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Kristi Lynn Noem (/nm/; née Arnold, November 30, 1971) is an American politician serving as the 33rd and current governor of South Dakota since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, she was the U.S. Representative for South Dakota's at-large congressional district from 2011 to 2019 and a member of the South Dakota House of Representatives from 2007 to 2011. Noem was elected governor in 2018, becoming the first woman to hold the office.[1][2]

Kristi Noem
Kristi L. Noem 113th Congress.jpg
33rd Governor of South Dakota
Assumed office
January 5, 2019
LieutenantLarry Rhoden
Preceded byDennis Daugaard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large district
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2019
Preceded byStephanie Herseth Sandlin
Succeeded byDusty Johnson
Member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
from the 6th district
In office
January 9, 2007 – January 11, 2011
Preceded byArt Fryslie
Succeeded byBurt Tulson
Personal details
Kristi Lynn Arnold

(1971-11-30) November 30, 1971 (age 47)
Watertown, South Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Bryon Noem (m. 1992)
ResidenceGovernor's Residence
EducationSouth Dakota State University (BA)

Early life, education and farming careerEdit

Kristi Arnold was born to Ron and Corrine Arnold in Watertown, South Dakota and raised with her siblings on the family ranch and farm in rural Hamlin County.[3] She graduated from Hamlin High School in 1990, and won the South Dakota Snow Queen title. She credited the experience with helping her polish her public speaking and promotional skills.[4] After high school, she enrolled at Northern State University. She married Bryon Noem at age 20.[5]

At 22, Noem left college to help run her family's ranch after her father was killed in a farm machinery accident.[3][6] Over the years, Noem added a hunting lodge and restaurant to the property, and all her siblings have moved back to help expand the businesses.[3]

After her father's accident, Noem stopped attending college full-time but, over the years, took classes at the Watertown campus of Mount Marty College and at South Dakota State University.[3][4] After being elected to Congress, she continued her education, taking online courses and receiving credits for her work as a representative – leading the Washington Post to sarcastically dub her Capitol Hill's "Most Powerful Intern."[7] She earned a B.A. in political science from South Dakota State University in 2012.[8]

South Dakota House of RepresentativesEdit


In 2006, she won a seat in the South Dakota House of Representatives representing the 6th District (comprising parts of Beadle, Clark, Codington, Hamlin, and Kingsbury counties, but not including Watertown). In 2006, she won with 39% of the vote.[9] In 2008, she was reelected to a second term with a plurality of 41%.[10]


Noem served for four years, from 2007 to 2010; she was an Assistant Majority Leader during her last year.[11][12] In 2009 and 2010 she sponsored bills to lower the age of compulsory education in South Dakota to 16, after it had been raised to 18 in 2008, arguing that requiring school attendance until age 18 has not been proven to improve graduation rates.[13] Supporters of the higher age argue that it increases graduation rates and motivates students who would otherwise drop out.[14]

Committee assignmentsEdit

  • State Affairs Committee
  • Taxation Committee[15]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit



In 2010, Noem ran for South Dakota's at-large seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.[16] She won the Republican primary with a plurality of 42% of the vote against South Dakota Secretary of State Chris Nelson and State Representative Blake Curd.[17] Her primary opponents endorsed her in the general election.[11]

Noem's opponent, incumbent Democratic U.S. Congresswoman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, emphasized her own record of independence from the Democratic caucus including her votes against health care reform, the Wall Street bailouts, and the cap-and-trade energy bill. In response, Noem repeatedly highlighted Herseth Sandlin's vote for Nancy Pelosi as Speaker of the House. A Washington Post story on the race described Noem as "a made-for-Fox News star" and described her as a "mama grizzly" in the mold of former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.[18] During the 2010 election cycle, Noem outraised Herseth Sandlin, $2.3 million to $2.1 million.[19][20] Noem received 84% of her cash from individual donors while Herseth Sandlin received 56% from political action committees.[19][20] Mitt Romney's PAC made a donation to Noem's campaign, and Romney endorsed her.[21]

Gallup polls in June 2010 showed Republican candidates ahead of their Democratic counterparts due to dissatisfaction with President Barack Obama.[21] Polls conducted by Rasmussen Reports consistently gave a Noem a slight edge over Herseth Sandlin after the June primary, with Noem pulling ahead 47% to 44% in early October.[22] Critics said the Rasmussen firm's surveying methods were erratic and tended to favor Republican candidates.[23] Noem defeated Herseth Sandlin, 48% to 46%.[24]


Noem was reelected to a second term, defeating Democrat Matthew Varilek, 57%–43%.[25]


Noem was reelected to a third term, defeating Democrat Corinna Robinson, 67%–33%.[26]


Noem was reelected to a fourth term, defeating Democrat Paula Hawks, 64%–36%.[27]


Representative Noem in 2011

Noem was the fourth woman to represent South Dakota in the U.S. Congress.[28] She and freshman U.S. Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina were elected by acclamation of the 2011 House Republican 87-member freshman class to be liaisons to the House Republican leadership, making Noem the second woman member of House GOP leadership.[29] According to The Hill, her role was to push the leadership to make significant cuts to federal government spending and to help Speaker John Boehner manage the expectations of the freshman class.[30] In March 2011, Republican U.S. Representative Pete Sessions of Texas named Noem one of the 12 regional directors for the National Republican Congressional Committee during the 2012 election campaign.[3][31]


In 2018, Noem was reported to have "pitched the idea to members of the conservative House Freedom Caucus" to attach her online sales tax bill to the government funding package as part of an omnibus. A court case under consideration in the South Dakota Supreme Court involved requiring "certain out-of-state retailers to collect its sales taxes." Noem said that South Dakota businesses (and by extension businesses nationwide) "could be forced to comply with 1,000 different tax structures nationwide without the tools necessary to do so", adding that her legislation "provides a necessary fix."[32]

Human trafficking

Noem promoted legislation to combat human trafficking and sexual slavery.[33][34]

Health care

Noem opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and has voted to repeal it.[35][36] Having unsuccessfully sought to the repeal the law, she has sought to defund it while retaining measures such as the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, the provision allowing parents to keep their children on their health insurance plan into their 20s, and the high-risk pools.[37] New provisions that Noem wanted to add to federal law included limits on medical malpractice lawsuits and allowing patients to buy health insurance plans from other states.[37] She supported cuts to Medicaid funding proposed by Republican Budget Committee chairman Paul Ryan that would reduce benefits for South Dakota Medicaid recipients by 55 percent.[38]

Spending and taxes

Noem called the budget deficit one of the most important issues facing Congress, and cosponsored H. J. Res. 2, which would require that total spending for any fiscal year not exceed total receipts.[39][40] She cited the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Veterans Affairs, Medicaid, high-speed rail projects, cap-and-trade technical assistance, and subsidies for the Washington Metro rapid transit system as examples of federal programs she would like to see cuts in.[38][39][41][42]

She indicated that she would vote to raise the federal spending limit,[29] and wanted to eliminate the estate tax,[43] lower the corporate tax rate, and simplify the tax code.[3] She also said she would not raise taxes to balance the budget.[44]

Social issues

Noem opposes rights to abortion.[45] She has the support of Susan B. Anthony List.[46] She stated after her election that she hoped to maintain a 100 percent pro-life voting record.[43]

Energy and environment
U.S. Representative Noem (center) alongside fellow U.S. Representatives Donna Edwards and Sheila Jackson Lee at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial in May 2013

Noem has said that the U.S. must end its dependence on foreign oil. To achieve that goal, Noem says Congress should encourage conservation of existing resources.[47] She supports continuing ethanol subsidies that benefit her state.[48] Noem opposes ending federal subsidies for oil companies.[38]

Noem supported the Keystone XL Pipeline and promised to continue to work for its construction after the U.S. Senate voted down legislation to advance the pipeline through Congress.[49] Noem helped the House pass the legislation on November 14, 2014.[49]

Noem opposed a bill introduced by South Dakota Senator Tim Johnson that would designate over 48,000 acres (190 km2) of the Buffalo Gap National Grassland as protected wilderness.[50] She supports the current designation of the land as a national grassland.[51] She pointed out that the land is already managed as roadless areas similar to wilderness[52] and argued that changing the land's designation to wilderness would further limit leaseholder access to the land and imperil grazing rights.[51][52]

Noem supports off-shore oil drilling.[53] She co-sponsored three bills that she argued would reduce American dependence on foreign oil by ending the 2010 United States deepwater drilling moratorium in the Gulf of Mexico and reopening sales on oil leases in the Gulf and off the coast of Virginia.[54]

In 2011, Noem sponsored a measure to block Environmental Protection Agency funding for tighter air pollution standards for coarse particulates.[55]

Foreign affairs

Noem supported the American military intervention in the 2011 Libyan civil war, but questioned whether America intervened to protect civilians, or whether the U.S. military would try to remove Libya's leader, Muammar Gaddafi.[56] In March 2011, Noem called on Obama to provide more information about America's role in the conflict, characterizing his statements as vague and ambiguous.[56][57]


Since her election, Noem raised 56 percent of donations from individuals and 44 percent from political action committees.[58] On March 8, 2011, she announced the formation of a leadership political action committee, KRISTI PAC.[59] Noem said she would use the PAC to pay expenses and support other Republican candidates. Former South Dakota Lieutenant Governor Steve Kirby is the treasurer of the PAC.[60][61][62]

Noem was among the top freshman Republicans in PAC fundraising in the first quarter of 2011, raising $169,000 from PACs and hosting at least 10 Washington fundraisers.[63] She said she had no plans to join the House Tea Party Caucus.[64]

Immigrants and refugeesEdit

Noem supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order that suspended the U.S. refugee program for 120 days and banned all travel to the U.S. by nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries for 90 days.[65] She said she supported a temporary ban on accepting refugees from "terrorist-held" areas,[66] but "did not address whether she supports other aspects of the order, which led to the detention of legal U.S. residents such as green-card holders and people with dual citizenship as they reentered the country" in the aftermath of the order's issuance.[65]


In August 2013, conservative Newsmax magazine named Noem among the "25 most influential women in the GOP".[67] The American Conservative Union gave her a lifetime Congressional score of 76%.

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

Governor of South DakotaEdit

2018 electionEdit

On November 14, 2016, Noem announced that she would not seek reelection to Congress but instead run for governor of South Dakota in 2018.[72] She defeated incumbent South Dakota Attorney General Marty Jackley in the June 5 primary, 56% to 44%,[73][74] and defeated Democratic nominee Billie Sutton in the general election, 51% to 47.6%.[75]


On January 31, 2019, Noem signed a bill into law abolishing the permit requirement to carry a concealed handgun.[76][77][78] On March 20, 2019, Noem signed a bill into law requiring South Dakota's state universities to promote and protect intellectual diversity,[79] and on that same day, she signed several bills restricting abortion.[80][81]

In February 2019, she said that the Trump administration's trade wars had devastated South Dakota.[82]

Electoral historyEdit

2018 South Dakota Gubernatorial Election[75]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 172,912 51.0%
Democratic Billie Sutton 161,454 47.6%
Libertarian Kurt Evans 4,848 1.4%
Total votes 339,214 100%
Republican hold
2018 Republican primary election – South Dakota Governor[73]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 57,437 56.0
Republican Marty Jackley 45,069 44.0
Total votes 102,506 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 237,163 64.10
Democratic Paula Hawks 132,810 35.90
Total votes 369,973 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2014[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 183,834 67
Democratic Corinna Robinson 92,485 33
Total votes 276,319 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2012[83]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 207,640 57
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 43
Total votes 361,429 100
Republican hold
2010 General election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 146,589 46
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 6
Total votes 319,426 100
Republican gain from Democratic
2010 Republican primary election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota[84]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 34,527 42
Republican Chris Nelson 28,380 35
Republican Blake Curd 19,134 23
Total votes 82,041 100

Personal lifeEdit

Noem lives with her husband and their three children on the Racota Valley Ranch near Castlewood.[85] As of 2009, she had a 16.9 percent ownership stake in the ranch.[86] Her recreational interests include hunting.[87]

From 1989 to 2010, Noem received 27 traffic citations, including 20 for speeding[88] and other violations. She said, "I'm not proud of my driving record, but [I've] been working hard to be a better example to young kids and young drivers out there."[89] She had paid her fines and penalties by August 2010.[88]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Noem, Kristi (1971–)". Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  2. ^ Parkinson, John (November 18, 2010). "House GOP's New Majority Leadership Team Unveiled". The Note. ABC News. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Miller, Emily (February 14, 2011). "Rep. Kristi Noem: Head of the Class". Human Events. Eagle Publishing. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Jeff Bahr (February 3, 2011). "Snow Queen title meant opportunity for Noem". Aberdeen News. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  5. ^ Hayworth, Bret. "Kristi Noem a 'fit for the times' as she takes office". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  6. ^ Woster, Kevin. Noem ad: poignant or political? Rapid City Journal. May 9, 2010.
  7. ^ Heil, Emily (January 19, 2012). "Kristy Noem: Capitol Hill's most powerful intern". The Washington Post. Washington DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  8. ^ Min Kim, Seung (May 7, 2012). "Rep. Kristi Noem earns her bachelor's degree". Politico.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns – SD State House 06 Race – Nov 07, 2006".
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns – SD State House 06 Race – Nov 04, 2008".
  11. ^ a b Ellis, Jonathan. U.S. House: State Rep. Kristi Noem to face Herseth Sandlin in historic clash, Political newcomer beats odds, Argus Leader, June 9, 2010.
  12. ^ "Kristi Noem". South Dakota Legislature Historical Listing. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  13. ^ "Committee stops effort to lower grad age". Associated School Boards of South Dakota. February 25, 2010. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
  14. ^ Cook, Andrea (May 23, 2010). "Schools step in to rescue dropouts". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
  15. ^ "Kristi Noem".
  16. ^ "Noem Wins South Dakota's GOP Primary for U.S. House Seat". Fox News.
  17. ^ Wood, Issac (June 10, 2010). "House Primary Update". Sabato's Crystal Ball.
  18. ^ Philip Rucker (August 23, 2010). "In South Dakota, Democrats' own 'mama grizzly' vs. 'the next Sarah Palin'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  19. ^ a b Montgomery, David (March 20, 2011). "Money go-round". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  20. ^ a b "Total Raised and Spent 2010 Race: South Dakota District 01". Center for Responsive Politics. March 24, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  21. ^ a b Cillizza, Chris (July 1, 2010). "Independents move toward Republicans, away from Obama". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  22. ^ "Election 2010: South Dakota House of Representatives: Noem (R) Takes Slightly Larger Lead Over Herseth-Sandlin (D)". Rasmussen Reports. October 22, 2010. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  23. ^ Woster, Kevin (July 9, 2010). "Poll: Herseth Sandlin gains back ground, but Noem still leads in House race". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  24. ^ Young, Steve (November 3, 2010). "Wave carries Kristi Noem". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Gannett. Retrieved November 3, 2010.[dead link]
  25. ^ "Our Campaigns – SD – At-Large Race – Nov 06, 2012".
  26. ^ a b "OFFICIAL RESULTS: General Election – November 4, 2014". South Dakota Secretary of State. Pierre, South Dakota. November 4, 2014.
  27. ^ South Dakota State Unofficial Election Results, retrieved November 16, 2016
  28. ^ Ellis, Jonathan (January 6, 2015). "All GOP delegation first since 1962". Argus Leader. Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  29. ^ a b O'Brien, Michael (November 17, 2010). "House elects Reps Noem, Scott to leadership". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  30. ^ Bolton, Alexander (January 1, 2011). "A new order: House power players to watch in the 112th Congress". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved March 13, 2011. Noem and Scott ... will give the freshman class a voice in GOP leadership meetings and will press their leaders to take immediate steps to cut government spending significantly. Boehner and other House leaders will also rely on Noem and Scott to manage the expectations of the freshman class.
  31. ^ Brady, Jessica (March 2, 2011). "NRCC Expanding Regional Team in 2012 Noem, Pompeo Among Members With Regions". Roll Call. CQ-Roll Call, Inc. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  32. ^ WONG, SCOTT; JAGODA, NAOMI. "Rep. Kristi Noem pushing for online sales tax bill in omnibus". The Hill. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  33. ^ Noem Hosts Summit Against Sex Trafficking, Keloland TV, February 24, 2014.
  34. ^ Press Release. Noem Offers Remarks on Human Trafficking at Congressional Hearing, Kristi Noem Congressional website, February 26, 2014.
  35. ^ Herszenhorn, David M.; Robert Pear (January 19, 2011). "House Votes for Repeal of Health Law in Symbolic Act". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  36. ^ GOP House candidate wants to stop Democrat plans Archived March 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press, June 25, 2010.
  37. ^ a b Montgomery, David (January 20, 2011). "Noem, Republicans say replacement health care proposals on the way". Rapid City Journal. Lee Enterprises. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  38. ^ a b c Ross, Denise (May 13, 2011). "South Dakota Rep. Noem joins Thune in opposing end to oil tax breaks". Mitchell Republic. Retrieved May 15, 2011.[dead link]
  39. ^ a b Lawrence, Tom (March 11, 2011). "S.D. Rep. Noem pushes for big cuts in federal spending". Mitchell, South Dakota The Daily Republic. Forum Communications. Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2011. Noem praised the House for considering two bills aimed at reducing stimulus programs enacted last year.
  40. ^ "40 Under 40". Time. October 26, 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
  41. ^ Tupper, Seth (April 1, 2011). "South Dakota's Rep. Noem does not name cuts when questioned". Mitchell, South Dakota The Daily Republic. Forum Communications. Retrieved April 1, 2011.[dead link]
  42. ^ Montgomery, David (April 17, 2011). "Noem pitches need for budget cuts to veterans". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
  43. ^ a b Bendavid, Naftali (November 18, 2010). "GOP Elevates Some New Faces". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  44. ^ King, Ledyard (March 10, 2011). "Balanced budget push renewed in D.C." Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Gannett. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  45. ^ Woster, Kevin. Long after abortion wars, resentment toward Chris Nelson lingers, Rapid City Journal, March 1, 2010.
  46. ^ Hollingsworth, Barbara. "Pro-life women take political center stage"[dead link], San Francisco Examiner, June 15, 2010
  47. ^ "Noem: SD Needs Better Energy Policy". KELO-TV. March 3, 2011. Archived from the original on March 11, 2011. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
  48. ^ "New South Dakota Congresswoman Says Ethanol Subsidy Good for Recovery". Retrieved December 11, 2010.
  49. ^ a b Larsen, Kevin (November 18, 2014). "Noem To Continue Fight For Keystone XL". AM 610 KCSR. Chadron, Nebraska. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  50. ^ Woster, Kevin (September 9, 2010). "Noem continues assault on Johnson wilderness plan". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  51. ^ a b Woster, Kevin (March 20, 2011). "Rough road ahead in Congress for Johnson wilderness plan". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved March 20, 2011. Noem made opposition to Johnson's wilderness plan one of her prominent campaign points last year in her race against incumbent Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, a Democrat.
  52. ^ a b Ellis, Jonathan (October 9, 2010). "Kristi Noem's stance on Buffalo Gap draws ire from unexpected source". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Gannett. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2011. Noem ... said Thursday the current management system preserves the land without threatening leaseholder options.
  53. ^ "Noem seeks off-shore oil drilling". Rapid City Journal. April 1, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  54. ^ "Noem wants to expand offshore energy production". Black Hills FOX. March 31, 2011. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2011. The bills would end the Obama administration's moratorium on drilling in the Gulf of Mexico and require the re-opening of sales on oil leases in the Gulf and off the coast of Virginia.
  55. ^ Sue Sturgis, House votes to halt strict coal ash rules, but fight will continue in Senate, Facing South (Institute for Southern Studies) (February 21, 2011).
  56. ^ a b Montgomery, David (March 24, 2010). "Thune, Noem want answers on Libya". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
  57. ^ Wischmeyer, Beth (March 29, 2011), "Reaction to speech splits along party lines", Sioux Falls Argus Leader, archived from the original on January 17, 2013, retrieved March 29, 2011
  58. ^ "Noem raises money for campaign at record pace". Rapid City Journal. April 12, 2011.
  59. ^ A backronym based on "Keeping Republican Ideas Strong, Timely and Inventive"
