Archibald E. Olpp

Archibald Ernest Olpp (May 12, 1882 – July 26, 1949) was an American physician and politician who served a single term in the U.S. Representative from New Jersey. He was the first Republican to be elected to Congress from the New Jersey's 11th congressional district since it was created in 1913.[1]

Archibald E. Olpp
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
Preceded byJohn J. Eagan
Succeeded byJohn J. Eagan
Personal details
Archibald Ernest Olpp

(1882-05-12)May 12, 1882
South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedJuly 26, 1949(1949-07-26) (aged 67)
Hackensack, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Alma materLehigh University
University of Pennsylvania


Born in South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Olpp attended the public schools. He graduated from the Moravian School, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1899, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1903, and from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1908.

Olpp was an instructor in chemistry at Lehigh University in 1903 and 1904 and in biological chemistry at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, in 1908 and 1909.

Olpp began the practice of medicine in West Hoboken, New Jersey, in 1909. He served as town physician (1912–1914) and police surgeon and physician to public schools in Secaucus, New Jersey (1916 to 1924).

He served as first lieutenant in the United States Medical Corps during the First World War.

Olpp was elected as a Republican for a single term to the Sixty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923). Following an unsuccessful reelection bid in 1922, Olpp resumed his medical career.

A resident of Cliffside Park, New Jersey, Olpp died at the age of 67 at Hackensack Hospital on July 26, 1949, after having collapsed in front of a building in Hasbrouck Heights.[2] He was interred in Brookside Cemetery, Englewood, New Jersey.[3]


  1. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey. New Jersey. 1922. Dr. Olpp, who is the first Republican to be elected to Congress from the Eleventh District since it was created ten years ago, is a practicing physician and was formerly a chemist. He was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, May 12th, 1882, and received his early education at the Moravian Public School, from which he graduated in 1899. Four years later he graduated from Lehigh University. Subsequently he took a medical course at the University of Pennsylvania and finished there in 1908 ... Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  2. ^ "Dr. Archibald E. Olpp" (PDF). The New York Times. July 27, 1949. Retrieved 2014-12-19. Dr. Archibald E. Olpp of Cliffside, surgeon and former New Jersey Congressman, died tonight at Hackensack Hospital at the age of 67. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  3. ^ "Archibald Ernest Olpp", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John J. Eagan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
Succeeded by
John J. Eagan