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List of Judges of the United States Tax Court

The United States Tax Court is composed of 19 members appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.[1] Reappointment, when requested by a Tax Court judge[2] is generally pro forma regardless of the political party of the appointing President and the political party of the re-appointing (sitting) President.[citation needed] By statute, Congress has granted to the President the power to remove the judges of the U.S. Tax Court "for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office...." [3]

In addition, the Chief Judge may appoint a number of Special Trial Judges, who serve a function comparable to magistrate judges in the United States district courts.

Contents

Current composition of the courtEdit

As of August 9, 2019:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
Chief Judge Maurice B. Foley Washington, D.C. 1960 1995–2010
2011–present
2018–present Clinton
Obama (reappointment)
Judge Joseph H. Gale Washington, D.C. 1953 1996–2011
2011–present
Clinton
Obama (reappointment)
Judge Michael B. Thornton Washington, D.C. 1954 1998–2013
2013–present
2012–2013
2013–2016
Clinton
Obama (reappointment)
Judge L. Paige Marvel Washington, D.C. 1949 1998–2013
2014–present
2016–2018 Clinton
Obama (reappointment)
Judge David Gustafson Washington, D.C. 1956 2008–present G. W. Bush
Judge Elizabeth Crewson Paris Washington, D.C. 1958 2008–present G. W. Bush
Judge Richard T. Morrison Washington, D.C. 1967 2008–present G. W. Bush
Judge Kathleen Kerrigan Washington, D.C. 1945 2012–present Obama
Judge Albert G. Lauber Washington, D.C. 1950 2013–present Obama
Judge Ronald Lee Buch Washington, D.C. 1965 2013–present Obama
Judge Joseph W. Nega Washington, D.C. 1959 2013–present Obama
Judge Cary Douglas Pugh Washington, D.C. 1966 2014–present Obama
Judge Tamara W. Ashford Washington, D.C. 1968 2014–present Obama
Judge Patrick J. Urda Washington, D.C. 1976 2018–present Trump
Judge Elizabeth Ann Copeland Washington, D.C. 1964 2018–present Trump
Judge Courtney Dunbar Jones Washington, D.C. 1978 2019–present Trump
Judge Emin Toro Washington, D.C. 1974 beg. 2019 Trump
Judge vacant Washington, D.C.
Judge vacant Washington, D.C.
Senior Judge Mary Ann Cohen Washington, D.C. 1982–1997
1997–2012
1996–1997
1997–2000
2012–present Reagan
Clinton (reappointment)
Senior Judge Joel Gerber Washington, D.C. 1940 1984–1999
2000–2006
2004–2006 1999–2000
2006–present
Reagan
Clinton (reappointment)
Senior Judge Thomas B. Wells Washington, D.C. 1945 1986–2001
2001–2011
1997–1997
2000–2004
2001–present Reagan
G. W. Bush (reappointment)
Senior Judge Robert Ruwe Washington, D.C. 1941 1987–2002 2002–present Reagan
Senior Judge John O. Colvin Washington, D.C. 1946 1988–2003
2004–2016
2006–2012
2013–2013
2016–present Reagan
G. W. Bush (reappointment)
Senior Judge James Halpern Washington, D.C. 1945 1990–2005
2005–2015
2015–present G. H. W. Bush
G. W. Bush (reappointment)
Senior Judge Juan F. Vasquez Washington, D.C. 1948 1995–2010
2011–2018
2018–present Clinton
Obama (reappointment)
Senior Judge Joseph Robert Goeke Washington, D.C. 1950 2003–2018 2018–present G. W. Bush
Senior Judge Mark V. Holmes Washington, D.C. 1960 2003–2018 2018–present G. W. Bush

Current special trial judgesEdit

As of September 1, 2017, the judges on the court are as follows:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
Chief Judge Lewis R. Carluzzo Washington, D.C. 1994–present 2017–present
Judge Peter Panuthos Washington, D.C. 1983–present 1992–2017
Judge Robert N. Armen Washington, D.C. 1993–present
Judge Daniel A. Guy Jr. Washington, D.C. 2012–present
Judge Diana Leyden Washington, D.C. 2016–present

Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
Mark V. Holmes Reappointment April 24, 2018 Mark V. Holmes February 6, 2019
Juan F. Vasquez Senior Status June 24, 2018 Travis A. Greaves

Members of the Board of Tax Appeals (1924–1942)Edit

Member Began active
service
Ended active
service
Notes
Jed Cobb Adams 1933 1935 Died in office.
William W. Arnold[4] 1935 1942
C. Rogers Arundell[4] 1925 1942
Eugene Black[4] 1929 1942
Richard L. Disney[4] 1936 1942
Edgar J. Goodrich 1931 1935
Adolphus E. Graupner 1924 1926
William R. Green Jr. 1925 1929
Charles D. Hamel 1924 1925
Marion Janet Harron[4] 1936 1942
Samuel B. Hill[4] 1936 1942
James S.Y. Ivins[5] 1924 1934
Albert E. James 1924 1926
John W. Kern Jr.[4] 1937 1942
Jules Gilmer Korner Jr. 1924 1927
W.C. Lansdon 1924 1934
James Russell Leech[4][6] 1932 1942
Benjamin H. Littleton 1924 1929
William D. Love 1925 1933
John J. Marquette 1924 1935
Annabel Matthews 1930 1933
Stephen J. McMahon 1929 1936
Arthur Johnson Mellott[4] 1935 1942
John B. Milliken 1926 1929
Justin Miller 1937 1937 Appointed to a different court.
Logan Morris 1925 1937
J. Edgar Murdock[4] 1926 1942
Clarence V. Opper[4] 1938 1942
Percy W. Phillips[5] 1924 1931
Herbert F. Seawell 1929 1936
Forest D. Siefkin 1927 1929
Charles P. Smith[4] 1924 1942
John M. Sternhagen[4] 1924 1942
Charles M. Trammell 1924 1936
Sumner L. Trussell 1924 1931 Died in office.
Bolon B. Turner[4] 1934 1942
John A. Tyson[4] 1935 1942
Ernest H. Van Fossan[4] 1926 1942

Former Tax Court judgesEdit

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
service
William W. Arnold[4] 1942 1950
C. Rogers Arundell[4] 1942 1969
Craig S. Atkins 1955 1972
Arnold R. Baar 1954 1954 Died in office.
Renato Beghe 1999 2003 2012
Eugene Black[4] 1942 1966
J. Gregory Bruce 1952 1967
Herbert Chabot 1978 2001
Carolyn Chiechi 1992 2007
Charles Clapp 1983 1998
Howard A. Dawson Jr. 1962 1985 2016
Richard L. Disney[4] 1942 1951
William Miller Drennen 1958 1972
Sheldon V. Ekman 1980 1982 Died in office.
William M. Fay 1961 2000
C. Moxley Featherston 1967 1983 1991
Morton P. Fisher 1954 1965 Died in office.
Bruce M. Forrester 1957 1978 1984
William A. Goffe 1971 1986 1992
Harry Haines 2003 2008 2016
Cynthia H. Hall 1972 1981 Appointed to a different court.
Lapsley W. Hamblen Jr. 1982 1996
Byron B. Harlan 1946 1949 Died in office.
Marion Janet Harron[4] 1942 1970
Samuel B. Hill[4] 1942 1953
Austin Hoyt 1962 1973 1976
Jules G. Körner III 1981 1997
Leo H. Irwin[7] 1968 1983
Julian Jacobs 1984 1999 2019[8]
Luther Alexander Johnson[9] 1946 1956
John W. Kern Jr.[4] 1942 1961 1971
Diane Kroupa 2003 2014
David Laro 1992 2007 2018
James Russell Leech[4][10] 1942 1952
Clarence P. LeMire 1946 1956 1959
Arthur Johnson Mellott[4] 1942 1945
John E. Mulroney 1955 1970
J. Edgar Murdock[4] 1942 1968
Arthur L. Nims, III 1979 1992
Clarence V. Opper[4] 1942 1965
Edna G. Parker 1980 1995 1996
Carolyn Miller Parr 1985 2002
Allin H. Pierce 1955 1967 1968
William H. Quealy 1969 1980
Arnold Raum 1950 1978 1998
Stephen E. Rice 1952 1958
Irene F. Scott 1960 1982 1997
Perry Shields 1982 1994
Charles R. Simpson 1965 1987
Charles P. Smith[4] 1942 1946
John M. Sternhagen[4] 1942 1945
Samuel B. Sterrett 1968 1988
Stephen Swift 1983
2000
1998
2008
2010
Theodore Tannenwald Jr. 1965 1983 1999
Norman O. Tietjens 1950 1971
Russell E. Train 1957 1965
Bolon B. Turner[4] 1942 1968
John A. Tyson[4] 1942 1950
Ernest H. Van Fossan[4] 1942 1961
Lawrence Whalen 1987 2002
Robert Wherry Jr. 2003 2014 2018
Meade Whitaker 1982 1989 1995
Richard C. Wilbur 1974 1986 1987
Darrell D. Wiles 1972 1984 1987
B. John Williams 1985 1990
Graydon G. Withey 1952 1972 1974
Lawrence A. Wright 1984 1996 2000

Past Special Trial JudgesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See generally 26 U.S.C. § 7443(a) and (b).
  2. ^ I.R.C. 7447(b)(3)).
  3. ^ See 26 U.S.C. § 7443(f).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af The Tax Court of the United States, United States Government Manual", Division of Public Inquiries, Office of War Information (1945).
  5. ^ a b "Report of the United States Board of Tax Appeals, Volume 1, p. 3 (Government Printing Office, 1926)"
  6. ^ James Russell Leech Congressional Biography].
  7. ^ "Newest Judge To Sit In Tax Court Here", The Milwaukee Journal (February 4, 1968).
  8. ^ "PRESS RELEASE" (PDF). June 11, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019. Chief Judge Maurice B. Foley announced today that, effective as of June 7, 2019, Senior Judge Julian I. Jacobs has fully retired and is no longer recalled for judicial service.
  9. ^ Luther Johnson Congressional Biography].
  10. ^ James Russell Leech Congressional Biography].

External linksEdit