Act|
|• Body||Board of Commissioners|
|• Mayor||Gabriel Rodriguez (term ends May 12, 2023)|
|• Administrator / Municipal clerk||Carmela Riccie|
|• Total||1.329 sq mi (3.444 km2)|
|• Land||1.007 sq mi (2.609 km2)|
|• Water||0.322 sq mi (0.835 km2) 24.24%|
|Area rank||467th of 566 in state|
8th of 12 in county
|Elevation||151 ft (46 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||36th of 566 in state|
6th of 12 in county
|• Density||49,341.7/sq mi (19,050.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||3rd of 566 in state|
3rd of 12 in county
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885438|
West New York is one of the most densely populated municipalities in the United States as well as worldwide.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Sports
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Emergency services
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Media and culture
- 11 Notable people
- 12 References
- 13 External links
West New York was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on July 8, 1898, replacing Union Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier. West New York underwent a massive growth at the beginning of the 20th century, driven by development of textile industries that made North Hudson the "Embroidery Capital of the United States".
The town was populated mainly with Italian Americans and German Americans. The 1960s saw an influx of Cuban émigrés to the area, once called Havana on the Hudson; it has since become one of the United States cities with a majority Hispanic population. Simultaneously, high-rise apartments, some of the tallest buildings in North Hudson, were built along Boulevard East, adding to the population of the town, giving it one of highest population densities in the country. Since the 1980s the Hudson waterfront, which had been part of the Weehawken Terminal has been redeveloped from industrial to residential and recreational uses, including the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.329 square miles (3.444 km2), including 1.007 square miles (2.609 km2) of land and 0.322 square miles (0.835 km2) of water (24.24%).
The ZIP code for West New York is 07093. West New York is part of the New York metropolitan area and is at the heart of the North Hudson, New Jersey region. West New York is bordered on the north by Guttenberg, on the east by the Hudson River, on the south by Union City and Weehawken, and on the west by North Bergen.
West New York is one of North Hudson's communities atop The Palisades above the Hudson River, and home to the highest point in the county. Its Hudson Waterfront has been known as Bulls Ferry since before the American Revolutionary War. Bergenline Avenue is its main commercial thoroughfare, while the wide two-way 60th Street is a major cross-town thoroughfare, and site of Town Hall. More than half of U.S. Presidents have streets bearing their name in the town.
|Population sources: 1800–1920|
1900–1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,708 people, 18,852 households, and 11,782.500 families residing in the town. The population density was 49,341.7 per square mile (19,050.9/km2). There were 20,018 housing units at an average density of 19,870.5 per square mile (7,672.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 62.04% (30,839) White, 4.60% (2,289) Black or African American, 1.50% (744) Native American, 6.01% (2,986) Asian, 0.05% (24) Pacific Islander, 20.19% (10,038) from other races, and 5.61% (2,788) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 78.08% (38,812) of the population.
There were 18,852 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the town, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.8 males.
As of the 2010 United States Census, West New York had the third-highest percentage of Hispanics in the state, at 78.1%, accounting for 2.5% of the state's Hispanic population. Though Native Americans comprise less than 1% of the city's population, they doubled in the 2000s, and combined with Union City's Native Americans comprise 38% of the county's Native American population.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,657 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,850) and the median family income was $42,534 (+/- $3,689). Males had a median income of $36,768 (+/- $2,414) versus $30,688 (+/- $1,952) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,419 (+/- $1,215). About 15.8% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 25.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 45,768 people, 16,719 households, and 11,034 families residing in the town. The population density was 44,995.1/mi² (17,324.6/km²). There were 17,360 housing units at an average density of 17,066.8/mi² (6,571.3 km²). The racial makeup of the town was 60.09% White, 3.55% African American, 0.67% Native American, 2.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 25.16% from other races, and 7.57% from two or more races. 78.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,719 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 22.3% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $31,980, and the median income for a family is $34,083. Males have a median income of $26,703 versus $22,326 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,719. 18.9% of the population and 16.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.4% are under the age of 18 and 22.3% are 65 or older.
