Governor of California

The governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California. The governor is the commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Guard.

Governor of California
SEAL gov california.svg
Seal of the Governor of California
Flag of the Governor of California.svg
Standard of the Governor
Gavin Newsom by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Incumbent
Gavin Newsom

since January 7, 2019
StyleThe Honorable
(formal)
ResidenceCalifornia Governor's Mansion
SeatSacramento, California
Term lengthFour-year term, renewable once
Inaugural holderPeter Hardeman Burnett
FormationDecember 20, 1849
SalaryUS$210,000 (2020)[1]
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata

Established in the Constitution of California, the governor's responsibilities also include making the annual State of the State address to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced. The position was created in 1849, the year before California became a state.

The current governor of California is Democrat Gavin Newsom, who was inaugurated on January 7, 2019.

Gubernatorial elections, oath, and term of officeEdit

QualificationsEdit

A candidate for governor must be a U.S. citizen and a registered voter within the state. He or she must not have been convicted of a felony involving bribery, embezzlement, or extortion, and must not have served two terms since November 6, 1990.[2]

Election and oath of GovernorEdit

Governors are elected by popular ballot and serve terms of four years, with a limit of two terms, if served after November 6, 1990.[3] Governors take the following oath:

I (Governor) do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California against all enemies foreign and domestic, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California, that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter.

Governors take office on the first Monday after January 1 after their election.

Gubernatorial removalEdit

There are two methods of removing a governor before the expiration of his or her term:

Impeachment and removal by the legislatureEdit

The governor can be impeached for "misconduct in office" by the State Assembly and removed by a two-thirds vote of the State Senate.

Recall by the votersEdit

Petitions signed by California state voters equal to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor (with signatures from each of five counties equal to 1% of the last vote for Governor in the county) can launch a gubernatorial recall election. The voters can then vote on whether or not to recall the incumbent Governor, and on the same ballot can vote for a potential replacement.

If a majority of the voters in the election vote to recall the Governor, then the person who gains a plurality of the votes in the replacement race will become Governor.

The 2003 California gubernatorial recall election began with a petition drive that forced Democratic Governor Gray Davis into a recall election. It was the first time that a California governor was voted out of office. He was replaced by Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Current governor Gavin Newsom faced a recall election which he defeated on September 14th, 2021.[4]

Relationship with the Lieutenant GovernorEdit

 
Governor-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003

The Lieutenant Governor of California is separately elected during the same election, not jointly as the running mate of the gubernatorial candidate. As such, California had a Governor and a Lieutenant Governor of different parties for 28 of the 33 years between 1978 and 2011, whereas previously, this had only occurred in 1875, 1886, 1894 and 1916-1917 due to the resignation or death of an incumbent Governor or Lieutenant Governor.

This occasionally becomes significant, since the California Constitution provides that all the powers of the Governor fall to the Lieutenant Governor whenever the governor is not in the state of California, with the Lieutenant Governor sometimes signing or vetoing legislation or making political appointments whenever the Governor leaves the state.

In practice, there is a gentlemen's agreement for the Lieutenant Governor not to perform more than perfunctory duties while the Governor is away from the state: this agreement was violated when Mike Curb was in office, as he signed several executive orders at odds with the Brown administration when Brown was out of the state. Court rulings have upheld the Lieutenant Governor's right to perform the duties and assume all of the prerogatives of Governor while the Governor is out of the state.[5]

The Lieutenant Governor is also the president of the California State Senate.

Gubernatorial factsEdit

Official residence and workplaceEdit

 
The California Governor's Mansion, official residence of the governor.
 
The Stanford Mansion, the official reception center for the Californian government and one of the official workplaces for the governor.

The official residence of Californian governor is the California Governor's Mansion, in Sacramento. The mansion has served as the residence of 14 governors, while others have declined to reside in the mansion, preferring to arrange for private residential arrangements. It is also one of the official workplaces for the governor.

The governor's primary official workplace is located within the Californian Capitol, in Sacramento.

The Stanford Mansion, in Sacramento, serves as one of the official workplaces for the governor, as well as the official reception center for the Californian government.

Age and longevityEdit

 
Romualdo Pacheco, the first governor to be born in California and the only Hispanic ever to serve.

Transition eventsEdit

 
Earl Warren, the only governor to ever serve as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
 
Jerry Brown, the only governor to serve four terms.

Presidential campaignsEdit

 
Ronald Reagan, the only Governor of California ever to serve as President of the United States.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gavin Newsom Is Highest-Paid Governor In The United States". October 22, 2019.
  2. ^ "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for the Offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor | California Secretary of State". www.sos.ca.gov.
  3. ^ Shelley, Kevin (October 2003). "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for the Office of Governor" (PDF). California Secretary of State Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
  4. ^ "California Gov. Gavin Newsom stays in power as recall fails". AP NEWS. September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  5. ^ In re Governorship, 26 Cal.3d 110, 401 (Supreme Court of California 1979) ("we conclude that the Lieutenant Governor has authority to exercise all gubernatorial powers of appointment while the Governor is physically absent from the state and that the Governor has authority to withdraw the appointment until the confirmation of appointment becomes effective.").
  6. ^ Alastair Dallas (June 5, 2004). "Governors of California: 1849–2003". familydallas.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2005. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  7. ^ "Californian Removes Himself From Running for No. 2 Spot". The New York Times. August 5, 1988.

External linksEdit