Kim Reynolds

Kimberly Kay Reynolds (born August 4, 1959) is an American politician serving as the current governor of Iowa since 2017. She is a member of the Republican Party.

Kim Reynolds
Kim Reynolds by Gage Skidmore (2).jpg
43rd Governor of Iowa
Assumed office
May 24, 2017
LieutenantAdam Gregg
Preceded byTerry Branstad
46th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
In office
January 14, 2011 – May 24, 2017
GovernorTerry Branstad
Preceded byPatty Judge
Succeeded byAdam Gregg
Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 48th district
In office
January 11, 2009 – November 12, 2010
Preceded byJeff Angelo
Succeeded byJoni Ernst
Personal details
Kimberly Kay Strawn

(1959-08-04) August 4, 1959 (age 62)
St. Charles, Iowa, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Kevin Reynolds
(m. 1982)
ResidenceTerrace Hill
EducationIowa State University (BLS)

Reynolds previously served as the 46th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa from 2011 to 2017. Before she was elected Lieutenant Governor, Reynolds served as Clarke County Treasurer for four terms and then served in the Iowa Senate from 2009 to 2010. Reynolds became Governor of Iowa in May 2017 when her predecessor, Terry Branstad, stepped down to become United States Ambassador to China. She won a full term as governor in the 2018 gubernatorial election.

Early life and educationEdit

Reynolds with husband Kevin Reynolds in 2010

Reynolds was born Kimberly Kay Strawn in St. Charles, Iowa. She attended high school at the Interstate 35 Community School District and graduated in 1977.[1]

Reynolds attended Northwest Missouri State University, for one semester (Fall 1977) where she took classes in business, consumer sciences and clothing sales and design. She dropped out of college after one semester. She later took classes at Southeastern Community College in the late 1980s, and then took accounting classes at Southwestern Community College between 1992 and 1995. She left both of these institutions.[2] Reynolds began partially online[3] classes at Iowa State University in 2012, and received a Bachelor of Liberal Studies degree in December 2016.[4]

Reynolds was twice charged with driving under the influence of alcohol, first in 1999 and again in August 2000.[5][6] In 2000, she was initially charged with an aggravated misdemeanor, but pleaded guilty to a lesser offense.[6] In 2017, Reynolds stated that she sought inpatient treatment for alcoholism following her second arrest and that she had been sober for nearly 17 years.[6][7]

Iowa SenateEdit

Reynolds during her time in the Iowa Senate

Reynolds served four terms as the Clarke County treasurer. On November 4, 2008, she was elected to represent the 48th district in the Iowa Senate, defeating Democratic candidate Ruth Smith and independent candidate Rodney Schmidt.[8] In 2010, Reynolds endorsed a ban on same-sex marriage in Iowa.[9]

Lieutenant Governor of IowaEdit

Branstad and Reynolds after the Cedar River floods of 2016

On June 25, 2010, Republican gubernatorial nominee Terry Branstad publicly proposed Reynolds to be his running mate as the lieutenant governor candidate. The next day, she received the Republican nomination from the 2010 Republican State Convention. On November 2, 2010, the Branstad/Reynolds ticket won the general election.[10][11] Reynolds resigned from her Senate seat on November 12, 2010, ahead of taking office as lieutenant governor.[12]

Reynolds was sworn in on January 14, 2011.[13] Reynolds co-chaired the Governor's Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Advisory Council, Iowa Partnership for Economic Progress board, and the Military Children Education Coalition and was also Branstad's representative on the board of the Iowa State Fair.[14]

Reynolds was elected Chair of the National Lieutenant Governors Association (NLGA) in July 2015.[15]

Governor of IowaEdit


On May 24, 2017, Reynolds assumed the governorship upon the resignation of Governor Terry Branstad, who stepped down to become the new United States Ambassador to China. Reynolds is the first female Governor of Iowa.[16]

