Codington County, South Dakota

Codington County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 28,325.[1] Its county seat is Watertown.[2] The county was created in 1877 and organized in 1878.[3] It is named for Rev. George S. S. Codington, Dakota Territory legislator.[4]

Codington County
Codington County Courthouse in July 2013
Map of South Dakota highlighting Codington County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°59′N 97°11′W / 44.98°N 97.18°W / 44.98; -97.18
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1877 (created)
1878 (organized)
Named forReverend George S. S. Codington
SeatWatertown
Largest cityWatertown
Area
 • Total717 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land688 sq mi (1,780 km2)
 • Water29 sq mi (80 km2)  4.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total28,325
 • Estimate 
(2021)
28,427 Increase
 • Density40/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.codington.org

Codington County comprises the Watertown, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

 
Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Codington County terrain consists of rolling hills dotted with lakes and ponds, especially in the southwest portion. The land is largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain is higher on the county's east and west sides, and generally slopes to the south.[6] The county has a total area of 717 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 688 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (4.0%) is water.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areasEdit

  • American Game Association State Game Production Area[8]
  • Blythe State Game Production Area[9]
  • Christopherson Game Production Area[10]
  • Clarksean State Game Production Area[11]
  • Codington County State Game Production Area[12]
  • Curley State Game Production Area[13]
  • Elmore State Game Production Area[14]
  • Gilbert State Game Production Area[15]
  • Goose Lake State Game Production Area[16]
  • Hanson State Game Production Area[17]
  • Horseshoe Lake State Game Production Area[18]
  • Larson State Game Production Area[19]
  • McKillicans Lake State Game Production Area[20]
  • North Nichols State Game Production Area[21]
  • North Stink Lake State Game Production Area[22]
  • Pelican Lake State Recreation Area
  • Punished Womans Lake State Game Production Area[23]
  • Sandy Shore State Recreation Area
  • Spencer State Game Production Area[24]
  • Spoonbill Pass State Game Production Area[25]
  • Thompson's Point State Lakeside Use Area[26]
  • Warner Lake State Game Production Area[27]
  • Wolf State Game Production Area (partial)[28]

Major lakesEdit

  • Cottonwood Lake
  • Dry Lake
  • Goose Lake
  • Grass Lake
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Kings Lake
  • Lake Kampeska
  • Lake Nicholson
  • Long Lake
  • McKillicans Lake
  • Medicine Lake
  • Pelican Lake
  • Punished Womans Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Still Lake
  • Warner Lake

[5]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,156
18907,037226.4%
19008,77024.6%
191014,09260.7%
192016,54917.4%
193017,4575.5%
194017,014−2.5%
195018,94411.3%
196020,2206.7%
197019,140−5.3%
198020,8859.1%
199022,6988.7%
200025,89714.1%
201027,2275.1%
202028,3254.0%
2021 (est.)28,427[29]0.4%
US Decennial Census[30]
1790-1960[31] 1900-1990[32]
1990-2000[33] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[34] there were 25,897 people, 10,357 households, and 6,877 families in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 11,324 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.74% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 1.41% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 48.2% were of German, 20.0% Norwegian and 5.5% Irish ancestry, 96.7% spoke English, 1.5% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 10,357 households, out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,257, and the median income for a family was $45,153. Males had a median income of $30,279 versus $19,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,761. About 5.60% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,227 people, 11,432 households, and 7,216 families in the county.[35] The population density was 39.5 inhabitants per square mile (15.3/km2). There were 12,397 housing units at an average density of 18.0 per square mile (6.9/km2).[36] The racial makeup of the county was 95.3% white, 2.0% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[35] In terms of ancestry, 54.3% were German, 22.6% were Norwegian, 9.6% were Irish, 6.7% were English, and 3.3% were American.[37]

Of the 11,432 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 37.7 years.[35]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,275 and the median income for a family was $60,202. Males had a median income of $39,076 versus $26,945 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,781. About 8.9% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.[38]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

