South Dakota's at-large congressional district
|South Dakota's at-large congressional district|
|Area||75,885 sq mi (196,540 km2)|
The district is currently represented by Dusty Johnson.
- 1 History
- 2 Voter registration
- 3 Election results from presidential races
- 4 Recent elections
- 5 List of members representing the district
- 6 Living former members of the House
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The district was created when South Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing two members at-large (statewide). Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts. The third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census.
Following the 1980 Census the second seat was eliminated, creating a single at-large district. Since 1983, South Dakota has retained a single congressional district.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 2, 2013|
2008 Presidential primaryEdit
Hillary Clinton of New York won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota Democratic Primary with 55.35% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while Barack Obama of Illinois received 44.65%. The state/at-large congressional district gave Clinton her final win during the course of the historic and heavily drawn-out 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary season.
- U.S. Representative Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, who had previously endorsed John Edwards, decided to support Obama before her state/congressional district voted in the primary for Clinton.
John McCain of Arizona easily won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota GOP Primary with 70.19% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while libertarian-leaning Ron Paul of Texas finished in second place in the state/congressional district with 16.52%.
Election results from presidential racesEdit
|2000||President||Bush 60 - Gore 38%|
|2004||President||Bush 60 - Kerry 38%|
|2008||President||McCain 53 - Obama 45%|
|2012||President||Romney 58 - Obama 40%|
|2016||President||Trump 62 - Clinton 32%|
2004 special electionEdit
Incumbent U.S. Representative Bill Janklow resigned the seat January 20, 2004, after he was convicted of second-degree manslaughter, triggering a special election. Democrat Stephanie Herseth was selected as the Democratic nominee for this special election and she defeated Republican Larry Diedrich with 51 percent of the vote in a close-fought election on June 1, 2004. Herseth's victory briefly gave the state its first all-Democratic congressional delegation since 1937.
2004 general electionEdit
In the November general election, Herseth was elected to a full term with 53.4 percent of the vote, an increase of a few percentage points compared with the even closer June special elections. Herseth's vote margin in June was about 3,000 votes, but by November it had grown to over 29,000.
Herseth thereby became the first woman in state history to win a full term in the U.S. Congress.
Both elections were hard-fought and close compared to many House races in the rest of the United States, and the special election was watched closely by a national audience. The general election was also viewed as one of the most competitive in the country, but was overshadowed in the state by the highly competitive U.S. Senate race between Democrat Tom Daschle and Republican John Thune, which Thune narrowly won.
|Democratic||Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent)||230,468||69.09||+15.73|
|Democratic||Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent)||256,041||67.56||−1.53|
|Democratic||Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent)||146,589||45.89||−21.67|
|Independent||B. Thomas Marking||19,134||5.99||+5.99|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
|Republican||Kristi Noem (Incumbent)||207,640||57.45||+9.33|
|Republican||Kristi Noem (Incumbent)||183,834||66.50||+9.05|
|Republican||Kristi Noem (Incumbent)||237,163||64.10||-2.4|
List of members representing the districtEdit
1889–1813: Two then three seatsEdit
Two seats were created in 1889.
In 1913, the two at-large seats were replaced by three districts. There were no at-large seats, therefore, until 1983.
1983–present: One seatEdit
By 1983, the remaining two district seats were reduced to one at-large seat.
Living former members of the HouseEdit
As of January 2019, there are five living former members of the House of Representatives. The most recent representative to die was Bill Janklow (served 2003–2004) on January 12, 2012.
|Representative||Term of office||Date of birth (and current age)|
|Tom Daschle||1983–1987||December 9, 1947|
|Tim Johnson||1987–1997||December 28, 1946|
|John R. Thune||1997–2003||January 7, 1961|
|Stephanie Herseth Sandlin||2004–2011||December 3, 1970|
|Kristi Noem||2011–2019||November 30, 1971|
- Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present