Raymond Edwin Mabus Jr. (born October 11, 1948) is an American politician, diplomat, and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 75th United States Secretary of the Navy from 2009 to 2017. Mabus previously served as the State Auditor of Mississippi from 1984 to 1988, as the 60th Governor of Mississippi from 1988 to 1992 and as the United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia from 1994 to 1996.
|75th United States Secretary of the Navy|
May 19, 2009 – January 20, 2017
|Deputy||Robert O. Work|
Janine A. Davidson
|Preceded by||Donald C. Winter|
|Succeeded by||Richard V. Spencer|
|United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia|
July 5, 1994 – April 25, 1996
|Preceded by||John Bookout|
|Succeeded by||Wyche Fowler|
|60th Governor of Mississippi|
January 12, 1988 – January 14, 1992
|Preceded by||William Allain|
|Succeeded by||Kirk Fordice|
|37th Auditor of Mississippi|
January 10, 1984 – January 12, 1988
|Preceded by||Hamp King|
|Succeeded by||Pete Johnson|
Raymond Edwin Mabus Jr.
October 11, 1948
Starkville, Mississippi, U.S.
(m. 1987; div. 2000)
Lynne Horecky (m. 2007)
|Education||University of Mississippi (BA)|
Johns Hopkins University (MA)
Harvard University (JD)
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1970–1972|
|Rank||Lieutenant (junior grade)|
|Awards||Surface Warfare Officer badge|
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Political career
- 3 Business ventures
- 4 Awards, honors, community service
- 5 Personal life
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life and educationEdit
Mabus was born in Starkville, Mississippi, and is a fourth-generation Mississippian; he grew up in Ackerman, the only child of the owner of the local hardware store. After attending public schools, he graduated summa cum laude from the University of Mississippi, where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi, with a Bachelor of Arts in English and political science. He earned a Master of Arts in political science from Johns Hopkins University and a Juris Doctor, magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School. He had been offered a Fulbright Scholarship, had held a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, and had traveled widely throughout Europe, the Middle East, Russia, and Latin America Prior to attending law school, he also served two years in the Navy as a surface warfare officer from 1970 to 1972 aboard the cruiser USS Little Rock (CLG-4), achieving the rank of Lieutenant, junior grade and worked as a law clerk in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
Mabus began his professional career working in Washington, D.C., as legal counsel to the United States House Committee on Agriculture. Following the election of Governor William Winter, he returned to Mississippi to work in the governor's office, where the youthful staff—which included Mabus, Dick Molpus, John Henegan and Andy Mullins—earned the nickname "Boys of Spring" from a rival state legislator.
Mississippi State AuditorEdit
In 1983, Mabus was elected state auditor and served from 1984 to 1988, during this time, he participated in a large FBI sting operation which recovered millions in misspent or stolen public funds. By the time it was finished, "Operation Pretense" had ensnared 57 county supervisors in 25 counties, and all but two of those supervisors served time in prison.
Governor of MississippiEdit
At 39 years of age, he defeated Tupelo businessman Jack Reed in the 1987 gubernatorial election by 53% to 47%, becoming the youngest governor in the United States. He won "on a wave of black votes" (black voters made up about 30 percent of the state's registered voters) and lost the white vote "by about 3 to 2" despite support from what a coalition one Democratic state chairman described as "poor whites" and yuppies. Mabus, who ran on the slogan "Mississippi Will Never Be Last Again", was billed as "the face of the New South", much like his counterpart in Arkansas at the time, Bill Clinton. Mabus was featured in a 1988 New York Times Magazine cover story titled "The Yuppies of Mississippi; How They Took Over the Statehouse".
During his time as governor, he passed B.E.S.T. (Better Education for Success Tomorrow), gave teachers the largest pay raise in the nation; and was named one of Fortune Magazine's ten "education governors". Mississippi also had record growth in new jobs, investment, tourism and exports.
Because of the gubernatorial succession amendment ratified in 1987, Mabus was eligible to become the first governor to serve two successive terms in more than 100 years, and he ran for reelection in 1991. He was defeated 51% to 48% in the general election by Republican Kirk Fordice, a former Vicksburg construction executive, who portrayed him as "arrogant and out of touch with Mississippi politically", with a New York Times article describing him as a "Porsche politician in a Chevy pickup state".
Ambassador to Saudi ArabiaEdit
Mabus was appointed by President Bill Clinton to be the United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and served from 1994 to 1996. During his tenure, a 1994 border crisis involving Yemen was defused, a 1994 crisis with Iraq was deterred, he presided over the embassy during the 1995 terrorist attack, child abduction cases were addressed, and contracts worth more than $16 billion were signed between Saudi Arabian and American companies such as Boeing, and AT&T.
Mabus's residence and embassy office in Riyadh were decorated with items of interest from his home state including an Ackerman phone book on his office coffee table and the Mississippi flag next to the American flag.
