Nancy Patricia Pelosi (//; née D'Alesandro; born March 26, 1940) is an American Democratic Party politician serving as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since January 2019, the only woman to have done so. First elected to Congress in 1987, she is the highest-ranking elected woman in United States history. As Speaker of the House, she is second in the presidential line of succession, immediately after the vice president.
|52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Paul Ryan|
January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Dennis Hastert|
|Succeeded by||John Boehner|
|House Minority Leader|
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||John Boehner|
|Succeeded by||Kevin McCarthy|
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Dick Gephardt|
|Succeeded by||John Boehner|
|Leader of the |
House Democratic Caucus
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Dick Gephardt|
|House Minority Whip|
January 15, 2002 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||David Bonior|
|Succeeded by||Steny Hoyer|
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
|Assumed office |
June 2, 1987
|Preceded by||Sala Burton|
|Constituency||5th district (1987–1993)|
8th district (1993–2013)
12th district (2013–present)
|Chair of the California Democratic Party|
February 27, 1981 – April 3, 1983
|Preceded by||Charles Manatt|
|Succeeded by||Peter Kelly|
Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro
March 26, 1940
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Paul Pelosi (m. 1963)
|Children||5, including Christine and Alexandra|
|Parents||Thomas D'Alesandro Jr.|
|Relatives||Thomas D'Alesandro III (brother)|
|Education||Trinity Washington University (BA)|
|Net worth||US$26.4 million (2013)|
Pelosi is currently in her 17th term as a congresswoman, representing California's 12th congressional district (since 2013), which consists of four-fifths of the city and county of San Francisco. She initially represented the 5th district (1987–1993), and then, when district boundaries were redrawn after the 1990 Census, the 8th district (1993–2013). She has led House Democrats since 2003 (the first woman to lead a party in Congress), serving twice each as speaker (2007–2011 and 2019–present) and as House minority leader (2003–2007 and 2011–2019) depending upon whether Democrats or Republicans held the majority; she has also served as House minority whip (2002–2003).
Pelosi was a major opponent of the Iraq War as well as the Bush Administration's 2005 attempt to privatize Social Security. During her first speakership, she was instrumental in the passage of many landmark bills, including the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act, along with the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and 2010 Tax Relief Act, which served as economic stimulus amidst the Great Recession.
In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats won control of the House. Afterward, when the 116th Congress convened on January 3, 2019, Pelosi was elected speaker for the second time, becoming the first former speaker to return to the post since Sam Rayburn in 1955. On September 24, 2019, Pelosi announced the start of impeachment hearings into Donald Trump.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 3.1 Elections
- 3.2 Committee assignments
- 3.3 Pre-speakership career
- 3.4 First speakership (2007–2011)
- 3.5 House minority leader (2011–2019)
- 3.6 Second speakership (2019–present)
- 4 Political positions
- 4.1 Civil liberties and human rights
- 4.2 Economy
- 4.3 Education
- 4.4 Environment
- 4.5 Health care
- 4.6 Security
- 4.7 Trump presidency
- 4.8 Foreign affairs
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Honors and decorations
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Early life and education
Pelosi was born in Baltimore to an Italian-American family. She was the only girl and the youngest of seven children of Annunciata M. "Nancy" D'Alesandro (née Lombardi) and Thomas D'Alesandro Jr., who both had Italian roots. Her mother was born in Campobasso, in South Italy, and her father could trace his Italian ancestry to Genoa, Venice and Abruzzo. When Nancy was born, her father was a Democratic Congressman from Maryland and he became Mayor of Baltimore seven years later. Pelosi's mother was also active in politics, organizing Democratic women and teaching her daughter the value of social networking. Pelosi's brother, Thomas D'Alesandro III, also a Democrat, was Mayor of Baltimore from 1967 to 1971.
Pelosi was involved with politics from an early age. She helped her father at his campaign events. She attended John F. Kennedy's inaugural address when he was sworn in as U.S. president in January 1961. She graduated from the Institute of Notre Dame, an all-girls Catholic high school in Baltimore. In 1962, she graduated from Trinity College in Washington, D.C. with a Bachelor of Arts in political science. Pelosi interned for Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland) in the 1960s alongside future House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer.
After moving to San Francisco, Pelosi became friends with 5th District Congressman Phillip Burton, and began working her way up in Democratic politics. In 1976, she was elected as a Democratic National Committee member from California, a position she would hold until 1996. She was elected as party chair for Northern California in January 1977, and four years later was selected to head the California Democratic Party, which she led until 1983. Subsequently, Pelosi served as the San Francisco Democratic National Convention Host Committee chairwoman in 1984, and then as Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee finance chair from 1985 to 1986.
U.S. House of Representatives
Phillip Burton died in 1983 and was succeeded by his wife, Sala. In late 1986, Sala became ill with cancer and decided not to run for reelection in 1988. She picked Pelosi as her designated successor, guaranteeing her the support of the Burtons' contacts. Sala died on February 1, 1987, just a month after being sworn in for a second full term. Pelosi won the special election to succeed her, narrowly defeating San Francisco Supervisor Harry Britt on April 7, 1987, then easily defeating Republican candidate Harriet Ross on June 2, 1987; Pelosi took office a week later.
Pelosi represents one of the safest Democratic districts in the country. Democrats have held the seat since 1949 and Republicans, who currently make up only 13 percent of registered voters in the district, have not made a serious bid for the seat since the early 1960s. She won reelection in the regular election in 1988 and has been reelected another 16 times with no substantive opposition, winning with an average of 80 percent of the vote. She has not participated in candidates' debates since her 1987 race against Harriet Ross. The strongest challenge Pelosi has faced was in 2016 when Preston Picus polled 19.1% and Pelosi won with 80.9%.
For the 2000 and 2002 election cycles, she held the distinction of contributing the most among members of Congress to other congressional campaigns, in part because she is in a safe district and does not need the campaign funds.
In 2002, after Gephardt resigned as minority leader to seek the Democratic nomination in the 2004 presidential election, Pelosi was elected to replace him, becoming the first woman to lead a major party in the House.
First speakership (2007–2011)
In the 2006 midterm elections, the Democrats took control of the House, picking up 30 seats. The change in control meant as House minority leader, Pelosi was widely expected to become speaker of the House in the next Congress. On November 16, 2006, the Democratic caucus unanimously chose Pelosi as the Democratic candidate for speaker.
Pelosi supported her longtime friend, John Murtha of Pennsylvania, for the position of House majority leader, the second-ranking post in the House Democratic caucus. His competitor was House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer of Maryland, who had been Pelosi's second-in-command since 2003. Pelosi and Hoyer had a somewhat frosty relationship dating back to 2001, when they ran against each other for minority whip. However, Hoyer was elected as House majority leader over Murtha by a margin of 149–86 within the caucus.
On January 3, Pelosi defeated Republican John Boehner of Ohio with 233 votes compared to his 202 votes in the election for speaker of the House. Rahm Emanuel of Illinois, the incoming chairman of the House Democratic Caucus, nominated Pelosi and her longtime friend John Dingell of Michigan swore her in, as the dean of the House of Representatives traditionally does.
With her election, Pelosi became the first woman, the first Californian, and the first Italian-American to hold the speakership. She is also the second speaker from a state west of the Rocky Mountains. The first was Washington's Tom Foley, the last Democrat to hold the post before Pelosi.
During her speech, she discussed the historical importance of being the first female to hold the position of speaker:
This is a historic moment – for the Congress, and for the women of this country. It is a moment for which we have waited more than 200 years. Never losing faith, we waited through the many years of struggle to achieve our rights. But women weren't just waiting; women were working. Never losing faith, we worked to redeem the promise of America, that all men and women are created equal. For our daughters and granddaughters, today, we have broken the marble ceiling. For our daughters and our granddaughters, the sky is the limit, anything is possible for them.
She also spoke on Iraq as the major issue facing the 110th Congress, while incorporating some Democratic Party beliefs:
The election of 2006 was a call to change – not merely to change the control of Congress, but for a new direction for our country. Nowhere were the American people more clear about the need for a new direction than in Iraq. The American people rejected an open-ended obligation to a war without end.
As speaker, Pelosi was still the leader of the House Democrats; the speaker is considered to be the leader of his or her House caucus. However, by tradition, she did not normally participate in debate and almost never voted on the floor, though she had every right to do so as a full House member. She was also not a member of any House committees.
Pelosi was re-elected speaker in 2009.
A CBS News poll conducted in March 2010 found that 37% of registered voters have an unfavorable opinion of Speaker Pelosi, with 11% approving. According to a March 2010 Rasmussen national poll, 64% of voters viewed the speaker unfavorably, and 29% favorably.
During and after her tenure as speaker, Pelosi was perceived as a contentious political figure, with Republican candidates frequently trying to tie their Democratic opponents to Pelosi and with moderate Democrats seeking to show their moderate bona fides by expressing opposition to Pelosi.
Social Security mandate
Shortly after winning re-election, President George W. Bush claimed a mandate for an ambitious second-term agenda and proposed reforming Social Security by allowing workers to redirect a portion of their Social Security withholding into stock and bond investments. Pelosi strongly opposed the plan, saying there was no crisis, and as minority leader she imposed intense party discipline on her caucus, leading them to near-unanimous opposition to Bush's proposal, and subsequent defeat of the proposed plan.
Blocking of impeachment proceedings against President Bush
In the wake of President George W. Bush's reelection in 2004, several leading House Democrats believed that Democrats should pursue impeachment proceedings against the president. They asserted that Bush had misled Congress about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, and had violated the civil liberties of Americans by authorizing wiretaps without a warrant.
In May 2006, with an eye on the upcoming congressional elections–which offered the possibility of Democrats taking back control of the House for the first time since 1994–Pelosi told colleagues that, while the Democrats would conduct vigorous oversight of Bush administration policy, an impeachment investigation was "off the table". (A week earlier, she had told the Washington Post that, although Democrats would not set out to impeach the president, "you never know where" investigations might lead.)
After becoming speaker of the House in January 2007, Pelosi held firm against impeachment, notwithstanding strong support for that course of action among constituents in her home district. In the November 2008 election, Pelosi withstood a challenge for her seat by anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan, who ran as an independent primarily because of Pelosi's refusal to pursue impeachment.
The "Hundred Hours"
Prior to the U.S. 2006 midterm elections, Pelosi announced a plan for action: If elected, she and the newly empowered Democratic caucus would push through most of its program during the first hundred hours of the 110th Congress's term.
The origin for the name "first hundred hours" is a play on words derived from former Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt's promise for quick action on the part of government (to combat the Great Depression) during his "first hundred days" in office. Newt Gingrich, who became speaker of the House in 1995, had a similar 100-day agenda to implement the Contract with America.
Opposition to Iraq War troop surge of 2007
On January 5, 2007, reacting to suggestions from President Bush's confidantes that he would increase troop levels in Iraq (which he announced in a speech a few days later), Pelosi joined with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid to condemn the plan. They sent Bush a letter:
[T]here is no purely military solution in Iraq. There is only a political solution. Adding more combat troops will only endanger more Americans and stretch our military to the breaking point for no strategic gain. ... Rather than deploy additional forces to Iraq, we believe the way forward is to begin the phased redeployment of our forces in the next four to six months, while shifting the principal mission of our forces there from combat to training, logistics, force protection and counter-terror.
2008 Democratic National Convention
Pelosi has been credited for spearheading President Obama's health-care law when it seemed that it would go down in defeat. After Republican Scott Brown won Democrat Ted Kennedy's former senate seat in the January 2010 Massachusetts special election and thereby causing the Senate Democrats to lose their filibuster proof majority, Obama agreed with then chief of staff Rahm Emanuel's idea that he should do smaller initiatives that could pass easily. Pelosi, however, dismissed the president's fear and instead mocked his scaled-back ideas as "kiddie care". After convincing the president that this would be their only shot at health-care because of the large Democratic majorities they currently had, she rallied her Democratic caucus as she began an "unbelievable marathon" of a two-month session to craft the health-care bill, which successfully passed the House with a 219–212 vote. In Obama's remarks before signing the bill into law, he specifically credited Pelosi as being "one of the best speakers the House of Representatives has ever had".
House minority leader (2011–2019)
112th and 113th Congress
Though Pelosi was re-elected by a comfortable margin in the 2010 midterm elections, the Democrats lost 63 seats and ceded control of the House of Representatives to the Republicans. After the electoral setback suffered by her party, Pelosi sought to continue leading the House Democratic Caucus in the position of minority leader, the office she held prior to becoming speaker. After Pelosi's disparate intra-party opposition failed to pass a motion to delay the leadership vote, Pelosi was elected minority leader for the 112th Congress. On November 14, 2012, Pelosi announced she would remain on as Democratic leader.
In November 2011, 60 Minutes alleged that Pelosi and several other members of Congress had used information they gleaned from closed sessions to make money on the stock market. The program cited Pelosi's purchases of Visa stock while a bill that would limit credit card fees was in the House. Pelosi denied the allegations and called the report "a right-wing smear". When the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act (or STOCK Act) was introduced the next year, Pelosi voted for the bill and lauded its passing. Of representatives Louise Slaughter and Tim Walz, who drafted the bill, Pelosi said they "shined a light on a gaping hole in our ethics laws and helped close it once and for all".
114th and 115th Congress
In August 2016, Pelosi said her personal contact information was posted online following a cyber attack against top Democratic campaign committees and she had received "obscene and sick calls, voice mails and text messages". She warned members of Congress to avoid letting children or family members answer phone calls or read text messages.
Tim Ryan initiated a bid to replace Pelosi as House minority leader on November 17, 2016, prompted by colleagues following the 2016 presidential election. After Pelosi agreed to give more leadership opportunities to junior members, she defeated Ryan by a vote of 134–63 on November 30.
In 2017, after Democrats lost four consecutive special elections in the House of Representatives, Pelosi's leadership was again called into question. On June 22, 2017, a small group of House Democrats held a closed-door meeting in the office of Representative Kathleen Rice (NY) to discuss a strategy for selecting new Democratic leadership. Rice publicly called for new Democratic leadership in the House of Representatives, as did other House Democrats, including Tim Ryan (OH), Seth Moulton (MA), and Filemon Vela (TX). Cedric Richmond (LA), Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, also attended the closed-door meeting on Pelosi.
Rice said in a CNN interview about Pelosi's leadership, "If you were talking about a company that was posting losing numbers, if you were talking about any sports team that was losing time and time again, changes would be made, right? The CEO out. The coach would be out and there would be a new strategy put in place."
In a press conference, Pelosi responded to the criticism by saying, "I respect any opinion that my members have but my decision about how long I stay is not up to them." When asked specifically why she should stay on as House minority leader after numerous Democratic seats were lost, Pelosi responded, "Well, I'm a master legislator. I am a strategic, politically astute leader. My leadership is recognized by many around the country, and that is why I'm able to attract the support that I do."
In November 2017, after Pelosi called for the resignation of John Conyers over allegations of harassment, she convened the first in a series of planned meetings on strategies to address reforming workplace policies in the wake of national attention to sexual harassment. Pelosi said Congress had "a moral duty to the brave women and men coming forward to seize this moment and demonstrate real, effective leadership to foster a climate of respect and dignity in the workplace".
In February 2018, Pelosi sent a letter to Speaker Ryan accusing Republicans with having waged a "cover-up campaign" to protect Trump and cited last minute changes to the memo after a vote for its release as dangerous and violating House rules, saying, "House Republicans' pattern of obstruction and cover-up to hide the truth about the Trump-Russia scandal represents a threat to our intelligence and our national security. The GOP has led a partisan effort to distort intelligence and discredit the U.S. law enforcement and intelligence communities." She charged House Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes with partaking in "deliberately dishonest actions" and called for his immediate removal from his position.
In February 2018, Pelosi broke the record for longest speech in the House of Representatives when she spent more than eight hours recounting stories from DREAMers – individuals who were brought to the United States as minors by undocumented immigrants – to object to a budget deal which would raise spending caps without addressing the future of DACA recipients, which were at risk of deportation by the Trump administration.
In May 2018, after the White House invited two Republicans and no Democrats to a briefing by Department of Justice officials on an FBI informant that made contact with the Trump campaign, Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Schumer sent a letter to Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and FBI Director Wray calling for "a bipartisan Gang of Eight briefing that involves congressional leadership from both chambers".
In August 2018, Pelosi called for the resignation of Duncan D. Hunter after his indictment on charges of misusing at least $250,000 in campaign funds, saying in a statement that the charges were "evidence of the rampant culture of corruption among Republicans in Washington today".
Second speakership (2019–present)
In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats regained a majority of seats in the House. On November 28, House Democrats nominated Pelosi to once again serve as speaker of the House. She was formally re-elected to the speakership at the start of the 116th Congress on January 3, 2019.
At the start of the 116th Congress, Pelosi thwarted President Trump's attempts to use the 2018–19 federal government shutdown, which she called a "hostage-taking" of civil servants, as leverage to build a substantial wall on the American border, disinviting him from giving the State of the Union Address in the House of Representatives chamber while the shut down was ongoing.
After several news polls showed Trump's popularity sharply falling due to the shutdown, on January 25, he signed a resolution passed by the House and Senate reopening the federal government without any concession whatsoever, especially a border wall. Analysts and commentators widely called the event "the most humiliating loss of his presidency". Asked about the reason for her victory, Pelosi stated: "I don't unify our caucus; our values unify us. I'm sure it's the same in the Senate. The fact is that our diversity is our strength. The differences in so many different ways, including differences of opinion—that’s our strength. But our unity is our power and that is what maybe the president underestimated."
Civil liberties and human rights
The American Civil Liberties Union's Congressional Scorecard has given Pelosi a lifetime rating of 92% for her voting record on civil liberties. In 2001, she voted in favor of the USA Patriot Act, but voted against reauthorization of certain provisions in 2005. She voted against a Constitutional amendment banning flag-burning.
In June 2018, Pelosi visited a federal facility used to detain migrant children separated from their parents and subsequently called for the resignation of Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen. In July, Pelosi characterized the compromise immigration bill by the Republicans as a deal with the devil and noted she had not had conversations with House Speaker Ryan about a legislative solution to the separation of families at the southern border.
Pelosi has long supported LGBT rights. In 1996, she voted against the Defense of Marriage Act, and in 2004 and 2006, she voted against the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment, which would amend the United States Constitution to define marriage federally as being between one man and one woman, thereby overriding states' individual rights to legalize same-sex marriage. When the Supreme Court of California overturned the state's ban on marriage between same-sex couples in 2008, Pelosi released a statement welcoming the "historic decision". She also indirectly voiced her opposition to California Proposition 8, a successful 2008 state ballot initiative which defined marriage in California as a union between one man and one woman.
The LGBT advocacy group Human Rights Campaign gave Pelosi a 100% rating in 2006 for her voting record in the 107th through 109th congresses (2001–2006), indicating that she voted favorably on legislation supported by the organization on every occasion. In 2012, Pelosi stated that her position on LGBT rights such as same-sex marriage grows from and reflects her Catholic faith; it also places her at odds with Catholic doctrine, which defines marriage as a union between one man and one woman. She said "My religion compels me—and I love it for it—to be against discrimination of any kind in our country, and I consider [the ban on gay marriage] a form of discrimination. I think it's unconstitutional on top of that."
Pelosi supports the Equality Act, a bill that would expand the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. In 2019, she spoke in Congress in favor of the bill and called for ending discrimination against LGBT people. Pelosi also opposes Trump's transgender military ban.
Pelosi supports reform in marijuana laws, although NORML's deputy director Paul Armentano said that she and other members of Congress hadn't done anything to change the laws. She also supports use of medical marijuana.
Removal of Confederate monuments
As speaker of the House, Pelosi quietly moved the statue of Robert E. Lee from the National Statuary Hall of the U.S. Capitol to the Capitol crypt. In Lee's place, she had a statue of Rosa Parks erected. In August 2017, Pelosi said she supported the removal of Confederate monuments and memorials from the Capitol Building.
In 2002, while Pelosi was the ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, she was briefed on the ongoing use of "enhanced interrogation techniques", including waterboarding, authorized for a captured terrorist, Abu Zubaydah. After the briefing, Pelosi said she "was assured by lawyers with the CIA and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal." Two unnamed former Bush Administration officials say that the briefing was detailed and graphic, and at the time she didn't raise substantial objections. One unnamed U.S. official present during the early briefings said, "In fairness, the environment was different then because we were closer to September 11 and people were still in a panic. But there was no objecting, no hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect the American people.' "
These techniques later became controversial, and in 2007 Pelosi's office stated that she had protested their use at the time, and that she concurred with objections raised by Democratic colleague Jane Harman in a letter to the CIA in early 2003. Subsequently, several top Democratic lawmakers in the House signed a letter on June 26, 2009, alleging that CIA Director Leon Panetta had asserted that the CIA misled Congress for a "number of years" spanning back to 2001, casting clouds on the controversy. Neither letter, lawmakers or the CIA provided details and the circumstances surrounding the allegations make it hard to assess the claims and counterclaims of both sides.
Officials in Congress say her ability to challenge the practices may have been hampered by strict rules of secrecy that prohibited her from being able to take notes or consult legal experts or members of her own staffs. In an April 2009 press conference, Pelosi stated, "In that or any other briefing ... we were not, and I repeat, were not told that waterboarding or any of these other enhanced interrogation techniques were used. What they did tell us is that they had some legislative counsel – the Office of Legislative Counsel opinions that they could be used, but not that they would. And they further – further, the point was that if and when they would be used, they would brief Congress at that time"
Pelosi voted against the 1995 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment, which was passed by the House by a 300–132 vote, but in the Senate fell two votes short of the 2/3 supermajority required (with 65 out of 100 Senators voting in favor).
As speaker of the House, she also spearheaded the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 as part of the 100-Hour Plan. The Act raises the minimum wage in the United States and the territories of the Northern Marianas Islands and American Samoa. American Samoa was initially absent from the act, but as part of HR 2206 it was included. One Republican congressman who voted against the initial bill accused Pelosi of unethically benefiting Del Monte Foods (headquartered in her district) by the exclusion of the territory, where Del Monte's StarKist Tuna brand is a major employer. Pelosi co-sponsored legislation that omitted American Samoa from a raise in the minimum wage as early as 1999, prior to Del Monte's acquisition of StarKist Tuna in 2002.
Pelosi opposed the welfare reform proposed by President Bush as well as reforms proposed and passed under President Clinton. She also opposed the tax reform signed by President Trump in December 2017, describing it as "probably one of the worst bills in the history of the United States of America ... It robs from the future [and] it rewards the rich ... and corporations at the expense of tens of millions of working middle-class families in our country." She said "this is Armageddon" and argued that the tax bill increased the debt in a way that would cause an adverse impact on social insurance spending. In January 2018, shortly after the tax bill was passed, Pelosi was asked by a reporter to respond to statements by companies attributing the tax cuts for allowing them to raise wages and give bonuses. She said that given the benefits that corporations received from the tax bill, the benefits that workers got equated to "crumbs". Most companies that awarded bonuses gave out payments of hundreds of dollars, while some gave bonuses of significantly over $1,000.
In November 2018, Pelosi stated that she had spoken with President Trump on infrastructure development and though he "really didn't come through with it in his first two years in office" while it was a topic during his campaign, the subject had not been a partisan matter in Congress. She mentioned potential bipartisan legislative initiatives that would "create good paying jobs and will also generate other economic growth in their regions". On May 1, 2019 Pelosi and Chuck Schumer met with President Trump about infrastructure funding. In late May a meeting to discuss an impending $2 trillion infrastructure plan was cut short when President Trump abruptly left after only a few minutes.
In August 2018, after President Trump signed an emergency declaration for federal aid in combating the Carr Fire in Northern California, Pelosi lauded the move as "an important first step" but requested the president adhere to a wish by California Governor Jerry Brown for further aid to other hard-hit areas in California. She called for the Trump administration to take "real, urgent action to combat the threat of the climate crisis, which is making the wildfire season longer, more expensive and more destructive".
In 1999, Pelosi voted against displaying the Ten Commandments in public buildings, including schools. Pelosi voted for the No Child Left Behind Act, which instituted testing to track students' progress and authorized an increase in overall education spending.
In 2019, Pelosi said that climate change was "the existential threat of our time," and called for action to curb climate change.
Pelosi has supported the development of new technologies to reduce U.S. dependence upon foreign oil and remediate the adverse environmental effects of burning fossil fuels. Pelosi has widely supported conservation programs and energy research appropriations. She has also voted to remove an amendment that would allow for oil and gas exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Affordable Care Act
Speaker Pelosi was instrumental in the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Pelosi was a key figure in convincing President Barack Obama to continue pushing for health-care reform after the election of Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown in a January special election, a defeat that was seen as potentially fatal to Democratic reform efforts. After delivering 219 votes in the House for Obama's signature health-care package, Pelosi was both praised and heckled as she made her way to Capitol Hill.
On March 10, 2017, Pelosi stated that Democrats would continue battling Republican efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act but would also be willing to form a compromise measure in the event that Republicans were unable to pass a compromise bill and reached out for bipartisan support. She indicated her support for the Republican plan to expand Health Savings Accounts and said the question of Republicans accepting an expansion of Medicaid was important. In September, Pelosi sent a letter to Democrats praising Senator John McCain for announcing his opposition to the latest Republican effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act and called for both lawmakers and advocacy groups to put pressure on Republicans in the health-care discussion. Pelosi said the Democrats would be unified as putting "a stake in the heart of this monstrous bill".
In July 2018, during a speech at Independence First, Pelosi said the goal of the Democrats "has always been to expand coverage and to do so in a way that improves benefits ... and we have to address the affordability issue that is so undermined by the Republicans." In November 2018, after the Democrats gained a majority in the House following the 2018 midterm elections, Pelosi said, "I'm staying as speaker to protect the Affordable Care Act. That's my main issue, because I think that's, again, about the health and financial health of the America's families and if Hillary had won, I could go home." She furthered that Republicans had misrepresented their prior position of being opposed to pre-existing conditions during the election cycle and called for Republicans to join Democrats in "removing all doubt that the pre-existing medical condition is the law – the benefit – is the law of the land".
Pelosi voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 and earlier attempts at similar bans, and voted against the criminalization of certain situations where a minor is transported across state lines for an abortion (HR 748, passed).
She has voted in favor of lifting the ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas (HA 209, rejected), in favor of an amendment that would repeal a provision that forbids service women and dependents from getting an abortion in overseas military hospitals (HA 722, rejected), in favor of stripping the prohibition of funding for organizations working overseas that use their own funds to provide abortion services or engage in advocacy related to abortion services (HA 997, rejected). She also voted in favor of the 1998 Abortion Funding Amendment, which would have allowed the use of district funds to promote abortion-related activities, but would have prohibited the use of federal funds.
In 2008, she was rebuked by Archbishop Donald Wuerl of Washington, D.C. for being "incorrect" in comments she made to Tom Brokaw on Meet the Press concerning Church teaching on the subjects of abortion of when a human life begins. The archbishop's statement quoted Pelosi as saying the church has not been able to come with a definition of when life begins. During the interview she said, "over the history of the church, this [what constitutes the moment of conception] is an issue of controversy." In February 2009, Pelosi met with her bishop, Archbishop George Hugh Niederauer of San Francisco, and with Pope Benedict XVI regarding the controversy.
In a January 25, 2009 interview with George Stephanopoulos for ABC News, Pelosi said, "Well, the family planning services reduce cost. They reduce cost. The states are in terrible fiscal budget crises now and part of what we do for children's health, education and some of those elements are to help the states meet their financial needs. One of those – one of the initiatives you mentioned, the contraception, will reduce costs to the states and to the federal government."
Pelosi stands in favor of increased background checks for potential gun owners, as well as the banning of assault weapons. In February 2013, she called for the "Boldest possible move" on gun control, similar to a stance made just weeks earlier by former Representative, mass shooting victim, and fellow gun control advocate Gabrielle Giffords. In 2012, she was given a 0% rating by Gun Owners of America and a 7% rating from the National Rifle Association for her stances on gun control.
In February 2018, following the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Pelosi said Republicans cowering to the gun lobby was "an assault on our whole country" and that the victims were "paying the price for our inaction." She requested House Speaker Ryan and Republicans take action via consideration of legislation expanding background checks or authorizing researchers to use federal dollars to examine public health as it relates to gun violence. Pelosi also advocated for the creation of a special committee on gun violence and noted Republicans had previously created committees to investigate Planned Parenthood and the 2012 Benghazi attack.
In November 2018, after the Thousand Oaks shooting, Pelosi released a statement saying Americans "deserve real action to end the daily epidemic of gun violence that is stealing the lives of our children on campuses, in places of worship and on our streets" and pledged that gun control would be a priority for House Democrats in the 116th United States Congress.