  • Dexter
  • Eden
  • Elmira
  • Fuller
  • Germantown
  • Graceland
  • Henry
  • Kampeska
  • Kranzburg
  • Lake
  • Leola
  • Pelican
  • Phipps
  • Rauville
  • Richland
  • Sheridan
  • Waverly

PoliticsEdit

Codington County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In no national election since 1976 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Codington County, South Dakota[41]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,958 68.06% 3,837 29.15% 366 2.78%
2016 7,764 66.54% 3,174 27.20% 731 6.26%
2012 6,696 58.10% 4,588 39.81% 240 2.08%
2008 6,374 52.31% 5,595 45.92% 216 1.77%
2004 7,778 61.00% 4,803 37.67% 170 1.33%
2000 6,718 60.32% 4,192 37.64% 228 2.05%
1996 4,995 45.18% 4,722 42.71% 1,338 12.10%
1992 3,943 36.03% 3,701 33.82% 3,299 30.15%
1988 5,050 51.99% 4,570 47.05% 94 0.97%
1984 6,108 63.11% 3,528 36.45% 42 0.43%
1980 5,903 59.09% 3,353 33.56% 734 7.35%
1976 4,504 48.89% 4,680 50.80% 29 0.31%
1972 4,936 51.61% 4,601 48.11% 27 0.28%
1968 3,929 46.49% 4,235 50.11% 288 3.41%
1964 3,593 40.16% 5,353 59.84% 0 0.00%
1960 5,309 55.23% 4,304 44.77% 0 0.00%
1956 5,150 57.72% 3,772 42.28% 0 0.00%
1952 5,750 65.91% 2,974 34.09% 0 0.00%
1948 3,349 45.01% 4,042 54.32% 50 0.67%
1944 3,348 51.76% 3,120 48.24% 0 0.00%
1940 4,320 53.83% 3,705 46.17% 0 0.00%
1936 3,005 39.44% 4,256 55.85% 359 4.71%
1932 2,538 34.32% 4,806 64.98% 52 0.70%
1928 3,762 53.08% 3,299 46.55% 26 0.37%
1924 1,862 41.38% 627 13.93% 2,011 44.69%
1920 2,706 59.84% 867 19.17% 949 20.99%
1916 1,550 51.82% 1,344 44.93% 97 3.24%
1912 0 0.00% 1,111 45.03% 1,356 54.97%
1908 1,618 63.30% 831 32.51% 107 4.19%
1904 1,741 72.18% 582 24.13% 89 3.69%
1900 1,225 58.28% 805 38.30% 72 3.43%
1896 1,041 57.10% 759 41.63% 23 1.26%
1892 882 52.16% 408 24.13% 401 23.71%


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Results". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 86.
  5. ^ a b Codington County SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  8. ^ American Game Association State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  9. ^ Blythe State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  10. ^ Christopherson State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  11. ^ Clarksean State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  12. ^ Codington County State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  13. ^ Curley State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  14. ^ Elmore State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  15. ^ Gilbert State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  16. ^ Goose Lake State Public Shooting Area, Watertown SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  17. ^ Hanson State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  18. ^ Horseshoe Lake State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  19. ^ Larson State Public Shooting Area, South Shore SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  20. ^ McKillicans Lake State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  21. ^ North Nichols State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  22. ^ North Stink Lake State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  23. ^ Punished Womans Lake State Shooting Area, South Shore SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  24. ^ Spencer State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  25. ^ Spoonbill Pass State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  26. ^ Thompson's Point State Lakeside Use Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  27. ^ Warner Lake State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  28. ^ Wolf State Public Shooting Area, Hazel SD Google Maps (accessed February 1, 2019)
  29. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  30. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  31. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  32. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  33. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  34. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  35. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  36. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  37. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  38. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  39. ^ Appleby SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  40. ^ Rauville SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  41. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.

Coordinates: 44°59′N 97°11′W / 44.98°N 97.18°W / 44.98; -97.18