On March 27, 2009, Mabus was nominated by President Obama as Secretary of the Department of the Navy. He was sworn in on May 19, 2009, and held a ceremonial swearing in at Washington Navy Yard on June 18, 2009, where he was re-sworn in by the Secretary of Defense Robert Gates.
Ship naming controversiesEdit
In April 2010 a furor arose when it was reported that Mabus made the proposal to name a United States Navy warship the USS John P. Murtha (LPD-26) after the late Pennsylvania Democratic congressman John Murtha. Additional naming controversies occurred due to the naming of auxiliary ship after civil rights activist Cesar Chavez who has described his service in the U.S. Navy as "...the worst two years in my life," and a littoral combat ship after former Arizona Democratic Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords, after she suffered life-threatening wounds in the 2011 mass shooting in her home district of Tucson, Arizona.
On April 16, 2012, the Navy Secretary returned to Naval tradition of naming certain warships after former U.S. presidents, announcing the next Zumwalt-class destroyer be named the USS Lyndon B. Johnson. Even this action represented somewhat of a change to previous norms, since with the exception of the current attack submarine, USS Jimmy Carter (SSN-23) and the since-decommissioned USS George Washington (SSBN-598) class of Polaris/Poseidon fleet ballistic missile submarines, all recent U.S. warships named for presidents have been aircraft carriers.
Subsequent ship namings include his January 6, 2016 announcement of his naming of another auxiliary ship after civil rights activist and sitting incumbent Georgia Democratic Congressman John Lewis. Mabus further stated that this particular class of auxiliary ship, of which the John Lewis would be the lead ship, would all be named after civil rights leaders. Mabus followed this action with his July 14, 2016 naming of the subsequent after gay rights icon and former San Francisco Democratic politician the late Harvey Milk.
Gulf Coast restoration planEdit
President Obama has asked him to develop a long-term Gulf Coast Restoration Plan as soon as possible. The plan will be designed by states, local communities, Native American tribes, fishermen, businesses, conservationists and other Gulf residents.
On September 16, 2013, gunman Aaron Alexis entered the Washington Navy Yard and killed 13 people and injured 14. Alexis was a 34-year-old military contractor. A Pentagon internal investigation found that the shootings could have been prevented with stricter oversight of security clearances and increased security at the Navy Yard facility. A ceremony was held to mark the one-year anniversary of the Navy Yard massacre, honoring those who were killed and injured. Mabus stated, "We know that their lives are defined not by how they died, but by how they lived and what they lived for, and will be remembered for that always."
After a January 2015 report by the Defense Business Board and McKinsey & Company discovered DoD was spending $134 billion, 23% of its total budget, on back-office work, and that the back-office bureaucracy staff of over one million people was nearly as great as the number of active troops, the Board recommended a plan to cut $125 billion in waste over five years. However, when Ash Carter became Defense Secretary the next month, he replaced the Board chairman, the McKinsey results were classified as secret, and its report was removed from public websites. Mabus then gave a speech at the American Enterprise Institute highlighting the McKinsey report, calling the back-office costs "pure overhead" and particularly criticizing the Defense Finance and Accounting Service and the Defense Logistics Agency. Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Frank Kendall III then wrote to him asking "please refrain from taking any more public pot shots" and "I do not want this spilling over into further public discourse."
On January 1, 2016, Mabus ordered the United States Marine Corps to devise a plan on co-integration of male and female recruits in basic training, giving top brass a two-week planning period, along with requesting a subject matter expert, to report the best method of said plan.
After the election of Donald Trump to President, Assistant Navy Secretary Sean Stackley served as acting Secretary of the Navy, following Mabus' departure in January 2017. In August 2017, Richard V. Spencer was sworn in as the next Secretary.
He was Chairman and CEO of Foamex International and helped lead it out of bankruptcy.
Ray Mabus serves as a Google Ventures Advisor.
Awards, honors, community serviceEdit
Mabus has been awarded the U.S. Department of Defense Distinguished Public Service Award, the U.S. Army's Distinguished Civilian Service Award, the Martin Luther King Social Responsibility Award from the King Center in Atlanta, the National Wildlife Federation Conservation Achievement Award, the King Abdul Aziz Award from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the Mississippi Association of Educators' Friend of Education Award.
He is active in many community activities, primarily focusing on education. Following Hurricane Katrina, he founded the Help and Hope Foundation, which works to meet the needs of children affected by the storm.
In 2009, and again in 2014, Mabus made cameo appearances on the TV drama NCIS in the Season 7 episode "Child's Play", and in the Season 12 episode "Semper Fortis", as an NCIS Agent named "Ray". He also made a cameo on NCIS: New Orleans in the episode "Insane in the Membrane".
Mabus made a cameo appearance as himself in the "It's Not a Rumor" episode of the TV series The Last Ship, issuing orders to the crew of the Nathan James via a recorded message; in the storyline, by the time the ship received the orders, Mabus had succumbed to the "Red Flu" virus.
- "Mississippi History Now | Ray Mabus: Sixtieth Governor of Mississippi: 1988-1992".
