Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army

The vice chief of staff of the Army (VCSA) is the principal deputy to the chief of staff of the Army, and is the second-highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Department of the Army.

Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army.svg
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Gen Joseph M Martin 37th VCSA (1).jpg
General Joseph M. Martin

since July 26, 2019
United States Army
Army Staff
Member ofArmy Staff
Joint Requirements Oversight Council
Reports toChief of Staff of the Army
SeatThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNot fixed
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 3034
PrecursorDeputy Chief of Staff of the United States Army
FormationNovember 1, 1948
First holderGEN J. Lawton Collins
SuccessionFirst in Chief of Staff succession
DeputyDirector of the Army Staff

The vice chief of staff generally handles the day-to-day administration of the Army Staff, freeing the chief of staff to attend to the interservice responsibilities of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By statute, the vice chief of staff is appointed as a four-star general in the United States Army while so serving.

The incumbent vice chief of staff of the Army, since July 2019, is General Joseph M. Martin.


The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the secretary of the Army and the under secretary of the Army, as well as two commissioned officers, the Army Chief of Staff and the Army Vice Chief of Staff.

Under the supervision and direction of the secretary of the Army (who in turn is under the authority, direction and control of the secretary of defense) the vice chief of staff assists the chief of staff on missions and functions related to their duties. The vice chief of staff also assists the chief of staff in the management/oversight of U.S. Army installations and facilities.

Furthermore, the vice chief of staff may also represent the Army at the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff level in areas relating to the chief of staff's responsibility and U.S. Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs. The vice chief of staff is the designated Army representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC).

If the chief of staff is incapacitated or otherwise relieved of duty, the vice chief of staff serves as the acting chief of staff. If both the chief of staff and the vice chief of staff were to be incapacitated, the senior-most general on the Army Staff would become the acting chief of staff of the Army until someone else is appointed.[1][2]


The vice chief of staff of the Army is appointed by the president, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among the general officers of the Army.

Unlike the chief of staff of the Army, there is no fixed term nor term limit to the position of the vice chief of staff, although most of those appointed to the office have typically served for two or three year tenures.

List of Vice Chiefs of Staff of the ArmyEdit

No. Portrait Vice Chief of Staff
of the Army
Took office Left office Time in office Notes Chief of Staff
J. Lawton Collins[3]
1 November 194815 August 1949287 daysChief of Staff of the Army (1949–53)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1953–54)
Special Representative in South Vietnam (1954–55)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1955–56)
Retired, 1956.
Omar N. Bradley
Wade H. Haislip
16 August 194930 July 19511 year, 347 daysRetired, 1951J. Lawton Collins
John E. Hull
30 July 195114 August 19532 years, 15 daysCommander of Far East Command (1953–55)
Retired, 1955.
J. Lawton Collins
Charles L. Bolte
15 August 195329 June 19551 year, 318 daysRetired, 1955Matthew B. Ridgway
Williston B. Palmer
30 June 195531 May 19571 year, 335 daysDeputy Commander, USEUCOM (1957–59)
Director of Military Assistance, OSD, (1959–60)
Retired, 1960
Matthew B. Ridgway
Maxwell D. Taylor
Lyman L. Lemnitzer
June 1, 1957June 30, 19592 years, 29 daysChief of Staff (1959–60)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1969
Maxwell D. Taylor
George H. Decker
July 1, 1959September 29, 19601 year, 90 daysChief of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1962
Lyman L. Lemnitzer
Clyde D. Eddleman
September 30, 1960March 31, 19621 year, 181 daysRetired, 1962Lyman L. Lemnitzer
George H. Decker
Barksdale Hamlett
1 April 1962September 3, 19642 years, 155 daysRetired, 1964George H. Decker
Earle G. Wheeler
Harold K. Johnson
Creighton Abrams
September 4, 1964April 30, 19672 years, 238 daysDeputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1967–68)
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1968–72)
Chief of Staff (1972–74)
Died in office, 1974.
Harold K. Johnson
Ralph E. Haines Jr.
May 1, 1967July 2, 19681 year, 62 daysCommander, United States Army Pacific (1968–70)
Commander, Continental Army Command (1970–73)
Retired, 1973
Harold K. Johnson
Bruce Palmer Jr.
July 3, 1968January 31, 19734 years, 212 daysActing Chief of Staff (July–October 1972)
Commander, United States Readiness Command (1973–74)
Retired, 1974
William C. Westmoreland
Creighton W. Abrams
Alexander Haig
February 1, 1973July 31, 1973180 daysChief of Staff to the President (1973–74)
Retired, 1979
Secretary of State (1981–82)
Creighton W. Abrams
Frederick C. Weyand
August 1, 1973October 20, 19741 year, 80 daysChief of Staff, 1974–76
Retired, 1976
Creighton W. Abrams
Walter T. Kerwin Jr.
October 21, 1974September 23, 1978~4 yearsRetired, 1978Frederick C. Weyand
Bernard W. Rogers
Frederick J. Kroesen
October 26, 1978October 7, 1979~1 yearCommander, United States Army Europe (1979–83)
Retired, 1983
Bernard W. Rogers
Edward C. Meyer
John William Vessey Jr.
October 10, 1979January 19, 1982~3 yearsChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1982–85)
Retired, 1985
Special emissary to Vietnam for missing American service personnel (1985–96)
Edward C. Meyer
John A. Wickham Jr.
(born 1928)
January 27, 1982August 11, 1983~1 yearChief of Staff (1983–87)
Retired, 1987
Edward C. Meyer
John A. Wickham Jr.
Maxwell R. Thurman
August 26, 1983February 4, 1987~4 yearsCommander, Training and Doctrine Command (1987–89)
Commander, United States Southern Command (1990–91)
Retired, 1991
John A. Wickham Jr.
Arthur E. Brown Jr.
(born 1929)
February 15, 1987January 20, 1989~2 yearsRetired, 1989John A. Wickham Jr.
Carl E. Vuono
Robert W. RisCassi
(born 1936)
January 21, 1989December 10, 1990~1 yearCommander, Eighth United States Army (1990–92)
Commander, United States Forces Korea (1992–93)
Retired, 1993
Carl E. Vuono
Gordon R. Sullivan
(born 1937)
December 17, 1990April 27, 1991~1 yearChief of Staff, 1991–95
Retired, 1995
Carl E. Vuono
Dennis J. Reimer
(born 1939)
May 14, 1991January 20, 1993~2 yearsCommander, Forces Command (1993–95)
Chief of Staff (1995–99)
Retired, 1999
Carl E. Vuono
Gordon R. Sullivan
J. H. Binford Peay III
(born 1940)
January 23, 1993January 15, 1994~1 yearCommander, Central Command, 1994–97
Retired, 1997
Gordon R. Sullivan
John H. Tilelli Jr.
(born 1941)
January 20, 1994January 2, 1995~1 yearCommander, Forces Command (1995–96)
Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (1996–99)
Retired, 2000
Gordon R. Sullivan
Ronald H. Griffith
January 26, 1995July 20, 1997~2 yearsRetired, 1997Gordon R. Sullivan
Dennis J. Reimer
William W. Crouch
(born 1941)
August 6, 1997November 22, 1998~1 yearRetired, 1998Dennis J. Reimer
Eric K. Shinseki
(born 1942)
November 24, 1998June 21, 1999209 daysChief of Staff (1999–2003)
Retired, 2003.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2009–14)
Dennis J. Reimer
John M. Keane
(born 1943)
June 22, 1999October 16, 20034 years, 116 daysRetired, 2003.Eric K. Shinseki
George W. Casey Jr.
(born 1948)
October 17, 2003July 23, 2004280 daysCommander Multi-National Force – Iraq (2004–07)
Chief of Staff (2007–11)
Retired, 2011
Eric K. Shinseki
Richard A. Cody
(born 1950)
July 24, 2004July 31, 20084 years, 7 daysRetired, 2008Peter J. Schoomaker
George W. Casey Jr.
Peter W. Chiarelli
(born 1950)
August 4, 2008January 31, 20123 years, 180 daysRetired, 2012George W. Casey Jr.
Martin E. Dempsey
Raymond T. Odierno
Lloyd J. Austin III
(born 1953)
January 31, 2012March 8, 20131 year, 36 daysCommander, United States Central Command (2013–2016)
Retired, 2016
Secretary of Defense (2021–)
Raymond T. Odierno
John F. Campbell[4]
(born 1957)
March 8, 2013August 8, 20141 year, 153 daysCommander, International Security Assistance ForceAfghanistan (2014–2016)
Retired, 2016
Raymond T. Odierno
Daniel B. Allyn[5]
(born 1959)
August 15, 2014June 16, 20172 years, 305 daysRetired, 2017Raymond T. Odierno
Mark A. Milley
James C. McConville[6]
(born 1959)
June 16, 2017July 26, 20192 years, 40 daysChief of Staff (2019–)Mark A. Milley
Joseph M. Martin
(born 1962)
July 26, 2019Incumbent2 years, 127 days Mark A. Milley
James C. McConville

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "General Richard Cody - Vice Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  2. ^ "WAIS Document Retrieval". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Hewes, James E., Jr. (1983) [1975]. "Appendix B". From Root to McNamara Army Organization and Administration. Special Studies. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Hinnant, Jim (15 August 2014). "Milley takes FORSCOM colors as Army's new vice chief of staff departs Fort Bragg". The United States Army. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  6. ^ Panzino, Charlsy (16 June 2017). "Army personnel chief sworn in as vice chief of staff". ArmyTimes. Retrieved 22 June 2017.

External linksEdit