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The United States order of precedence lists the ceremonial order[clarification needed][vague] for domestic and foreign government officials (military and civilian) at diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events within the United States and abroad.[1][2] Former Presidents, Vice Presidents, First Ladies, Second Ladies, and Secretaries of State and retired Supreme Court Justices are also included in the list. The order is established by the President, through the Office of the Chief of Staff,[2] and is maintained by the State Department's Office of the Chief of Protocol.[3] It is only used to indicate ceremonial protocol and has no legal standing; it does not reflect the presidential line of succession or the co-equal status of the branches of government under the Constitution. The Office of the Chief of Protocol posted an updated order of precedence on November 3, 2017.[4]

Contents

Details as of June 15, 2019Edit

Except as otherwise noted, positions in the list are from the following two sources.[5][6]

  1. President of the United States (Donald Trump)
  2. Vice President of the United States (Mike Pence)
  3. Governor (in their respective states)
  4. Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (Nancy Pelosi)
  5. Chief Justice of the United States (John Roberts)
  6. Former presidents or their widows/widowers (ordered by term):
    1. Jimmy Carter (January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981)
    2. Bill Clinton (January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001)
    3. George W. Bush (January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009)
    4. Barack Obama (January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017)
  7. Former vice presidents or their widows/widowers (ordered by term):
    1. Walter Mondale (January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981)
    2. Dan Quayle (January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993)
    3. Al Gore (January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001)
    4. Dick Cheney (January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009)
    5. Joe Biden (January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017)
  8. Ambassadors from the United States (at the Ambassador's post)
  9. Ambassadors from the United States to international organizations who hold Chief of Mission authority (when at post)
  10. Secretary of State (Mike Pompeo)
  11. Ambassadors to the United States (ordered by the presentation of their credentials)
  12. Associate Justices of the Supreme Court (ordered by appointment):
    1. Clarence Thomas (October 18, 1991)
    2. Ruth Bader Ginsburg (August 10, 1993)
    3. Stephen Breyer (August 3, 1994)
    4. Samuel Alito (January 31, 2006)
    5. Sonia Sotomayor (August 8, 2009)
    6. Elena Kagan (August 7, 2010)
    7. Neil Gorsuch (April 8, 2017)
    8. Brett Kavanaugh (October 6, 2018)
  13. Retired Chief Justices of the United States (ordered by appointment; currently none)
  14. Retired Associate Justices of the Supreme Court (ordered by appointment):
    1. John Paul Stevens (December 19, 1975 – June 29, 2010)
    2. Sandra Day O'Connor (September 25, 1981 – January 31, 2006)
    3. Anthony Kennedy (February 18, 1988 – July 31, 2018)
    4. David Souter (October 9, 1990 – June 29, 2009)
  15. Members of the Cabinet (in the order of the creation of the respective departments; note that the Secretary of State already appears above; the creation date for the Secretary of War is used as the date for the Secretary of Defense's position in the precedence. Cabinet-level appointees are ordered by presidential Cabinet precedence.):
    1. Secretary of the Treasury (Steven Mnuchin)
    2. Secretary of Defense (Patrick M. Shanahan) (Acting)
    3. Attorney General (William Barr)
    4. Secretary of the Interior (David Bernhardt)
    5. Secretary of Agriculture (Sonny Perdue)
    6. Secretary of Commerce (Wilbur Ross)
    7. Secretary of Labor (Alexander Acosta)
    8. Secretary of Health and Human Services (Alex Azar)
    9. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (Ben Carson)
    10. Secretary of Transportation (Elaine Chao)
    11. Secretary of Energy (Rick Perry)
    12. Secretary of Education (Betsy DeVos)
    13. Secretary of Veterans Affairs (Robert Wilkie)
    14. Secretary of Homeland Security (Kevin McAleenan) (Acting)
    15. White House Chief of Staff (Mick Mulvaney) (Acting)
    16. Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (Andrew R. Wheeler)
    17. Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Russell Vought) (Acting)
    18. Trade Representative (Robert Lighthizer)
    19. Ambassador to the United Nations (Jonathan Cohen) (Acting)
    20. Administrator of the Small Business Administration (Linda McMahon)
    21. Director of National Intelligence (Dan Coats)
    22. Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (Gina Haspel)
  16. President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate (Chuck Grassley)
  17. Senate Majority Leader (Mitch McConnell)
  18. Senate Minority Leader (Chuck Schumer)
  19. Senate Majority Whip (John Thune)
  20. Senate Minority Whip (Dick Durbin)
  21. Current U.S. Senators (by seniority; see Seniority in the United States Senate; note that the President pro tempore and Senate leadership appear above.)