Use of government aircraft
In March 2009, the New York Post wrote that the conservative watchdog group Judicial Watch obtained emails sent by Pelosi's staff that requested that the United States Air Force (USAF) provide specific aircraft — a Boeing 757 — for Pelosi to use for taxpayer-funded travel. Pelosi responded that the policy was initiated by President Bush due to post-9/11 security concerns (Pelosi was third in line for presidential succession), and was initially provided for the previous Speaker Dennis Hastert. The Sergeant at Arms requested — for security reasons — that the plane provided be capable of non-stop flight, requiring a larger aircraft. The Pentagon said "no one has rendered judgment" that Pelosi's use of aircraft "is excessive".
During a news conference on June 9, 2017, after a reporter asked her about tweets by Trump responding to the testimony of former FBI James Comey before the Senate Intelligence Committee, Pelosi said no one at the White House seemed courageous enough to tell Trump that his tweets were beneath the dignity of the presidency and said that she was worried about his fitness. In November, when asked about Democrats beginning the impeachment process against Trump in the event they won a majority of seats in the 2018 elections, Pelosi said it would not be one of their legislative priorities but that the option could be considered if credible evidence appeared during the ongoing investigations into Russian interference in the 2016 election.
In January 2018, Pelosi referred to Trump's 2018 State of the Union Address as a performance that was without serious policy ideas that both parties could collaborate on. She questioned Trump's refusal to implement Russian sanctions after over 500 members of Congress voted to approve them. In February, after Trump blocked the release of a Democratic memo by the Intelligence Committee, Pelosi said the act was "a stunningly brazen attempt to cover up the truth about the Trump-Russia scandal from the American people" and "part of a dangerous and desperate pattern of cover-up on the part of the president" who had shown he had something to hide. In March, Pelosi stated that she was "more concerned about the president's policies which undermine the financial security of America's working families" than the Stormy Daniels–Donald Trump scandal. Pelosi did note the scandal as having highlighted a double standard of Republicans on issues of family values and expectations of presidential behavior, saying the party would be very involved if the event was happening to a Democrat. In April, following Scooter Libby being pardoned by Trump, Pelosi released a statement saying the pardon "sends a troubling signal to the president's allies that obstructing justice will be rewarded and that the idea of those who lie under oath being granted a pardon "poses a threat to the integrity of the special counsel investigation, and to our democracy." On August 15, after Trump revoked the security clearance of former CIA Director John Brennan, Pelosi stated the move was "a stunning abuse of power [and] a pathetic attempt to silence critics", and an attempt by Trump to distract attention from other issues of his administration. Pelosi and Charles E. Schumer met with Trump and Pence in December 2018 to discuss changes to be made when the new Democratic representatives takes office in 2019.
The Democrats gained control of the House of Representatives in the November 2018 elections, and Pelosi took office as speaker. Multiple House committees launched investigations into various actions by Trump and some of his cabinet members, and requested or subpoenaed documents and information from the White House and the administration. In April 2019, Trump vowed to defy all subpoenas from the House and to refuse to allow current or former administration officials to testify before House committees. On May 7, 2019, the White House intervened to halt former White House Counsel Don McGahn from complying with a subpoena issued by the House Judiciary Committee, instructing the Committee to redirect its records requests to the White House. Pelosi, who had previously urged "Democrats to focus on fact-finding rather than the prospect of any impeachment", described Trump's interference regarding McGahn's records as an obstruction of justice, stating that "Trump is goading us to impeach him."
On May 22, 2019, as the Trump administration continued to ignore subpoenas, refuse to release documents, and encourage or order current and former officials not to testify in Congress, Pelosi declared, "we believe that the president of the United States is engaged in a cover-up." Later that day, after learning of Pelosi's comments, Trump walked away from a scheduled White House meeting with Pelosi and Schumer, in which a $2 trillion infrastructure plan was supposed to be discussed. Trump told Pelosi and Schumer that he could not work with them until they stopped investigating him. Later in the day, Pelosi accused Trump of "obstructing justice" and again stated that he "is engaged in a cover-up."
On June 5, 2019 during a meeting with senior Democrats about whether the House should launch impeachment proceeding against Trump, Pelosi stated "I don’t want to see him impeached, I want to see him in prison." According to multiple sources, rather than impeachment, she wants to see Trump lose to a Democrat in the 2020 election, following which he could be prosecuted.
In March 2008, after a meeting with the Dalai Lama, Pelosi criticized the People's Republic of China for its handling of the unrest in Tibet and called on "freedom-loving people" worldwide to denounce China. She said, "The situation in Tibet is a challenge to the conscience of the world", while addressing a crowd of thousands of Tibetans in Dharamsala, India.
In October 2008, Pelosi commended the European Parliament for its "bold decision" to award the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Chinese dissident and human rights activist Hu Jia. Pelosi's statement read, "I call on the Chinese government to immediately and unconditionally release Hu Jia from prison and to respect the fundamental freedoms of all the people in China."
Pelosi criticized the imprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists in August 2017 for their roles in a protest at the Civic Square in front of the Central Government Complex in Hong Kong. She called the ruling an injustice that should "shock the conscience of the world".
Before the Trump Administration took concrete measures against China in late March 2018, Pelosi and other Democratic leaders pressed Trump to focus more on China and impose real punishments, such as fulfill his own campaign commitments to label China a currency manipulator and stop China from pressuring U.S. tech companies into giving up intellectual property rights. Pelosi urged Trump to take a strong stand against unfair market barriers in China.
Pelosi publicly scolded Colombian President Álvaro Uribe during Uribe's May 2007 state visit to America. Pelosi met with Uribe and later released a statement that she and other members of Congress had "expressed growing concerns about the serious allegations" of links between paramilitary groups and Colombian government officials. Pelosi also came out against the Colombian free-trade agreement.
In 2008, Pelosi said: "For years, I have opposed the embargo on Cuba. I don't think it's been successful, and I think we have to remove the travel bans and have more exchanges – people to people exchanges with Cuba." In 2015, Pelosi supported President Obama's Cuban Thaw, a rapprochement between the U.S. and Castro's regime in Cuba, and visited Havana for meetings with high-level officials.
First Gulf War
In a February 15, 2007, interview, Pelosi noted that Bush consistently said he supports a diplomatic resolution to differences with Iran "and I take him at his word". At the same time, she said, "I do believe that Congress should assert itself, though, and make it very clear that there is no previous authority for the president, any president, to go into Iran". On January 12, 2007, Congressman Walter B. Jones of North Carolina introduced a resolution requiring that – absent a national emergency created by an attack, or a demonstrably imminent attack, by Iran upon the United States or its armed forces – the president must consult with Congress and receive specific authorization prior to initiating any use of military force against Iran. This resolution was removed from a military spending bill for the war in Iraq by Pelosi on March 13, 2007.
In July 2015, Pelosi said she was convinced Obama would have enough votes to secure the Iran nuclear deal, crediting the president with having made a "very strong and forceful presentation of his case supporting the nuclear agreement with Iran" and called the deal "a diplomatic masterpiece".
In 2016, Pelosi argued against the passage of two bills that if enacted would block Iran's access to the dollar and impose sanctions for its ballistic missile program: "Regardless of whether you supported the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), we all agree that Iran must not possess a nuclear weapon. At this time, the JCPOA is the best way to achieve this critical goal."
In May 2018, after Trump announced his intention to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, Pelosi said the decision was an abdication of American leadership and "particularly senseless, disturbing & dangerous".
In 2002, Pelosi opposed the Iraq Resolution authorizing President Bush to use military force against Iraq, while stating that Iraq, like "other countries of concern", had WMDs. In explaining her opposition to the resolution, Pelosi noted that Central Intelligence Agency Director George Tenet had told Congress that the likelihood of Iraq's Saddam Hussein launching an attack on the U.S. using weapons of mass destruction was low. "This is about the Constitution", Pelosi said. "It is about this Congress asserting its right to declare war when we are fully aware what the challenges are to us. It is about respecting the United Nations and a multilateral approach, which is safer for our troops." While Pelosi opposed, Congress still passed a resolution authorizing President Bush to use the Armed Forces of the United States against Iraq.
Although Pelosi voted against the Iraq War, anti-war activists in San Francisco protested against her voting to continue funding the war. UC Berkeley political scientist Bruce Cain said that Pelosi had to balance the demands of her anti-war constituency against the moderate views of Democrats in tight races around the country in her role as minority leader. Pelosi has never faced a serious challenger to her left in her district.
Pelosi reaffirms that "America and Israel share an unbreakable bond: in peace and war; and in prosperity and in hardship". Pelosi emphasized that "a strong relationship between the United States and Israel has long been supported by both Democrats and Republicans. America's commitment to the safety and security of the State of Israel is unwavering, ... [h]owever, the war in Iraq has made both America and Israel less safe." Pelosi's voting record shows consistent support for Israel. Pelosi voted in favor of the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995, which urged the federal government to relocate the American embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Prior to 2006 elections in the Palestinian Authority, she voted for a Congressional initiative disapproving of participation in the elections by Hamas and other organizations defined as terrorist by the legislation. She agrees with the current U.S. stance in support of land-for-peace. She has applauded Israeli "hopeful signs" of offering land, while criticizing Palestinian "threats" of not demonstrating peace in turn. She states, "If the Palestinians agree to coordinate with Israel on the evacuation, establish the rule of law, and demonstrate a capacity to govern, the world may be convinced that finally there is a real partner for peace".
During the 2006 Lebanon War, Pelosi voted in favor of Resolution 921 on the count that "the seizure of Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah terrorists was an unprovoked attack and Israel has the right, and indeed the obligation, to respond". She argues that organizations and political bodies in the Mideast like Hamas and Hezbollah "have a greater interest in maintaining a state of hostility with Israel than in improving the lives of the people they claim to represent". Pelosi asserts that civilians on both sides of the border "have been put at risk by the aggression of Hamas and Hezbollah" in part for their use of "civilians as shields by concealing weapons in civilian areas".
