United States Secretary of the Navy

position
Secretary of the Navy
SECNAV
Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg
Seal of the Department of the Navy
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy.svg
Flag of the Secretary of the Navy
Sean J. Stackley.jpg
Incumbent
Sean Stackley
Acting

since January 20, 2017
Department of the Navy
Style Mister Secretary
The Honorable
(formal address in writing)
Reports to Secretary of Defense
Deputy Secretary of Defense
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Inaugural holder Benjamin Stoddert
Formation June 18, 1798
Succession 3rd in SecDef succession
Deputy The Under Secretary
(Principal Civilian Deputy)
Chief of Naval Operations
(Navy Advisor and Deputy)
The Commandant
(Marine Corps Advisor and Deputy)
Salary Executive Schedule, level II
Website Official Website

The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5013) and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

The Secretary of the Navy must by law be a civilian, at least 5 years removed from active military service, and is appointed by the President and requires confirmation by a majority vote of the Senate.

The Secretary of the Navy was, from its creation in 1798, a member of the President's Cabinet until 1949, when the Secretary of the Navy (and the Secretaries of the Army and Air Force) was by amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 made subordinate to the Secretary of Defense.[1]

Contents

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Department of the Navy (DoN) consists of two Uniformed Services: the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.[2] The Secretary of the Navy is responsible for, and has statutory authority (10 U.S.C. § 5013) to "conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Navy", i.e. as its chief executive officer, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the President and the Secretary of Defense. In effect, all authority within the Navy and Marine Corps, unless specifically exempted by law, is derivative of the authority vested in the Secretary of the Navy.

Specifically enumerated responsibilities of the SECNAV in beforementioned section are: recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing. The Secretary also oversees the construction, outfitting, and repair of naval ships, equipment and facilities. SECNAV is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies and programs that are consistent with the national security policies and objectives established by the President or the Secretary of Defense.[3][4]

The Secretary of the Navy is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board (DAB), chaired by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Furthermore, the Secretary has several statutory responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) with respect to the administration of the military justice system for the Navy & the Marine Corps, including the authority to convene general courts-martial and to commute sentences.

The principal military advisers to the SECNAV are the two service chiefs of the naval services: for matters regarding the Navy the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), and for matters regarding the Marine Corps the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). The CNO and the Commandant act as the principal executive agents of the SECNAV within their respective services to implement the orders of the Secretary.

Navy RegulationsEdit

The United States Navy Regulations is the principal regulatory document of the Department of the Navy, and any changes to it can only be approved by the Secretary of the Navy.

U.S. Coast GuardEdit

Whenever the United States Coast Guard operates as a service within the Department of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy has the same powers and duties with respect to the Coast Guard as the Secretary of Homeland Security when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.[5]

The Navy SecretariatEdit

The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, also known within DoD as the Navy Secretariat or simply just as the Secretariat in a DoN setting, is the immediate headquarters staff that supports the Secretary in discharging his duties. The principal officials of the Secretariat include the Under Secretary of the Navy (the Secretary's principal civilian deputy), the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (ASN), the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy, the Judge Advocate General of the Navy (JAG), the Naval Inspector General (NIG), the Chief of Legislative Affairs, and the Chief of Naval Research. The Office of the Secretary of the Navy has sole responsibility within the Department of the Navy for acquisition, auditing, financial and information management, legislative affairs, public affairs, research, and development.[6]

The Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps have their own separate staffs, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (also known by its acronym OPNAV) and Headquarters Marine Corps.

Secretaries of the NavyEdit

  Denotes acting Secretaries

[7][8]

Continental CongressEdit

Position Picture Name Term of Office
Chairman of the Marine Committee   John Adams October 13, 1775 – 1779
Member of the Marine Committee   John Langdon October 13, 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee   Silas Deane October 13, 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee   Joseph Hewes 1775 [9]
Continental Navy Board
(under Marine Committee)
November 6, 1776–28 October 28, 1779
Chairman of the Continental Board of Admiralty   Francis Lewis December 1779 – 1780
Secretary of Marine   Alexander McDougall February 7, 1781 – August 29, 1781
Agent of Marine
(devolved onto Superintendent of Finance)
  Robert Morris August 29, 1781 – 1784 [10]

(Post of Secretary of Marine created but remained vacant)

Executive Department 1798–1947Edit

No. Picture Name State Term of Office Served under
1   Benjamin Stoddert Maryland June 18, 1798 – March 31, 1801 John Adams
2   Robert Smith Maryland July 27, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
3   Paul Hamilton South Carolina May 15, 1809 – December 31, 1812 James Madison
4   William Jones Pennsylvania January 19, 1813 – December 1, 1814
5   Benjamin W. Crowninshield Massachusetts January 16, 1815 – September 30, 1818
James Monroe
6   Smith Thompson New York January 1, 1819 – August 31, 1823
7   Samuel L. Southard New Jersey September 16, 1823 – March 4, 1829
John Quincy Adams
8   John Branch North Carolina March 9, 1829 – May 12, 1831 Andrew Jackson
9   Levi Woodbury New Hampshire May 23, 1831 – June 30, 1834
10   Mahlon Dickerson New Jersey July 1, 1834 – June 30, 1838
Martin Van Buren
11   James K. Paulding New York July 1, 1838 – March 4, 1841
12   George E. Badger North Carolina March 6, 1841 – September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
13   Abel P. Upshur Virginia October 11, 1841 – July 23, 1843
14   David Henshaw Massachusetts July 24, 1843 – February 18, 1844
15   Thomas W. Gilmer Virginia February 19, 1844 – February 28, 1844
16   John Y. Mason Virginia March 26, 1844 – March 4, 1845
17   George Bancroft Massachusetts March 11, 1845 – September 9, 1846 James Knox Polk
18   John Y. Mason Virginia September 10, 1846 – March 4, 1849
19   William B. Preston Virginia March 8, 1849 – July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20   William A. Graham North Carolina August 2, 1850 – July 25, 1852 Millard Fillmore
21   John P. Kennedy Maryland July 26, 1852 – March 4, 1853
22   James C. Dobbin North Carolina March 8, 1853 – March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
23   Isaac Toucey Connecticut March 7, 1857 – March 4, 1861 James Buchanan
24   Gideon Welles Connecticut March 7, 1861 – March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
25   Adolph E. Borie Pennsylvania March 9, 1869 – June 25, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26   George M. Robeson New Jersey June 26, 1869 – March 4, 1877
(acting)   William Faxon March 4, 1877 – March 13, 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
27   Richard W. Thompson Indiana March 13, 1877 – December 20, 1880
28   Nathan Goff, Jr. West Virginia January 7, 1881 – March 4, 1881
29   William H. Hunt Louisiana March 7, 1881 – April 16, 1882 James Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
30   William E. Chandler New Hampshire April 16, 1882 – March 4, 1885
31   William C. Whitney New York March 7, 1885 – March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
32   Benjamin F. Tracy New York March 6, 1889 – March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
33   Hilary A. Herbert Alabama March 7, 1893 – March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland
34   John D. Long Massachusetts March 6, 1897 – April 30, 1902 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
35   William H. Moody Massachusetts May 1, 1902 – June 30, 1904
36   Paul Morton Illinois July 1, 1904 – June 30, 1905
37   Charles J. Bonaparte Maryland July 1, 1905 – December 16, 1906
38   Victor H. Metcalf California December 17, 1906 – November 30, 1908
39   Truman H. Newberry Michigan December 1, 1908 – March 4, 1909
40   George von Lengerke Meyer Massachusetts March 6, 1909 – March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
41   Josephus Daniels North Carolina March 5, 1913 – March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
42   Edwin C. Denby Michigan March 6, 1921 – March 10, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
(acting)   Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. New York March 10, 1924 – March 19, 1924
43   Curtis D. Wilbur California March 19, 1924 – March 4, 1929
44   Charles F. Adams III Massachusetts March 5, 1929 – March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
45   Claude A. Swanson Virginia March 4, 1933 – July 7, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
46   Charles Edison New Jersey July 7, 1939 – January 2, 1940
January 2, 1940 – June 24, 1940
(acting) Lewis Compton June 24, 1940 – July 11, 1940
47   Frank Knox Illinois July 11, 1940 – April 28, 1944
(acting)   Ralph A. Bard April 28, 1944 – May 19, 1944
48   James V. Forrestal New York May 19, 1944 – September 17, 1947
Harry S. Truman

Military Department (Department of Defense) 1947–presentEdit

No. Image Name Term of Office Served under:
Began Ended Days of Service Secretary President
49   John L. Sullivan 18 September 1947 24 May 1949 614 James V. Forrestal
Louis A. Johnson
Harry S. Truman
50   Francis P. Matthews 25 May 1949 31 July 1951 797 Louis A. Johnson
George C. Marshall
51   Dan A. Kimball 31 July 1951 20 January 1953 539 George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
52   Robert B. Anderson 4 February 1953 3 March 1954 392 Charles E. Wilson Dwight D. Eisenhower
53   Charles S. Thomas 3 May 1954 1 April 1957 1064
54   Thomas S. Gates, Jr. 1 April 1957 8 June 1959 798 Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
55   William B. Franke 8 June 1959 19 January 1961 591 Neil H. McElroy
Thomas S. Gates, Jr.
56   John B. Connally 25 January 1961 20 December 1961 329 Robert S. McNamara John F. Kennedy
57   Fred Korth 4 January 1962 1 November 1963 666
(acting)   Paul B. Fay 2 November 1963 28 November 1963 26 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
58   Paul H. Nitze 29 November 1963 30 June 1967 1309 Lyndon B. Johnson
(acting) Charles F. Baird 1 July 1967 31 August 1967 61
59   Paul R. Ignatius 1 September 1967 24 January 1969 511 Robert S. McNamara
Clark Clifford
Melvin R. Laird
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
60   John H. Chafee 31 January 1969 4 May 1972 1189 Melvin R. Laird Richard M. Nixon
61   John W. Warner 4 May 1972 8 April 1974 704 Melvin R. Laird
Elliot Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
62   J. William Middendorf 8 April 1974 20 January 1977 1018 James R. Schlesinger
Donald H. Rumsfeld
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald Ford
63   W. Graham Claytor, Jr. 14 February 1977 24 August 1979 921 Harold Brown Jimmy Carter
64   Edward Hidalgo 24 October 1979 20 January 1981 454
65   John Lehman 5 February 1981 10 April 1987 2255 Caspar W. Weinberger Ronald Reagan
66   Jim Webb 1 May 1987 23 February 1988 298 Caspar W. Weinberger
Frank C. Carlucci
67   William L. Ball 28 March 1988 15 May 1989 413 Frank C. Carlucci
Richard B. Cheney
Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
68   Henry L. Garrett III 15 May 1989 26 June 1992 1138 Richard B. Cheney George H. W. Bush
(acting) Daniel Howard 26 June 1992 7 July 1992 11
69   Sean O'Keefe 7 July 1992 2 October 1992 87
2 October 1992 20 January 1993 110
(acting)   Admiral Frank B. Kelso II 20 January 1993 21 July 1993 182 Les Aspin Bill Clinton
70   John H. Dalton 22 July 1993 16 November 1998 1943 Les Aspin
William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
71   Richard Danzig 16 November 1998 20 January 2001 796 William S. Cohen
(acting)   Robert B. Pirie, Jr. 20 January 2001 24 May 2001 124 Donald H. Rumsfeld George W. Bush
72   Gordon R. England 24 May 2001 30 January 2003 616
(acting)   Susan Livingstone 30 January 2003 7 February 2003 8
(acting)   Hansford T. Johnson 7 February 2003 30 September 2003 235
73   Gordon R. England 1 October 2003 29 December 2005[11] 820
(acting)   Dionel M. Aviles 29 December 2005[11] 3 January 2006[11] 5
74   Donald C. Winter 3 January 2006[11] 13 March 2009[12] 1165 Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
(acting)   B. J. Penn 13 March 2009[12] 19 May 2009[13] 67 Robert M. Gates Barack Obama
75   Ray Mabus 19 May 2009[12] 20 January 2017 2803 Robert M. Gates
Leon Panetta
Chuck Hagel
Ash Carter
(acting)   Sean Stackley 20 January 2017 present 64 James Mattis Donald Trump

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Guide to Federal Records – General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798–1947". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  2. ^ "The US Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  3. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013. Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Navy Biographies – The Honorable Donald C. Winter". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  5. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013a. Secretary of the Navy: powers with respect to Coast Guard". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  6. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5014. Office of the Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Department of the Navy, Office of the General Counsel (DON-OGC) – OGC History". Archived from the original on July 24, 2007. Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  8. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "United States Government". World Statesmen. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  9. ^ Joseph Hewes. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval Historical and Heritage Command.
  10. ^ Benson J. Lossing. Household History for All Readers. 1877. Republished in Our Country vol. 2
  11. ^ a b c d Staff reporter (2005-12-29). "Acting Deputy Defense Secretary Relinquishes Top Navy Post". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved 2009-05-18. Navy Undersecretary Dionel M. Aviles will serve as acting Navy secretary effective today. Donald Winter, who was confirmed by the Senate last month, will be sworn in as the 74th secretary of the Navy on Jan. 3. 
  12. ^ a b c "Navy Secretary Departs Office" (Press release). United States Department of Defense. 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2009-05-18. The 74th Secretary of the Navy, Donald C. Winter, resigned his office today as planned. Winter had agreed to remain in office until March 13, 2009, to ease the transition of the Department of Defense. [...] BJ Penn will be the acting Secretary of the Navy until the Senate confirms a nominee chosen by President Barack Obama. 
  13. ^ Staff reporter (2005-05-19). "Mabus Sworn in as New Navy Secretary". NNS. Retrieved 2009-05-20. Ray Mabus, former Mississippi governor and U.S. ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was sworn in May 19 as the 75th secretary of the Navy.  (Archived by WebCite at WebCite)

External linksEdit