  22. Current state governors (of states other than that in which the event is held, by date of statehood or ratification of the Constitution):
    1. Governor of Delaware (John Carney)
    2. Governor of Pennsylvania (Tom Wolf)
    3. Governor of New Jersey (Phil Murphy)
    4. Governor of Georgia (Brian Kemp)
    5. Governor of Connecticut (Ned Lamont)
    6. Governor of Massachusetts (Charlie Baker)
    7. Governor of Maryland (Larry Hogan)
    8. Governor of South Carolina (Henry McMaster)
    9. Governor of New Hampshire (Chris Sununu)
    10. Governor of Virginia (Ralph Northam)
    11. Governor of New York (Andrew Cuomo)
    12. Governor of North Carolina (Roy Cooper)
    13. Governor of Rhode Island (Gina Raimondo)
    14. Governor of Vermont (Phil Scott)
    15. Governor of Kentucky (Matt Bevin)
    16. Governor of Tennessee (Bill Lee)
    17. Governor of Ohio (Mike DeWine)
    18. Governor of Louisiana (John Bel Edwards)
    19. Governor of Indiana (Eric Holcomb)
    20. Governor of Mississippi (Phil Bryant)
    21. Governor of Illinois (J. B. Pritzker)
    22. Governor of Alabama (Kay Ivey)
    23. Governor of Maine (Janet Mills)
    24. Governor of Missouri (Mike Parson)
    25. Governor of Arkansas (Asa Hutchinson)
    26. Governor of Michigan (Gretchen Whitmer)
    27. Governor of Florida (Ron DeSantis)
    28. Governor of Texas (Greg Abbott)
    29. Governor of Iowa (Kim Reynolds)
    30. Governor of Wisconsin (Tony Evers)
    31. Governor of California (Gavin Newsom)
    32. Governor of Minnesota (Tim Walz)
    33. Governor of Oregon (Kate Brown)
    34. Governor of Kansas (Laura Kelly)
    35. Governor of West Virginia (Jim Justice)
    36. Governor of Nevada (Steve Sisolak)
    37. Governor of Nebraska (Pete Ricketts)
    38. Governor of Colorado (Jared Polis)
    39. Governor of North Dakota (Doug Burgum)
    40. Governor of South Dakota (Kristi Noem)
    41. Governor of Montana (Steve Bullock)
    42. Governor of Washington (Jay Inslee)
    43. Governor of Idaho (Brad Little)
    44. Governor of Wyoming (Mark Gordon)
    45. Governor of Utah (Gary Herbert)
    46. Governor of Oklahoma (Kevin Stitt)
    47. Governor of New Mexico (Michelle Lujan Grisham)
    48. Governor of Arizona (Doug Ducey)
    49. Governor of Alaska (Mike Dunleavy)
    50. Governor of Hawaii (David Ige)
  23. House Majority Leader (Steny Hoyer)
  24. House Minority Leader (Kevin McCarthy)
  25. House Majority Whip (Jim Clyburn)
  26. House Minority Whip (Steve Scalise)
  27. Current members of the U.S. House of Representatives (by seniority; see Seniority in the United States House of Representatives; note that the Speaker of the House and House leadership appear above.)
  28. Current Delegates to the House of Representatives (ordered by seniority; if the same, by the territory's date of entering U.S. jurisdiction or alphabetically by territory):
    1. Eleanor Holmes Norton of the District of Columbia (January 3, 1991)
    2. Gregorio Sablan of the Northern Mariana Islands (January 3, 2009)
    3. Amata Coleman Radewagen of American Samoa (January 3, 2015)
    4. Stacey Plaskett of the US Virgin Islands (January 3, 2015)
    5. Jenniffer González of Puerto Rico (January 3, 2017)
    6. Michael San Nicolas of Guam (January 3, 2019)
  29. Current territorial governors (of territories other than that in which the event is held, ordered by territory's date of entering U.S. jurisdiction or alphabetically by territory):
    1. Governor of Puerto Rico (Ricardo Rosselló)
    2. Governor of Guam (Lou Leon Guerrero)
    3. Governor of American Samoa (Lolo Matalasi Moliga)
    4. Governor of the US Virgin Islands (Albert Bryan)
    5. Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands (Ralph Torres)
  30. White House Deputy Chiefs of Staff (ranked by date of appointment):
    1. Chris Liddell (Policy Coordination) (March 19, 2018)
    2. Daniel Walsh (Operations) (July 6, 2018)
    3. Emma Doyle (January 3, 2019)
  31. National Security Advisor (John R. Bolton)
  32. Senior Advisors to the President (ordered by appointment):
    1. Jared Kushner (Strategic Planning) (January 20, 2017)
    2. Stephen Miller (Policy) (January 20, 2017)
    3. Mercedes Schlapp (Strategic Communications) (September 12, 2017)
    4. Paul S. Raizk (Records Management) (2017-2018)
  33. Chief of Staff to the First Lady (Lindsay Reynolds)
  34. Chief of Staff to the Vice President (Marc Short)
  35. Assistants to the President (ordered by appointment)
  36. Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers (Kevin Hassett)
  37. Director of National Drug Control Policy (Jim Carroll)
  38. Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality (Mary Neumayr)
  39. Chief of Protocol (Sean Lawler) (when with the President or for a White House event)
  40. Ambassadors from the United States to international organizations who do not hold Chief of Mission authority (when at post)
  41. Chargés d'Affaires to the United States (ordered by assumption of office)
  42. Former Secretaries of State (ordered by term):
    1. Henry Kissinger (September 22, 1973 – January 20, 1977)
    2. George Shultz (July 16, 1982 – January 20, 1989)
    3. James Baker (January 20, 1989 – August 23, 1992)
    4. Madeleine Albright (January 23, 1997 – January 20, 2001)
    5. Colin Powell (January 20, 2001 – January 26, 2005)
    6. Condoleezza Rice (January 26, 2005 – January 20, 2009)
    7. Hillary Clinton (January 21, 2009 – February 1, 2013) (note that Hillary Clinton would appear above when in attendance with her husband, former President Bill Clinton)
    8. John Kerry (February 1, 2013 – January 20, 2017)
    9. Rex Tillerson (February 1, 2017 – March 31, 2018)
  43. Former Members of the U.S. Cabinet (ordered by term)
  44. Former U.S. Senators (ordered by leadership position, then by term; if same, then by date of statehood or ratification of the Constitution)
  45. Former governors of the state or territory in which the event is held (ordered by term)
  46. Former governors (of states other than the state in which the event is held, by date of statehood or ratification of the Constitution)
  47. Former U.S. Representatives (ordered by leadership position, then by term; if same, then by date of statehood or ratification of the Constitution)
  48. Deputy Secretaries of Executive Departments (in the order of the creation of the respective departments or presidential appointment as for Cabinet above):
    1. Deputy Secretary of State (John Sullivan)
    2. Deputy Secretary of the Treasury (Justin Muzinich)
    3. Deputy Secretary of Defense (David Norquist) (Acting)
    4. Deputy Attorney General (Jeffrey A. Rosen)
    5. Deputy Secretary of the Interior (Vacant)
    6. Deputy Secretary of Agriculture (Stephen Censky)
    7. Deputy Secretary of Commerce (Karen Dunn Kelley)
    8. Deputy Secretary of Labor (Patrick Pizzella)
    9. Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services (Eric Hargan)
    10. Deputy Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (Brian D. Montgomery) (Acting)
    11. Deputy Secretary of Transportation (David Pekoske) (Acting)
    12. Deputy Secretary of Energy (Dan Brouillette)
    13. Deputy Secretary of Education (Mick Zais)
    14. Deputy Secretary of Veterans Affairs (James Byrne) (Acting)
    15. Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security (Vacant)
    16. Deputy Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (Henry Darwin) (Acting)
    17. Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Russell Vought)
    18. Deputy Trade Representatives:
      1. Jeffrey Gerrish
      2. C.J. Mahoney
      3. Dennis Shea
    19. Deputy Ambassador to the United Nations (Jonathan Cohen)
    20. Deputy Administrator of the Small Business Administration (Vacant)
    21. Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence (Susan M. Gordon)
    22. Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (Vaughn Bishop)
  49. Secretaries of the military departments (by creation order of branch):
    1. Secretary of the Army (Mark Esper)
    2. Secretary of the Navy (Richard V. Spencer)
    3. Secretary of the Air Force (Heather Wilson)
  50. Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Joseph Dunford)
  51. Chairman of the Federal Reserve (Jerome Powell)
  52. Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (Nancy Berryhill) (Acting)
  53. Heads of independent federal agencies at Level II of the Executive Schedule (ordered by creation date, if same, then by term)
    1. Director of the National Science Foundation (France A. Córdova)
    2. Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Jim Bridenstine)
    3. Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (Mark Andrew Green)
    4. Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States (Matthew L. Wiener) (Acting)
    5. Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Kristine Svinicki)
    6. Director of the United States Office of Personnel Management (Margaret Weichert) (Acting)
    7. Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (Brock Bierman) (Acting)
    8. Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Kathleen Kraninger)
  54. Vice Chair and Governors of the Federal Reserve (ordered by term)
    1. Michelle Bowman
    2. Richard Clarida
    3. Lael Brainard
    4. Randal Quarles
    5. 2 seats vacant
  55. Deputy Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (Vacant)
  56. Principal Deputy Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (Vacant)
  57. Director of the National Counterterrorism Center (Joseph Maguire)
  58. Under Secretaries of State and departmental positions of equivalent rank (ordered by departmental line of succession)
    1. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (David Hale)
    2. Under Secretary of State for Management (Brian Bulatao)
    3. Remaining Under Secretaries of State, ordered by date of appointment:
      1. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs (Andrea L. Thompson) (April 30, 2018)
      2. Counselor of the United States Department of State (T. Ulrich Brechbul) (Acting) (May 1, 2018)
      3. Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment (Manisha Singh) (Acting) (September 28, 2018)
      4. Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights (Vacant)
      5. Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs (Vacant)
  59. Under Secretaries of Executive Departments and departmental positions of equivalent rank, Treasurer of the United States, Associate Attorneys General, and Solicitor General (ordered as Cabinet above and then by departmental line of succession)
  60. Heads of federal departmental agencies (ordered as Cabinet above and then as by departmental line of succession)
  61. Former Chairs of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (ordered by term; note that Colin Powell, who would otherwise appear in this list, already appears above as a former Secretary of State)
    1. Hugh Shelton (October 1, 1997 – October 1, 2001)
    2. Richard Myers (October 1, 2001 – October 1, 2005)
    3. Peter Pace (October 1, 2005 – October 1, 2007)
    4. Michael Mullen (October 1, 2007 – October 1, 2011)
    5. Martin Dempsey (October 1, 2011 – October 1, 2015)
  62. Vice Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Paul Selva)
  63. Joint Chiefs of Staff (ordered by appointment):
    1. Chief of Staff of the Army (Mark A. Milley) (August 14, 2015)
    2. Chief of Naval Operations (John Richardson) (September 18, 2015)
    3. Commandant of the Marine Corps (Robert Neller) (September 24, 2015)
    4. Chief of Staff of the Air Force (David Goldfein) (July 1, 2016)
  64. Chief of the National Guard Bureau (Joseph L. Lengyel)
  65. Commandant of the Coast Guard (Karl L. Schultz)
  66. Combatant Commanders of the Unified Combatant Commands of four-star grade (ordered by appointment):
    1. Africa Command (Thomas D. Waldhauser) (July 18, 2016)
    2. Strategic Command (John E. Hyten) (November 3, 2016)
    3. Cyber Command (Paul M. Nakasone) (May 4, 2018)
    4. Northern Command (Terrence J. O'Shaughnessy) (May 24, 2018)
    5. Indo-Pacific Command (Philip S. Davidson) (May 30, 2018)
    6. Transportation Command (Stephen R. Lyons) (August 24, 2018)
    7. Southern Command (Craig S. Faller) (November 26, 2018)
    8. Central Command (Kenneth F. McKenzie, Jr.) (March 28, 2019)
    9. Special Operations Command (Richard D. Clarke) (March 29, 2019)
    10. European Command (Tod D. Wolters) (May 2, 2019)
  67. Heads of independent federal agencies at Level III of the Executive Schedule (ordered by creation date, if same, then by term)
  68. Deputy Heads of independent federal agencies at Level III of the Executive Schedule (ordered by creation date, if same, then by term)
  69. Postmaster General (Megan Brennan)
  70. Lieutenant governor (of the state in which the event is held)
  71. Mayor (of the city in which the event is held)
  72. Ambassadors from the United States to foreign governments (on official business in the United States or another country)
  73. Chief of Protocol (when at the Department of State or at events outside the White House, otherwise appears above)
  74. Ambassadors from the United States to international organizations who hold Chief of Mission authority (on official business in the United States or another country)
  75. Ambassadors from the United States to international organizations who do not hold Chief of Mission authority (on official business in the United States or another country)
  76. Career Ambassadors
  77. Deputy Assistants to the President (ordered by appointment)
  78. Chief Judges and Circuit Judges of the United States Courts of Appeals (by length of service)
  79. Chief Judges and District Judges of the United States District Courts (by length of service)
  80. Chief Judge and Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (by length of service)
    1. Scott W. Stucky (December 20, 2006)
    2. Margaret A. Ryan (December 20, 2006)
    3. Kevin A. Ohlson (November 1, 2013)
    4. John E. Sparks (April 19, 2016)
    5. Gregory E. Maggs (January 29, 2018)
  81. Chief Judge and Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims (by length of service)
    1. Robert N. Davis (December 4, 2004)
    2. Mary J. Schoelen (December 20, 2004)
    3. Coral Wong Pietsch (June 28, 2012)
    4. Margaret Bartley (June 28, 2012)
    5. William S. Greenberg (December 28, 2012)
    6. Michael P. Allen (August 3, 2017)
    7. Amanda Meredith (August 3, 2017)
    8. Joseph Toth (August 3, 2017)
    9. Joseph L. Falvey Jr. (April 26, 2018)
  82. Chief Judge and Judges of the United States Tax Court (by length of service)
  83. Chargés d'Affaires from the United States (ordered by assumption of office)
  84. Under Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force (ordered by date of appointment)
    1. Under Secretary of the Army (Ryan McCarthy) (August 3, 2017)
    2. Under Secretary of the Air Force (Matthew Donovan) (August 4, 2017)
    3. Under Secretary of the Navy (Thomas Modly) (December 4, 2017)
  85. Assistant Secretaries, Chiefs of Staff to the Head of an Executive Department, Ambassadors-at-large, Special Envoys/Representatives, Assistant Attorneys General, and Legal Advisers of Executive Departments (ordered as Cabinet above and then as by departmental line of succession)
  86. Special Assistants to the President, including White House Social Secretary and Senior Directors of the National Security Council (ranked by date of appointment)
  87. Heads of independent federal agencies at Level IV of the Executive Schedule (ordered by creation date, if same, then by term)