Reynolds's elevation to the governorship created a vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor of Iowa; reports indicated that her selection of a lieutenant governor could be challenged in the Iowa Supreme Court.[17] An opinion from the Attorney General of Iowa indicated that "an individual promoted from lieutenant governor to governor, as was Reynolds, [did] not have the authority to appoint a new lieutenant governor."[18] On May 25, 2017, Reynolds announced that Iowa Public Defender Adam Gregg would serve as acting lieutenant governor; to avoid litigation, the Reynolds administration stated that Gregg "[would] not hold the official position of lieutenant governor" and would not succeed Reynolds in the event of her inability to serve as governor.[19]

In 2018, Reynolds proposed cutting $10 million from the Medicaid program which cares for eligible low-income adults, children, pregnant women, elderly adults and people with disabilities.[20] In 2020, Reynolds proposed a 1-cent increase in the state sales tax (bringing it to 8 cents), offset by a phrased reduction in the state income tax, including a cut in the tax rate for the top income bracket, from 9% to 5.5%.[21] Reynolds' proposed restructuring of the state tax code would represent a further reduction in income taxes, going beyond 2018 legislation (passed by Republicans in the state legislature and signed into law by Reynolds) that was the largest income tax cut in Iowa history.[21] Her proposed sales-tax increase, however, was largely opposed by state legislators.[22]

In 2018, following the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015), Reynolds described same-sex marriage as a "settled" issue and said that she did not consider herself obligated to follow the Iowa Republican Party platform provision against same-sex marriage.[23][24]

Reynolds is a staunch supporter of Donald Trump.[25][6] Reynolds blocked two-thirds of requests from Democratic state Attorney General Tom Miller to join multi-state lawsuits challenging Trump administration policies or to submit amicus briefs in such suits; among the vetoed requests were proposals to challenge Trump policies related to immigration, asylum, abortion, birth control, environmental deregulation, gun policy, and LGBT rights.[26] Reynolds blocked Miller from including Iowa in a legal challenge to the Trump administration's repeal of the Clean Power Plan, an Obama-era regulation that restricted emissions of greenhouses gases (such as carbon) to counteract climate change.[27] In 2018, Reynolds acknowledged that Trump's trade and tariff policies were hurting American farmers (who suffered from a decline in agriculture exports due to tariffs imposed by other nations in retaliation to Trump's tariffs), but then claimed that farmers would ultimately benefit.[28][29][30] Reynolds made campaign appearances with Trump during the 2020 presidential campaign; in the November election, Trump carried Iowa, but was defeated nationally by Joe Biden, who won both the electoral vote and the national popular vote.[25] After Trump's loss, Reynolds did not denounce the president's claims of election fraud and refused to acknowledge Biden's victory until January 2021, when the electoral votes were formally counted by Congress.[25] Reynolds condemned the storming of the Capitol, which disrupted the formal counting of the electoral votes, but said many people believed the election was "not valid."[25]

In May 2018, Reynolds signed a bill to revamp Iowa's energy efficiency policies.[31] Also in May 2018, Reynolds signed a fetal heartbeat bill, one of the U.S.'s most restrictive abortion bans.[32][33] In January 2019, the law was struck down by an Iowa state judge, who declared it unconstitutional.[34] Reynolds chose not to appeal, saying that she did not believe that "a losing legal battle" would advance the anti-abortion cause.[33] Reynolds has repeatedly called for an amendment to the state Constitution to state that it does not protect abortion rights; such an amendment would overturn a 2019 Iowa Supreme Court decision concluding that the right to an abortion is protected by the state constitution.[21] In 2021, Reynolds signed a bill into law that forced women getting abortion to wait for 24 hours; the law was struck down by an Iowa court.[35]

Reynolds began her first full term on January 18, 2019. In March 2019, Reynolds signed a bill into law requiring public universities to protect all speech on campus.[36][37] Through her judicial appointments, Reynolds shifted the Iowa Supreme Court to the right.[38] Reynolds's attorney, Sam Langholz, was appointed to a position in the Attorney General's office to defend her policies in court.[39]