In September 2008, Pelosi hosted a reception in Washington with Israeli Knesset speaker Dalia Itzik, along with 20 members of Congress, where they toasted the "strong friendship" between Israel and the United States. During the ceremony, Pelosi held up the replica dog tags of the three Israeli soldiers captured by Hezbollah and Hamas in 2006 and stated that she keeps them as a "symbol of the sacrifices made, sacrifices far too great by the people of the state of Israel".
Pelosi supported Israel in the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict. In March 2018, Pelosi said that "There is no greater political accomplishment in the 20th Century than the establishment of the State of Israel." In March 2019, she said, "Israel and America are connected now and forever. We will never allow anyone to make Israel a wedge issue."
In January 2017, Pelosi voted against a House resolution condemning the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories in the West Bank a "flagrant violation" of international law and a major obstacle to peace.
Nancy Pelosi is one of the few members of Congress to have traveled to North Korea. She has expressed concern about the danger of nuclear proliferation from the North Korean regime, and the ongoing problems of hunger and oppression imposed by that country's leadership.
In August 2017, following Trump warning that North Korea "will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen" in the event of further threats to the United States, Pelosi said the comments were "recklessly belligerent and demonstrate a grave lack of appreciation for the severity of the North Korean nuclear situation. His saber-rattling and provocative, impulsive rhetoric erode our credibility."
In November 2017, after the Pentagon sent a letter to lawmakers stating a ground invasion was the only way to destroy all of North Korea's nuclear weapons without concern for having missed any, Pelosi stated she was concerned about both Pyongyang selling nuclear technology to third parties and North Korea and called for the United States to "exhaust every other remedy".
In June 2018, after Trump praised North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, Pelosi said in a statement, "In his haste to reach an agreement, President Trump elevated North Korea to the level of the United States while preserving the regime's status quo."
In December 2017, Pelosi wrote a letter to Speaker Paul Ryan advocating for the continued House investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election on the grounds that Americans deserved "a comprehensive and fair investigation into Russia's attack" and "America's democracy and national security" being at stake. Pelosi cited the need for Congress to "fully investigate Russia's assault on our election systems to prevent future foreign attacks".
In February 2018, after the release of a Republican report alleging surveillance abuses by the Justice Department, Pelosi accused Trump of siding with President of Russia Vladimir Putin at the expense of preserving intelligence sources and methods. In July, Pelosi asserted that Trump was afraid to mention the 12 indictments against people connected to the intelligence community in Russia during his meeting with Putin and questioned what intelligence the Russians had on Trump to cause his behavior. She said that Putin would not be welcomed by Congress even if he visited Washington as a result of his actions: "Putin's ongoing attacks on our elections and on Western democracies and his illegal actions in Crimea and the rest of Ukraine deserve the fierce, unanimous condemnation of the international community, not a VIP ticket to our nation's capital." She called for House Speaker Ryan to "make clear that there is not – and never will be – an invitation for a thug like Putin to address the United States Congress."
Syria and Libya
Pelosi supports the Syria Accountability Act and Iran Freedom and Support Act. In a speech at the AIPAC 2005 annual conference, Pelosi said that "for too long, leaders from both parties haven't done enough" to put pressure on Russia and China who are providing Iran with technological information on nuclear issues and missiles. "If evidence of participation by other nations in Iran's nuclear program is discovered, I will insist that the Administration use, rather than ignore, the evidence in determining how the U.S. deals with that nation or nations on other issues." In April 2007, she visited Damascus and stated there "the road to Damascus is a road to peace".
In mid-October 2007, after the House Foreign Affairs Committee passed a resolution to label the 1915 killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide, Pelosi pledged to bring the measure to a vote. The draft resolution prompted warnings from President Bush and fierce criticism from Turkey, with Turkey's Prime Minister saying that approval of the resolution would endanger U.S.-Turkey relations. After House support eroded, the measure's sponsors dropped their call for a vote, and in late October Pelosi agreed to set the matter aside.
Pelosi's only close race so far has been the special election to succeed Sala Burton's seat after her death in February 1987. In the special election's Democratic primary, Pelosi narrowly defeated San Francisco Supervisor Harry Britt, considered the more "progressive" candidate, with 36 percent of the vote to his 32 percent. In the runoff against Republican candidate Harriet Ross, Pelosi received more than a 2-to-1 majority of votes cast in a turnout that comprised about 24% of eligible voters. Since then, Pelosi has enjoyed overwhelming support in her political career, collecting 76 and 77 percent of the vote in California's 5th congressional district for the 1988 and 1990 Race for U.S. House of Representatives. In 1992, after the redistricting from the 1990 Census, Pelosi ran in California's 8th congressional district, which now covered the San Francisco area. She has continued to post landslide victories since, dropping beneath 80 percent of the vote only twice.
She met Paul Frank Pelosi while she was attending college. They married in Baltimore at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen on September 7, 1963. After the couple married, they moved to New York, and then to San Francisco in 1969, where Paul Pelosi's brother, Ronald Pelosi, was a member of the City and County of San Francisco's Board of Supervisors.
Nancy and Paul Pelosi have five children: Nancy Corinne, Christine, Jacqueline, Paul, and Alexandra, as well as nine grandchildren. Alexandra, a journalist, covered the Republican presidential campaigns in 2000 and made a film about the experience, Journeys with George. In 2007, Christine published a book, Campaign Boot Camp: Basic Training for Future Leaders.
Pelosi resides in the Pacific Heights neighborhood of San Francisco. Her 2016 financial disclosure report lists among her assets a combined home and vineyard in St. Helena, California, two commercial buildings in San Francisco, and a townhome in Loomis, California. In November 2012, a man was arrested for burglarizing Pelosi's home and others in the St. Helena area; he pleaded guilty to five counts of burglary in October 2014.
The nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics (CRP) estimated in 2009 that Pelosi's average net worth was US$58,436,537, ranking her 13th among 25 wealthiest members of Congress. In 2014, CRP reported Pelosi's average net worth in 2014 was US$101,273,023 having ranked 8th out of 25 wealthiest members of Congress. Business Insider reported that Pelosi's worth was $26.4 million in 2012 and made her the 13th richest members of Congress. In 2014, Roll Call estimated that Pelosi's net worth was 29.35 million, ranking her the 15th wealthiest member of Congress.
Roll Call said Pelosi's earnings are connected to her husband's heavy investments in stocks that include Apple, Disney, Comcast, and Facebook. Roll Call reported that the Pelosis have $13.46 million in liabilities including mortgages on seven properties. According to Roll Call, Pelosi and her husband hold properties "worth at least $14.65 million, including a St. Helena vineyard in Napa Valley worth at least $5 million, and commercial real estate in San Francisco."
Involvement in Italian-American community
Pelosi is a board member of the National Organization of Italian American Women. She served for 13 years as a board member of the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF). In 2007, she received the NIAF Special Achievement Award for Public Advocacy and remains involved in the foundation.
Honors and decorations
- Italy Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on June 2, 2007
- Japan Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun on April 29, 2015
- In 2006 she was named Barbara Walters' Most Fascinating Person of the year.
- In 2013, Pelosi was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
- She has been listed numerous times on Forbes list of the world's 100 most powerful women, including being ranked 11th in 2010 and 26th in 2014.
- She received the Foremother Award from National Center for Health Research in 2016
- She was granted an honorary Doctorate of Law degree by Mount Holyoke College on May 20, 2018.
- Hickey, Walter (August 23, 2012). "The 15 Richest Members Of Congress". Business Insider. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (January 2, 2019). "Nancy Pelosi, Icon of Female Power, Will Reclaim Role as Speaker and Seal a Place in History". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- See 3 U.S.C. § 19
- Barabak, Mark Z. (November 28, 2018). "TJ Cox beats Republican Rep. David Valadao to give Democrats gain of 40 House seats, seven in California". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
- DBonis, Mike; Sullivan, Sean (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi re-elected as House speaker as 116th Congress opens". The Mercury News. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Riley, Tonya (January 3, 2019). "Nancy Pelosi Is Voted Speaker of the House, Which Means Democrats Are Officially in Control". Mother Jones. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- Fandos, Nicholas (September 24, 2019). "Nancy Pelosi Announces Formal Impeachment Inquiry of Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Remnick, David (September 27, 2019). "Nancy Pelosi: An Extremely Stable Genius". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
- Cassie, Ron (January 4, 2019). "The Gavel Goes Back to Nancy D'Alesandro Pelosi of Little Italy". Baltimore Magazine.
- Ball, Molly (September 6, 2018). "Nancy Pelosi Doesn't Care What You Think of Her". Time. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Puzzanghera, Jim (November 14, 2002). "Pelosi's aim for center may steer pundits wrong". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
- "Baltimore City History of Mayors – THOMAS J. D'ALESANDRO III".
- Meyer, Lawrence (November 2, 1971). "Schaefer favored in Baltimore Race". The Washington Post, Times Herald. Washington DC.
- Clymer, Adam (October 11, 2001). "A new vote counter – nancy patricia pelosi". The New York Times. New York.
- Jonathan Weisman and Lois Romano (November 16, 2006). "Pelosi Splits Democrats With Push For Murtha". Washington Post. Retrieved November 16, 2006.
- McGreal, Chris (March 26, 2010). "Nancy Pelosi: is this the most powerful woman in US history?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "Nancy Pelosi Fast Facts". CNN. March 21, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- "Is this the new face of the Democratic Party?". The Nation. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Democrat Elected in San Francisco". The New York Times. Associated Press. June 3, 1987.