  60. ^ Journal Staff (March 8, 2011). "Noem starts leadership PAC". Rapid City Journal. Lee Enterprises. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  61. ^ Willis, Derek (March 8, 2011). "G.O.P. Freshmen Forming Leadership PACs". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  62. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (March 15, 2011). "Freshmen enroll in PACs 101". POLITICO. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
  63. ^ T.W. Farnam (April 20, 2011). "The Influence Industry: New Republicans play an old fundraising game". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  64. ^ Ledyard King (April 25, 2011). "Kristi Noem finds patches of middle ground". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Retrieved April 25, 2011.[dead link]
  65. ^ a b Dana Ferguson, Rep. Noem supports suspending U.S. refugee program, Argus Leader (January 29, 2017).
  66. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". Washington Post.
  67. ^ Meyers, Jim. "Newsmax Exclusive: The 25 Influential Women of the GOP". Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  68. ^ "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  69. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  70. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  71. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  72. ^ Politico Staff (November 14, 2016). "Rep. Kristi Noem to run for South Dakota governor". Politico. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  73. ^ a b State of South Dakota Secretary of State Official Election Results, June 5, 2018.
  74. ^ Rep. Kristi Noem wins South Dakota GOP governor primary, FOX News, June 6, 2018.
  75. ^ a b "South Dakota Election Results". The New York Times. November 6, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  76. ^ Sterling, Joe (February 1, 2019). "South Dakota is the latest state to allow concealed handguns to be carried without a permit". CNN. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  77. ^ Gstalter, Morgan (January 31, 2019). "South Dakota governor signs law to allow concealed handguns without a permit". The Hill. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  78. ^ Kaczke, Lisa (January 31, 2019). "Gov. Noem signs 'Constitutional carry' of concealed handguns without permits into law". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  79. ^ Ellis, Jonathan (March 20, 2019). "Noem, GOP target university 'political correctness' with first-of-its-kind diversity, speech law". Argus Leader. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  80. ^ Kaczke, Lisa (March 20, 2019). "Gov. Kristi Noem signs pro-life bills into law". Argus Leader. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  81. ^ "South Dakota governor signs bills aimed at curbing abortion". ABC News (from the Associated Press). March 20, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  82. ^ Oprysko, Caitlin. "South Dakota governor says Trump trade wars have 'devastated' the state". POLITICO. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  83. ^ "Secretary of State – Statewide Races". South Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  84. ^ South Dakota Secretary of State. Pierre, South Dakota: June 8, 2010. 2010 South Dakota Official Primary Election Results. Archived September 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  85. ^ Click Rain, Inc. "Kristi Noem for Congress". Kristi for Congress. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
  86. ^ Subsidies Link S.D. House Hopefuls. Yankton Press & Dakotan. March 20, 2010.
  87. ^ "The Freshman Class in Washington", The Wall Street Journal, November 4, 2010.
  88. ^ a b Woster, Kevin (September 5, 2010). "Noem apologizes for traffic citations". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
  89. ^ Jorgensen, Don (April 30, 2012). "Kristi Noem: No Recent Traffic Violations". Keloland Television. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013.

Other referencesEdit

External linksEdit

South Dakota House of Representatives
Preceded by
Art Fryslie
Member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
from the 6th district

Served alongside: Paul Nelson, Brock Greenfield
Succeeded by
Burt Tulson
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
Dusty Johnson
Preceded by
Jaime Herrera Beutler
Chair of the Congressional Women's Caucus
Succeeded by
Susan Brooks
Party political offices
Preceded by
Dennis Daugaard
Republican nominee for Governor of South Dakota
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Dennis Daugaard
Governor of South Dakota
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within South Dakota
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Doug Burgum
as Governor of North Dakota
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside South Dakota
Succeeded by
Steve Bullock
as Governor of Montana