In June 2020, a vehicle driven by a Iowa State Patrol trooper carrying Reynolds hit a Black Lives Matter protester in Ackley. The State Patrol and Reynolds contended that the protester intentionally stepped in front of the vehicle's path and that the driver acted appropriately, while the protester contended that he was intentionally struck.[40][41][42]

Reynolds launched an anti-vaping social media campaign in December 2019 in an effort to reduce vaping among Iowa youth.[43] In July 2020, Reynolds signed legislation that raised the minimum legal age to buy tobacco products, including vaping products, to 21.[44]

From 2017 to April 2020, Reynolds restored the voting rights of 543 felons, more than her roughly 200 restorations that her predecessor gave over almost seven years in office.[6] In August 2020, Reynolds signed an executive order permitting felons to vote in Iowa elections upon completing their sentence. Iowa previously imposed a lifetime ban on felons voting, unless the governor personally restored their voting rights, the strictest law in the country.[6][45][46] In explaining her belief in second chances, Reynolds referred to her experiences two decades earlier, in which she twice pleaded guilty to DUI and subsequently recovered from alcoholism, an experience that Reynolds cites as an important turning point in her life.[6]

Reynolds has a close relationship with the Iowa pork industry, and in particular with Iowa Select, one of the country's largest pork producers. Reynolds donated an afternoon of her time as part of a 2019 charity auction to benefit the foundation run by the company's owners, a couple that contributed almost $300,000 to Reynolds's campaigns.[47] The winning bid was placed by a Republican donor who is influential in the pork industry. The director of the Iowa Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board said that he did not believe that the auction did not violate state law, but attorneys for two former Democratic governors of Iowa said that it created the appearance of impropriety and was an error in judgment.[47] In May and July 2020, Reynolds' administration arranged for COVID-19 testing to be done at the suburban West Des Moines headquarters of Iowa Select, and at the Waverly facility partly owned by another campaign donor, at a time when those most vulnerable to the disease (healthcare workers and residents of nursing homes and other congregate-living facilities) were unable to timely get tested.[48] A separate pork production company that had donated $25,000 to Reynolds' campaign received a disproportionate benefit from a state pandemic business-aid program, receiving 72% of the program's initial rounds of disbursements.[49] After the testing came to light in January 2021, Reynolds was criticized by Polk County Supervisor Matt McCoy, and State Auditor Rob Sand began an investigation into whether special treatment was accorded to political donors over essential workers and vulnerable persons.[48]

In March 2021, Reynolds signed a bill into law that shortened the opening hours of poll places on Election Day and reduced the early voting period, as well as required that absentee ballots be received by ballot places before the close on Election Day.[50] Reynolds said the legislation would protect election integrity.[50] It was part of a wider effort by Republicans across the country to roll back voting access. Democrats won the 2020 presidential election, with Donald Trump and many other Republicans making false claims of fraud.[50]

On April 2, 2021, Reynolds signed a bill allowing individuals to purchase and carry handguns without a permit, a policy referred to as constitutional carry.[51][52][53][54] Later that month, Reynolds signed legislation that would allow landlords to reject tenants who pay rent with Section 8 vouchers.[55]

Coronavirus pandemicEdit

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Reynolds did not follow public health guidance and scientific recommendations in dealing with the virus.[56] Reynolds signed a Proclamation of Disaster Emergency on March 9, 2020.[57] That same month she ordered the closure of some recreational businesses and school closure.[58][59] She ordered a halt to what she described as "non-essential" surgeries, which included surgical abortions.[60] During the pandemic, Reynolds did not implement a stay-at-home order.[58] She did not follow the advice of Iowa health officials,[61] and did not implement a requirement to wear face masks in public places until after the November 2020 election, when she made face masks at large gatherings mandatory.[62][58] In June, recreational businesses such as bars and restaurants were fully reopened, which was followed by surges in coronavirus case numbers.[58] Reynolds said that the science on the effectiveness of face masks in halting the coronavirus pandemic was not settled, although there was nearly unanimous scientific and medical support that the wearing of face masks in public prevented virus transmission, and the use of face masks is recommended by World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and Iowa Department of Health.[63] In July 2020, Reynolds contended that face mask mandates implemented by localities in Iowa were "not appropriate" and unlawful[56] and sought to block them, making Iowa one of the only U.S. states without any enforceable local or state mask mandates.[64] The mayor of Iowa City rejected Reynolds' claim and issued a municipal order requiring the use of face coverings in indoor public places; he cited the state Constitution's home-rule authority and a state statute that grants mayors power during a time of "emergency or public danger."[64]

