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New York Bay is the large body of water surrounding the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It is shared by the states of New York and New Jersey in the United States. A New York Harbor Storm-Surge Barrier has been proposed to protect it from flooding.
Upper New York Bay includes several islands. Liberty Island is the location of the Statue of Liberty. Nearby Ellis Island is known as a former immigration station. Governors Island is a former military base, now a park and historic site. Robbins Reef Light is also in the upper bay. Lower New York Bay includes Hoffman Island and nearby Swinburne Island. Both are artificial islands that are closed to the public.
Commissioned by King Francis I of France, the Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano is the first European to discover the Bay in 1524. He gave it the name of « New Angoulême » in honor of the King who was also Count of Angoulême
- "It is indeed in 1524 that the French expedition led by the Florentine Giovanni Da Verrazzano discovered the New York bay for the first time". The New York Foundation. Retrieved 7 March 2021.