As of the 2000 Census, West New York was ranked as #52 on a list of cities with the highest percentage of renters. 80.1% of West New York residents lived in renter-occupied housing units, vs. 33.8% nationwide.
Bergenline Avenue is the main shopping district of North Hudson. West New York's Urban Enterprise Zone, one of seven established by legislation in 1996, covers portions of Bergenline Avenue from 49th to 67th Streets. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (versus the 6.625% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Until the 1880s, the primary commercial area of West New York was Palisade Avenue. An influential citizen named Henry Kohlmeier who lived there objected to the noise created by horse-drawn public coaches, which led to the route being transferred one block west to what is now Bergenline Avenue (formerly Lewis Street), which runs parallel to Palisade Avenue, and which remains the city's main commercial thoroughfare. Currently the longest commercial avenue in the state, boasting over 300 retail stores and restaurants, Bergenline runs through not only the entire length of West New York from north to south, but also through Union City, Guttenberg and North Bergen, making it the main commercial strip for North Hudson. Also known as the "Miracle Mile", Bergenline's largest concentration of retail and chain stores begins at the intersection of 32nd Street in Union City, and continues north until 92nd Street in North Bergen. Bergenline Avenue is also used as the route for local parades, such as the annual Memorial Day Parade Cuban Day Parade and Dominican-American Parade.
Since 1931, West New York has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government by a five-member commission. Commission members are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis. Each Commissioner is assigned to head one of five departments. The Commission selects one of its members to serve as mayor.
As of 2017[update], the five members of the West New York Board of Commissioners are Mayor Felix Roque (Commissioner of Public Safety), Cosmo A. Cirillo (Commissioner of Public Affairs), Susan Colacurcio (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), Margarita Guzman (Commissioner of Parks and Public Property) and Gabriel Rodriguez (Commissioner of Public Works), all serving concurrent terms of office ending May 17, 2019.
In the May 2011 municipal election, the "Together We Can" slate of five candidates led by Roque took all five seats on the Town Council, knocking off the slate of incumbents led by then-mayor Silverio Vega. At the town council's reorganization meeting, the five commissioners unanimously voted to appoint Roque to a four-year term as Mayor of West New York.
In February 2015, Cosmo Cirillo was selected to fill the vacant seat of Rubin Vargas, making Cirillo the youngest commissioner on town history at the age of 27.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
West New York is located in the 8th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, West New York had been in the 33rd state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, West New York had been part of the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 32nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Sacco (D, North Bergen) and in the General Assembly by Angelica M. Jimenez (D, West New York) and Pedro Mejia (d, Secaucus). Mejia took office in April 2018 to succeed Vincent Prieto, who resigned from office in March to head the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority.
West New York is in Hudson County's 7th Freeholder District. Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 7 comprises Weehawken, West New York, and Guttenberg and is represented by Caridad Rodriguez. The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,438 registered voters in West New York, of which 10,510 (54.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,460 (12.7%) were registered as Republicans and 6,456 (33.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 77.5% of the vote (9,682 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 21.8% (2,725 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (85 votes), among the 12,605 ballots cast by the town's 21,268 registered voters (113 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 69.6% of the vote (9,071 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 29.0% (3,773 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (78 votes), among the 13,026 ballots cast by the town's 21,023 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.8% of the vote (7,229 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 36.4% (4,329 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (54 votes), among the 11,883 ballots cast by the town's 18,058 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 65.8.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 55.9% of the vote (3,188 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 42.4% (2,416 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (94 votes), among the 5,978 ballots cast by the town's 22,092 registered voters (280 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 71.2% of the vote (5,328 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 25.5% (1,907 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.3% (97 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (67 votes), among the 7,481 ballots cast by the town's 19,045 registered voters, yielding a 39.3% turnout.