In April 2020, following a tip from Ashton Kutcher, Reynolds, signed a contract with Utah startup Nomi Health to develop a COVID-19 testing program called TestIowa.[65][66][67]

In July 2020, Reynolds said she would invalidate plans implemented by some school districts to limit in-person classes to one day a week for most students, with online learning on other days, overriding local school districts and requiring students to spend at least half of their schooling in classrooms.[68] The plan was criticized by the Iowa State Education Association (the state teachers' union),[68][69] and prompted Iowa public school teachers to begin sending their obituaries to Reynolds in protest[70] Despite the outcry from teachers, who noted that social distancing was often impossible in school settings and that many teachers had not yet been vaccinated, in late January 2021 Reynolds signed a bill, passed by the state legislature along party lines, that required school districts to provide full-time in-person classes upon parents' request.[69]

In 2020, Reynolds had the lowest approval rating of any governor in the nation for handling of the COVID-19, with an approval rating of 28% in July 2020,[71] and 26% in September 2020.[72] COVID-19 in Iowa peaked in November 2020, but remained high into the next year, in late January 2021, the state had the nation's third-highest positivity rate,[69] and third-lowest per capita vaccination rate.[73]

In September 2020, the Reynolds administration broke with the CDC's quarantine guidelines, revoking guidelines recommending that people exposed to the virus quarantine for 14 days, "if the infected person and close contacts were wearing masks properly."[74] In October 2020, she appeared at an indoor fundraiser for the Republican Party, and a large rally in an airport hangar for President Donald Trump; attendees did not wear masks or socially distance at the events.[56]

In November 2020, Reynolds issued a statewide mask mandate, ordering anyone over age 2 to wear a mask in indoor public spaces, a reversal of previous claim that face masks are merely a "feel good" measure. When issuing the order, Reynolds said, "No one wants to do this. I don't want to do this," adding "If Iowans don't buy into this, we'll lose. Businesses will close once again, more schools will be forced to go online, and our health care system will fail."[75]

In February 2021, while the pandemic was still going on, Reynolds rolled back requirements on face masks in indoor public places, as well as rolled back restrictions on indoor dining.[76] Reynolds decided to lift the public health measures without consulting with experts at the Iowa Department of Public Health.[77][78] The CDC urged states not to loosen their COVID-19 public health measures.[77]

In May 2021, Reynolds signed a bill into law that prohibited businesses and local governments from requiring customers to have proof of vaccination.[79] She also signed a bill into law that prohibited school districts from requiring the use of masks.[79]

Personal lifeEdit

Reynolds married Kevin Reynolds in 1982. They have three daughters; Jennifer, Nicole and Jessica.[80] and eleven grandchildren.[81]

Electoral historyEdit

Iowa Senate historyEdit

2008 primaryEdit

Iowa State Senate District 48 Republican primary election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kim Reynolds 2,487 61.77
Republican Jim Parker 1,539 38.23

2008 general electionEdit

Iowa State Senate District 48 general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kim Reynolds 14,274 52.97
Democratic Ruth Smith 11,653 43.24
Independent Rodney Schmidt 1,021 3.79

Gubernatorial electionsEdit


2010 Iowa gubernatorial election[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Terry Branstad / Kim Reynolds 592,494 52.8% +8.2
Democratic Chet Culver (incumbent) / Patty Judge (incumbent) 484,798 43.2% -10.8
Iowa Party[82] Jonathan Narcisse / Richard Marlar 20,859 1.9% n/a
Libertarian Eric Cooper / Nick Weltha 14,398 1.3% +0.7
Independent[83] Gregory Hughes / Robin Prior-Calef 3,884 0.4% n/a
Socialist Workers David Rosenfeld / Helen Meyers[84] 2,757 0.3% +.05
Write-in n/a 2,823 0.3% n/a
Majority 108,238
Turnout 1,133,430
Republican gain from Democratic Swing


2014 Iowa gubernatorial election[85]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Terry Branstad (incumbent) / Kim Reynolds (incumbent) 666,032 58.99% +6.18%
Democratic Jack Hatch / Monica Vernon 420,787 37.27% -5.94%
Libertarian Lee Deakins Hieb / Tim Watson 20,321 1.80% +0.52%
Independent Jim Hennager / Mary Margaret Krieg 10,582 0.94% N/A
Iowa Jonathan R. Narcisse / Michael L. Richards 10,240 0.91% -0.95%
N/A Write-ins 1,095 0.09% -0.16%
Total votes '1,129,057' '100.0%' N/A
Republican hold


In June 2017, Reynolds stated that she would seek a full term as Governor of Iowa in the 2018 election.[86]

Reynolds' decision to have Rep. Steve King co-chair her campaign stirred controversy, as King has a history of remarks that have been described as racist.[87] The Des Moines Register editorial board wrote, "Gov. Kim Reynolds has kept him on as her campaign co-chairman, while muttering increasingly thin-lipped denials that she agrees with his ideological extremism."[88] Reynolds had previously praised King, saying he was "a strong defender of freedom and our conservative values".[89] After Election Day, Reynolds criticized King and said that he needed to change his approach.[90]

Reynolds won the Republican nomination for Governor and defeated Democrat Fred Hubbell and Libertarian Jake Porter in the general election on November 6, 2018.[91] Reynolds made history as the first woman elected Governor of Iowa.[92] While polls showed that she was trailing Hubbell,[93] she defeated him, 50.3%–47.5%. She won primarily by sweeping nearly the entire state west of Des Moines.[94] In particular, she dominated the state's 4th congressional district, which she carried with almost 61 percent of the vote.[95]

Iowa gubernatorial election, 2018[96]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kim Reynolds (incumbent) / Adam Gregg 667,275 50.26% -8.73%
Democratic Fred Hubbell / Rita R. Hart 630,986 47.53% +10.26%
Libertarian Jake Porter / Lynne Gentry 21,426 1.61% -0.19%
Independent Gary Siegwarth / Natalia Blaskovich 7,463 0.56% N/A
N/A Write-ins 488 0.04% -0.05%
Total votes '1,327,638' '100.0%' N/A
Republican hold

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Noble, Jason (January 12, 2017). "How Kim Reynolds ascended to Iowa's governorship". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  2. ^ "Kim Reynolds high school graduate looking for work - Daily Times Herald". Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  3. ^ writer, Robynn Tysver / World-Herald staff. "Kim Reynolds' path to the Iowa Governor's Office was anything but typical".
  4. ^ Lt. Gov. Kim Reynolds graduates from Iowa State, Des Moines Register, Molly Longman, December 17, 2016. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  5. ^ Young, Aaron (January 12, 2017). "Incoming governor wants to be an example for those with alcohol addiction". Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g David Pitt, Iowa governor got 2nd chance; she thinks felons should, too, Associated Press (April 1, 2020).
  7. ^ Alberta, Tim (June 29, 2017). "The Governor of Trump's America". Politico Magazine.
  8. ^ "State of Iowa Official Canvass Summary: November 4, 2008 General Election" (PDF). Office of Iowa Secretary of State.
  9. ^ Josh Nelson (August 7, 2018). "Lt. governor candidate Kim Reynolds endorses gay marriage ban in Waterloo speech". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier.
  10. ^ a b "Official results: 2010 General Election held Tuesday, November 2nd 2010" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State's Office.
  11. ^ Rod Boshart. "Terry Branstad 'ready to lead the charge' as Iowa's governor". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier.
  12. ^ Wilson, Kyle (November 15, 2010). "Reynolds resigns, Culver to set special election". Creston News Advertiser. Shaw Media. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  13. ^ "Lt. Governor Inaugural Address: Kim Reynolds". Des Moines, Iowa. January 14, 2011 – via Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women and Politics, Iowa State University.
  14. ^ "How Successful Are Lieutenant Governors Seeking the Governorship?". Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  15. ^ "Reynolds named chair of NLGA". The Iowa Statesman. July 10, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  16. ^ Rodriguez, Barbara; Beaumont, Thomas (May 24, 2017). "Kim Reynolds sworn in as Iowa's 1st female governor". Seattle Times. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  17. ^ "Sources Confirm Adam Gregg Set to Become Governor Reynolds' New Lt. Governor". May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  18. ^ Murphy, Erin. "Reynolds to make Gregg 'acting' lieutenant governor". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  19. ^ Murphy, Erin. "Reynolds to make Gregg 'acting' lieutenant governor". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  20. ^ Rodriguez, Barbara. "Republicans question Gov. Reynolds' plan to cut $10 million from Medicaid". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  21. ^ a b c Stephen Gruber-Miller, Kim Reynolds proposes 1-cent sales tax increase to fund water quality, mental health, income tax cuts, Des Moines Register (January 14, 2020).
  22. ^ Iowa lawmakers mostly oppose Gov. Reynolds' plan to raise sales tax, The Gazette (December 11, 2020).
  23. ^ William Petroski (June 12, 2018). "Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds says same-sex marriage issue settled; doesn't have to abide by GOP platform". Des Moines Register.
  24. ^ Russell, Joyce. "Reynolds on Cutting Energy Efficiency: 'It's a Balance'". Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d David Pitt, Reynolds decries riot but says many believe vote 'not valid', Associated Press (January 7, 2021).
  26. ^ David Pitt, Iowa governor has stopped AG from joining anti-Trump suits, Associated Press (August 3, 2020).
  27. ^ David Pitt, Iowa governor stops state from challenging Trump coal rule, Associated Press (August 14, 2019).
  28. ^ "Reynolds, Hubbell spar over tariffs, sexual harassment". Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  29. ^ "Reynolds says Trump may help Iowa farmers hurt by trade tariffs". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  30. ^ "Iowa farmers' angst grows as tariffs mount. But many still back Trump and his allies ... for now". Des Moines Register. July 20, 2018.
  31. ^ "Reynolds signs bill overhauling energy efficiency policies". Associated Press. May 4, 2018.
  32. ^ "The nation's strictest abortion ban is now law. Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  33. ^ a b David Pitt, Iowa governor opts not to appeal fetal heartbeat law ruling, Associated Press (February 18, 2019).
  34. ^ Eric Levenson and Marlena Baldacci (January 23, 2019). "Iowa's 'fetal heartbeat' abortion restriction declared unconstitutional". CNN.
  35. ^ Gruber-Miller, William Morris and Stephen. "Iowa abortion law requiring 24-hour waiting period permanently blocked by district court". Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  36. ^ Gruber-Miller, Stephen; Breaux, Aimee (March 27, 2019). "Kim Reynolds signs bill requiring Iowa universities to respect 'free speech' on campus". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  37. ^ "Iowa governor signs campus free speech legislation". Associated Press. March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  38. ^ Pitt, David (July 3, 2019). "Iowa Supreme Court takes a right turn under Gov. Reynolds". Associated Press. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  39. ^ "Lawyer hired by Democratic AG defends Iowa's GOP governor". April 20, 2021.
  40. ^ Coleman, Justine (July 1, 2020). "Vehicle carrying Iowa governor hits Black Lives Matter protester". The Hill. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  41. ^ Stephen Gruber-Miller, Iowa governor says her driver who struck Black Lives Matter protester 'acted appropriately', USA Today (July 8, 2020).
  42. ^ Protester hit by Iowa governor's SUV sure it was intentional, Associated Press (July 30, 2020).
  43. ^ Iowa governor launches anti-vaping social media campaign, Associated Press (December 11, 2019).
  44. ^ Harper Lundgren (July 7, 2020). "Iowa Gov. Reynolds signs bill to raise tobacco usage age". WOWT.
  45. ^ "Iowa no longer lone state with lifetime ban barring felons from voting". WOI-DT.
  46. ^ Veronica Stracqualursi (August 5, 2020). "Iowa governor signs executive order restoring some ex-felons' voting rights". CNN.
  47. ^ a b Ryan J. Foley, Iowa governor auctioned off access for pork barons' charity, Associated Press (February 8, 2021).
  48. ^ a b David Pitt & Ryan J. Foley, Iowa arranged COVID-19 tests at office of governor's donors, Associated Press (January 27, 2021).
  49. ^ Ryan J. Foley, Pork exec gives $25K to Iowa governor; company got virus aid, Associated Press (January 20, 2021).
  50. ^ a b c Paul LeBlanc. "Iowa governor signs controversial law shortening early and Election Day voting". CNN. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  51. ^ Gruber-Miller, Stephen (April 2, 2021). "Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds signs law allowing permitless handgun carry, purchase". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  52. ^ Schnell, Mychael (April 2, 2021). "Iowa governor signs bill allowing permitless purchase, carry of handguns". The Hill. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  53. ^ Lynch, James Q. (April 2, 2021). "Iowa governor signs 'constitutional carry' into law". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  54. ^ Pitt, David (April 2, 2021). "Reynolds signs gun bill easing background checks, permits". Associated Press. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  55. ^ Castronuovo, Celine (May 1, 2021). "Iowa governor signs law allowing landlords to refuse Section 8 vouchers". TheHill. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  56. ^ a b c Gabriel, Trip; Herndon, Astead W. (October 23, 2020). "As Governor Resists Mask Mandate, Iowans Sour on the G.O.P." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  57. ^ "Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds provides update on COVID-19 cases". KETV Omaha. March 10, 2020.
  58. ^ a b c d Pitt, David. "Muscatine face mask mandate not valid, Gov. Kim Reynolds says". Des Moines Register. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  59. ^ Rodriguez, Barbara (March 18, 2020). "Gov. Kim Reynolds prohibits gatherings of more than 10 people, limits restaurants, closes theaters, casinos, bars". Des Moines Register.
  60. ^ Rodriguez, Barbara. "Governor's office says order suspending 'non-essential' surgery includes halting surgical abortions". Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  61. ^ Michael McAuliff, Julio Ochoa, Jackie Fortiér, Blake Farmer (October 2, 2020). "Wear a Mask. If Only It Were That Simple". WUSF/KPCC/Nashville Public Radio – via Kaiser Health News.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  62. ^ Richardson, Nick Coltrain and Ian. "Gov. Kim Reynolds requires Iowans to wear masks at large gatherings to thwart spread of the coronavirus". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  63. ^ Murphy, Erin. "Gov. Kim Reynolds defends lack of face mask mandate". The Gazette. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  64. ^ a b Ryan J. Foley (July 21, 2020). "Defying governor, Iowa City mayor mandates masks in public". Associated Press.
  65. ^ Foley, Ryan J. (April 23, 2020). "Iowa governor: Tip from Ashton Kutcher led to testing deal." Associated Press. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  66. ^ Henderson, O. Kay (April 23, 2020). "Ashton Kutcher linked Iowa’s governor to Utah COVID-19 testing program." Radio Iowa. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  67. ^ Leys, Tony (April 23, 2020). "How a tip from actor Ashton Kutcher led Gov. Kim Reynolds to hire firm for testing program." The Hawk Eye. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  68. ^ a b David Pitt, Iowa governor overrides schools, requires in-person classes, Associated Press (July 17, 2020).
  69. ^ a b c David Pitt, Reynolds signs bill mandating full-time classroom option, Associated Press (January 29, 2021).
  70. ^ Muzinga, Tisia (July 20, 2020). "Teachers send obituaries to Gov. Reynolds following 'Return to Learn' proclamation". KCCI.
  71. ^ Matthew A. Baum et al., The State of the Nation: A 50-State COVID-19 Survey Report #6: Update on the Approval of Executive Performance During COVID-19, COVID-19 Consortium for Understanding the Public's Policy Preferences Across States (July 29, 2020) (version 2).
  72. ^ Andrew Pearce, At 26%, Gov. Reynolds still has the lowest approval rating in the nation for handling of pandemic, KWWL (September 16, 2020).
  73. ^ David Pitt, Iowa's vaccination rate 3rd-lowest in US; 5,000 virus deaths, Associated Press (February 4, 2021).
  74. ^ "Iowa Relaxes COVID-19 Quarantine Rules, Breaking With CDC Recommendation". Iowa Public Radio. September 30, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  75. ^ Neuman, Scott (November 17, 2020). "Iowa Governor Reverses Course, Issues Mask Mandate As COVID-19 Cases Rise". NPR. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  76. ^ Dustin Jones (February 2, 2021). "Iowa Rolls Back Coronavirus Restrictions". NPR.
  77. ^ a b Coltrain, Nick. "'We're dialing down, we're opening up': Gov. Kim Reynolds explains why she dropped mask rules". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  78. ^ David Pitt, Iowa governor lifts mask mandate without public health input, Associated Press (February 8, 2021).
  79. ^ a b Richardson, Ian. "Gov. Kim Reynolds signs law limiting use of 'vaccine passports' in Iowa". Des Moines Register. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  80. ^ Leu, Jon (December 8, 2016). "Reynolds set to become Iowa's first female governor". The Daily Nonpareil. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  81. ^ "About the First Gentleman". Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  82. ^ "Fifth candidate files for Iowa governor's race | Elections |".
  83. ^ "Polls open Tuesday for 2010 midterm general election - Mount Vernon - Lisbon Sun -".
  84. ^, ROD BOSHART. "Socialist party seeks state office". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier.
  85. ^ "Canvass summary" (PDF). 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  86. ^ "Kim Reynolds acknowledges plan to seek full term in 2018".
  87. ^ "Iowa Gov. Reynolds will keep Steve King as campaign co-chair". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  88. ^ "GOP can't keep shrugging as Rep. Steve King, President Trump pander to white nationalists". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  89. ^ Bureau, Rod Boshart Times. "Reynolds rebuts Hubbell's call to reproach U.S. Rep. Steve King". The Quad-City Times. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  90. ^ "Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds bluntly tells Steve King to decide future amid racism allegations". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  91. ^ "Reynolds Prevails Against Hubbell in Tight Gubernatorial Race". November 7, 2018.
  92. ^ Kirkpatrick, Alex (November 7, 2018). "Iowa voters officially elect first female governor". KCCI.
  93. ^ "In Danger Of Losing, Iowa Governor Enlists Republican Heavy Hitters Ahead Of Midterms".
  94. ^ "Iowa Governor Election Results 2018: Live Midterm Map by County & Analysis".
  95. ^ J. Miles Coleman (July 30, 2020). "House Primaries: A Little More Action This Year Than Usual". UVA Center For Politics. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  96. ^ "Canvass summary" (PDF). 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2020.

External linksEdit

Iowa Senate
Preceded by Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 48th district

Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
2010, 2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Iowa
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Iowa
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Vice President Order of precedence of the United States
Within Iowa
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Preceded byas Governor of Texas Order of precedence of the United States
Outside Iowa
Succeeded byas Governor of Wisconsin