- "It began in Baltimore: The life and times of Nancy Pelosi". San Francisco Chronicle. January 2, 2007. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Epstein, Edward (October 20, 2006). "CAMPAIGN 2006: Eighth Congressional District / 3 challengers fight for Pelosi seat". San Francisco Chronicle. p. B-1. Retrieved October 29, 2006.
- "Nancy Pelosi". Ballotpedia.org.
- Suellentrop, Chris (November 13, 2002). "Nancy Pelosi: The leader the House Democrats deserve". Slate. The Slate Group, a Division of the Washington Post Company. Archived from the original on March 27, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Stone, Andrea (November 9, 2006). "Pelosi to lead Congress". USA Today. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- Eilperin, Juliet (October 11, 2001). "Democrats Pick Pelosi as House Whip; Top Rank Ever for Woman in Congress". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.
- "About". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Benenson, Bob (January 4, 2007). "Pelosi Officially Elected Speaker of the U.S. House". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- ABC News (November 8, 2006). "Pelosi to Make History as First Woman Speaker of the House". ABC News. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- Eilperin, Juliet (November 8, 2006). "Nancy Pelosi Set to Be First Female Speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- Hulse, Carl (November 17, 2006). "Pelosi Rebuffed Over Her Choice for Majority Leader". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- Molly Hooper (November 16, 2006). "Hoyer Wins House Majority Leader Race, Giving Pelosi First Setback". Fox News. Archived from the original on November 19, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2006.
- Ferraro, Thomas; Cowan, Richard (November 16, 2006). "CORRECTED – Democrats defy Pelosi, elect Hoyer House leader". Toronto Star. Reuters. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Deirdre Walsh (January 4, 2007). "Pelosi becomes first woman House speaker". CNN. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- "Oath of Office | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- "Pelosi Sworn in as First Woman Speaker of the House". Washington Post. January 4, 2007. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Bush, George W. (January 23, 2007). "President Bush Delivers State of the Union Address". The White House. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
- "Text of Nancy Pelosi's speech". January 4, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Montopoli, Brian (March 22, 2010). "Poll: Low Favorability Ratings For Pelosi, Reid – Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "Congressional Favorability Ratings – Rasmussen Reports". Rasmussenreports.com. May 23, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- Dickinson, Tim (July 8, 2018). "Nancy Pelosi: 'They Come After Me Because I'm Effective'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- Dickinson, Tim (June 25, 2018). "The Power of Nancy Pelosi". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- "GOP turns to familiar foil amid Trump woes: Pelosi". POLITICO. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- "Exclusive: Nancy Pelosi targeted in more than a third of GOP House commercials". USA TODAY. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- "List of Democrats opposing Pelosi". NBC News. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Sandalow, Marc (November 5, 2004). "Bush claims mandate, sets 2nd-term goals". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "Don't Mess With Pelosi". TIME Magazine. August 27, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Don't Mess With Pelosi". TIME Magazine. August 27, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Babington, Charles (May 12, 2006). "Democrats Won't Try To Impeach President". Washington Post. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Sheehan considers challenge to Pelosi", by Angela K. Brown, Associated Press, July 8, 2007.
- Espo, David (October 6, 2006). "Pelosi Says She Would Drain GOP 'Swamp'". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company (now Nash Holdings LLC). Retrieved October 6, 2013.
... As in the first 100 hours the House meets after Democrats _ in her fondest wish _ win control in the Nov 7 midterm elections and Pelosi takes the gavel as the first Madam Speaker in history. ...
- Nancy Pelosi (November 7, 2006). "One Hundred Hours". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Pelosi, Nancy; Reid, Harry (January 5, 2007). "Congressional Leaders Call on President to Reject Flawed Iraq Troop Surge". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "Democrats Announce 2008 Convention Chairs". February 20, 2008. Archived from the original on February 20, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Bzdek, Vince (March 28, 2010). "Why it took a woman to fix health care". The Washington Post. Washington, DC.
- Andrea Seabrook (March 29, 2010). "Health Care Overhaul Boosts Pelosi's Clout". NPR.
- Sheryl Gay Strolberg, Jeff Zenley and Carl Hulse (March 20, 2010). "Health Vote Caps a Journey Back From the Brink". New York Times.
- Carrie Budoff Brown and Glenn Thrush (March 20, 2010). "Nancy Pelosi steeled White House for health push". Politico.
- Bowman, Quinn. "Pelosi Staves off Leadership Challenge, Elected Minority Leader, Boehner to Be House Speaker". The Rundown. PBS. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- Henneberger, Melinda (November 14, 2012). "The millions of reasons Nancy Pelosi decided to stay". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- msnbc.com and NBC News (with contributions by NBC News' Luke Russert and Frank Thorp) (November 14, 2011). "Pelosi fires back at report on 'insider trading'". MSN Canada – News. MSN. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- CNN Wire Staff (with contributions by CNN's Deirdre Walsh) (November 14, 2011). "Pelosi fires back at '60 Minutes' report on 'soft corruption'". CNN. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- Lochhead, Carolyn (November 15, 2011). "Pelosi aide calls '60 Minutes' report a 'smear'". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- "Pelosi Statement on Senate Passage of STOCK Act". Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. February 2, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- "Pelosi Statement on Senate Passage of the STOCK Act". Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi. March 22, 2012. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- "Pelosi bombarded with 'obscene and sick' calls, texts after cyber attack". USA Today. August 13, 2018.
- "Rep. Tim Ryan announces challenge to Pelosi". CNN. November 17, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- "Pelosi promises more influence for junior Democrats". U.S. News. Associated Press. November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- "Nancy Pelosi beats back challenge, is chosen as House Democratic leader". Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- Producer, Deirdre Walsh, CNN Senior Congressional. "Democrats meet privately to mull ousting Pelosi". CNN. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- CNN, Eugene Scott. "Dem rep on Pelosi: 'It's time for people to know when to go'". CNN. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "After Wave of Her Fellow Dems Call for Her Head, Pelosi Just Unleashed a Whopper of an Answer to Them ..." Washington Free Beacon. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Pelosi: 'So you want me to sing my praises?'". Washington Post. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Pelosi convenes sexual harassment reform meeting". Politico. November 30, 2017.
- "Schumer, Pelosi ask Ryan to demote Nunes over memo". Politico. February 1, 2018.
- Lillis, Mike (February 1, 2018). "Pelosi calls on Ryan to oust Nunes over 'bogus' memo". The Hill.
- CNN, Daniella Diaz and Deirdre Walsh. "Pelosi marathon speech on DACA sets record". CNN. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "Nancy Pelosi told DREAMer stories for more than 8 hours on the House floor". USA TODAY. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Sheryl Gay Stolberg (February 7, 2018). "Pelosi Held House Floor in Advocacy of 'Dreamers' for More Than 8 Hours". The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Sink, Justin (May 22, 2018). "White House bars Dems from Nunes meeting on probe". detroitnews.com.
- Lima, Cristiano (May 23, 2018). "Schumer, Pelosi: Include us in FBI informant briefing". Politico.
- "Pelosi calls for Hunter to resign". The Hill. August 21, 2018.
- Johnson, Ted (November 28, 2018). "Democrats Nominate Nancy Pelosi as Next Speaker, but 32 Members Vote No". Variety. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Bloomberg (January 3, 2019). "Democrats Elect Nancy Pelosi Speaker of the House". Fortune. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (January 20, 2019). "Republicans Push Trump Immigration Plan, Seeking to Corner Democrats on Shutdown". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
- Pelosi, Nancy [@SpeakerPelosi] (January 23, 2019). "This afternoon, I sent @realDonaldTrump a letter informing him that the House will not consider a concurrent resolution authorizing the President's State of the Union address in the House Chamber until government has opened" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Collins, Kaitlan; Liptak, Kevin; Acosta, Jim; Phillip, Abby (January 24, 2019). "Trump says he won't give State of the Union during shutdown after being disinvited by Pelosi". CNN. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Editor-at-large, Analysis by Chris Cillizza, CNN. "Donald Trump caved. And now the government is going to re-open". CNN. Retrieved January 26, 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Klein, Ezra (January 25, 2019). "The Vindication of Nancy Pelosi". Vox Media. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
- Editor-at-large, Analysis by Chris Cillizza, CNN. "How Nancy Pelosi broke Donald Trump". CNN. Retrieved January 26, 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Schumer, Chuck; Pelosi, Nancy (January 25, 2019). Congressional Democratic Leaders on Deal to Reopen Government. C-Span. Event occurs at 16:25. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- Marans, Daniel (November 27, 2018). "The Progressive Caucus Has A Chance To Be More Influential Than Ever". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "ACLU Congressional Scorecard: Nancy Pelosi". ACLU. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
- "Pelosi: Reauthorization of Patriot Act a Massive Invasion of Privacy" (Press release). Office of Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. December 14, 2005. Archived from the original on July 30, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2007.
- "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 296: H J RES 10". House.gov. June 22, 2005. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- "Key Votes by Nancy Pelosi". The Washington Post. May 30, 2016. Archived from the original on May 30, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Pelosi visits detention facility, says DHS secretary should resign". The Hill. June 18, 2018.
- "Pelosi: GOP immigration bill is 'a compromise with the devil'". The Hill. July 21, 2018.
- "Final Vote Results for Roll Call". Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Nancy Pelosi on Civil Rights". Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Simon, Mark; Marinucci, Carla (February 2, 2004). "Top state Dems criticize S.F. mayor / TIGHTROPE: Politicians try not to anger voters – 50% of Californians oppose same-sex unions". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "12 times Nancy Pelosi was there for LGBT community". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. January 10, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Pelosi Statement on California State Supreme Court Ruling on Gay Marriage". House.gov. May 15, 2008. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "Measuring Support for Equality in Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign. November 15, 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 15, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Nancy Pelosi: My Catholic faith 'compels me' to support gay marriage". The Washington Post: On Faith. May 11, 2012.