    1. Director of the Selective Service System (Don Benton)
    2. Chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (Jelena McWilliams)
    3. Chairman of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Catherine E. Lhamon)
    4. Chairman of the Postal Regulatory Commission (Robert G. Taub)
    5. President of the Inter-American Foundation (Paloma Adams-Allen)
    6. Commissioner of the Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation (Christopher J. Bavasi)
    7. Chairman of the Federal Election Commission (Caroline C. Hunter)
    8. Chairman of the Federal Labor Relations Authority (Colleen Kiko)
    9. Special Counsel of the Office of Special Counsel (Henry Kerner)
    10. Director of the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency (James D. Berry Jr.)
    11. Chairperson of the Chemical Safety Board (Kristen Kulinowski) (Acting)
    12. CEO of the Broadcasting Board of Governors and Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau (John F. Lansing)
    13. Chairman of the Election Assistance Commission (Thomas Hicks)
  88. Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (David Bowdich)
  89. Deputy Heads of independent federal agencies at Level IV of the Executive Schedule (ordered by creation date, if same, then by term)
  90. Assistant Administrators of the Environmental Protection Agency
  91. Assistant Administrators of the United States Agency for International Development
  92. Assistant Trade Representatives
  93. Associate Administrators of the Small Business Administration
  94. Comptroller General of the United States (Gene Dodaro)
  95. Members of the Council of Economic Advisers (ranked alphabetically)
  96. Members of the Council on Environmental Quality (ranked alphabetically)
  97. American ambassadors-designate (in the United States)
  98. Mayors of U.S. cities and District of Columbia (when not in own city; if multiple mayors present, rank by length of service)
  99. Vice Chiefs of Staff (ordered by appointment):
    1. Vice Chief of Naval Operations (William F. Moran) (May 31, 2016)
    2. Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force) (Stephen W. Wilson) (July 22, 2016)
    3. Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (James C. McConville) (June 16, 2017)
    4. Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (Gary L. Thomas) (October 4, 2018)
  100. Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau (Daniel R. Hokanson)
  101. Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard (Charles Ray)
  102. Assistant Secretaries and General Counsels of the Department of the Army, Navy, and Air Force (by date of appointment)
    1. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs) (Shon J. Manasco) (December 4, 2017)
    2. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition) (James Geurts) (December 5, 2017)
    3. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller) (Thomas Harker) (January 2, 2018)
    4. Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (Bruce D. Jette) (January 2, 2018)
    5. General Counsel of the Army (James E. McPherson) (January 2, 2018)
    6. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller) (John P. Roth) (January 2, 2018)
    7. General Counsel of the Air Force (Thomas E. Ayres) (February 18, 2018)
    8. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Energy, Installations and Environment) (Phyllis L. Bayer) (February 20, 2018)
    9. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Energy) (John Henderson) (February 20, 2018)
    10. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) (William Roper) (February 20, 2018)
    11. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) (R. D. James) (February 26, 2018)
    12. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) (Gregory Slavonic) (June 11, 2018)
    13. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) (John E. Whitley) (September 26, 2018)
    14. General Counsel of the Navy (Anne M. Brennan) (Acting) (January 20, 2017)
    15. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy and Environment) (Jordan Gillis) (Acting) (October 16, 2017)
    16. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) (Marshall M. Williams) (Acting) (March 20, 2018)
  103. Four-star military officers (in order of seniority: retired officers rank with but after active-duty officers)
  104. Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Joan Virginia O'Hara)
  105. Officers of the U.S. Senate:
    1. Chaplain (Barry Black)
    2. Secretary for the Majority (Laura Dove)
    3. Secretary for the Minority (Gary B. Myrick)
    4. Secretary of the Senate (Julie E. Adams)
    5. Sergeant at Arms (Michael C. Stenger)
    6. Parliamentarian (Elizabeth MacDonough)
  106. Officers of the U.S. House of Representatives:
    1. Chaplain (Patrick J. Conroy)
    2. Chief Administrative Officer (Philip J. Kiko)
    3. Clerk of the House (Cheryl Johnson)
    4. Sergeant at Arms (Paul D. Irving)
  107. Three-star military officers (in order of seniority: retired officers rank with but after active-duty officers)
  108. State Senators (when in own state; ranked by length of service, when the same, by alphabetical order by surname)
  109. State Representatives (when in own state; ranked by length of service, when the same, by alphabetical order by surname)
  110. Former American Ambassadors/Chiefs of Diplomatic Missions (in order of presentation of credentials at first post)
  111. Chairmen or Heads of other federal Boards, Councils and Commissions not previously listed
  112. Librarian of Congress (Carla Hayden)
  113. Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (David J. Skorton)
  114. Chairman of the American Red Cross (Bonnie McElveen-Hunter)
  115. Deputy Chiefs of Protocol (ranked by date of appointment)
  116. Minister-rank officials assigned to foreign bilateral diplomatic missions in Washington, D.C.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Mary Mel French (2010). United States Protocol: The Guide to Official Diplomatic Etiquette. p. 15ff. ISBN 9781442203204.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. State Department Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 2 Section 320 "Precedence"". Retrieved December 13, 2015. Precedence Lists establish the order or ranking of a country's government, military, and, in some cases, civic leaders for diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events, at home and abroad. The President, through the Office of the Chief of Staff, establishes the United States Order of Precedence.
  3. ^ "What Does the Office of the Chief of Protocol Do?". U.S. State Department. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 21. Maintain and update the United States Order of Precedence List.
  4. ^ United States Department of State
  5. ^ "Protocol: Order of Precedence". Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved July 15, 2009. Use this list when developing seating charts, speaking programs, and announcements.
  6. ^ "Order of Precedence". Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009. The following list is an abridged, unofficial version but conforms to established, customary rules of precedence.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit