United States Secretary of Commerce

The United States secretary of commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The secretary serves as the principal advisor to the president of the United States on all matters relating to commerce. The secretary reports directly to the president and is a statutory member of Cabinet of the United States. The secretary is appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The secretary of commerce is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[2]

United States Secretary of Commerce
Seal of the United States Department of Commerce.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
Gina Raimondo (cropped 2).jpg
Incumbent
Gina Raimondo

since March 3, 2021
United States Department of Commerce
StyleMadam Secretary
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatHerbert C. Hoover Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerPresident of the United States
with United States Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument15 U.S.C. § 1501
PrecursorSecretary of Commerce and Labor
FormationMarch 5, 1913; 108 years ago (1913-03-05)
First holderWilliam Cox Redfield
SuccessionTenth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Commerce (DepSecCom)
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level I
WebsiteCommerce.gov
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

Until 1913, there was one secretary of commerce and labor, uniting this department with the United States Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate United States secretary of labor.[3]

Secretary of Commerce is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule,[4] thus earning a salary of US$221,400, as of January 2021.[5]

The current secretary of commerce is former Governor of Rhode Island Gina Raimondo, who was sworn in on March 3, 2021.

List of secretaries of commerceEdit

Parties

  No party (1)   Democratic (20)   Republican (18)

Status
  Denotes acting commerce secretary
No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office President(s)
1   William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2   Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3   Herbert Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4   William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5   Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert C. Hoover
6   Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7   Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin D. Roosevelt
8   Harry Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9   Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10   Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
Alfred Schindler
Acting
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11   W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12   Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13   Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
  Lewis Strauss
Acting
West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14   Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15   Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16   John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17   Alexander Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18   C. R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19   Maurice Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20   Peter George Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21   Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22   Rogers Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23   Elliot Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24   Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
Luther H. Hodges Jr.
Acting
North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25   Philip Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26   Malcolm Baldrige Jr. Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
  Bud Brown
Acting
Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27   William Verity Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28   Robert Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
  Rockwell A. Schnabel
Acting
California January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29   Barbara Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30   Ron Brown New York January 20, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
  Mary L. Good
Acting
Texas April 3, 1996 April 12, 1996
31   Mickey Kantor Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32   William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
  Robert L. Mallett
Acting
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33   Norman Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34   Donald Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35   Carlos Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
  Otto J. Wolff
Acting
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36   Gary Locke Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
  Rebecca Blank
Acting
Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37   John Bryson New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
  Rebecca Blank
Acting
Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
  Cameron Kerry
Acting
Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38   Penny Pritzker Illinois June 26, 2013 January 20, 2017
Vacant January 20, 2017 February 28, 2017 Donald Trump
39   Wilbur Ross Florida February 28, 2017 January 20, 2021
  Wynn Coggins
Acting
January 20, 2021 March 3, 2021 Joe Biden
40   Gina Raimondo Rhode Island March 3, 2021 Incumbent

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former secretaries of commerceEdit

As of September 2021, there are ten living former secretaries of commerce (with all secretaries that have served since 1996 still living), the oldest being Norman Mineta (served 2000–2001, born 1931). The most recent secretary of commerce to die was Frederick B. Dent (served 1973–1975, born 1922), on December 10, 2019. The most recently serving secretary to die was Ron Brown (1993–1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 (1940-03-04) March 4, 1940 (age 81)
Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 (1939-08-07) August 7, 1939 (age 82)
William M. Daley 1997–2000 (1948-08-09) August 9, 1948 (age 73)
Norman Mineta 2000–2001 (1931-11-12) November 12, 1931 (age 89)
Donald Evans 2001–2005 (1946-07-27) July 27, 1946 (age 75)
Carlos Gutierrez 2005–2009 (1953-11-04) November 4, 1953 (age 67)
Gary F. Locke 2009–2011 (1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 71)
John Bryson 2011–2012 (1943-07-24) July 24, 1943 (age 78)
Penny Pritzker 2013–2017 (1959-05-02) May 2, 1959 (age 62)
Wilbur Ross 2017–2021 (1937-11-28) November 28, 1937 (age 83)

Line of successionEdit

The line of succession for the secretary of commerce is as follows:[6]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Administration
  9. Boulder Laboratories Site Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 3 U.S.C. § 19
  2. ^ "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. ^ "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  4. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5312
  5. ^ "Salary Table No. 2021-EX Rates of Basic Pay for the Executive Schedule (EX)" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Commerce". federalregister.gov. Retrieved October 29, 2016.

External linksEdit

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Tom Vilsack
as Secretary of Agriculture
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Marty Walsh
as Secretary of Labor
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
Tom Vilsack
10th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor
Marty Walsh