Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
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The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs is currently the fourth ranking position in the U.S. Department of State that is intended to help ensure that public diplomacy is practiced in combination with public affairs and traditional diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and security. The Under Secretary oversees three bureaus at the Department of State: Educational and Cultural Affairs, Public Affairs, and International Information Programs. Also reporting to the Under Secretary are the Office of Policy, Planning and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and the Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Under Secretary of State
for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Nominator||President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||Evelyn S. Lieberman|
The position was created on October 1, 1999, during the Clinton administration after Title XIII, Section 1313 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681-776). Section 2305 of the Act (112 Stat. 2681-825) increased the number of Under Secretaries of State from five to six. Subdivision A of the Act, also known as the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, abolished the United States Information Agency and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
The position of Under Secretary is currently vacant. Heather Nauert previously served as acting Under Secretary, who replaced Steve Goldstein, who was dismissed summarily by President Trump on March 13, 2018. Appointments to the position require confirmation by the Senate.
List of Under Secretaries of State for Public Diplomacy and Public AffairsEdit
|Name||In office||Image||President(s) served under|
|Evelyn S. Lieberman||October 1, 1999 – January 19, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|Charlotte Beers||October 2, 2001 – March 28, 2003||George W. Bush|
|Margaret D. Tutwiler||December 16, 2003 – June 30, 2004||George W. Bush|
|Karen Hughes||September 9, 2005 – December 14, 2007||George W. Bush|
|James K. Glassman||June 10, 2008 – January 15, 2009||George W. Bush|
|Judith McHale||May 26, 2009 – July 2011||Barack Obama|
|Kathleen Stephens||February 6, 2012 – April 4, 2012
|Tara Sonenshine||April 5, 2012 – July 1, 2013||Barack Obama|
|Richard Stengel||February 11, 2014 – December 7, 2016||Barack Obama|
|Bruce Wharton||December 8, 2016 – July 2017
|Steve Goldstein||December 4, 2017 – March 13, 2018||Donald Trump|
|Heather Nauert||March 13, 2018 – October 10, 2018