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John Branch Jr. (November 4, 1782 – January 3, 1863) was an American politician who served as U.S. Senator, Secretary of the Navy, the 19th Governor of the state of North Carolina, and was the sixth and last territorial governor of Florida.

John Branch
JohnBranch2.jpg
Territorial Governor of Florida
In office
August 11, 1844 – June 25, 1845
Preceded byRichard K. Call
Succeeded byWilliam Dunn Moseley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 2nd district
In office
May 12, 1831 – March 3, 1833
Preceded byWillis Alston
Succeeded byJesse Bynum
8th United States Secretary of the Navy
In office
March 9, 1829 – May 12, 1831
PresidentAndrew Jackson
Preceded bySamuel L. Southard
Succeeded byLevi Woodbury
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 9, 1829
Preceded byMontfort Stokes
Succeeded byBedford Brown
19th Governor of North Carolina
In office
December 6, 1817 – December 7, 1820
Preceded byWilliam Miller
Succeeded byJesse Franklin
Personal details
Born(1782-11-04)November 4, 1782
Halifax, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedJanuary 3, 1863(1863-01-03) (aged 80)
Enfield, North Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican (Before 1825)
Democratic (1828–1863)
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Forte (Deceased 1854)
Mary Jordan Bond
EducationUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (BA)

Contents

BiographyEdit

Branch was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, on November 4, 1782, the son of wealthy landowners. Educated at the University of North Carolina, where he was a member of the Philanthropic Society, he occupied himself as a planter and civic leader. Branch served in the North Carolina Senate from 1811 to 1817 and was the state's Governor from 1817 to 1820. After further service in the state Senate, he represented North Carolina in the United States Senate from 1823 until 1829 and was a strong supporter of Andrew Jackson.

When Jackson became President, he selected Branch as his Secretary of the Navy. In that post, Branch promoted several reforms in the Navy's policies and administration, many of which were not implemented until years later. He reduced the resources going to the construction of new ships, while increasing those applied to keeping existing vessels in good repair. Branch also sent the frigate USS Potomac to the Far East to punish the murderers of a U.S. merchant ship's crew and to generally promote and protect American commerce in the region.

John Branch resigned as Secretary in 1831, during the Petticoat affair, which involved the social ostracism of Margaret O'Neill Eaton, the wife of Secretary of War John H. Eaton by a group of Cabinet members and their wives led by Floride Calhoun, the wife of Vice President John C. Calhoun. Later that year, Branch was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Jacksonian and later to North Carolina state political offices. In the mid-1830s, he moved to Leon County, Florida, where he lived for much of the next decade-and-a-half on his Live Oak Plantation. In 1844, President John Tyler appointed him Florida's territorial governor until the 1845 election of a governor under the state constitution. Branch returned to North Carolina in the early 1850s, remaining there until his death on January 4, 1863.

Branch is buried in Elmwood Cemetery in Enfield, North Carolina.

Branch was an uncle of the Confederate General Lawrence O'Bryan Branch. His daughter married Daniel Smith Donelson, the nephew of President Jackson.[1]

BibliographyEdit

  • American National Biography
  • Dictionary of American Biography
  • Haywood, Marshall Delancey. John Branch: 1782-1863. Raleigh, NC: Commercial Printing Co., 1915
  • Hoffmann, William S. John Branch and the Origins of the Whig Party in North Carolina. North Carolina Historical Review 35 (July 1958): 299-315

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory--Nomination Form: Daniel Smith Donelson House". National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 31, 2018.

External linksEdit