William Jones (statesman)
William Jones (1760 – September 6, 1831) was an American politician.
|President of the Second Bank of the United States|
January 7, 1817 – January 25, 1819
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||James Fisher (Acting)|
|United States Secretary of the Treasury|
May 9, 1813 – February 8, 1814
|Preceded by||Albert Gallatin|
|Succeeded by||George W. Campbell|
|4th United States Secretary of the Navy|
January 19, 1813 – December 1, 1814
|Preceded by||Paul Hamilton|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Crowninshield|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Pennsylvania's 1st district
March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1803
|Preceded by||Robert Waln|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||September 6, 1831 (aged 71)|
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War|
Jones was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Apprenticed in a shipyard, during the American Revolutionary War, he saw combat in the battles of Trenton and Princeton and later served at sea. In the decades that followed the war, he was a successful merchant in Charleston, South Carolina, and in Philadelphia. He was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1800 and was offered the office of Secretary of the Navy in 1801, but declined and remained in Congress to the end of his term in 1803.
With the War of 1812 raging, Jones became Secretary of the Navy in January 1813. His policies contributed greatly to American success on the Great Lakes and to a strategy of coastal defense and commerce raiding on the high seas. In late 1814, near the end of his term, he made recommendations on the reorganization of the Navy Department. These led to the establishment of the Board of Commissioners system which operated from 1815 until 1842.
From May 1813 to February 1814, Jones also served as acting Secretary of the Treasury and in 1816 was appointed President of the Second Bank of the United States. He returned to commercial pursuits in 1819. Jones died in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
The destroyer USS William Jones (DD-308) was named in his honor.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History and Heritage Command.
- United States Congress. "William Jones (id: J000258)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district
Joseph Clay, Michael Leib, and Jacob Richards
| United States Secretary of the Navy
Benjamin Williams Crowninshield
| President of the Second Bank of the United States