West New York is served by the West New York School District for pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 7,805 students and 536.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.56:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Early Childhood School for Pre-K (1,306 students), six K-6 elementary schools — Harry L. Bain School (836) Public School No. 1 (671), Public School No. 2 (624), Public School No. 3 (483), Robert Menendez Elementary School No. 4 (715) and Albio Sires Elementary School No. 5 (527) — West New York Middle School (903; 7&8) and Memorial High School (1,740; 9-12).
American Training School for Medical Professionals is a bilingual medical school founded in 1998 by Professor Dante Joa.
The West New York Emergency Medical Squad consists of 26 people (as of May 2011) who are based at the EMS house on 62nd Street, which houses four trucks, to which each is assigned two workers. The Squad's second, larger facility, at 66th Street, opened May 11, 2011.
West New York's Emergency Medical Services was among the many Hudson County agencies that responded to the January 2009 crash of US Airways Flight 1549, for which they received accolades from the survivors.
Roads and highwaysEdit
The only significant roads directly serving West New York are county highways. County Route 501 follows Kennedy Boulevard along the town's western border. County Route 505 follows Boulevard East and Anthony Defino Way on the east side of town. Both roads are oriented north-south. Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike), U.S. Route 1/9 and New Jersey Route 495 are major highways located in adjacent municipalities.
NJ Transit bus service is available to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 128, 154, 156, 158, 159, 165, 166 and 168 routes. The 181 and 188 routes offer service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal. Travel to other New Jersey communities, including Jersey City, is offered on the 22, 23, 84, 86, 88 and 89.
The Bergenline Avenue station of Hudson-Bergen Light Rail is located at the city line with Union City, while the Weehawken Port Imperial is located on the Weehawken waterfront at the foot of Pershing Road near the NY Waterway ferry terminal. Regular ferry crossings of the Hudson River run daily.
Jitney commuter buses operate along Bergenline Avenue, providing service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, the George Washington Bridge Bus Station, the Newport Centre and other local destinations. The county's most frequent route for dollar buses, jitneys operate along Bergenline Avenue as frequently as one bus every minute.
The closest airport in New Jersey with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, located 13.6 miles (21.9 km) away in Newark / Elizabeth. New York City's LaGuardia Airport is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) away in Flushing, Queens via the Lincoln Tunnel.
Media and cultureEdit
West New York is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. The Jersey Journal is a local daily paper based in Jersey City. Local weeklies include the free bilingual paper, Hudson Dispatch Weekly, a former daily, The West New York Reporter, which is part of the Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies, and the Spanish language El Especialito. River View Observer is a monthly newspaper that covers the Hudson County waterfront market.
In the late 2000s, West New York, Weehawken, Union City and North Bergen came to be dubbed collectively as "NoHu", a North Hudson haven for local performing and fine artists, many of whom are immigrants from Latin America and other countries, in part due to lower housing costs compared to those in nearby art havens such as Hoboken, Jersey City and Manhattan.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with West New York include:
- George Alvarez, actor known for the soap operas General Hospital, Port Charles and Guiding Light.
- Manuela Arbeláez (born 1988), model and actress who has appeared on The Price Is Right.
- Oscar L. Auf der Heide (1874–1945), represented New Jersey's 11th congressional district from 1925–1933, and the 14th congressional district from 1933–1935. Auf der Heide was a member of the town council from 1899–1902, and was a member and president of the board of education in 1903 and 1904, served on the board of assessors in 1912 and 1913 and was mayor of West New York from 1914–1917.
- Tyson Beckford (born 1970), male supermodel.
- Warren Boroson (born 1935), financial journalist, author and playwright.
- James J. Braddock (1905–1974), heavyweight boxing champion.
- Rob Byrnes (born 1958), author and blogger.
- Vincent J. Dellay (1907–1999), Congressman who represented New Jersey's 14th congressional district.
- Emil Draitser (born 1937), author of 12 books and 135 short stories, professor of Russian at Hunter College.
- Ruth Brewer Eisenberg (1902–1996), pianist who was "Ivory" of the inter-racial piano duo Ebony and Ivory.
- Amber Lee Ettinger (born 1982), actress and internet celebrity who rose to fame in 2007 as "Obama Girl".
- Zulima Farber (born 1946), former New Jersey Attorney General.
- Noli Francisco (1941-2017), professional poker player.
- Morton Freedgood (1913–2006), author of the novel The Taking of Pelham One Two Three.
- Walter Hendl (1917–2007), conductor, composer and pianist.
- Arthur Imperatore Sr. (born 1925), businessman who founded the NY Waterway service.
- Christopher Jackman (1916–1991), politician who served in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature, and was Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1978 until 1982.
- Angelica M. Jimenez (born 1965), politician who has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2012, where she represents the 32nd Legislative District.
- King Kamali (born 1972), IFBB professional bodybuilder.
- AJ Lee (born 1987), actress and retired professional wrestler, best known for her time in WWE.
- Herb Maack (1917–2007), former Brooklyn Dodgers (AAFC) player and college football head coach.
- Ray Machado, Cuban-American musician and founder of the Cuban fusion band Máxima Alerta.
- John Mahnken (born 1922), former professional basketball player.
- Harold Martin (1918–2010), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Mayte Martínez (born 1991), Cuban American model, designer and television personality.
- Edward James Olmos (born 1947), actor who lived in West New York from 1979 to 1987, while he built his stage career following his emigration from East Los Angeles.
- Harry Otis (1886–1976), pitcher who played in five games for the Cleveland Naps in 1909.
- Artie Pitt (1913-2002) gymnast who competed in eight events at the 1936 Summer Olympics.
- Gene Prebola (born 1938), former NFL tight end who played for the Oakland Raiders, Denver Broncos and New York Jets.
- Caridad Rodriguez (born 1947), former member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Jeff Roehl (born 1980), offensive lineman who played for the New York Giants.
- Louis Romano (born 1930), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Felix Roque, Former Mayor of West New York.
- Mathieu Schneider (born 1969), former professional ice hockey defenseman who played 1,289 games in the National Hockey League with ten different teams.
- Dick Seay (1904–1981), Negro league baseball all-star second baseman.
- Jeremy Shockey (born 1980), NFL football player who has played for the New York Giants, New Orleans Saints and Carolina Panthers.
- Ozzie Silna (1932–2016), businessmen best known as being co-owner of the American Basketball Association's Spirits of St. Louis and the lucrative deal cut to fold that team during the ABA-NBA merger.
- Albio Sires (born 1951), former Mayor of West New York who serves in Congress representing New Jersey's 13th congressional district.
- Isabel Toledo (1960-2019), fashion designer.
- Vito Valentinetti (born 1928), former professional pitcher who played for five MLB seasons.
- Silverio Vega (born 1956), former Mayor of West New York who served in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Armando Vilaseca, Commissioner of the Vermont Department of Education.
- Jessica Vosk (born 1983), Broadway actress who has starred as Elphaba in the Second National Tour of Wicked.
- Gerard Way (born 1977), musician, frontman of the alternative rock band, My Chemical Romance.
- Jacqueline Walker (born 1941), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1984 to 1986.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
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- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Directory of Elected Officials: Federal, State, County, & Municipal Officials Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Hudson County, New Jersey Clerk, updated July 6, 2016. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 142.
- "Town of West New York". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West New York town, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- 2010 Census Populations for Weehawken and West New York, Asbury Park Press, accessed April 20, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 12, 2012.
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- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 306. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 15, 2015.
- Staff. "Commercial Growth in New Jersey Town on Heights has Doubled Population within Last Five Years", The New York Times, December 20, 1914. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Martin, Lydia. "Cuban cool" The Star-Ledger. August 9, 1995; Pages 41 & 54.
- Juri, Carmen (August 9, 1995). "Jersey's Cuban flavors" The Star-Ledger. pp. 41 and 54.