- "USSLittleRock.org". Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- Jere Nash; Andy Taggart (2009). Mississippi Politics: The Struggle for Power, 1976–2008. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi. p. 144. ISBN 978-1604732665.
- Gökhan R. Karahan; Laura Razzolini; William F. Shughart II (August 2006). "No Pretense to Honesty: County Government Corruption in Mississippi". Economics of Governance. 7 (3): 211–227. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.308.1828. doi:10.1007/s10101-005-0006-4.
- "Newspaper Archive". nl.newsbank.com. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- Applebome, Peter (September 16, 1991). "Mississippi Governor's Record at Issue". New York Times.
- E. J. Dionne, Jr. (November 5, 1987). "Voting Produces Strong Evidence of Importance of Race in Politics". New York Times.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Boyer, Peter J. (February 28, 1988). "The Yuppies of Mississippi: How They Took Over the Statehouse". New York Times Magazine.
- AGENCY GROUP, 05. "Doe Announces More Key Administration Posts". FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database (n.d.): Regional Business News. Web. November 3, 2011.
- "HOW WASHINGTON CAN PITCH IN George Bush wants to be Education President. He gets A for rhetoric; Incomplete for action. States must lead, but there's much for the Administration to do. - May 28, 1990". money.cnn.com. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- Inventory of Conflict & Environment, Saudi-Yemen border dispute
- "Operation Vigilant Warrior". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- "Office of the Program Manager-Saudi Arabian National Guard Modernization Program (OPM-SANG)". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- "State Dept. press briefing, August 6, 2002". Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Saudi Arabian Airlines completes fleet renewal with 23rd Boeing 777" Saudia Online, August 12, 2001.
- "TEP6 telecommunications project". Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- Emily Wagster Pettus (March 27, 2009). "Obama chooses ex-Miss. governor for Navy post". Navy Times.
- Staff reporter (May 19, 2009). "Mabus Sworn in as New Navy Secretary". NNS. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
Ray Mabus, former Mississippi governor and U.S. ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was sworn in May 19 as the 75th secretary of the Navy(Archived by WebCite at webcitation.org)
- Barfield Berry, Deborah (June 19, 2009). "Former Miss. gov. sworn in as new Navy secretary". The Clarion-Ledger.
- Harrison, Darren (June 18, 2009). "Secretary of Navy Committed to Sailors, Families". Official Website of the United States Navy.
- Ewing, Philip (June 18, 2009). "Well sworn, SecNav praises traditions". Navy Times.
- Tejada-Flores, Rick. "The Fight in the Fields – Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers Struggle". Public Broadcasting Service. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Gary Robbins; Elizabeth Aguilera (May 18, 2011). "Navy secretary names ship after Cesar Chavez". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
Mabus' remarks came amid controversy. On Tuesday, Hunter issued a statement saying, "Naming a ship after César Chávez goes right along with other recent decisions by the Navy that appear to be more about making a political statement than upholding the Navy's history and tradition."
- Philip Ewing (February 15, 2012). "Navy Plays it Safe With New DDG and LCS Names". Military.com. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
Less than a week after drawing traditionalist ire for naming a Navy warship after former Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, Navy Secretary Ray Mabus returned to standard convention Wednesday in a batch of new names for forthcoming warships.
- "SECNAV Mabus Names First T-AO(X) Next Generation Oiler After Rep. John Lewis". January 6, 2016.
- "Navy to Name Ship After Gay Rights Activist Harvey Milk". July 28, 2016.
- "Remarks by the President to the Nation on the BP Oil Spill" Archived November 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, White House Press Office, June 15, 2010
- CNN, By Barbara Starr Catherine E. Shoichet and Pamela Brown. "Navy Yard shooting rampage: 12 killed, dead suspect identified". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20150112062303/http://www.dcmilitary.com/article/20140918/NEWS12/140919909/1056/news12&source=RSS. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Missing or empty
- Craig Whitlock; Bob Woodward (December 5, 2016). "Pentagon buries evidence of $125 billion in bureaucratic waste". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Sweeney, Heather. "Marine Corps Ordered to Make Boot Camp Coed, Remove 'Man' from Titles". Military.com. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- "Document: Pentagon Acting Leadership Memo After Trump Inauguration". January 19, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- https://www.gv.com/team/ray-mabus/. Missing or empty
- "Glassdoor's Highest Rated CEOs 2013". Glassdoor. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- Monica, 1776 Main Street Santa; California 90401-3208. "CMEPP Advisory Board". www.rand.org. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
- Shachtman, Noah (July 17, 2012). "How the Navy's Incompetence Sank the 'Green Fleet'". Wired.
- "Ray Mabus to guest star on 'NCIS'". United Press International. November 9, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "San Diego stars in TNT's 'Last Ship'". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ray Mabus.|
- United States Navy bio page
- Mississippi Historical Society biography
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Auditor of Mississippi
| Governor of Mississippi
B. J. Penn
| United States Secretary of the Navy
Richard V. Spencer
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Mississippi
| United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia