The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is a department of the United States government, part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP), established by United States Congress on May 11, 1976, with a broad mandate to advise the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs.
|Formed||May 11, 1976|
|Headquarters||Eisenhower Executive Office Building|
725 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Parent agency||Executive Office of the President|
The director of this office is traditionally colloquially known as the Science Advisor to the President. The most recent appointed director was mathematician and geneticist Eric Lander who was sworn in on June 2, 2021. Lander resigned February 18, 2022 following allegations of misconduct.
On February 16, 2022, the Biden administration announced that deputy director Alondra Nelson would serve as acting director and former NIH director Francis Collins would serve as acting science advisor. Both assumed positions on February 18, 2022. Arati Prabhakar has been nominated to serve as Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
This section needs to be updated.(March 2020)
President Richard M. Nixon eliminated the President's Science Advisory Committee after his second Science Advisor, Edward E. David Jr., resigned in 1973, rather than appointing a replacement. In 1975, the American Physical Society president Chien-Shiung Wu met with the new president Gerald Ford to reinstate a scientific body of advisors for the executive branch and the president, which President Ford concurred to do. The United States Congress then established the OSTP in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The 1976 Act also authorizes OSTP to lead inter-agency efforts to develop and to implement sound science and technology policies and budgets and to work with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end.
Under President Donald Trump, OSTP's staff dropped from 135 to 45 people. The OSTP director position remained vacant for over two years, the longest vacancy for the position since the office's founding. Kelvin Droegemeier, an atmospheric scientist who previously served as the vice president of research at the University of Oklahoma, was nominated for the position on August 1, 2018 and confirmed by the Senate on January 2, 2019. Michael Kratsios was nominated by President Trump to be the fourth Chief Technology Officer of the United States and associate director of OSTP in March 2019 and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on August 1, 2019. During Trump's tenure, Droegemeier also managed the National Science and Technology Council.
In 2022, The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy held a roundtable discussion with some of the nation’s leading scientists to discuss the need to combat the climate crisis and counter arguments for delaying climate action. It is the first time that the White House has recognized scientists who study the climate denial operation run by the fossil fuel industry.
- Director for the Office of Science and Technology Policy: Alondra Nelson (acting)
- Deputy Director for Climate Science: Jane Lubchenco
- Deputy Director for Energy: Sally Benson
- Deputy Director for Health and Life Science: Carrie Wolinetz
- Deputy Director for National Security: Jason Matheny
- Deputy Director for Policy: Kei Koizumi
- Deputy Director for Science and Society: Alondra Nelson
- Chief Technology Officer of the United States: Vacant
- Chief of Staff: Marc Aidinoff
|1||H. Guyford Stever||Gerald Ford||1976–1977|
|2||Frank Press||Jimmy Carter||1977–1981|
|–||Benjamin Huberman (acting)||Ronald Reagan||1981|
|3||George A. Keyworth, II||1981–1985|
|–||John P. McTague (acting)||1986|
|–||Richard G. Johnson (acting)||1986|
|4||William Robert Graham||1986–1989|
|–||Thomas P. Rona (acting)||1989|
|–||William G. Wells (acting)||George H. W. Bush||1989|
|5||D. Allan Bromley||1989–1993|
|6||John H. Gibbons||Bill Clinton||1993–1998|
|–||Kerri-Ann Jones (acting)||1998|
|7||Neal F. Lane||1998–2001|
|–||Rosina Bierbaum (acting)||George W. Bush||2001|
|–||Clifford Gabriel (acting)||2001|
|8||John H. Marburger III||2001–2009|
|–||Ted Wackler (acting)||Barack Obama||2009|
|–||Ted Wackler (acting)||Donald Trump||2017–2019|
|–||Kei Koizumi (acting)||Joe Biden||2021|
|–||Alondra Nelson (acting)||2022–present|
- "White House science advisor Eric Lander sworn in on Pirkei Avot published in 1492". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- Thompson, Alex. "'I am deeply sorry for my conduct': Biden's top science adviser apologizes to staff". POLITICO. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
- Chiang, Tsai-Chien (January 2013). Madame Wu Chien-shiung: The First Lady Of Physics Research. World Scientific. pp. 184–185. ISBN 9789814579131.
- Alemany, Jacqueline (November 21, 2017). "Donald Trump's science office is a ghost town". CBS.
- Morello, Lauren (October 24, 2017). "Wait for Trump's science adviser breaks modern-era record". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22878.
- Aldhouse, Peter (January 18, 2017). "Trump's war on science isn't what you think". CBS.
- Reardon, Sara; Witze, Alexandra (July 31, 2018). "The wait is over: Trump taps meteorologist as White House science adviser". Nature. 560 (7717): 150–151. Bibcode:2018Natur.560..150R. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-05862-y. PMID 30087470.
- Irfan, Umair (August 1, 2018). "Trump finally picked a science adviser. He's a meteorologist. Named Kelvin". Vox.
- "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate Personnel to a Key Administration Post". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2019 – via National Archives.
- Chappellet-Lanier, Tajha (August 1, 2019). "Michael Kratsios confirmed as US CTO". Fedscoop. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- "Eric Lander Confirmed for Top White House Science Post | Inside Higher Ed". www.insidehighered.com. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- "Biden elevates science post to level". msn.com. Yahoo News. AFP. January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
- Joselow, Maxine. "White House science office to hold first event on countering climate change denial and delay". The Washington Post.
- "Staff". whitehouse.gov – via National Archives.
- "Eric Lander quits as Biden's top science adviser after bullying investigation". TheGuardian.com. February 8, 2022.
- "The race to replace Lander at OSTP". Politico.
- "A Google billionaire's fingerprints are all over Biden's science office". Politico.
- Ward, Myah. "Biden names 2 people to replace Eric Lander in top science roles". POLITICO. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
- "Previous Science Advisors (1973–2009)". whitehouse.gov – via National Archives.