Weehawken, New Jersey
Weehawken is a township in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,554, reflecting a decline of 947 (-7.0%) from the 13,501 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,116 (+9.0%) from the 12,385 counted in the 1990 Census.
Weehawken, New Jersey
|Township of Weehawken|
Weehawken highlighted in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Weehawken, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 15, 1859|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Richard F. Turner (term ends June 30, 2018)|
|• Manager||Giovanni D. Ahmad|
|• Municipal clerk||Rola Dahboul|
|• Total||1.477 sq mi (3.826 km2)|
|• Land||0.796 sq mi (2.063 km2)|
|• Water||0.681 sq mi (1.764 km2) 46.10%|
|Area rank||453rd of 566 in state|
7th of 12 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||194th of 566 in state|
10th of 12 in county
|• Density||15,764.6/sq mi (6,086.7/km2)|
|• Density rank||13th of 566 in state|
7th of 12 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882224|
The name Weehawken is generally considered to have evolved from the Algonquian language Lenape spoken by the Hackensack and Tappan. It has variously been interpreted as "maize land", "place of gulls", "rocks that look like trees", which would refer to the Palisades, atop which most of the town sits, or "at the end", among other suggested translations.
Three U.S. Navy ships have been named for the city. The USS Weehawken, launched on November 5, 1862, was a Passaic-class monitor, or ironclad ship, which sailed for the Union Navy during the American Civil War, encountered battles at the Charleston, South Carolina coast, and sank in a moderate gale on December 6, 1863. The Weehawken was the last ferry to The West Shore Terminal on March 25, 1959, at 1:10 am, ending 259 years of continuous ferry service. Weehawken Street in Manhattan's Greenwich Village was the site of a colonial Hudson River ferry landing.
The name and the place have inspired mention in multiple works of popular culture.
Weehawken was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, on March 15, 1859, from portions of Hoboken and North Bergen. A portion of the township was ceded to Hoboken in 1874. Additional territory was annexed in 1879 from West Hoboken.
The township's written history began in 1609, when Henry Hudson, on his third voyage to the New World, sailed down what was later named the North River on the Half Moon and weighed anchor in Weehawken Cove. At the time it was the territory of the Hackensack and Tappan, of the Turtle Clan, or Unami, a branch of the Lenni Lenape. They were displaced by immigrants to the province of New Netherland, who had begun to settle the west bank of the Hudson at Pavonia in 1630. On May 11, 1647, Maryn Adriansen received a patent for a plantation (of 169 acres) at Awiehaken. In 1658, Director-General of New Netherland Peter Stuyvesant negotiated a deal with the Lenape to purchase all the land from "the great rock above Wiehacken", west to Sikakes (Secaucus) and south to Konstapels Hoeck (Constable Hook). In 1661, Weehawken became part of Bergen when it (and most of northeastern New Jersey) came under the jurisdiction of the court at Bergen Square.
In 1674, New Netherland was ceded to the British, and the town became part of the Province of East Jersey. John Luby, in 1677, acquired several parcels comprising 35 acres (140,000 m2) along the Hudson. Most habitation was along the top of the cliffs since the low-lying areas were mostly marshland. Descriptions from the period speak of the dense foliage and forests and excellent land for growing vegetables and orchard fruits. As early as 1700 there was regular, if sporadic ferry service from Weehawken. In 1752, King George II made the first official grant for ferry service, the ferry house north of Hoboken primarily used for farm produce, and likely was sold at the Greenwich Village landing that became Weehawken Street.
During the American Revolutionary War, Weehawken was used as a lookout for the patriots to check on the British, who were situated in New York and controlled the surrounding waterways. In fact, in July 1778, Lord Stirling asked Aaron Burr, in a letter written on behalf of General George Washington, to employ several persons to "go to Bergen Heights, Weehawk, Hoebuck, or any other heights thereabout to observe the motions of the enemy's shipping" and to gather any other possible intelligence. Early documented inhabitants included a Captain James Deas, whose stately residence at Deas' Point was located atop a knoll along the river. Lafayette had used the mansion as his headquarters and later Washington Irving came to gaze at Manhattan.
Not far from Deas' was a ledge 11 paces wide and 20 paces long, situated 20 feet (6.1 m) above the Hudson on the Palisades. This ledge, long gone, was the site of 18 documented duels and probably many unrecorded ones in the years 1798–1845. The most famous is the duel between General Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, and Colonel Aaron Burr, sitting third Vice President of the United States, which took place on July 11, 1804.; this duel was re-enacted on its 200th anniversary (July 11, 2004) by descendants of Hamilton and Burr. Three years earlier, a duel was held at this spot between Philip Hamilton (Alexander Hamilton's son) and George Eacker; Phillip Hamilton, who had been defending his father's honor, suffered a fatal wound in his hip and his left arm and died two days later on November 24, 1801. In the mid-19th century, James G. King built his estate Highwood on the bluff that now bears his name, and entertained many political and artistic figures of the era, including Daniel Webster.
With the ferry, the Hackensack Plank Road (a toll road that was a main artery from Weehawken to Hackensack), and later, the West Shore Railroad, built during the early 1870s, the waterfront became a transportation hub. The wealthy built homes along the top of the New Jersey Palisades, where they might flee from the sweltering heat of New York, and breathe the fresh air of the heights. Weehawken became the playground of the rich during the middle to late 19th century. A series of wagon lifts, stairs, and even a passenger elevator designed by the same engineer as those at the Eiffel Tower (which at the time was the world's largest)  were put in place to accommodate the tourists and summer dwellers. The Eldorado Amusement Park, a pleasure garden which opened in 1891, drew massive crowds.