- Trillin, Calvin. "Observations while Eating Carne Asada on Bergenline Avenue", The New Yorker, June 30, 1975. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Norman, Michael. "Palisades: New York's Other West Side", The New York Times, July 4, 1982. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "Blending Two Cities into One", The New York Times, October 9, 2005. Accessed September 29, 2014. "At John F. Kennedy Boulevard East, known as 'Boulevard East,' the population, housing mix and scenery change abruptly. Mostly New York City professionals and empty-nesters live in towers that soar 30 stories or more over the Palisades, a 450-foot-high belt of cliffs that line the New Jersey side of the Hudson."
- Hudson County High Point, New Jersey, peakbagger.com. Accessed September 29, 2014.
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- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- Cullen, Deanna. "Growing influence: UC and WNY house 6 percent of state's Hispanics", The Union City Reporter, February 13, 2011, pages 1 and 15. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Union City and West New York are each over three quarters Hispanic. In New Jersey, Union City has the highest percentage of people in that group – 84.7 percent. West New York is 78.1 percent Hispanic, coming in at third."
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for West New York town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Carla Astudillo (December 10, 2017). "The 41 N.J. towns where English is not the dominant language". New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Top 100 Cities with Highest Percentage of Renters (pop. 5000+), City-Data. Accessed July 14, 2007.
- Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed August 23, 2015. "The legislation was amended in 1996 to include seven additional zones. They were all predetermined and include East Orange, Guttenberg, Hillside, Irvington, North Bergen, Pemberton and West New York."
- Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) Program - Local Zone Support, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 23, 2015.
- Urban Enterprise Zone Program, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Reduced Sales Tax – currently 3.3125%, effective 1/1/2018"
- Rosero, Jessica. "Smelliest town? Most bumpy? Hudson County municipalities hold unusual distinctions", The Hudson Reporter, February 26, 2006. Accessed March 12, 2011. "Slicing through both towns is Bergenline Avenue, also known as the 'Miracle Mile,' said to the longest commercial avenue in the state and shared by neighboring Guttenberg and North Bergen."
- "The Union City Memorial Day parade is today". NJ.com. May 27, 2010
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre (June 4, 2011). "Cuban Day Parade and Festival set for tomorrow in North Hudson". NJ.com
- Mestanza, Jean-Pierre (October 14, 2010). "Dominican-American Parade to fill Bergenline Avenue with music, fun". The Jersey Journal. Accessed July 30, 2013.
- 1898 Brooklyn Bridegrooms, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed June 19, 2015.
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- Baime, A.J. "Formula One Roars to Banks of Hudson". The Wall Street Journal. October 26, 2011. Accessed October 27, 2011. "Formula One, the most popular, technologically advanced and glamorous form of international motorsport, will hold a Grand Prix race on the banks of the Hudson River against the backdrop of the Manhattan skyline in June 2013. If the current lineup of teams remains the same, that means 24 cars racing at 200-plus mph will let loose some 17,000 horsepower on closed-off public roads in Weehawken and West New York, N.J., in front of a crowd that, if expectations are fulfilled, would double the capacity of Yankee Stadium."
- Mayor Felix E. Roque MD, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- Commissioner Cosmo A. Cirillo, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- Commissioner Susan Colacurcio, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- Commissioner Margarita Guzman, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- Commissioner Gabriel Rodriguez, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
- Elected Officials, West New York. Accessed May 11, 2017.
- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, West New York. Accessed July 7, 2016.
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- AECOM Technical Services, Inc. Hudson County Jitney Study Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, July 2011. North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. Accessed May 22, 2016. "The most frequent jitney route in Hudson County with service operating in each direction nearly once per minute, the Bergenline Avenue route operates along the spine of the Hudson County/Bergen County palisades, connecting the Newport Mall in Jersey City to the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee, with select trips (primarily those operated by New Service, Inc., Airport Service Corp. and Spanish Transportation Corp., collectively 'Spanish Transportation') continuing on to the GWBBS in New York City."
