Chief of Protocol of the United States
In the United States, the chief of protocol is an officer of the United States Department of State responsible for advising the president of the United States, the vice president, and the secretary of state on matters of national and international diplomatic protocol. The chief of protocol holds the rank of Ambassador and Assistant Secretary of State. Mary-Kate Fisher has served as Acting Chief of Protocol since June 2019, when Sean Lawler was suspended indefinitely.
|Chief of Protocol|
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Reports to||United States Secretary of State|
|Nominator||President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||James Clement Dunn|
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The chief arranges itineraries for foreign dignitaries visiting the U.S. and accompanies the president on all official international travel. Additionally, the office is responsible for accrediting foreign diplomats and publishing the list of foreign consular offices in the U.S., organizing ceremonies for treaty signings, conducting ambassadorial swearing-in and state arrival ceremonies, and maintaining Blair House, the official guest house for state visitors.
The chief of protocol duties include being present at the annual State of the Union speech (SOTU) given by the President each January before Congress. These SOTU duties include escorting the dean of the Diplomatic Corps into the House Chamber for the SOTU speech.
The chief of protocol position should not be confused with the distinctly different White House social secretary position.
The office identifies seven divisions on its website, led by assistant chiefs, who oversee the following principal duties:
- State visits
- Diplomatic affairs
- Blair House
- Diplomatic partnerships
List of chiefs of protocol of the United StatesEdit
|Name||Assumed office||Left office||President served under|
|James Clement Dunn||February 4, 1928||November 17, 1930||Calvin Coolidge|
|F. Lammot Belin||November 17, 1930||September 15, 1931||Herbert Hoover|
|Warren Delano Robbins||September 15, 1931||June 11, 1933||Herbert Hoover|
|James Clement Dunn||June 11, 1933||April 11, 1935||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Richard Southgate||April 11, 1935||July 29, 1937||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|George T. Summerlin||July 29, 1937||January 15, 1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Stanley Woodward||January 15, 1944||May 22, 1950||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
Harry S. Truman
|John F. Simmons||August 18, 1950||January 31, 1957||Harry S. Truman|
Dwight D. Eisenhower
|Wiley T. Buchanan, Jr.||February 4, 1957||January 23, 1961||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Angier Biddle Duke||January 24, 1961||January 20, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Lloyd Nelson Hand||January 21, 1965||March 21, 1966||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|James W. Symington||March 22, 1966||March 31, 1968||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Angier Biddle Duke||April 1, 1968||September 26, 1968||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Tyler Abell||September 30, 1968||January 20, 1969||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Emil Mosbacher, Jr.||January 21, 1969||June 30, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|Marion H. Smoak(acting 72-Apr 74)||March 1, 1974||March 30, 1974||Richard Nixon|
|Henry E. Catto, Jr.||April 3, 1974||July 1, 1976||Richard Nixon|
|Shirley Temple Black||July 1, 1976||January 21, 1977||Gerald Ford|
|Evan Dobelle||March 2, 1977||May 22, 1978||Jimmy Carter|
|Edith H. J. Dobelle||November 3, 1978||September 26, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|Abelardo L. Valdez||October 19, 1979||January 21, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|Morgan Mason (acting)||January 21, 1981||March 20, 1981||Ronald Reagan|
|Leonore Annenberg||March 20, 1981||January 6, 1982||Ronald Reagan|
|Selwa Roosevelt||April 16, 1982||January 20, 1989||Ronald Reagan|
|Joseph Verner Reed, Jr.||May 21, 1989||October 21, 1991||George H. W. Bush|
|John Giffen Weinmann||October 31, 1991||January 20, 1993||George H. W. Bush|
|Molly M. Raiser||September 14, 1993||July 24, 1997||Bill Clinton|
|Mary Mel French||November 13, 1997||January 20, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|Donald Ensenat||June 6, 2001||February 18, 2007||George W. Bush|
|Nancy Brinker||September 14, 2007||January 20, 2009||George W. Bush|
|Capricia Marshall||August 3, 2009||August 1, 2013||Barack Obama|
|Natalie Jones (acting)||August 1, 2013||May 13, 2014||Barack Obama|
|Peter A. Selfridge||May 13, 2014||January 20, 2017||Barack Obama|
|Post vacant (January 20, 2017 – December 1, 2017)|
|Sean Lawler||December 1, 2017||June 24, 2019 (suspended)||Donald Trump|
|Mary-Kate Fisher (acting)||June 24, 2019||present||Donald Trump|
- "Assistant Secretaries and Equivalent Rank". January 20, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Department Organization Chart". March 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Kosinski, Michelle (June 26, 2019). "Trump's suspended protocol chief would 'scream,' use profanity and berate employees, sources say". CNN. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- Levy, Claudia (February 11, 2014). "Shirley Temple Black, actress and diplomat, dies at 85". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
- "U.S. Department of State: Office of the Chief of Protocol". State.gov. Retrieved August 25, 2017.