Weehawken is part of the New York metropolitan area. Situated on the western shore of the Hudson River, along the southern end of the New Jersey Palisades across from Midtown Manhattan, it is the western terminus of the Lincoln Tunnel. Weehawken is one of the towns that comprise North Hudson, sometimes called NoHu in the artistic community.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 1.477 square miles (3.826 km2), including 0.796 square miles (2.063 km2) of land and 0.681 square miles (1.764 km2) of water (46.10%).
As the emergent Palisades define Weehawken's natural topography, so too the Lincoln Tunnel (which cuts the town in half) looms as an inescapable man-made feature. Geographically, Weehawken has distinct neighborhoods: Downtown, the Heights, Uptown (which includes Kingswood Bluff, known as "The Bluff"), and the Waterfront, which since the 1990s has been developed for transportation, commercial, recreational and residential uses. Though some are long abandoned (e.g., Grauert Causeway), there are still several outdoor public staircases (e.g., Shippen Steps) throughout the town, and more than 15 "dead-end" streets. At its southeastern corner is Weehawken Cove which, along with the rail tracks farther inland, defines Weehawken's border with Hoboken. Its northern boundary is shared with West New York. Traversing Weehawken is Boulevard East, a scenic thoroughfare offering a sweeping vista of the Hudson River and the Manhattan skyline. Local zoning laws prohibit the construction of high-rise buildings that would obstruct sight-lines from higher points in town. In a 1999 decision that blocked the development of a pair of waterfront towers that would have stood 160 feet (49 m), a judge cited the panoramic vistas from Weehawken as "a world-class amenity that encourages people to live, work and locate businesses in the area".
The turn of the 20th century saw the end of the large estates, casinos, hotels, and theaters as tourism gave way to subdivisions (such as Highwood Park and Clifton Park) and the construction of many of the private homes still seen in town. This coincided with the influx of the Germans, Austrians, and Swiss, who built them and the breweries and embroidery factories in nearby Union City and West New York. While remaining essentially residential, Weehawken continued to grow as Hudson County became more industrial and more populated. Shortly after the First World War, a significant contingent of Syrian immigrants from Homs (a major textile center in its own right) moved into Weehawken to take advantage of the burgeoning textile industry.
1860–1920 1860–1870 1870
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,554 people, 5,712 households, and 2,913.120 families residing in the township. The population density was 15,764.6 per square mile (6,086.7/km2). There were 6,213 housing units at an average density of 7,801.9 per square mile (3,012.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 71.85% (9,020) White, 4.83% (606) Black or African American, 0.49% (61) Native American, 8.16% (1,024) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 10.76% (1,351) from other races, and 3.91% (491) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.27% (5,055) of the population.
There were 5,712 households out of which 20.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.0% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the township, the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,435 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,887) and the median family income was $90,903 (+/- $17,797). Males had a median income of $53,912 (+/- $7,426) versus $50,129 (+/- $3,238) for females. The per capita income for the township was $45,206 (+/- $5,011). About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 20.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,501 people, 5,975 households, and 3,059 families residing in the township. The population density was 15,891.3 people per square mile (6,132.7/km²). There were 6,159 housing units at an average density of 7,249.4 per square mile (2,797.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 73.05% White, 3.58% African American, 0.20% Native American, 4.67% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 13.94% from other races, and 4.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.64% of the population.
There were 5,975 households, out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.8% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the township the population was spread out with 16.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 42.4% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $50,196, and the median income for a family was $52,613. Males had a median income of $41,307 versus $36,063 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,269. About 9.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Weehawken, with a population density about equal to that of Jersey City, is among the most densely populated municipalities in the United States.
Weehawken has a retail district along Park Avenue (its boundary with Union City) and large office and apartment/townhouse developments along the Hudson River. Weehawken is a mostly residential community, but has a business district at Lincoln Harbor between the Lincoln Tunnel and Weehawken Cove. UBS, Swatch Group USA, Hartz Mountain Telx (colocation center) are among the corporations which maintain offices in the neighborhood, which also hosts a Sheraton Hotel.
Formula One announced plans in 2011 to host a street race on a circuit stretching 3.2 miles (5.1 km) in Weehawken and West New York called Grand Prix of America, that was planned to have its first event in June 2013. The three-day event was anticipated to attract 100,000 people and bring in approximately $100 million in economic activity. The 2013 race was dropped from the calendar, with Formula One President and CEO Bernie Ecclestone stating that the promoters were in breach of contract and that new proposals from other parties would be welcome. The race was repeatedly added then removed from future Formula One provisional calendars, and dropped completely from the provisional calendar by 2016.
Points of interestEdit
Though the panoramic view (from the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge to George Washington Bridge) may be its most famous attraction, Weehawken is also home to other sites of historic, aesthetic, and engineering importance:
- The city's main commercial thoroughfare is Park Avenue, which is populated mostly by locally owned stores, eateries and bars.
- Hamilton Park, on Boulevard East is located at the site of the former Eldorado Amusement Resort.
- King's Bluff, a historic district at "the end of the Palisades", includes many of Weehawken's most expensive homes, in an eclectic array of architectural styles
- The Weehawken Water Tower on Park Avenue was built in 1883 as part of the Hackensack Water Company Complex, and inspired by Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy. The Tower is cited on the Federal Maritime Chart as the "Red Tower" and serves as a warning to ships traveling south along the Hudson that they are approaching New York Bay.
- The former North Hudson Hospital is located on Park Avenue.
- Hackensack Plank Road, an early colonial thoroughfare first laid out in 1718, climbs from Downtown to The Heights and further north, originally connecting Hoboken and Hackensack.
- The "Horseshoe" on Shippen Street is a cobbled double hairpin street leading to Hackensack Plank Road and Shippen Street Steps, at the bottom of which is located Weehawken's original town hall, and is the home of VFW Post 1923 and the Weehawken Historical Commission.
- Hackensack Number Two, a reservoir previously part of Hudson County's water system along with #1 (demolished), in the Gregory/Highpoint Historic District, is named for the river from which water was pumped into them.
- The Lincoln Tunnel Approach and Helix is the eight-lane circular viaduct that leads into the Art Deco style Lincoln Tunnel Toll Plaza. Nearby are the ventilation towers at Lincoln Harbor.
- The Weehawken Public Library, which built in 1904 as the home the son of William Peter Sr., wealthy brewer/beer baron of the William Peter Brewing Company, is located at 49 Hauxhurst Avenue. It opened as a library in 1942, and underwent renovations from 1997 to 1999.
- The Atrium, which is home to Hudson River Performing Arts Center-sponsored events.
- NY Waterway's Weehawken Port Imperial Ferry Terminal, a state-of-the-art facility opened in 2006, is located at the site of the United Fruit Company, which was the largest banana import facility in the nation from the time of its opening in 1952.
- Reservoir Park, located at 20th to 22nd Sttreet on Palisade Avenue, opened on September 25, 2015, The passive park at the border of Union City and Weehawken, was created on the 14.4-acre (5.8 ha) site of a reservoir that had been owned by United Water but hadn't been used since 1996.
- The West Shore Railroad Tunnel, carved through the cliffs, is now used for the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail.
- 9/11 Memorial on the Hudson River Walk at Ferry Boulevard near the end of Pershing Road. It consists of two trident-shaped beams that served as supports for the twin towers of the World Trade Center.
The Alexander Hamilton Monument on Hamilton Avenue, adjacent to Hamilton Park, is the site of the second memorial to the Burr–Hamilton duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr. The first, on the original duel site, was constructed in 1806 by the Saint Andrew Society, of which Hamilton had been a member. A 14-foot (4.3-m) marble cenotaph, consisting of an obelisk, topped by a flaming urn and a plaque with a quote from Horace, surrounded by an iron fence, was constructed approximately where Hamilton was believed to have fallen. Duels continued to be fought at the site, and the marble was slowly vandalized and removed for souvenirs, leaving nothing remaining by 1820. The tablet itself did survive, turning up in a junk store and finding its way to the New-York Historical Society in Manhattan, where it still resides.
From 1820 to 1857, the site was marked by two stones, with the names Hamilton and Burr, placed where they were thought to have stood during the duel. When a road from Hoboken to Fort Lee was built through the site in 1858, an inscription on a boulder where a mortally wounded Hamilton was thought to have rested—one of the many pieces of graffiti left by visitors—was all that remained. No primary accounts of the duel confirm the boulder anecdote. In 1870, railroad tracks were built directly through the site, and the boulder was hauled to the top of the Palisades, where it remains today, located just off the Boulevard East. In 1894, an iron fence was built around the boulder, supplemented by a bust of Hamilton and a plaque. The bust was thrown over the cliff on October 14, 1934, by vandals, and the head was never recovered; a new bust was unveiled on July 12, 1935.
The plaque was stolen by vandals in the 1980s, and an abbreviated version of the text was inscribed on the indentation left in the boulder, which remained until the early 1990s, when a granite pedestal was added in front of the boulder, and the bust was moved to the top of the pedestal. New historical markers were added on July 11, 2004, the 200th anniversary of the duel.
Weehawken operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government. The governing body consists of a five-member council elected to serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis in non-partisan elections held in May. Two council members are elected from the township at-large and the remainder are chosen from each of three wards. The council selects a mayor from among its members in a reorganization meeting held in the first week of July after the election.
As of 2016[update], the mayor of Weehawken is Richard F. Turner (at large), who has served as mayor for 25 years and first became mayor in 1990 after Stanley Iacono didn't run for reelection. Other members of the Township Council are Carmela Silvestri-Ehret (1st Ward), Rosemary J. Lavagnino (2nd Ward), Robert J. Sosa (3rd Ward) and Robert E. Zucconi (at large), all serving terms of office expiring on June 30, 2018.
Giovanni D. Ahmad is the township manager.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
Weehawken is located in the 8th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 33rd state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Weehawken had been part of the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 33rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Brian P. Stack (D, Union City) and in the General Assembly by Raj Mukherji (D, Jersey City) and Annette Chaparro (D, Hoboken). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise. Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 7 comprises Weehawken, West New York, and Guttenberg and is represented by Caridad Rodriguez.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,335 registered voters in Weehawken, of which 3,717 (50.7%) were registered as Democrats, 850 (11.6%) were registered as Republicans and 2,753 (37.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 15 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 74.7% of the vote (3,692 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 23.6% (1,169 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (83 votes), among the 4,969 ballots cast by the township's 7,995 registered voters (25 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.2%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 72.4% of the vote (3,895 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 26.1% (1,406 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (52 votes), among the 5,381 ballots cast by the township's 8,230 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 65.0% of the vote (3,250 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 33.8% (1,688 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (26 votes), among the 4,997 ballots cast by the township's 7,293 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.5.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 55.5% of the vote (1,407 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 42.2% (1,070 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (60 votes), among the 2,637 ballots cast by the township's 8,135 registered voters (100 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 32.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 69.9% of the vote (2,209 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 25.1% (792 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 3.8% (119 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (27 votes), among the 3,161 ballots cast by the township's 7,220 registered voters, yielding a 43.8% turnout.
Weehawken Volunteer First Aid and the Weehawken Police Department were among the many Hudson County agencies that responded to the January 2009 crash of Flight 1549, for which they received accolades from the survivors.
- Simon Kelly, 1887 to 1897.
- Edward W. Berger circa 1905.
- Morris Frost, in 1908 for a week.
- William H. Wood circa 1908.
- George Gonzales circa 1908.
- William M. Brady in 1917.
- Emile W. Grauert (1855–1931), 1912 to April 20, 1931. He was born in 1855 in Manhattan and later worked as an architect. His mayorship was possibly split over non-consecutive terms. He died in the mayor's office on April 20, 1931, from a heart attack.
- Clara E. Grauert, the 72-year-old widow of Emile W. Grauert starting in 1931 filling the office of her husband.
- John Meister in 1949.
- Charles F. Krause Jr. in 1956.
- Stanley D. Ianoco from before 1972 to 1979.
- Wally P. Lindsley (born 1949), from 1979 to 1982.
- Stanley D. Ianoco, 1982 to 1990, in his second non-consecutive turn.
- Richard F. Turner (born 1950), from 1990 to present.
The Weehawken School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,389 students and 109.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.7:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Daniel Webster School served 425 students in PreK through 2nd grade, Theodore Roosevelt School served 381 students in grades 3-6 and Weehawken High School served 520students in grades 7-12. The school system is known for its small classes and high ratings.
The Weehawken Public Library has a collection of approximately 43,000 volumes and circulates 40,600 items annually. and is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System. The landmark building, extensively renovated and updated in 1999.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 16.08 miles (25.88 km) of roadways, of which 13.35 miles (21.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.30 miles (2.09 km) by Hudson County and 1.43 miles (2.30 km) by the Port Authority of NY & NJ.
Public transportation in Weehawken is provided by bus, ferry, and light rail.
Bus service is provided along busy north-south corridors on Park Avenue, Boulevard East and Port Imperial Boulevard by NJ Transit and privately operated jitneys within Hudson County, and to Manhattan and Bergen County.
NJT 123, 126, 128, 156, 158, 159, 165, 166, 168 originate/terminate at the Port Authority Bus Terminal. NJT 23 and 89 travel between Nungessers and Hoboken Terminal, where transfer is possible to PATH and NJT commuter rail. NJ Transit buses 84 and 86 travel between Nungessers and Journal Square or Pavonia/Newport in Jersey City. Routes 68 and 67 provide minimal peak service from Lincoln Harbor to the Jersey Shore.
Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR) service is available westbound to Bergenline and Tonnelle Avenue and southbound to Hoboken, Jersey City and Bayonne at the Lincoln Harbor station and Port Imperial station, where transfer to NY Waterway ferries to Midtown and Lower Manhattan is possible.
Bieber Transportation Group formerly provided intercity bus service from Reading, Kutztown, Wescosville, and Hellertown in Pennsylvania to Port Imperial in Weehawken, where NY Waterway ferries provided a connection to New York City; the ferry ride was included in the ticket price for the bus. The service started on August 27, 2018 and ended on November 6, 2018, with Bieber resuming direct bus service into New York City.
Media and cultureEdit
Local weeklies include the free bilingual paper, Hudson Dispatch Weekly, (named for the former daily Hudson Dispatch), The Hudson Reporter, the Weehawken Reporter, the Spanish language El Especialito. and the River View Observer.
The Weehawken Sequence, an early 20th-century series of approximately 100 oil sketches by local artist John Marin, who worked in the city, is considered among, if not the first, abstract paintings done by an American artist. The sketches, which blend aspects of Impressionism, Fauvism and Cubism, have been compared to the work of Jackson Pollock.
The Hudson Riverfront Performing Arts Center is a non-profit organization whose mission is to build a world-class performing arts center on the waterfront. Since 2004, it has presented both indoor and outdoor events at Lincoln Harbor.
In popular cultureEdit
The name and the place have inspired mention in multiple works of popular culture. For example:
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Weehawken include
- Maryn Adriansen (1600-1654), the first European settler to Weehawken.
- Ed Alberian (1920–1997), entertainer, whose credits include early television's Clarabell the Clown on the Howdy Doody Show, The Beachcomber Bill Show, and Let's Have Fun.
- Adele Astaire (1896–1981), Fred Astaire's elder sister, dancer and entertainer in vaudeville, on Broadway and the West End.
- Fred Astaire (1899–1987), Hollywood actor/dancer.
- Francis Bitter (1902–1967), son of Karl Bitter, physicist known for his research with magnets and long career at MIT.
- Karl Bitter (1867–1915), sculptor, established atelier in town, where he lived and worked until his death.
- John H. Bonn (1829–1891), founder of North Hudson County Railway.
- Marlene Caride (born 1963), politician who has represented the 36th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2012 and was nominated in 2017 to lead the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance.
- Justin Casquejo, free solo climber and stunt performer
- Helen Castillo, fashion designer and cast member of season 12 of the reality television series Project Runway who was born and raised in Weehawken
- Franck de Las Mercedes (born 1972), postmodern artist.
- John Diebold (1926–2005), computer scientist, considered to be an automation evangelist.
- John J. Eagan (1872–1956), a Democrat who represented New Jersey's 11th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1913 to 1921.
- John Erskine (1879–1951), educator and author, who reflects on the town in The Memory of Certain Persons.
- Edward Feigenbaum (born 1936), computer scientist who collaborated on the development of the first expert system Dendral.
- Peter Fiordalisi (1904–1988), modern artist whose work was inspired by the New Jersey Palisades.
- Marie L. Garibaldi (born 1934) is a former Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court who became the first woman to serve on New Jersey's highest court when she was appointed by Governor Thomas Kean in 1982.
- Janet Hamill (born 1945), poet and spoken word artist.
- Barry Harris (born 1929), jazz pianist and educator.
- Glenn Hauman (born 1969), writer, artist, editor and electronic publisher.
- Robert Hilferty (1959–2009), journalist, filmmaker and AIDS activist.[better source needed]
- Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter (1897–1982), director of the Central Intelligence Agency (1947–1950).
- Bob Kennedy (1928–1991), defensive back and halfback who played in the All-America Football Conference for the Los Angeles Dons.
- James G. King (1791–1853), businessman and politician who represented New Jersey's 5th congressional district from 1849 to 1851.
- Nica de Koenigswarter née Rothschild, (1913–1988), known as the "bebop baroness" for her patronage of many jazz musicians.
- Lori Majewski, entertainment writer, communications strategist and consultant.
- John Marin (1870–1953), modern American artist.
- Trade Martin (born 1945), composer, songwriter, and producer.
- Steven Massarsky (1948–2007), lawyer and businessman who founded Voyager Communications.
- David Mearns (born 1958), marine scientist and deep water search and recovery expert, specializing in the discovery of the location of historic shipwrecks.
- Thelonious Monk (1917–1982), jazz pianist.
- Liam O'Brien (born 1976), voice actor, writer, and voice director.
- William E. Ozzard (1915–2002), New Jersey Senate president, 1963.
- Kate Pierson (born 1948), vocalist and one of the lead singers and founding members of The B-52's.
- William Ranney (1813–1857), painter best known for his depictions of Western life, sporting scenery, historical subjects and portraiture.
- Dan Resin (1931–2010), actor known as Dr. Beeper in the film Caddyshack, and as the Ty-D-Bol man in toilet cleaner commercials.
- Henry Reuterdahl (1870–1925), Swedish-American painter highly acclaimed for his nautical artwork.
- Jerome Robbins (1918–1998), choreographer, famous for West Side Story and many works for the New York City Ballet.
- Wilbur Ross (born 1937), United States Secretary of Commerce and investor known for restructuring companies in industries such as steel, coal, telecommunications, foreign investment and textiles.
- Gerard Schwarz (born 1947), conductor, currently with the Seattle Symphony Orchestra.
- Theodore Seltzer (died 1957), manufacturer of Bengay.
- Kenneth Steiglitz, professor of computer science at Princeton University.
- Frank Tashlin (1913–1972), film director, whose credits include The Glass Bottom Boat and The Alphabet Murders.
- Amani Toomer (born 1974), wide receiver who played for the New York Giants.
- Percie Vivarttas, architect notable for Temple Beth-El in Jersey City.
- Josef von Sternberg (1894–1969), film noir director who built a home in the 1940s that was sold in 1958 to Nica de Koenigswater.
- Derrick Ward (born 1980), running back who played for the New York Giants.
- Daniel Webster (1782–1852), statesmen.
- Grant Wright (1865–1935), cartoonist, illustrator and painter.
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- Sherman, Lauren. Weehawken, p. 20. Arcadia Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-0738562681. Accessed June 27, 2017. "Hackensack Plank Road, one of the earliest roads from Colonial times, was laid out in 1718. The old plank road, also known as the Hackensack or Bergen Turnpike and built with a surface of plank decking, took travelers from Hoboken up through Weehawken, North Bergen, and on to Hackensack."
- Hudson County Parks, Visit Hudson. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Hackensack Number Two, the other remaining reservoir in Weehawken Heights, is now accessible to the public as open space."
- DePalma, Anthony. "River City is Planned for Jersey", The New York Times, July 7, 1987. Accessed June 27, 2017. "The narrow stretch of land, barren but for a ferry slip, a marina, the ventilation shafts of the Lincoln Tunnel and an old shipping company building used as Arcorp's offices, is roughly opposite the area from 50th Street to 34th Street in Manhattan."
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- Fedschun, Travis. "Weehawken and Union City will have new park where defunct reservoir, purchased for $11 million, has been idle for 15 years", The Jersey Journal, December 29, 2011. Accessed August 14, 2016. "Weehawken and Union City have purchased the dormant Hackensack Reservoir No. 2 from United Water, the state Department of Environmental Protection announced. The 14.4-acre reservoir property, which hasn't been in operation since 1996, will be transformed into a passive park with a trail around it, officials said."
- Grand Opening of Union City / Weehawken Reservoir Park, City of Union City. Accessed August 14, 2016. "Please join us on Friday, September 25, 2015 for a Block Party from 6 to 9 p.m. to celebrate the grand opening of the Union City / Weehawken Reservoir Park with rides, hot dogs and music. The park is located at 20th to 22nd Palisade Avenue."
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- "Widow, 72, Succeeds Weehawken Mayor". The New York Times. May 14, 1931.
- "Weehawken Mayor Dead At Age of 76. Emile W. Grauert Elected to the Same Office 11 Times, Serving 21 Years. Began As An Architect. Helped Design Albany Capitol and Several Manhattan Skyscrapers. Public Funeral Tomorrow". The New York Times. April 21, 1931.
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- "Tax Strike Voted For Weehawken. Township Committee Acts to Cut Off Hudson Levies Over 'Misuse' of Funds To Seek Tax Refund". The New York Times. June 30, 1956.
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- "Bieber Tourways set to resume direct service to New York City". Allentown, PA: WFMZ-TV. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Home page, NY Waterway. Accessed December 29, 2016. "Corporate Headquarters: 4800 Avenue at Port Imperial, Weehawken, NJ 07086"
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- Welcome, Hudson Riverfront Performing Arts Center. Accessed July 8, 2011.
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- via Associated Press. "Edward Hopper's 'East Wind Over Weehawken' sells for over $40M", The Record (Bergen County), December 5, 2013. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Edward Hopper's "East Wind Over Weehawken" has sold for $40.5 million – an auction record for the artist. The 1934 work depicts a streetscape of the New Jersey city across the Hudson River from New York."
- Hyman, Dylan. "Burr-Hamilton Duel: A look back", KCRA-TV, July 11, 2017. Accessed December 10, 2017. "It was 213 years ago that longtime rivals Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton met for the final time in Weehawken, New Jersey for a duel that would go in the history books, and eventually make its way to the Broadway stage.... Dramatized in the song "The World Was Wide Enough" from the 'Hamilton' musical, Burr sings about becoming a villain in Hamilton's history. Following the duel, Burr's political reputation never recovered."
- "Earliest known Manhattan map made in 1639", The New York Times, March 25, 1917. Accessed June 15, 2017.
- Kirk, Edward J. Weehawken History, 1932, Hudson County Archives Society, October 16, 1932. Accessed June 15, 2017. "The First Citizen of Weehawken.... That is what they say of him who seems to have been the first and for some time apparently the only citizen of Weehawken, Maryn Adriaensen."
- Stancavish, Don "Edwin Alberian was TV's Clarabell", The Record (Bergen County), April 2, 1997. Accessed November 13, 2012.
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- Hague, Jim. "New commission will capture town's history", The Hudson Reporter, February 15, 2000. Accessed November 13, 2012. "But as Fleckenstein is quick to point out, there are other historic facts about the township. Like the fact that famed actor/dancer Fred Astaire once called Weehawken home."
- Staff. "Francis Bitter, 65, of M.I.T. is Dead; An Authority on Magnetism Served Navy During War", The New York Times, July 27, 1967. Accessed June 27, 2017. "Dr. Bitter was born in Weehawken, N. J., the son of Karl and Marie Bitter. His father was a noted sculptor."
- Staff. "Peasant Sculptor from Sweden Seeks Field for His Art in America", The New York Times, July 1, 1906. Accessed June 27, 2017. "Along with the painters who seek the seclusion of the grim-visaged cliffs for their work, there is a goodly quota of sculptors -- the studio of Karl Bitter tops the heights of Weehawken."
- John Hillric Bonn, Genealogical History Of Hudson And Bergen Counties New Jersey, Cornelius Burnham Harvey, Editor, 1900
- Pizarro, Max. "LD 36 hopeful Caride lands Blanco’s endorsement at Passaic City Hall", New York Observer, April 6, 2011. Accessed December 20, 2017. "'The first Dominican American mayor," said Caride, who was born in Weehawken to Cuban immigrant parents and grew up in Ridgefield, and whose law office is located in Union City."
- Zeitlinger, Ron. "Weehawken teen who climbed 1 WTC charged with climbing historic water tower, source says", The Jersey Journal, September 22, 2014. Accessed June 27, 2017. "The Weehawken teen who slipped past security and climbed to the top of 1 World Trade Center earlier this year has been arrested in his home town for trying to scale another building, a source told The Jersey Journal. Justin Casquejo, the 16-year-old who caused a national stir – and a security embarrassment – when he posted pictures online from the top of the WTC building while it was still under construction in March, tried to climb the historic Weehawken water tower, a 175-foot-brick structure on Park Avenue on Sept. 17, a source with knowledge of his arrest said."
- Wenik, Ian. "Weehawken native appears on '‘Project Runway’'; Castillo brings local flair every time she comes on screen", The Hudson Reporter, July 28, 2013. Accessed December 20, 2017. "But while some may try to hide their Hudson County roots in search of big fame under the bright lights, Helen Castillo displays hers on sleeve like her characteristic tattoos.Read more: Hudson Reporter - Weehawken native appears on Project Runway Castillo brings local flair every time she comes on screen.... Born in Weehawken before later moving to Union City, Castillo grew up with a preternatural interest in the fine arts."
- Levine, Daniel Rome. "Triunfador Franck de Las Mercedes", ABC News, August 16, 2007. Accessed August 18, 2008. "Standing in the middle of his one-bedroom loft apartment in an industrial part of Weehawken, N.J., the 34-year-old abstract painter covers a small brown cardboard box in white acrylic paint and then carefully drips red and hot pink paint on it."
- Bayot, Jennifer. "John Diebold, 79, a Visionary of the Computer Age, Dies", The New York Times, December 27, 2005. Accessed December 20, 2017. "John Theurer Diebold (he later dropped the middle name) was born on June 8, 1926, in Weehawken, N.J., and received a bachelor's degree from Swarthmore College and a master's degree from Harvard Business School."
- John Joseph Eagan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 25, 2007.
- Schwartz, Bob. "John Erskine's Weehawken Boyhood ", Weehawken Time Machine. Accessed October 23, 2015.
- Edward A. Feigenbaum from the SmartComputing Encyclopedia. Accessed December 26, 2006.
- Knuth, Don. "Oral History of Edward Feigenbaum, Computer History Museum, 2007. Accessed October 23, 2015. "I was born in Weehawken, New Jersey, which is a town on the Palisades opposite New York. In fact, it's the place where the Lincoln Tunnel dives under the water and comes up in New York. Then my parents moved up the Palisades four miles to a town called North Bergen, and there I lived until I was 16 and went off to Carnegie Tech."
- Weehawken Time Machine: Fiordalsi. Accessed July 8, 2011.
- "Justice Marie L. Garibaldi Announces Her Retirement From the Supreme Court", New Jersey Courts, December 22, 1999. Accessed December 8, 2015.
- Bio, Lost Ceilings: poet, writer, performer & artist Janet Hamill. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Janet Hamill was born in Jersey City, NJ. For her first five years, she gazed across the Hudson from the Palisades in Weehawken before her family moved to New Milford in Bergen County."
- Friedwald, Will. "The Ballad of a Jazz Royal", The Wall Street Journal, July 7, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2014. "Finally, in 1958, the baroness moved to a mansion in Weehawken, N.J., which became what might have been the metropolitan area's greatest jazz salon ever. Monk, Barry Harris and other greats lived there for long periods, and more incredible music was heard there than in most concert halls."
- Watrous, Peter. "Be-Bop's Generous Romantic", The New York Times, May 28, 1994. Accessed January 14, 2012. "Mr. Harris moved to New York in the early 1960's and became friends with Thelonious Monk and Baroness Pannonica de Koenigswarter, Mr. Monk's patron. Eventually, Mr. Harris moved to her estate in Weehawken, N.J., where he still lives."
- Glenn Hauman. SFBookcase. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- "IT WASN'T ME...". Glenn Hauman: View From Above. September 21, 2007
- "A Star Trek Wedding". NPR. March 26, 2005
- "Graduation ceremonies program, 1974" (Press release). Woodrow Wilson Junior High School, Weehawken, New Jersey. June 1974.
- Kihss, Peter. "Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, 85, First Director Of The C.I.A., Dies", The New York Times, June 21, 1982. Accessed November 13, 2012. Vice Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency, died Friday night at Mount Sinai Hospital. He was 85 years old and had lived in Weehawken, N.J., since his retirement from the Navy in 1958."
- Bob Kennedy, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed October 23, 2015.
- James Gore King, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 23, 2007.
- Thelpnious Junior biography, Jazz (TV series). Accessed July 8, 2011. "He made three final performances with an orchestra at Carnegie Hall, and appeared with a quartet at the Newport Jazz Festival New York in 1975 and in 1976, but otherwise spent his final years in seclusion in Weehawken, New Jersey, at the home of the Baroness Pannonica de Koenigswarter, his lifelong friend and patron."
- Testa, Jim. "Weehawken author Lori Majewski to discuss the 'Mad World' of Eighties New Wave at Word Books Open Mic", The Jersey Journal, May 14, 2014. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Majewski even argued that growing up in Weehawken helped fuel her love for this era of music and these particular bands. 'You have to remember that when cable TV was first being introduced, Weehawken was one of the first communities where it was rolled out,' she said."
- "Out of the Dark Room", Time, March 16, 1962. Accessed June 13, 2007. "In many ways, it took Marin 40 years to find himself. Raised by two maiden aunts in Weehawken. N.J. (his mother died nine days after his birth), he attended Stevens Institute of Technology for a year, drifted from job to job, spent six frustrating years trying to turn himself into an architect."
- Allocca, Sean. "What's old is new; Community theater group returns to the township", The Hudson Reporter, June 20, 2010. Accessed July 9, 2014. "Although the new reincarnation of the group is independent of the township, some of Iacono's original associates – like famous songwriter and longtime Weehawken resident Trade Martin and former Guttenberg Mayor Peter LaVilla – have signed on to work on the project."
- Steven Massarsky, 1948–2007, The Comics Reporter, October 7, 2007. Accessed June 2, 2008.
- Hague, Jim. "Weehawken native finds HMS Hood on ocean's floor Mearns' six-year journey ends with mixed emotions; leads to documentary, book", The Hudson Reporter, November 9, 2001. Accessed December 29, 2016. "When David Mearns was a youngster growing up in Weehawken, he was always fascinated by water."
- Liam O'Brien, IMDB "Liam O'Brien was born on May 28, 1976 and was raised in Weehawken, New Jersey, USA.". Accessed March 27, 2018.
- Lawyer Politicians in New Jersey (K-Q) at Political Graveyard
- Beckerman, Jim. "B-52s 'Party' lands close to hometown", The Record (Bergen County), August 15, 2009, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 6, 2016. Accessed December 20, 2017. "And with that hair? Kate Pierson, born in Weehawken, raised in Rutherford."
- Strong, Martin Charles. The essential rock discography (Canongate U.S.) ISBN 978-1-84195-860-6.
- Staff. "B-52s 'Party' lands close to hometown", The Record (Bergen County), August 15, 2009. Accessed January 14, 2012. "But Athens is a university town – cosmopolitan – with transplants from all over. Which is how Pierson (Weehawken-born, Rutherford-raised) and Schneider (Newark and Long Branch) came to be in the area, ready to join forces with several local musicians to create New Wave's quirkiest party band."
- Ranney, William Tylee, The Handbook of Texas. Accessed October 23, 2015. "In 1847 he moved to Weehawken, New Jersey, where he remained several years."
- Millan, Nicolas. "Looking back Famed American 19th century painter called North Hudson home", The Hudson Reporter, April 15, 2008. Accessed October 23, 2015. "In 1847, Ranney moved to Weehawken and continued painting. Four years later, the artist moved to Union City where he built his estate."
- Maurer, Mark. "Dan Resin, at 79; 'Caddyshack' actor did TV commercials", The Hudson Reporter, August 3, 2010. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Shortly after attending Indiana University and Columbia University, Resin moved to Hudson County and lived in Union City, Weehawken, and eventually Secaucus."
- Henry Reuterdahl, Arlington National Cemetery. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Lieutenant Commander Henry Reuterdahl, United States naval Reserve Force, well-known naval artist and marine colorist, died at the St. Elizabeth's Government Hospital for the Insane on Sunday night and was buried privately today in Arlington National Cemetery, where repose many of the American Navy officers with whom he was intimately associated.... His home was in Weehawken, New Jersey from about 1899–1925."
- "A 'Made in The U.S.A.' Genius: Jerome Robbins, master choreographer, Time (magazine), August 10, 1998.
- Kisselgoff, Anna. "Jerome Robbins, 79, Is Dead; Giant of Ballet and Broadway", The New York Times, July 30, 1998. Accessed October 23, 2015. "When his father went into corset manufacturing in Union City, N.J., the family moved to nearby Weehawken, where Mr. Robbins graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School in 1935."
- Gross, Daniel. "The Bottom-Feeder King; Never mind hedge funds. Wilbur Ross gets rich the unfashionable way—in steel plants, textile mills, and other stuff nobody wants.", New York (magazine), July 30, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Thumbnail bio: Born in Weehawken, New Jersey, 1937, the son of a schoolteacher and a lawyer (Wilbur Ross Sr. became a judge)."
- Hague, Jim. "Guitar Wizards: Brazilian brothers open HRPAC's UBS Atrium series", The Hudson Reporter, November 28, 2004. Accessed May 8, 2007. "The Seattle Symphony, with Weehawken native Gerard Schwarz as conductor, recently performed a triple concerto of Sergio Assad's original musical compositions."
- Staff. "Theodore Seltzer Is Dead at 86; Manufactured Baume Ben-Gay", The New York Times, January 2, 1957. Accessed July 9, 2014. "Theodore Seltzer, president of Bengue, Inc., 2023 Kerrigan Avenue, Union City, N.J., manufacturers of a medicinal ointment, Baume Ben-Gay, and other products, died Monday in French Hospital after a long illness. He was 86 years old and lived at 55 King Avenue, Weehawken, N.J."
- Seltzer Mansion, Weehawken Time Machine. Accessed August 11, 2014.
- Kenneth Steiglitz, Eugene Higgins Professor of Computer Science, Princeton University. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Born: January 30, 1939, Weehawken, New Jersey"
- Hendrix, Grady. "The Cartoonist Who Crashed the Party", The New York Sun, September 1, 2006. Accessed June 13, 2007. "Tashlin, a native of Weehawken, N.J., got his start animating "Looney Tunes" in the early 1940s before becoming the go-to guy for comedy as one of the few directors to successfully make the transition from animation to live-action, shaping star vehicles for one outsized celeb after another: Bob Hope, Jayne Mansfield and, most famously, Jerry Lewis."
- Mullins, Michael D. "Was it the shoes? Local fan says he has secret of Giants' success, as city plans celebration", The Hudson Reporter, February 19, 2008. Accessed February 6, 2013. "City officials said that besides quarterback Eli Manning, who lives in the Hudson Tea Building on 15th Street, linebackers Kawika Mitchell and Mathias Kiwanuka are Hoboken residents. Several Giants live in surrounding municipalities, including Amani Toomer and Derrick Ward, who both live in Weehawken."
- Temple Beth-El at Jersey City Past and Present
- Temple - Beth-El, Jersey City at Art & Architecture of New Jersey
- Kelley, Robin. Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original, p. 240. Simon & Schuster, 2009. ISBN 0684831902. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- Wolf, Jaime. "What A Design Guru Really Does", The New York Times, December 1, 2002. Accessed October 23, 2015. "Or the house in Weehawken that Walrod wants to save, which wasn't only designed by a close associate of Walter Gropius's but was also originally commissioned by Josef von Sternberg, later sold to an eccentric baroness who was famous for supporting jazz musicians like Charlie Parker and Thelonious Monk and was ultimately, it turns out, the place where Monk died."
- Staff. "A Native Returns; Josef Von Sternberg of Fond Memory Resumes Directing in Hollywood Winner Revelation", The New York Times, September 10, 1950. Accessed October 23, 2015. ""or when Von Sternberg, after a long absence from Hollywood, was beckoned back here by Howard Hughes last fall from his home in Weehawken, N. J., he had no assurnace that he would even be handed the controls on 'Jet Pilot."
- Staff. "Daniel Webster Owned It.; Weehawken Heights Property That Was Sold by Him for $8,500", The New York Times, August 29, 1897. Accessed June 27, 2017.
- Staff. "Grant Wright, 70, Dies In East of Pneumonia", Peoria Star, October 21, 1935. Accessed August 11, 2014. "Grant Wright aged 70, one of the leading landscape painters in the country, and known to practically every older resident of Peoria, died yesterday morning at the North Hudson Hospital at Union City, N.J., following a short illness. Death was caused by pneumonia. He was admitted to the hospital Saturday night, being taken from his home, 327 Park Avenue, Weehawken, N.J."