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- Staff. "Univision Crowns Second Winner of Nuestra Belleza Latina", Business Wire, May 17, 2008. Accessed June 12, 2012. "After a series of eliminations 6 finalists made it to the grand finale: Melissa Marty – the winner, Emeraude Toubia, Mexican/Lebanese from Brownsville, TX – first-runner up; Dayamí Padrón, Cuban from Miami, FL – second runner-up; Zoila Ceballos, Dominican from New York, NY – third place; Leticia Castro, Mexican from Las Vegas, NV – fourth place; and Manuela Arbeláez, Colombian from West New York, NJ in fifth place."
- Oscar Louis Auf der Heide, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 29, 2007.
- "Tyson Beckford injured in New Jersey truck accident", USA Today, June 7, 2005. Accessed September 23, 2007. "Beckford, a West New York resident, was taken to the Jersey City Medical Center, where he was treated for head trauma and cuts, O'Keeffe said."
- Cullen, Dana. "A lifetime of secure investments: Hudson County native reflects upon career as financial journalist", The Hudson Reporter, December 12, 2010, p. 3. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Boroson grew up on Boulevard East in West New York, back when the town was comprised of embroidery factories and Irish Catholic, German, and Italian residents. He first attended P.S. No. 6 and then Memorial High School. At that time, he said, there were two graduations, January and June, and he graduated in January 1952."
- "Braddock, Who Beat Baer for Title, Dies; Diffident Demeanor", The New York Times, November 30, 1974. "NORTH BERGEN, N. J., Nov. 29 (AP) James J. Braddock, who won the world heavyweight championship in 1935 by outpointing Max Baer in one of boxing's biggest upsets, died today at, his home here. He was 68 years old.... When he was a child his family moved to West New York, N. J., just the other side of the Hudson River."
- Rob Byrnes, Saints and Sinners Literary Festival. Accessed June 12, 2012. "A native of upstate New York, he currently lives in West New York, New Jersey with his partner, Brady Allen, where he is working on a new novel."
- Edson, Peter. "Congressman Defends His Party Switching", St. Petersburg Independent, February 1, 1958. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Dellay, 50, was born to Italian parents in West New York, N.J."
- Amanda Staab. "From Communist Russia to WNY", The Union City Reporter, March 1, 2009, Pages 3 and 8
- Archilla, Dylan M. "From Russia with words Renowned WNY writer receives award", The Hudson Reporter, July 11, 2003. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Emil Draitser's West New York apartment is a jumble of papers, books, and magazines, along with two computers.... Shortly after his arrival in the United States, Draitser settled in West New York. Said Draitser on his choice, 'I like it here. It's close to the city, which is important to me because I work there. It's close to the airport and mostly, it's quiet here. I need quiet to do my writing. I could never be happy living in New York City. Too noisy.'"
- "Ebony and Ivory", p. 91. McCall's, Volume 114. McCall Publishing Company, 1986. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Ruth grew up in West New York, New Jersey, and, when she was eight, she and her sister began taking piano lessons from a neighbor, at a cost of 25 cents a session."
- Zeitlinger, Ron. "'Obama Girl' robbed while moving out of her West New York apartment, website reports", The Jersey Journal, July 20, 2010. Accessed August 29, 2019.
- Gettleman, Jeffrey. "On Politics; A Cuban Revolution, Only It's in New Jersey", The New York Times, February 5, 2006. Accessed August 29, 2019. "'You have to remember it was the middle class and upper class who came here for political reasons, and they've remained politically involved,' said Ms. Farber, who came to West New York in 1961 at age 16 and lived with eight relatives in one apartment."
- Holloway, Chad. "Where Are They Now: WPT Season II Borgata Poker Open Champ Noli Francisco", PokerNews, April 18, 2012. Accessed October 25, 2015. "I live with my wife in West New York. You know where West New York is? That's in New Jersey, west of Manhattan along the river."
- via Associated Press. "Morton Freedgood, 93, Author Who Specialized in Crime Fiction, Dies ", The New York Times, April 22, 2006. Accessed June 12, 2012. "West New York, N.J., April 21 (AP) — Morton Freedgood, who wrote "The Taking of Pelham One Two Three" and many other detective and mystery novels under the pen name John Godey, died on Sunday at his home here. He was 93."
- via Associated Press. "Walter Hendl, Dies at 90; Led Eastman School", The New York Times, April 16, 2007. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Mr. Hendl was born Jan. 12, 1917, in West New York, N.J. He won the New Jersey State Piano Competition in 1936 and entered the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia the next year."
- Hague, Jim. "Holiday gift from Imperatore Palisades Medical Center receives $2M from NY Waterway founder", The Hudson Reporter, December 12, 2006. Accessed June 12, 2012. "When Imperatore, a native of West New York and a long-time resident of Weehawken, first envisioned developing his real estate holdings along River Road, he was influential in bringing the hospital to its current location in 1978."
- Narvaez, Alfonso A. "Christopher Jackman Dies at 74; Longtime Legislator in New Jersey", The New York Times, January 30, 1991. Accessed October 25, 2015. "State Senator Christopher J. Jackman, a legislator in New Jersey for more than 20 years and a former Speaker of the Assembly, died on Monday at University Hospital in Newark. He was 74 years old and lived in West New York, N.J."
- Assemblywoman Angelica M. Jimenez, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Wuebben, Joe. "The new king: unassuming? Humble? Quiet? What happened to King Kamali? We spent a couple of days with him to get to know the man who would be king", Muscle & Fitness, July 2004. Accessed October 6, 2008. "At least, that seemed to be the case when I spent a few days hanging out with him at his home in West New York, New Jersey, a few weeks out from the 2004 Arnold Classic."
- Strauss, Gerry. "Homecoming Queen: Local Talent At WrestleMania; Jersey Girl April Mendez brings her vengeful alter ego to WrestleMania at MetLife Stadium this month.", New Jersey Monthly, March 11, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2015. "For Mendez, a native of North Bergen, the road from rags to WrestleMania wasn't easy. 'I've lived in so many different towns—Guttenberg, Union City, West New York, Jersey City,' she says of her childhood."
- Staff. "Maack, 'Iron Man' Tackle, Elected Captain Of Columbia Football Team for Next Fall", The New York Times, December 6, 1940. Accessed January 27, 2011.
- Sullivan, Al. "Trash truck worker competes for a Latin Grammy: Local Cuban exile fulfills dream as musician", The Hudson Reporter, October 16, 2016. Accessed July 21, 2019. "In late 2015 he moved to West New York, and found work as a truck driver and day laborer, picking up trash for the city of Union City."
- John Mahnken profile, Basketball Reference. Accessed August 7, 2007.
- Interviews with Harold Martin, Center on the American Governor, Eagleton Institute of Politics. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Born on February 25, 1918 in West New York, at six years old Harold Martin moved with his family to Brooklyn, where his father ran a successful men's clothing store."
- "!5 Facts You May Not Know About Maytee!", Maytee Martinez, July 10, 2010. Accessed October 25, 2015. "2. I am Cuban American born in West New York"
- Cerbo, Toni-Ann. "Edward James Olmos has fond memories of living in West New York while he built stage career", The Jersey Journal, December 1, 2010. Accessed September 29, 2014. "Before Edward James Olmos was an award-winning actor, producer and social activist, he was a West New York resident. From 1979 to 1987, Olmos rented an apartment on Boulevard East after departing East L.A., he said."
- Harry Otis Statistics and History, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed October 25, 2015.
- Artie Pitt, Sports Reference. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born: August 14, 1913 in West New York, New Jersey, United States"
- Gene Prebola Archived October 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Boston Terriers football. Accessed May 18, 2016. "An outstanding all-around performer at Memorial High School, the West New York, New Jersey native came to Boston University in the fall of 1956."
- Staff. "Jets Receive McDaniel and 3 Other Players From Broncos in 9‐Man Deal", The New York Times, March 22, 1964. Accessed May 18, 2016. "Prebola, 26, a former Boston University star from West New York, N. J., was eager to return to the New York area."
- Commissioner Caridad Rodriguez, Town of West New York. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Disbato, Pat. "NFL / Roehl living out a dream", The Star (Tinley Park), February 1, 2004. Accessed October 6, 2008. "'I lived in New Jersey, a little town called West New York,' said Roehl, who calls teammate Jeremy Shockey one of his closest friends."
- Staff. "After Months of Running, Marathon Ends Tuesday; Heading Toward Finish Line at the Statehouse", The New York Times, November 2, 1997. Accessed June 6, 2010.
- Ford, James. "NJ Mayor Out On Bail For Computer Hacking, But Bigger Drama Outside Court Hearing: After West New York Mayor Roque and son arrested, ex-wife falls unconscious, fireworks on courthouse steps", WPIX, May 24, 2012. Accessed June 12, 2012. "'It's time for him to step aside and lead by example and move on,' said Jerry Lange, a former four-term town commissioner in West New York who had been defeated by Roque in the last election, on the courthouse steps."
- Wills, Adam. "The Jewish KingHockey's Mathieu Schneider puts down roots in L.A., seeks a more Jewish life.", The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, March 22, 2001. Accessed October 25, 2015. "Raised in West New York and Toms River, N.J., Schneider first experienced the joy of skating when Sam took him to Rockefeller Center at the age of 3."
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- Sandomir, Richard. "Ozzie Silna, Savvy Owner of Spirits of St. Louis, Is Dead at 83", The New York Times, April 27, 2016. Accessed April 27, 2016. "Uziel Silna was born in a suburb of Tel Aviv on Dec. 27, 1932, and settled with his parents, Harry and Kissey, in West New York, N.J., when he was almost 7."
- Heinis, John. "Rep. Albio Sires, of West New York, gives House Homeland Security Committee chairman Peter King tour of Hudson's tunnels and transit sites", The Jersey Journal, January 27, 2012. Accessed June 12, 2012.
- Friedman, Vanessa. "Isabel Toledo Dies at 59; Designed Michelle Obama’s Inaugural Outfit", The New York Times, August 26, 2019. Accessed August 29, 2019. "Maria Isabel Izquierdo was born on April 9, 1960, in Camajuani, Cuba, to Felix and Bertha Izquierdo.... She emigrated with her parents and two sisters to the United States, and in 1968 the family settled in West New York, N.J., where she met Mr. Toledo."
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- Hirsch, Corin. "Lunch Box Diaries; Vermonters recall their school cafeteria cuisine", Seven Days (newspaper), August 31, 2011. Accessed August 2, 2012. "Armando Vilaseca – Vermont education commissioner; I came from Cuba in 1964 and moved to West New York, N.J., an immigrant area that from the 1960s until the 1980s had a huge Cuban immigrant population. My high school, Memorial High School, was probably 70 percent Cuban American..."
- Pennington, Juliet. "The VIP Lounge with Jessica Vosk", The Boston Globe, June 23, 2017. Accessed October 10, 2017. "The Clinton, N.J., native, now calls West New York, N.J., home. Vosk, 33, who plays Elphaba (the role made popular by Idina Menzel), said she is enjoying spending time in Boston, where her younger brother, musician Daniel Vosk, went to school."
- Gerard Way photo, The New York Times Agency, October 19, 2007. Caption: "Gerard Way, lead singer of My Chemical Romance, near his home in West New York, N.J., on September 24, 2007."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1984, p. 251. Accessed November 18, 2017. "Jacqueline Walker, Dem., Matawan Assemblywoman Walker was born in Jersey City Nov. 7, l941. She attended elementary school and Memorial High School in West New York."
- "Assemblywoman realizes dream", Asbury Park Press, July 16, 1984. Accessed November 18, 2017. "...of the delegation is the latest coup in what has been a meteoric political career for the West New York native."