- "House Debate on the Equality Act". C-SPAN. May 17, 2019.
- "Speaker Pelosi, we've been "in touch" about marijuana will you do something now". The NormlStash Blog. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Pelosi talks medical marijuana". February 1, 2009. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Lee, Timothy (June 20, 2014). "The House just overwhelmingly voted to rein in the NSA". Retrieved September 18, 2019.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (June 25, 2015). "Search for Confederate Symbols Finds Them Aplenty in Washington". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Scott, Eugene (August 17, 2017). "There are Confederate statues on Capitol Hill. Cory Booker has a bill that removes them". CNN. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "Torture battle escalating, Pelosi vs. Boehner". San Francisco Chronicle. April 23, 2009.
- "Hill Briefed on Waterboarding in 2002". The Washington Post. December 9, 2007.
- Kane, Paul (May 8, 2009). "Pelosi briefed in 2002 on interrogation tactics". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "Pelosi: I Was Told Interrogation Methods Were Lawful". FoxNews.com. Fox News Channel. May 8, 2009. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi insisted Friday that she was briefed only once about the 'enhanced' interrogation techniques being used on terrorism suspects and that she was assured by lawyers with the CIA and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal.
- Warrick, Joby; Dan Eggen (December 9, 2007). "Hill Briefed on Waterboarding in 2002". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
- Warrick, Joby; Eggen, Dan (December 9, 2007). "Hill Briefed on Waterboarding in 2002". The Washington Post. (formerly The Washington Post Company, now Nash Holdings LLC). Retrieved October 6, 2013.
In fairness, the environment was different then because we were closer to Sept. 11 and people were still in a panic," said one U.S. official present during the early briefings. "But there was no objecting, no hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect the American people.'
- Mazzetti, Mark (December 10, 2007). "C.I.A. Official in Inquiry Called a 'Hero'". New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "Open Letter from the Congress of the United States" (PDF). June 26, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
- Gorman, Siobhan (July 8, 2009). "Democrats Say Panetta Admits CIA Misled Them". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- Thrush, Glenn (April 23, 2009). "Pelosi briefed on waterboarding in '02". Politico. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- Thrush, Glenn (April 23, 2009). "Pelosi: I didn't know about use of waterboarding". Politico. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- "Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- "Shadegg Finds House Wage Hike A Bit Fishy". BizJournals.com. January 8, 2007. Retrieved January 14, 2007.
- "Fair Minimum Wage Act of 1999". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
- "Left-Handed Compliment". Opinion Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Lejeune, Tristan (December 4, 2017). "Pelosi denounces GOP tax reform as 'armageddon'". TheHill. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "To sell tax cuts during State of the Union, GOP group attacks Pelosi". The Washington Post. January 29, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- O'Keefe, Ed (March 1, 2018). "Nearly half of Americans agree with Nancy Pelosi's 'crumbs' comment, according to a poll by a pro-Trump group". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Pelosi's 'Crumbs' Comment in Context". FactCheck.org. February 2, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Sherman, Amy (January 30, 2018). "Donald Trump says tax bill led to bonuses for 3 million workers". Politifact. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Rodrigo, Chris Mills (November 7, 2018). "Pelosi touts bipartisan potential of infrastructure". The Hill.
- Nguyen, Tina (May 1, 2019). "HAIL SATAN: IT LOOKS LIKE INFRASTRUCTURE WEEK IS COMING EARLY THIS YEAR". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Holland, Steve; Mason, Jeff; Cowan, Richard (May 22, 2019). "Trump torpedoes meeting with Democrats, blasts Pelosi's 'cover-up' accusation". Reuters. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Lillis, Mike (August 7, 2018). "Pelosi urges Trump to expand disaster relief for California wildfires". The Hill.
- "The Votes for Gun Control". The New York Times. June 19, 1999.
- "H.R. 1 (107th): No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 -- House Vote #497 -- Dec 13, 2001". GovTrack.us. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- "No Child Left Behind - The New Rules | Testing Our Schools | FRONTLINE | PBS". www.pbs.org. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- "Education". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- Adragna, Anthony; Colman, Zack. "'The existential threat of our time': Pelosi elevates climate change on Day One". POLITICO. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- "Energy Issues". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- "Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Drilling Amendment". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- "Pelosi: Drilling in Arctic Refuge Is Not the Way to Energy Independence", Congresswoman Nancy Polosi, pelosi.house.gov, May 25, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Pelosi blocks offshore drilling vote GOP wants", San Francisco Chronicle, August 1, 2008, retrieved January 19, 2019
- "Nancy Pelosi Heckled – Sarah Palin Promises November Vote". National Ledger. March 22, 2010. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- "Health Issues". Key Vote. Project Vote Smart. 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- Mascaro, Lisa. "Pelosi declines to endorse Sen. Bernie Sanders' single-payer healthcare bill". Los Angeles Times. Nant Capital LLC. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
- Min Kim, Seung. "Pelosi not endorsing Sanders' single-payer bill". Politico. Capitol News Company. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- "Pelosi says Democrats willing to deal on health-care fixes if GOP reaches out". USA Today. March 10, 2017.
- "Pelosi: Democrats will 'put a stake in the heart' of ObamaCare repeal after McCain opposition". The Hill. September 22, 2017.
- Barrett, Rick (July 21, 2018). "Nancy Pelosi pushes for national health care plan during Milwaukee visit". jsonline.com.
- Burke, Michael (November 11, 2018). "Pelosi says she'll be Speaker 'to protect the Affordable Care Act'". The Hill.
- "Representative Pelosi on Abortion Issues". January 3, 2008. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Archbishop: Pelosi comments on abortion are false". The Hill. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on April 1, 2009. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- "This Week' Transcript: Nancy Pelosi". ABC News. January 25, 2009.
- Memoli, Michael A. (February 7, 2013). "Pelosi calls for 'boldest possible' gun legislation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- "Nancy Pelosi". Project Vote Smart. Vote Smart.
- "Pelosi: Gun victims 'paying the price for our inaction'". The Hill. February 15, 2018.
- Bowden, John. "Pelosi: Americans 'deserve real action' on gun control after California shooting". The Hill.
- "Pelosi says no to draft legislation". CNN Politics. November 21, 2006.
- Gertz, Bill (March 19, 2009). "Inside the Ring". The Washington Times. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- Earle, Geoff (March 11, 2009). "Revealed: pelosi's 'air rage'". New York Post. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Farooq, Sajid (March 12, 2009). "Nancy Pelosi Doesn't Fly Coach". WRC-TV. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Miklaszewski, Jim (March 11, 2009). "Pentagon mum on Pelosi flights". MSNBC. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Kelley, Erin. "Nancy Pelosi: Trump 'needs sleep' and she's 'worried' about his fitness". USA Today.
- "Pelosi: Impeaching Trump 'not someplace that I think we should go'". Politico. November 5, 2017.
- "Pelosi: Trump's 'performance' devoid of 'serious policy ideas'". The Hill. January 31, 2018.
- "Pelosi: Trump 'has something to hide'". The Hill. February 9, 2018.
- "Pelosi: Focus on Trump's agenda, not Stormy Daniels". The Hill. March 8, 2018.
- Delk, Josh (April 13, 2018). "Pelosi: Libby pardon shows that 'obstructing justice will be rewarded' by Trump". The Hill.
- "Pelosi: Trump revoking Brennan's clearance a 'pathetic attempt to silence critics'". The Hill. August 15, 2018.
- "'This has spiraled downward': Democrats introduce Trump to divided government". Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- Fandos, Nicholas (March 4, 2019). "With Sweeping Document Request, Democrats Launch Broad Trump Corruption Inquiry". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Savage, Charles (April 24, 2019). "Trump vows stonewall of 'all' House subpoenas, setting up fight over powers". The New York Times. Boston Globe. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Desiderio, A, et al "Don McGahn won't comply with House Democrats' subpoena", by ANDREW DESIDERIO and KYLE CHENEY, May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Democrats subpoena former White House Counsel Don McGahn, but downplay Trump impeachment talk", by Laurie Kellman, The Associated Press via The Chicago Tribune, April 22, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- Fandos, N., et al (NYT) "White House Signals Fight Over McGahn’s Records With Congress", by Nicholas Fandos, Maggie Haberman and Michael S. Schmidt, May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "'Every Day He’s Obstructing Justice.' Pelosi Issues Impeachment Warning as White House Escalates Fight", by Shannon Pettypiece and Bloomberg via Fortune, May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Trump hits back at Democratic 'cover-up' claims". May 22, 2019. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- Baker, Peter; Rogers, Katie; Cochrane, Emily (May 22, 2019). "https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/22/us/politics/donald-trump-speech-pelosi-schumer.html". New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2019. External link in
- Caygle, Heather (June 6, 2019). "Pelosi tells Dems she wants to see Trump 'in prison'". Politico. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- "Pelosi calls on nations to protest China's hold on Tibet". CNN. March 20, 2008. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Pelosi, Nancy (October 24, 2008). "Pelosi Statement on Chinese Human Rights Activist Hu Jia Receiving Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Cheung, Karen (August 18, 2017). "US Democratic leader says Occupy activists' sentencing should 'shock the conscience of the world'". Hong Kong Free Press.
- "Pelosi Letter to President Trump: Raise Human Rights in China During President Xi's U.S. Visit". Nancy Pelosi. April 6, 2017.
- "Pelosi Statement on China Trade Investigation Memo". Nancy Pelosi. August 14, 2017.
- "Pelosi: You Can Almost Hear Leadership Of Chinese Government Laughing At Trump". Real Clear Politics. November 9, 2017.
- "Democrats target Trump on trade". Washington Post. September 2, 2017.
- Ukman, Jason (May 5, 2007). "Colombian President Defends His Government". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
- "Pelosi, Hoyer, Rangel, and Levin Statement on Trade". Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- Neill, Morgan (April 28, 2008). "Raul Castro pushes change for Cubans". CNN.
- Miroff, Nick (February 10, 2015). "In Havana, Pelosi delegation promotes Obama's Cuba thaw". Washington Post.
- Pelosi, Nancy; Bloom, Saul (1994). Hidden Casualties: Environmental, Health and Political Consequences of the Persian Gulf War. North Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-55643-163-0.
- "House Passes Resolution Opposing Bush's Plan to Send More Troops to Iraq". Fox News. February 16, 2007. Archived from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "Bill Text – 110th Congress (2007–2008) – THOMAS (Library of Congress)". thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- "Jones Introduces Resolution Requiring Congressional Approval Prior to Use of Military Force Against Iran" (Press release). January 12, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Davis, Susan (July 30, 2015). "Pelosi says Iran deal 'a diplomatic masterpiece'". USA Today.
- "House votes to toughen Iran sanctions". The Hill. July 14, 2016.
- "Dems hammer Trump over withdrawal from Iran deal". May 8, 2018.
- "Final vote results for roll call 455". Office of the Clerk. October 10, 2002. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- Pelosi, Nancy (October 10, 2002). "Pelosi: Unilateral Use of Force Will Be Harmful to the War on Terrorism". House of Representatives (Press release). Archived from the original on November 2, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2006.
- Mitchell, Alison; Hulse, Carl (October 10, 2002). "House Passes Iraq Resolution With 296 to 133 Vote". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- McCormick, E. (January 15, 2006). "SAN FRANCISCO / Anti-war activists take Pelosi to task / Minority leader negotiates with lawmakers to her right". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Mai-Duc, Christine (April 26, 2017). "Nancy Pelosi just got a challenger and he's a 'pretty hard-core' Bernie Sanders supporter". Los Angeles times.
- "Pelosi Delivers Speech to American Israel Public Affairs Committee". democraticleader.house.gov. 2005. Archived from the original on February 2, 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- "Trump's actions on Jerusalem come with Democratic support". San Francisco Chronicle. December 7, 2017.
- "Pelosi Floor Statement on House Resolution Reaffirming Support for Israel". News West 9. July 19, 2006. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
- "Two speakers toast to U.S.-Israel friendship". JTA. September 18, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
- "Pelosi and Trump Are Both pro-Israel, but the Leading Democrat Is Not pro-Netanyahu". Haaretz. Israel. November 28, 2018.
- "U.S. House Democrats depart for Israel trip". The Jerusalem Post. March 25, 2018.
- "Ilhan Omar Takes Swipe at Nancy Pelosi for Condemning BDS at AIPAC". Haaretz. March 27, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "House votes to rebuke UN on Israeli settlement resolution". The Hill. January 5, 2017.
- "AAI Thanks 80 Representatives For Standing Against Illegal Israeli Settlements". Arab American Institute.
- "Democrats Won't Back Farm Bill, Leader Pelosi Says". C-SPAN.org.
- "Transcript of Pelosi Press Conference Today – Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi". democraticleader.gov. July 13, 2017.
- "Top Democrats Knock Trump for 'Fire and Fury' Threat Against North Korea". The Weekly Standard. August 9, 2017.
- "Pelosi: Must 'exhaust' diplomatic options on North Korea". CNN. November 5, 2017.
- "Dems rip Trump concessions, 'embarrassing' rhetoric with Kim". The Hill. June 12, 2018.
- Manchester, Julia. "Pelosi demands GOP continue Russia probe". The Hill.
- "Pelosi: Nunes memo is a 'bouquet' for Putin". The Hill. February 2, 2018.
- "Pelosi: 'The Russians have something on the president'". The Hill. July 16, 2018.
- "Pelosi: 'Thug' Putin not welcome in Congress". The Hill.
- "Nancy Pelosi: Israel, don't fear Dems in Congress". ynetnews.com. 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- Cheney, Liz (April 15, 2007). "Liz Cheney: Conducting diplomacy in Syria is shameful". Deseret News. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Nancy Pelosi Stands by Obama on Libya". San Francisco Chronicle. March 23, 2011.
- "Who to Blame If Arming the Syrian Rebels Goes Wrong". The Atlantic. September 18, 2014.
- Keating, Joshua (December 21, 2018). "Are Democrats Hypocrites for Criticizing Trump's Troop Withdrawals?". Slate.
- "US House Speaker: Armenian Genocide Measure Will Go Forward". Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
- "Turkey's PM says U.S. relations in danger". Reuters. October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 12, 2007.
- Walsh, Diedre (October 25, 2007). "Vote on Armenian 'genocide' resolution put off". CNN. Retrieved October 29, 2007.
- Lindsey, Robert (April 9, 1987). "House race in west goes to runoff". The New York Times. Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
- "Nancy Pelosi Wins House Seat". The Washington Post. June 3, 1987. Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
- "Pelosi: Remarks at Georgetown University School of Foreign Commencement". House.gov. May 18, 2002. Archived from the original on August 4, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- McManus, Margaret (February 4, 1995). "Baltimore-bred lawmaker lives, breathes politics". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Board of Supervisors: Past Supervisors". City and County of San Francisco. Archived from the original on November 14, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- @ABCPolitics (January 11, 2019). "Speaker Nancy Pelosi: "I'm the mother of five, grandmother of nine. I know a temper tantrum when I see one."" (Tweet). Retrieved January 19, 2019 – via Twitter.
- Whiting, Sam (February 3, 2008). "Christine Pelosi's boot camp trains future politicians to avoid the campaign minefield". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- Evon, Dan (February 16, 2018). "Is This a Wall Around Nancy Pelosi's Home?". Snopes. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- McKinley, Jesse (March 13, 2007). "Home in San Francisco, Pelosi Gets the Crawford Treatment". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- "Financial Disclosure Report, Hon. Nancy Pelosi" (PDF). Office of the Clerk, United States House of Representatives. May 15, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Todorov, Kerana (October 13, 2014). "Man who burglarized Pelosi and Redford homes set to go to prison". St. Helena Star. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Sciaretta, Brian (February 22, 2012). "Yanks Abroad: For Pelosi, Progress at Liverpool Takes a Knock in the Knee". The New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
Pelosi was born in Germany in 1994 but moved to California when he was 3 years old. He also is a distant relative of the former House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, though he has never met her.
- "Net Worth, 2009". Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- "Net Worth, 2014". Center for Responsive Politics. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- "Wealth of Congress Index". Roll Call. 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- "Board Members | NOIAW". National Organization of Italian American Women. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
Distinguished Board Member
- "Pelosi On. Nancy decorated". The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.
- "Walters Honors Pelosi as 'Most Fascinating' Person of 2006". Media Research Center. December 13, 2006.
- "Pelosi, Nancy". National Women's Hall of Fame.
- "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Nancy Pelosi". Forbes. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- "#35 Nancy Pelosi - Forbes.com". www.forbes.com. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Gabbatt, Adam (October 7, 2010). "Lady Gaga tops Nancy Pelosi in Forbes list of world's most powerful women". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- "Foremother Award". National Center for Health Research. 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- "Nancy Pelosi addressed Mount Holyoke graduates: Praises the young for social activism".
- Tidwell, M.J. (April 13, 2018). "Pelosi to give commencement address at Mount Holyoke". Daily Hampshire Gazette. South Hadley, MA. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- Bzdek, Vincent (2008). Woman of the house : the rise of Nancy Pelosi (1st ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230610873.
- Dabbous, Yasmine; Ladley, Amy (June 2010). "A spine of steel and a heart of gold: newspaper coverage of the first female Speaker of the House". Journal of Gender Studies. 19 (2): 181–194. doi:10.1080/09589231003695971.
- Marcovitz, Hal (2009). Nancy Pelosi : politician. Chelsea House Publishers. ISBN 9781438120423.
- McElroy, Lisa Tucker (2007). Nancy Pelosi : first woman Speaker of the House. Lerner. ISBN 9781580136280.
- Pelosi, Nancy; Hearth, Amy Hill (2008). Know your power : a message to America's daughters (1st ed.). Doubleday. ISBN 9780385525862.
- Peters, Jr., Ronald M.; Rosenthal, Cindy Simon (April 16, 2010). Speaker Nancy Pelosi and the new American politics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199750764.
- Povich, Elaine S. (2008). Nancy Pelosi : a biography. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313345708.
- Rafter, Dan (2015). Female Force: Nancy Pelosi. StormFront Entertainment. ISBN 9781311355287.
- Sandalow, Marc (2008). Madam speaker : Nancy Pelosi's life, times, and rise to power. Modern Times. ISBN 9781594868078.
- Shichtman, Sandra H. (2007). Political profiles : Nancy Pelosi. Morgan Reynolds Pub. ISBN 9781599350493.
- Schweizer, Rochelle (2010). She's the boss : the disturbing truth about Nancy Pelosi. Penguin. ISBN 9781101443514.
- Office of the Speaker official website
- Speaker Pelosi official House website
- Nancy Pelosi for Congress website,
- Nancy Pelosi at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- The American Ireland Fund Peace Award recipient
- Video Biography NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award
- Nancy Pelosi Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Trinity Graduates Win Re-election: House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi '62 Poised to Become Speaker, Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius '70 Wins Second Term from Trinity Washington University, November 8, 2006
- Rolling With Pelosi, from Newsweek, October 23, 2006
- Pelosi mines 'California gold' for Dems nationwide: Personal skills, wide network of wealthy donors help party's House leader gather millions, from sfgate.com, April 3, 2006
- Pelosi rides high, from The Economist, February 22, 2007
- This Is What a Speaker Looks Like, the Winter 2007 cover story to Ms.