Meade County, South Dakota

Meade County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 29,852.[1] Its county seat is Sturgis.[2] The county was created in 1889 and named for Fort Meade, which was garrisoned as a United States military post in the area in 1878 and itself named for General George Meade.[3]

Meade County
Black Hills National Cemetery
Map of South Dakota highlighting Meade County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°34′N 102°43′W / 44.57°N 102.71°W / 44.57; -102.71
Country United States
State South Dakota
FoundedFebruary 7, 1889
Named forGeorge Meade
SeatSturgis
Largest citySturgis
Area
 • Total3,483 sq mi (9,020 km2)
 • Land3,471 sq mi (8,990 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total29,852
 • Estimate 
(2021)
30,173 Increase
 • Density8.6/sq mi (3.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.meadecounty.org

Meade County is part of the Rapid City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

The upper part of Meade County is drained by Cherry Creek. The Cheyenne River flows northeastward along the southeast boundary of the county. The county terrain has mountain ridges in the west and southwest areas, with the remainder consisting of semi-arid rolling hills, partly dedicated to agriculture.[4] The county terrain slopes to the east and northeast; its highest point Flagstaff Mountain is near the southwest corner, at 5,421' (1566m) ASL.[5]

The county has an area of 3,483 square miles (9,020 km2), of which 3,471 square miles (8,990 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.3%) is water.[6] It is South Dakota's largest county by area.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[4]Edit

Lakes[4]Edit

  • Bear Butte Lake
  • Curlew Lake
  • Durkee Lake
  • Opal Lake
  • Tisdale Dam

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18904,640
19004,9075.8%
191012,640157.6%
19209,367−25.9%
193011,48222.6%
19409,735−15.2%
195011,51618.3%
196012,0444.6%
197016,61838.0%
198020,71724.7%
199021,8785.6%
200024,25310.9%
201025,4344.9%
202029,85217.4%
2021 (est.)30,173[7]1.1%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 24,253 people, 8,805 households, and 6,700 families in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 10,149 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.65% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,805 households, out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.40% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.90% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.05.

The county population contained 28.40% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,992, and the median income for a family was $40,537. Males had a median income of $26,572 versus $20,517 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,680. About 7.90% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,434 people, 9,903 households, and 7,067 families in the county.[13] The population density was 7.3 inhabitants per square mile (2.8/km2). There were 11,000 housing units at an average density of 3.2 per square mile (1.2/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 2.3% American Indian, 1.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 40.5% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 13.2% were Norwegian, 11.3% were English, and 6.9% were American.[15]

Of the 9,903 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 35.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,180 and the median income for a family was $54,200. Males had a median income of $34,113 versus $27,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,045. About 6.6% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.[16]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communities[4]Edit

TownshipsEdit

  • Dakota
  • Eagle
  • Elm Springs
  • Howard
  • Lakeside
  • Smithville
  • Upper Red Owl

Unorganized territoriesEdit

  • Belle Fourche-Cheyenne Valleys
  • North Meade
  • Southwest Meade

PoliticsEdit

Like most of the Black Hills, Meade County is heavily Republican. It last supported a Democrat for president in 1964. As a measure of how Republican the county is, Franklin Roosevelt carried it in 1936 with only a plurality during his 46-state landslide, and Lyndon Johnson only won it by 183 votes in 1964.

United States presidential election results for Meade County, South Dakota[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,875 72.24% 3,285 24.03% 510 3.73%
2016 8,441 72.64% 2,223 19.13% 957 8.24%
2012 7,566 69.95% 2,928 27.07% 323 2.99%
2008 7,515 64.75% 3,751 32.32% 340 2.93%
2004 8,347 72.56% 2,941 25.57% 216 1.88%
2000 6,870 73.35% 2,267 24.20% 229 2.45%
1996 4,984 54.32% 2,960 32.26% 1,232 13.43%
1992 4,724 46.89% 2,694 26.74% 2,657 26.37%
1988 5,189 61.24% 3,212 37.91% 72 0.85%
1984 5,908 73.47% 2,093 26.03% 40 0.50%
1980 5,349 70.93% 1,721 22.82% 471 6.25%
1976 3,096 54.41% 2,478 43.55% 116 2.04%
1972 3,416 67.24% 1,633 32.15% 31 0.61%
1968 2,392 56.19% 1,522 35.75% 343 8.06%
1964 2,140 47.95% 2,323 52.05% 0 0.00%
1960 2,644 57.89% 1,923 42.11% 0 0.00%
1956 2,467 59.81% 1,658 40.19% 0 0.00%
1952 3,109 69.98% 1,334 30.02% 0 0.00%
1948 2,053 54.47% 1,681 44.60% 35 0.93%
1944 1,912 62.16% 1,164 37.84% 0 0.00%
1940 2,560 57.00% 1,931 43.00% 0 0.00%
1936 2,064 44.71% 2,304 49.91% 248 5.37%
1932 1,735 37.65% 2,687 58.31% 186 4.04%
1928 2,845 66.04% 1,441 33.45% 22 0.51%
1924 2,006 57.43% 786 22.50% 701 20.07%
1920 1,894 58.37% 894 27.55% 457 14.08%
1916 858 38.25% 1,224 54.57% 161 7.18%
1912 0 0.00% 975 43.72% 1,255 56.28%
1908 953 51.24% 792 42.58% 115 6.18%
1904 754 65.79% 268 23.39% 124 10.82%
1900 550 48.89% 565 50.22% 10 0.89%
1896 550 40.56% 802 59.14% 4 0.29%
1892 427 36.56% 128 10.96% 613 52.48%


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Results". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Andrews, John (June 14, 2016). "Cattle and Hogs". South Dakota Magazine.
  4. ^ a b c d Meade County SD Google Maps (accessed 6 February 2019)
  5. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 6 February 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°34′N 102°43′W / 44.57°N 102.71°W / 44.57; -102.71