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South Dakota's at-large congressional district

South Dakota's at-large congressional district is the sole congressional district for the state of South Dakota. Based on area, it is the fourth largest congressional district in the nation.

South Dakota's at-large congressional district
SD-AtLarge.gif
Representative
  Dusty Johnson
RSioux Falls
Area75,885 sq mi (196,540 km2)
Distribution
  • 55.8% urban
  • 44.2% rural
Population (2016)865,454[1]
Median income$56,521[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[3]

The district is currently represented by Dusty Johnson.

HistoryEdit

The district was created when South Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing two members at-large (statewide). Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts. The third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census.

Following the 1980 Census the second seat was eliminated, creating a single at-large district. Since 1983, South Dakota has retained a single congressional district.

Voter registrationEdit

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 2, 2013
Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 190,212 35.77%
Republican 244,111 45.91%
Minor Parties 1,523 0.29%
Unaffiliated 95,846 18.03%
Total 531,692 100%

2008 Presidential primaryEdit

Democratic primaryEdit

Hillary Clinton of New York won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota Democratic Primary with 55.35% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while Barack Obama of Illinois received 44.65%. The state/at-large congressional district gave Clinton her final win during the course of the historic and heavily drawn-out 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary season.

Republican primaryEdit

John McCain of Arizona easily won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota GOP Primary with 70.19% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while libertarian-leaning Ron Paul of Texas finished in second place in the state/congressional district with 16.52%.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - Gore 38%
2004 President Bush 60 - Kerry 38%
2008 President McCain 53 - Obama 45%
2012 President Romney 58 - Obama 40%
2016 President Trump 62 - Clinton 32%

Recent electionsEdit

2004 special electionEdit

Incumbent U.S. Representative Bill Janklow resigned the seat January 20, 2004, after he was convicted of second-degree manslaughter, triggering a special election. Democrat Stephanie Herseth was selected as the Democratic nominee for this special election and she defeated Republican Larry Diedrich with 51 percent of the vote in a close-fought election on June 1, 2004. Herseth's victory briefly gave the state its first all-Democratic congressional delegation since 1937.

2004 general electionEdit

In the November general election, Herseth was elected to a full term with 53.4 percent of the vote, an increase of a few percentage points compared with the even closer June special elections. Herseth's vote margin in June was about 3,000 votes, but by November it had grown to over 29,000.

Herseth thereby became the first woman in state history to win a full term in the U.S. Congress.

Both elections were hard-fought and close compared to many House races in the rest of the United States, and the special election was watched closely by a national audience. The general election was also viewed as one of the most competitive in the country, but was overshadowed in the state by the highly competitive U.S. Senate race between Democrat Tom Daschle and Republican John Thune, which Thune narrowly won.

2006 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 230,468 69.09 +15.73
Republican Bruce Whalen 97,864 29.34 −16.57
Libertarian Larry Rudebusch 5,230 1.57 +0.85
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 333,562

2008 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 256,041 67.56 −1.53
Republican Chris Lien 122,966 32.44 +3.10
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 379,007

2010 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 146,589 45.89 −21.67
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48.12 +15.68
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 5.99 +5.99
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Turnout 319,426

2012 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 207,640 57.45 +9.33
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 42.55 −3.34
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 361,429

2014 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 183,834 66.50 +9.05
Democratic Corinna Robinson 92,485 33.50 −9.05
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 276,319

2016 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 237,163 64.10 -2.4
Democratic Paula Hawks 132,810 35.90 +2.4
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 369,973

2018 electionEdit

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Dusty Johnson 202,446 60.30 -3.8
Democratic Tim Bjorkman 120,816 36.00 +.1
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 323,262


List of members representing the districtEdit

Two seats were created in 1889. They were changed into three districts in 1913. One at-large seat remained after 1983.

Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
November 2, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
 
John Pickler
Republican Elected in 1889.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.

Retired.
 
Oscar S. Gifford
Republican Elected in 1889.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1891 –
August 14, 1891
 
John Rankin Gamble
Republican Elected in 1890.

Died.
August 14, 1891 –
December 7, 1891
Vacant
December 7, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
 
John L. Jolley
Republican Elected to finish Gamble's term.

Retired.
March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
 
William V. Lucas
Republican Elected in 1892.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
 
Robert J. Gamble
Republican Elected in 1894.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
 
John Edward Kelley
Populist Elected in 1896.

Lost re-election.
 
Freeman Knowles
Populist Elected in 1896.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
 
Charles H. Burke
Republican Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.

Lost renomination.
 
Robert J. Gamble
Republican Elected in 1898.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
 
Eben Martin
Republican Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
March 4, 1907 –
June 26, 1908
 
Philo Hall
Republican Elected in 1906.

Lost renomination.
 
William H. Parker
Republican Elected in 1906.

Died.
June 26, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
Vacant
November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
 
Eben Martin
Republican Elected to finish Parker's term.
Also elected to next full term.
Re-elected in 1910.

Redistricted to the 3rd district.
March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
 
Charles H. Burke
Republican Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.

Redistricted to the 1st district.
March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
In 1913, the two at-large seats were replaced by three districts. There were no at-large seats, therefore, until 1983.
By 1983, the remaining two district seats were reduced to one at-large seat.
January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
 
Tom Daschle
Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district, and re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1987
January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
 
Tim Johnson
Democratic Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 1999
 
John Thune
Republican Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
January 3, 2003 –
January 20, 2004
 
Bill Janklow
Republican Elected in 2002.

Resigned when convicted of vehicular manslaughter.
January 20, 2004 –
June 3, 2004
Vacant
June 3, 2004 –
January 3, 2005
 
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin
Democratic Elected to finish Janklow's term.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
 
Kristi Noem
Republican Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.

Retired to run for Governor of South Dakota.
January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
January 3, 2019 –
Present
 
Dusty Johnson
Republican Elected in 2018.

Living former members of the HouseEdit

As of January 2019, there are five living former members of the House of Representatives. The most recent representative to die was Bill Janklow (served 2003–2004) on January 12, 2012.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and current age)
Tom Daschle 1983–1987 (1947-12-09) December 9, 1947 (age 71)
Tim Johnson 1987–1997 (1946-12-28) December 28, 1946 (age 72)
John R. Thune 1997–2003 (1961-01-07) January 7, 1961 (age 58)
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 2004–2011 (1970-12-03) December 3, 1970 (age 48)
Kristi Noem 2011–2019 (1971-11-30) November 30, 1971 (age 47)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=46
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

External linksEdit